The Gulen movement and its contributions: New social  movements perspective                      Liu, Yu-cheng, PhD    Ass...
abstract• This article views the Gulen movement  through new social movements perspective• on one hand, the Gulen movement...
what is NSMs? its characteristics-11. to some extent irrelevant to structural roles   of the participants2. contrast to th...
what is NSMs? its characteristics-24. the relation between the individual and the   collective is blurred5. often involve ...
similarity with NSMs• the Gulen movement as an identity-seeking  movement: Ottoman-Turkish-Islamic identity• new middle-cl...
differences from NSMs• supporting modern capitalism and liberal  market economy, not rethinking of them• the radical form ...
Yavuz’s model
however...• In my view, Yavuz is correct when connecting  social movement theory to Islamic activism.• But he does not exp...
• since the old times, whether ‘Ottoman’,  ‘Turkish’, or ‘Islam’, they are all differences  used to distinguish from those...
conclusion• viewing the Gulen movement in this way renders  it legitimate and also raises its chances of success:  people ...
The Gulen movement and its contributions: New social movements perspective
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The Gulen movement and its contributions: New social movements perspective

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presented at the international conference on the Hizmet movement and the Thought and Teachings of Fethullah Gulen

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The Gulen movement and its contributions: New social movements perspective

  1. 1. The Gulen movement and its contributions: New social movements perspective Liu, Yu-cheng, PhD Assistant Master, Residential College of International Development, NCCU, Taiwan Assistant Professor, National Chiao Tung University, Taiwan E-mail: ycliu15@gmail.com
  2. 2. abstract• This article views the Gulen movement through new social movements perspective• on one hand, the Gulen movement benefits from economic liberalization in Turkey, and then appropriates it as a way to maintain its separation from politics and Islamism• on the other hand, the Gulen movement pursues universal ethics and values, such as peace, tolerance, and dialogue
  3. 3. what is NSMs? its characteristics-11. to some extent irrelevant to structural roles of the participants2. contrast to the working-class movement and to the Marxist conception of ideology as a unifying and totalizing element for collective action3. often involve the emergence of new or formerly weak dimensions of identity
  4. 4. what is NSMs? its characteristics-24. the relation between the individual and the collective is blurred5. often involve personal and intimate aspects of human life6. the use of radical mobilization tactics of disruption and resistance7. tend to have a considerable degree of autonomy: departure from traditional political party politics8. tend to have segmented, diffuse, and decentralized organizations
  5. 5. similarity with NSMs• the Gulen movement as an identity-seeking movement: Ottoman-Turkish-Islamic identity• new middle-class participants• the use of technological advancements as a way of educating masses and youth (Ebaugh)• faith-initiated, non-political, cultural and educational movement• decentralized authority and administrative structure, a loosely network of local circles
  6. 6. differences from NSMs• supporting modern capitalism and liberal market economy, not rethinking of them• the radical form of social conflicts is not advocated in achieving goals• avoiding from confronting with the state (Ebaugh)
  7. 7. Yavuz’s model
  8. 8. however...• In my view, Yavuz is correct when connecting social movement theory to Islamic activism.• But he does not explain well why the only important factor is liberal market economy, and not something else.• To my point, ‘commitment’ may be another important factor.• But ‘commitment to what?’ Considering the Gulen movement, its commitment is to ‘difference.’
  9. 9. • since the old times, whether ‘Ottoman’, ‘Turkish’, or ‘Islam’, they are all differences used to distinguish from those not belonging to these categories• its concerns and strategies admitting on the one hand there are differences, and on the other hand, opening spaces for reconsidering and reemphasizing the need to accept and tolerate all other differences in the ways of dialogue, education, or philanthropy.• The idea of difference is also the core of new social movements
  10. 10. conclusion• viewing the Gulen movement in this way renders it legitimate and also raises its chances of success: people and the world will accept its idea and further spread to the other places when considering differences and the respect of them• NSMs perspective is conducive to evaluating the contributions of the Gulen movement and re- positioning the role played by it in the world

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