I am yuntsai chou, deputy director of 21st Century Foundation, a policy think tank from Chinese Taipei, and Gene Hong from ADCT. We are very delighted to present this project proposal to you.
Indeed, this project is developed based on our experience in T M. Let me start with this case first and then project scope and expected benefits.
As you can see in this graph, the southern part of Taiwan was the most hit area by TM, rainfall reached 114 inches in three days, causing a mudslide where 300 people buried, and thousands homeless. During the disaster, government was devoted into first-hand rescue mission, and not much information released to the public, and it made the whole society chaotic, and demanding more disaster information.
APEC TEL41 990510
Deployment of Disaster Information Distribution System and Service Model by NGO Exemplar Platforms 21 st Century Foundation Association of Digital Culture Taiwan Chinese Taipei May 10-12, 2010
Worst hit in Taiwan by Typhoon Morakot Disaster info map flood mud slide evacuation caution Power failure Typhoon Morakot caused severe damage to the southern part of Taiwan with record breaking rainfall of 2,900 millimeters (114 inches) in 3 days .
ADCT ‘s cooperation with emergency operation centers
What ADCT did <ul><li>Aggregating disaster information from only three largest social media </li></ul><ul><li>Clawing government websites and data </li></ul><ul><li>Distributing disaster relief information through social media </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperating with mainstream media </li></ul><ul><li>Conducting field operations in local and HQ EOCs </li></ul>
Source:http://www.slideshare.net/gislio/crowds-clouds-and-crisis Information gap between Gov. and people
Information gap between Gov. and people Real World <ul><li>Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Bottom up </li></ul><ul><li>Real-time </li></ul><ul><li>Social media </li></ul><ul><li>Mass content </li></ul>
NGOs bridging Gov. and people Source:http://www.slideshare.net/gislio/crowds-clouds-and-crisis
Why NGO? <ul><li>In the area of disaster prevention, the last decade has shown that governments have limited information, limited manpower to cope alone with emergency situations. </li></ul><ul><li>Real-time information can get really unorganized and therefore inaccurate. If government receives this information directly, it is hard for them to know where exactly to send their rescue resources. </li></ul><ul><li>To be timely, information directly from citizens in the disaster area is crucial; however, the accuracy gets compromised when there is a flood of real-time information. This is where NGOs come in. </li></ul>
Project highlights <ul><li>1. People in this region are asking for more emergency/relief information and governmental transparency to be published online due to the increasing use of social media. </li></ul><ul><li>2. The role that NGOs play during disasters is becoming more and more crucial and it is time to develop more consolidatory relationship between public and private sectors. </li></ul><ul><li>3.The platform is multilingual and suitable for a variety of operation systems, and components can be built up immediately. </li></ul>
Partnership Formed <ul><li>Chinese Taipei ： the main project executer based on the latest experience on disaster relief response. </li></ul><ul><li>Japan ： Demonstrating advanced disaster response technologies and providing abundant disaster response data. </li></ul><ul><li>Thailand ： Providing a cross social/institutional context for project implementation. </li></ul>
Social Media Source:http://www.slideshare.net/gislio/crowds-clouds-and-crisis
Project Scope <ul><li>To conduct a research of how cloud-computing technology, open source content managing system, and online social media aggregation can be utilized in response to hazards and catastrophes in Asia-Pacific region. </li></ul><ul><li>To study the experience of how Chinese Taipei NGOs helped to aggregate and distribute disaster/relief-related information. </li></ul><ul><li>To establish a partnership between civil organizations and emergency operation centers(EOCs) on information dissemination over the Internet during catastrophes. </li></ul><ul><li>To build civil disaster information network and an exemplar platform for relief and supplement. </li></ul><ul><li>To focus on real-time information sharing and inter –exchange between government agencies and citizens. </li></ul>
Execution Plan <ul><li>to sort out related literature about how new ICT can be integrated into disaster response mechanisms. </li></ul><ul><li>to study the nature of disaster information and how it was distributed in the countries of Asia-Pacific region. </li></ul><ul><li>to conduct in-depth interviews as how NGOs and government cooperate on message distribution during Typhoon Morakot. </li></ul><ul><li>to aggregate the data from literature review and in-depth interviews, and to develop a theoretical model. </li></ul><ul><li>to construct an exemplar NGO disaster information distribution platform. </li></ul><ul><li>to trial and test this platform, and to develop and modify the guidebook based on the trial results. </li></ul>
Project Outcomes <ul><li>A report of how new information and communication technologies including cloud-computing, open source content managing system, and online social media can change the landscape of disaster response. </li></ul><ul><li>A report of how Chinese Taipei NGOs helped the government to aggregate and distribute disaster/relief information during Morakot Typhoon. </li></ul><ul><li>Building an exemplar platform of disaster information that can be operated by NGOs. Through actual implementation, this project will invent a partnership relationship between NGO and governmental units. </li></ul>
<ul><li>For ICT developers, this project will study into how create a do-able emergency information system. </li></ul><ul><li>For government, the social and political stability order can thus be maintained while earning public trust. </li></ul><ul><li>For public, information are more transparent and immediate so the panic can be decreased. </li></ul><ul><li>For victims of disaster, the relief efficiency will be leveled up and more sos channels for asking for help are constituted. </li></ul>Expected Impacts
Expected Impacts <ul><li>This project's results and actual implementation of the example platform will provide TFEP for strengthening member economies' preparedness and their ability to respond to disasters. </li></ul>
Technological Innovation in this Project <ul><li>Data Clawing: developing a data clawing system that collects mass messages generated by millions of people simultaneously. </li></ul><ul><li>Information Aggregation: designing the Semantic-Web that extracts the meaningful user-generated information in avoidance of flooding of simultaneous mass user-oriented messages. </li></ul><ul><li>High Availability: building a system that can handle millions of requests at short time due to the focal attention from mass people and media. </li></ul>
Conclusion <ul><li>By sharing expertise and collaborating on emergency preparedness issues, APEC members could strengthen their capacity in mitigating, preparing for, and responding to emergencies and disasters. </li></ul><ul><li>Partnering NGOs with the EOCs empowers citizens and maximizes the effectiveness of disaster relief. </li></ul><ul><li>Utilizing Web 2.0-based technologies and concepts to have all citizens collaborate in aggregating useful disaster information and thereby making it true the global village. </li></ul><ul><li>Channeling disaster information through the Web enables the transparency and accessibility to the information so that citizens are free from the fear lacking of reliable information and therefore creates a collective sense of safety. </li></ul>