IN THE ET 1 THE ROLE OFCOMPUTER IN EDUCATION WASWELL DISCUSSED.
IT WAS POINTED OUT THAT THEADVENT OF THE COMPUTER ISRECOGNIZE AS THE THIRDREVOLUTION IN EDUCATION
1ST REVOLUTIONPRINTING PRESSTRIVIA Until 1883, from 75-90% of allpaper in the world was made with cannabishemp fiber including paper for books, Bibles,maps, paper money, stocks and bonds,newspaper, etc.
The evolving pace of innovation in today’s Information-Age is so dynamic that within the first decade of the 21st century, COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY in EDUCATION has matured to transform into an Educative INFORMATIONA AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) in education
USES OF THE COMP. AS ICT IN EDUC. THE PC COMMMUNICATION AUDIOVISUAL MEDIA MAEDIA (MULTIMEDIA) (INTERNET) TEXT, SOUND, GRAPHICS, CHARTS, EMAIL PHOTOS TEXT AND VIDEO POWERPOINT PRESENTATION CHAT ROOMS CD, DVD PLAYER, VCD BLOG SITES CDVCD, DVD PLAYER EDUCATIONAL SOFTWARE MUSIC/MOVIE/TV ROOM (INTERNET) EDUCATIONAL WEBSITE NEWS SERVICES SOFTWARES, COURSEWARES PRINT VIDEO CLIP SCHOOL REGISTRATION/RECORDS ACCOUNTING
The Rise of Personal Computer (PC)?With a computer in the classroom, teachers are able to:1.Demonstrate a new lesson, present new material,2. Illustrate how to use new programs,3. Show new websites .
The Personal Computer (PC) as ICT Until the 19’s, it was still possible to distinguish between INSTRUCTIONAL MEDIA and the educational COMMUNICATION MEDIA.
Instructional Media• consist of audio- visual aids• Examples are the blackboard, photo, film and video.
Educational Communication Media • comprise the media of communication • using the print, film, radio television or satellite means of communication
The programs (capabilities) normallyinstalled in an ordinary modern PC are:• Microsoft Office – program for composing text, graphics, photos into letters, articles, report, etc.• Power point – for preparing lecture presentations.• Excel – for spreadsheets and similar graphic sheets.
• Internet Explorer – access to the internet.• Yahoo or Google – websites; e- mail, chat rooms, blog sites, news service (print/video) educational software etc.• Adobe Reader – graphs/photo composition and editing.• MSN – mail/chat messaging.
• Windows media player – CD, VCD player. Cyber Power – DVD player Windows media player – editing film/video.
Activity of the Students:Group Activity On the enumerated programs installed in a computer, pick your TOP 5 programs which do you prefer most. Reason out your ranking.
What is ICT?• ICT is an acronym that stands for Information Communications Technology.• Lets focus on the three words behind ICT: - INFORMATION - COMMUNICATIONS - TECHNOLOGY
• ICT covers any product that will store, retrieve, manipulate, transmit or receive information electronically in a digital form.• ―diverse set of technological tools and resources used to communicate, and to create, disseminate, store, and manage information.• include computers, the Internet, broadcasting technologies (radio and television), and telephony.
How can ICTs help expand access to education? 1. ICTs make possible asynchronous learning, or learning characterized by a time lag between the delivery of instruction and its reception by learners.• Online course materials, for example , may be accessed 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
Teachers and learners no longer have to rely solely on printed books and other materials in physical media housed in libraries (and available in limited quantities) for their educational needs.3. ICTs also facilitate access to resource persons— mentors, experts, researchers, profession als, business leaders, and peers—all over the world.
How does the use of ICTs help prepare individuals for the workplace?• Technological literacy, or the ability to use ICTs effectively and efficiently, is thus seen as representing a competitive edge in an increasingly globalizing job market.• Examine the table: Table 1. Skills Needed in the Workplace of the FutureSource: Adapted from EnGauge. North Central Regional Educational Laboratory.Available Online athttp://www.ncrel.org/engauge/skills/21skills.htm. Accessed 31 May 2002.
Digital Age Literacy Global awareness - Functional literacy- Understanding of how Ability to decipher nations, corporations, meaning and and communities all express ideas in a over the world are range of media; this interrelated includes the use of Scientific literacy- Understanding of both the theoretical Cultural literacy- and applied aspectsAppreciation of the of science anddiversity of cultures mathematics Information literacy- Ability to Technological literacy- find, evaluate and Competence in the make appropriate use use of information of and communication information, including technologies via the use of ICTs
Adaptability Ability to Creativity Ability to useRisk-taking Ability to take adapt and manage in a Curiosity Desire to know imagination to create new Inventive Thinking risks complex, interdependent things world
Effective Communication Teaming -Ability to work in a team Collaboration and Interpersonal skills - Ability to interact smoothly and work effectively with others interpersonal skills Personal and social Responsibility- Be accountable for the way they use ICTs and to learn to use ICTs responsibility for the public good Interactive communication Competence in conveying, transmitting, accessing and understanding informationHigh Productivity -Ability to prioritize, plan, and manage programs and projects to achieve the desired results.Ability to apply what they learn in the classroom to real-life contexts to create relevant, high-quality products
How can the use of ICTs help improve the quality of education? 1. Motivating to learn- ICTs such as videos, television and multimedia computer software that combine text, sound, and colorful, moving images can be used to provide challenging and authentic content that will engage the student in the learning process.
2. Facilitating the acquisition of basic skills.- Educational television programs such as Sesame Street use repetition and reinforcement to teach the alphabet, numbers, colors, shapes and other basic concepts.
3. Enhancing teacher training- ICTs have also been used to improve access to and the quality of teacher training.- For example, institutions like the Cyber Teacher Training Center (CTTC) in South Korea are taking advantage of the Internet to provide better teacher professional development opportunities to inservice teachers.
How can ICTs help transform the learning environment into one that is learner-centered?1. . Active learning. -ICT enhanced learning mobilizes tools for examination, calculation and analysis of information, thus providing a platform for student inquiry, analysis and construction of new information
2. Collaborative learning.-ICT-supported learning encourages interaction and cooperation among students, teachers, and experts regardless of where they are.• 3. Creative Learning.- ICT-supported learning promotes the manipulation of existing information and the creation of real-world products rather than the regurgitation of received information.
• 4. Integrative learning.- ICT-enhanced learning promotes a thematic, integrative approach to teaching and learning.- This approach eliminates the artificial separation between the different disciplines and between theory and practice that characterizes the traditional classroom approach.
5. Evaluative learning.- ICT-enhanced learning is student-directed and diagnostic.- Unlike static, text- or print-based educational technologies, ICT-enhanced learning recognizes that there are many different learning pathways and many different articulations of knowledge.- ICTs allow learners to explore and discover rather than merely listen and remember.
The Uses of ICTs in Education Each of the different ICTs—print, audio/videocassettes, radio and TV broadcasts, computers or the Internet—may be used for presentation anddemonstration, the most basic of the five levels.
How have radio and TV broadcasting been used in education?• There are three general approaches to the use of radio and TV broadcasting in education: 1) direct class teaching, where broadcast programming substitutes for teachers on a temporary basis;
2) school broadcasting, where broadcast programming provides complementary teaching and learning resources not otherwise available; and3) general educational programming over community, national and international stations which provide general and informal educational opportunities.
How have computers and theInternet been used for teaching and learning?3 General Approaches to the instructional use of computers and the Internet1)Learning about computers and the Internet, in which technological literacy is the end goal;2) Learning with computers and the Internet, in which the technology facilitates learning across the curriculum; and3) Learning through computers and the Internet, integrating technological skills development with curriculum applications.