Bcg matrix


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Bcg matrix

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Bcg matrix

  1. 1. BCG MatrixNaveed Khan
  2. 2. The Product Portfolio• To be successful, a company should have a portfolio of products with different growth rates and different market shares• The portfolio composition is a function of the balance between cash flows, high growth products require cash inputs to grow. Low growth products should generate excess cash.• Both kinds are needed simultaneously
  3. 3. Four Rules that Determine the Cash Flow of a Product• Margins and cash generated are a function of market share. High margins and high market share go together.• Growth requires cash input to finance added assets.• High market shares must be earned or bought. Buying market share requires an additional increment of investment
  4. 4. Continue• No product market can grow indefinitely• The payoff from growth must come when the growth slows, or it never will. The payoff is cash that cannot be reinvested in that product
  5. 5. CASH COWS• Products with high market share and slow growth rates are cash cows• They generate large amounts of cash in excess of the reinvestment required to maintain share
  6. 6. PETS• Products with low market share and slow growth rates are pets• They may show an accounting profit but profits need to be reinvested to maintain share, leaving no cash throw off• The product is worthless except in liquidation
  7. 7. Question Marks• Low market share, high growth products are the “ question marks”• They almost require far more cash than they can generate• The low market share, high growth product is a liability unless it becomes a leader• It requires very large cash input that it cannot generate itself
  8. 8. STAR• The high market share, high growth product is the “ Star”• It always shows profit, but it may or may not generate all of its own cash• However it will become a large cash generator when growth slows and no reinvestment is required• The star eventually becomes cash cow
  9. 9. Leadership• The payoff for leadership is very high indeed. If achieved early and maintained until growth slows• Increase in market share increases the margin• Every company needs products to reinvest• Every product should eventually be a cash generator, otherwise it is worthless
  10. 10. Balanced Portfolio• . The balanced portfolio has:• Stars whose high share and high growth assures future• Cash cows that supply funds for the furure growth• Question marks to be converted into stars with added funds
  11. 11. Decision on Pets• Pets are not necessary. They are evidence of failure either to obtain leadership position during the growth phase or to get out and cut the losses
  12. 12. BCG Matrix Relative Market Share Position High Medium Low 1.0 .50 0.0 High +20Industry Sales Growth Rate Stars Question Marks II I Medium 0 Cash Cows Dogs III IV Low -20 12