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Pre spanish-colonial-art-in-the-philippines


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Pre spanish-colonial-art-in-the-philippines

  2. 2. History  The oldest human fossil found in the Philippines is the skull cap of a “Stone- age Filipino”, about 22,000 years old.  Discovered by Dr. Robert B. Fox, an American anthropologist of the National Museum, inside Tabon Cave Palawan on May 28, 1962.
  3. 3. The Negritos  They came during the Paleolithic Age, walking dry- shod through Malay Peninsula, Borneo
  4. 4. The Indonesians  First Sea- Immigrants  They were the maritime Indonesian, who belonged to the Mongoloid race with Caucasian affinities  They belonged to the Neolithic Age
  5. 5. The Malays  They belong to the Iron Age Culture  Daring and liberty- loving  Belong to the brown race  Prominent contributions are Ati-atihan Festival, Maragtas Chronicle and the code of Kalantiaw
  6. 6. MusicThe Ancient Filipinos had music practically for all occasions, for every phase of life, from birth to death.
  7. 7. Music Natives were without a doubt, music- lovers. Each community had their own sets of musical instruments. In the account of Pigafetta, the official historian of Magellan Expedition, women from Cebu were harmoniously playing  Cymbals (platiles)  Nose flutes, bamboo mouth organ (aphiw)  Brass Gong (gansa)  Flute (bansic)  Long Drum (colibao)  Bamboo Harp (subing)  WaterWhistle (paiyak)  Guitar (bugtot)  Xylophone (agong)  Drum (tugo)
  8. 8. Bamboo Zither  Ethnic Dances and songs are usually accompanied by chordophones such as TANGKOL or Bamboo Zither of Bukidnon.
  9. 9. Gaddang  Cordillera Percussion  Flat gongs  made of copper-and- iron alloy
  10. 10. Gongs and Drum  The Kulintang or gongs of graduated sizes arranged in a row  Dabakan is a conical drum  Both is from Maranao
  11. 11. Architecture The Ancient Filipinos had first dwelt in caves and has learned the art of architecture as they move and hunt for food
  12. 12. Lean-to  Early Shelters: The portable lean-to which was both roof and wall, suited the lifestyle of the nomadic Negrito.
  13. 13. Tausug House  To the seafaring Tausug of Sulu, a house built on flat dry land or a site that slope towards Mercca is lucky. The one- room, gabled roof house known as bay sinug has a separate kitchen accessible through a side porch.
  14. 14. Torogan  This ancestral house home of the Maranao Sultan or datu has a soaring, salakot- shaped roof, ornate beams and massive posts- all proclaiming exalted status  The carved beam is called Panolong
  15. 15. Ifugao House “Bale”
  16. 16. Sculpture The ancient Filipinos had attained a high artistic level through pottery, jewelry and wood- carving.
  17. 17. Bul-ul  Are carved Anito figures of the Ifugaos  Represents Ancestral Spirit and granary gods  Bul-uls are places in rice garanaries as “Guardians of the Harvest”
  18. 18. Sarimanok  Most well-known of the old designs  Represents a fowl with wings, feathered tail, and a head decorated with ornaments of scrolled and painted motif of leaves, spirals and feather- like forms  Usually perched atop a bamboo pole, stands among decorative flags during weddings and other festive occasions
  19. 19. Hagabi  A wooden chair of the Ifugaos  Made of Narra or Ipil  Signifies royalty and power  Only the rich people can have this chair together with the rituals celebrated after the chair has been made
  20. 20. Pottery  Palayok
  21. 21. Manuggul Jar  Banga  Depicts on its lid two boatmen riding a banca on their way to the great divide  Used for burial rites by ancient people in Palawan 890-710 BK
  22. 22. Wood Carving  Ukkil etched on coral gives a grave distinctive marker known as Sunduk  Its Shape indicates the sex of the deceased: hexagonal posts for males and flat combs for females
  23. 23. Jewelry  Used by the people belonged in upper class or royal families
  24. 24. Boaya  Bontoc Warrior’s Head Hunting Necklace  Made of shell, boar tusk, rattan, fiber and bone
  25. 25. Filipino Bawisak Earrings  Traditional Ifugao Tribe bead and shell earrings  The bottom shell designs have been described as either representing butterflies or a certain item of male generative anatomy
  26. 26. Weaving  Weaving means to make cloth and other objects  Threads or strands of material are passed under and over each other
  27. 27. Malong with Okir Designs  The Maranaos call their ornamental design Okir, a general term for both the scroll and the geometric form
  28. 28. Physical Ornaments  Bontoc, Ifugao and Kalinga Tribal textiles with a variety of silver and brass “Linglingo” Fertility Charms
  29. 29. Paintings The Ancient Filipinos had expressed paintings through tattoos and cave carvings
  30. 30. Tattoos  The Pintados (painted ones), inhabitants of the Visayan islands as described by the first Spaniards to set eyes upon them  They used sharp metal instruments previously heated over fire
  31. 31. Silup  The tattooing imitated the upper garment worn by the men of North Kalinga  The women of South Kalinga painted their faces bright red
  32. 32. Petroglyphs  The Angono Petroglyphs is the oldest known work of art in the Philippines  There are 127 human and animal figures engraved on the rock wall dating back to 3000 B.C.
  33. 33. Literature  The early form of literature during pre- Spanish period was a classified into written or oral.  Written  Biag ni Lam- ang (Ilocano Epic)  Indarapatra at Sulayman and Bidasari (Muslim Epics)  Handiong (Bicolanos)  Oral  Maxims (sabi)  Bugtong (riddles)  Boat Song (talindaw)  Victory Songs (tagumpay)  Lullaby (uyayi)  Wedding Songs (ihiman)  War Song (Kumintang)
  34. 34. Alibata  Ancient Philippine Alphabet