SAT/ACT vocab unit1_level_c


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SAT/ACT vocab unit1_level_c

  1. 1. ACT/SAT Vocabulary <br />Unit 1 Level C<br />
  2. 2. ADAGE (ad’ ij)<br />ADAGE <br />Noun – a proverb, wise saying<br />One way to begin an informal speech or an oral report is to quote an old adage.<br />SYNONYMS: maxim, saw, aphorism<br />ADAGE<br />
  3. 3. BONANZA (bənan'zə) <br />BONANZA<br />Noun – a rich mass of ore in a mine; something very valuable, profitable, or rewarding; a source of wealth or prosperity<br />The thrilling adventure movie set in Alaska proved to be a box-office bonanza. <br />BONANZA<br />
  4. 4. CHURLISH (chər' lish)<br />CHURLISH<br />Adjective - lacking politeness or good manners; lacking sensitivity; difficult to work with or deal with; rude<br />The store manager instructed all the salesclerks to avoid churlish replies to customers’ questions. <br />CHURLISH<br />
  5. 5. CITADEL (sit' ə del)<br />CITADEL<br />Noun – a fortress that overlooks and protects a city; any strong or commanding place<br />A medieval citadel once guarded the capital city of the Greek island of Rhodes.<br />Synonyms: surly, ill-tempered<br />Antonyms: courteous, civil, well-mannered<br />CITADEL<br />
  6. 6. COLLABORATE (kə lab' ə rāt)<br />COLLABORATE<br />Verb, to work with or work together<br />Several students plan to collaborate on a geology project for the annual science fair.<br />Synonyms: team up, join forces<br />Antonyms: work alone<br />COLLABORATE<br />
  7. 7. DECREE (dikrē)<br />DECREE<br />Noun – an order having the force of law;<br />Verb – to issue such an order; to command firmly or forcefully<br />“There went forth a decree from Caesar Augustus that all the world should be taxed.” (Luke 2:1)<br />Why does nature always seem to decree nasty weather for our annual picnic?<br />Synonyms: (n) proclamation, edict; (v) proclaim<br />DECREE<br />
  8. 8. DISCORDANT (diskôr'dənt)<br />DISCORDANT<br />Adjective – disagreeable in sound, jarring; lacking in harmony, conflicting<br />Their little spat struck a discordant note in our otherwise happy family get-together. <br />Synonyms: grating, shrill, different, divergent<br />Antonyms: harmonious in agreement<br />DISCORDANT<br />
  9. 9. EVOLVE (ē välv')<br />EVOLVE<br />Verb – to develop gradually to rise to a higher level<br />Authors hope that their notes, descriptions, and character sketches will evolve into a book.<br />Synonyms: unfold, emerge<br />Antonyms: wither, shrivel up atrophy<br />EVOLVE<br />
  10. 10. EXCERPT (ek'sərpt)<br />EXCERPT<br />Noun – a passage taken from a book, article, etc; Verb – to take such a passage; to quote<br />My essay includes a long excerpt from a speech by Sojourner Truth.<br />If you excerpt some material from a reference book, be sure to enclose it in quotation marks.<br />Synonyms: (n) portion, section, extract<br />EXCERPT<br />
  11. 11. GROPE (grōp)<br />GROPE<br />Verb – to feel about hesitantly with the hands; to search blindly and uncertainly<br />When the power failed, we had to grope in the dark to find a working flashlight.<br />Synonyms: fumble for, cast about for<br />GROPE<br />
  12. 12. HOVER (həv' ər)<br />HOVER<br />Verb – to float or hand suspended over; to move back and forth uncertainly over or around<br />A large group of vultures hovered in the air above the wounded animal.<br />Synonyms – linger, waver, seesaw<br />Antonyms – soar<br />HOVER<br />
  13. 13. JOSTLE (jäs'əl) <br />JOSTLE<br />Verb to make or force one’s way by pushing or elbowing; to bump, shove, brush against; to compete for<br />I tried not to jostle other riders as I exited the crowded bus.<br />Synonym: push<br />JOSTLE<br />
  14. 14. LAGGARD (lag'ərd) <br />LAGGARD<br />Noun - a person who moves slowly or falls behind; Adjective – falling behind; slow to move, act, or respond<br />Tour guides often have to urge laggards to keep up with the rest of the group. <br />Tenants who are laggard in paying rent run the risk of being forced to move. <br />Synonyms: (n) slowpoke, straggler; (adj.) sluggish<br />Antonyms: (n) early bird; (adj.) swift, speedy, prompt<br />LAGGARD<br />
  15. 15. PLAUDITS (plō ditz)<br />PLAUDITS<br />Noun, plural – applause, enthusiastic praise or approval<br />The skaters who won the gold medals gratefully accepted the plaudits of their fans. <br />Synonyms: cheers, acclaim<br />Antonyms: boos, disapproval, ridicule<br />PLAUDITS<br />
  16. 16. PRECLUDE (prēklüd)<br />PRECLUDE<br />Verb – to make impossible, prevent, shut out<br />Three wrong answers will preclude any contestant from entering the quiz show’s final round. <br />Synonyms: hinder, check, stop<br />Antonyms: help, promote, facilitate<br />PRECLUDE<br />
  17. 17. REVERT (rēvərt') <br />REVERT<br />Verb – to return, go back<br />Control of a property usually reverts to the legal owner when a lease is up. <br />Synonyms: relapse, regress<br />Antonyms: progress, advance<br />REVERT<br />
  18. 18. RUBBLE (rəb'əl)<br />RUBBLE<br />Noun – broken stone or bricks; ruins<br />Bulldozers and wrecking balls soon reduced the damaged building to a heap of smoking rubble.<br />Synonyms: wreckage, debris <br />RUBBLE<br />
  19. 19. SERVILE (sər'vīl)<br />SERVILE<br />Adjective – of or relating to a slave; behaving like or suitable for a slave or a servant, menial; lacking spirit or independence, abjectly submissive.<br />Most serious performers prefer constructive criticism to servile flattery. <br />Synonyms: slavish, groveling, fawning<br />Antonyms: masterly, overbearing<br />SERVILE<br />
  20. 20. VIGIL (vij'əl)<br />VIGIL<br />Noun – a watch, especially at night; anyperiod of watchful attention<br />Thousands attended the solemn vigil at the Vietnam Veterans Memorial. <br />VIGIL<br />
  21. 21. WRANGLE (raŋ' gəl)<br />WRANGLE<br />Verb – to quarrel or argue in a noisy, angry way; to obtain by argument; to heard; Noun – a noisy quarrel<br />My brother and sister always wrangle over whose turn it is to sit in the front seat. <br />The customer got into a nasty wrangle with the shopkeeper. <br />Synonyms: squabble, bicker<br />Antonyms: agree, concur<br />WRANGLE<br />