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ASIAN ARCHITECTURE Jalan sultan-hishamuddin photobook

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ASIAN ARCHITECTURE

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ASIAN ARCHITECTURE Jalan sultan-hishamuddin photobook

  1. 1. Transformation Jalan Sultan hishamuddin
  2. 2. group members: Gertrude lee [0306265] Kee ting ting [0310019] sonia manyie [0801a65704] swafaa sihag [0306347] Yaseen syed [0309021]
  3. 3. Jalan SULTAN Hishamuddin has witnessed a transformation of the country from being colonized to finding its own identity upon independence. The road encompasses half of the Merdeka square and the Sultan Abdul Samad building towards the present day architecture of the Daya Bumi building. There is no other road that can signify the transformation of societies, cultures and architecture from the pre-independence days to the present day better than Jalan Hishammudin in which, this book will attempt to capture. Jalan sultan hishamuddin
  4. 4. There are two sections of the book that will create the storyline for the ‘Transformation’. The first section deals with the past or pre-independence in which, the British architecture with the influence of the Malaysian culture will be emphasized. Being the heart of Kuala Lumpur during the colonial times, there is no surprised that the area shows an abundance of past architecture. Moreover, this section will focus on how Malaysian culture is incorporated with the British to co-exist with each other, showing no matter what conflicts and differences the nation goes through, peace is the most important thing. These pictures will show the small elements of Malaysian style incorporating with the British style.
  5. 5. The second section deals with the present day or post-independence. A number of elements will be looked at to show the vast changes the nation went through. Changes in terms of semiotics, societies and activities will be emphasized. For the semiotics part, elements showing development and discipline of the developed urban area will be captured. Finally, for the societies and activities pictures respectively, people of from the professional society, tourism society and local society will be captured while activities perform by people regardless of age and race will be captured.
  6. 6. historical timeline of kuala lumpur 1857 Rich source of tin have brought 87 miners, mostly Chinese to an area where Klang river and Gombak river converges. The period were plagued with death by malaria in the first month and followed by gang war between the local Chinese gangs and sometimes Malay gangs over mining rights and control of drinking water. Moreover, wars over control of the brothels, gambling booths and opium trade became rampant in the settlement during the 1860s. 1868 KL already a growing village was taken over by Yap Ah Loy whom succeeded in establishing law and order in the town from 1869 until his death in 1885. 1880 A year after the harbor to Klang city was opened, Kuala Lumpur became Selangor’s capital. This is also the year when kuala lumpur became a modern town as british resident sir frank swettenham developed the first city plan. colonial houses and buildings were constructed with bricks. 1896 The city became a centre of British Colonialism. The Federated Malay States, uniting the Sultans of four states under one organization with KL as the capital was formed. The secreteriat building was built for the british administration and now known as sultan abdul samad building.
  7. 7. 1942 World War 2 happened and KL was occupied by the Japanese Army. KL was the capital in the “Federation of Malaya” in 1946. after the atomic bombings of hiroshima and nagasaki, japan surrendered and british returned to kuala lumpur. 1957 1974 After 151 years of British rule, independence was achieve on 31st of August. KL was appointed the capital of the Independent Federation of Malaya. KL was the capital of Malaysia from 1963 to 1974. KL became an autonomy city (Federal Territory) with its own administration after detaching itself from its mother state of Selangor.
  8. 8. sultan abdul samad building
  9. 9. BY YASEEN SYED The Sultan Abdul Samad Building is definitely the centre piece of the colonial architecture in Kuala Lumpur. This heritage building’s most prominent feature is the clock tower in the middle.It is said to have tolled during Queen Victoria’s Golden Jubilee parade in 1897.
  10. 10. The unique Mughal-styled building is topped by gleaming copper,onion shaped domes which reflect the composite culture which developed under the Mughals. During the day, the domes stand high and radiant against the blue sky,thus giving off a sense of royalty. It emphasises on the power of the Government during the time before independence. BY YASEEN SYED
  11. 11. The entrance is pressed into the building as it is inspired by the fort designs by the Mughals,who purposely designed their entrances in this manner,to allow for privacy.The entrance is designed with a grand wide arch that has been plastered. BY YASEEN SYED
  12. 12. The main facade of the building is made elegant with the symmetrical arches. BY YASEEN SYED
  13. 13. Floral designs are imprinted on the pavement along the street.The central 8 pointed star symbolises the “seal of the prophethood” in Islam,thus ensuring the declaration of Islam as the national religion. BY YASEEN SYED
  14. 14. The majestic domes sit on the minarets which are detailed with horse shoe arches, a drum and a fine finial. Miniature white domes places on the terrace above the entrance. BY YASEEN SYED
  15. 15. Along its verandahs we can see different forms of arches,the most common being the keyhole, ogee, pointed and horseshoe arches to provide airy ventilation in adapting to the hot and humid tropical climate of Kuala Lumpur. BY YASEEN SYED
  16. 16. Gothic Architecture inspired spires pierce through the blue sky. The use of red bricks with white plaster. BY YASEEN SYED
  17. 17. The old colonial buildings are used as an inspiration to design surrounding buildings. The new buildings take on a few elements such as the arches in their form. BY YASEEN SYED
  18. 18. National Textile museum
  19. 19. National Textile Museum is housed in an attractive building of Mughal-Islamic style architecture. it was completed in 1905 and occupied as HQ for the Federated Malay States Railways. In 1917, the building has subsequently handed over to the Selangor Public Works department, and over the years, it served as premises for the Selangor Water Department, the Central Bank, Agricultural Bank, Malaysian Craft and the High Court. BY kee ting ting the present day use of this building is to display the different types of textile available in malaysia used to make our Traditional clothing.
  20. 20. The facade bears rich Moghul architectural style and Islamic style. It features a few different arches styles, such as ogee, horse-shoe and pointed arches. BY kee ting ting
  21. 21. The main entrance comprises two pilasters topped by chatris- the raised onion- shaped domes derived from Moghul architecture of India. BY kee ting ting
  22. 22. On each corner of the building are octagonal towers topped by a concrete dome surrounded by smaller ones. BY kee ting ting
  23. 23. This heritage building wears the distinctive red and white banding resulting from alternating fairfaced bricks with plastered ones. BY kee ting ting
  24. 24. This decorative ornamentations can be seen along the walkways of the second floor of Textile Museum. BY kee ting ting
  25. 25. The architraves were dressed around the whole building. BY kee ting ting
  26. 26. merdeka square (Dataran Merdeka) BY kee ting ting
  27. 27. It was once known as the Padang (field) and was offi- cially renamed 'Dataran Merdeka' on 1 January 1990. At the midnight on 31 August 1957, the Union Flag was lowered and the Malayan flag was hoisted to mark Malaysia's independence from colonial rule. 'Merdeka! Merdeka! Merdeka! was shouted joyously by the entire nations. it used to be the venue for parades and cricket matches. BY kee ting ting
  28. 28. Queen Victorian Foundation was brought in from England and assembled in Kuala Lumpur to commemorate the diamond jubilee of the tenure of Queen Victoria and pay tribute to the Empire and its ruling monarch. BY kee ting ting
  29. 29. BY kee ting ting Many historical events had been held in front of this building. Among them was the declaration of independence of Malaysia (Malaya then) on 31 August, 1957 and the lowering of the Union Jack Flag.
  30. 30. society
  31. 31. Society does not consist of individuals but expresses the sum of interrelations, the relations within these individuals stands. - Karl Marx
  32. 32. There are three kinds of people in the world. There are wolves and there are sheep. And then there are those who protect the sheep from the wolves. - A policeman on his break in the patrol van Working Society Business, labor and civil society organizations have skills and resources that are vital in helping to build a more robust global community. - Kofi Annan by Gertrude lee
  33. 33. A security guard patrolling along Jalan Sultan Hishammudin is talking to a tour guide and making sure that he reminds the tourists to not enter or loiter at any prohibited areas. by gertrude lee
  34. 34. A security guard in front of the Textile Museum giving directions to the visiting students. by Gertrude lee
  35. 35. While most Malaysians are resting on a Sunday, a taxi driver is working and waiting for his next customer under the hot Malaysian sun. by gertrude lee
  36. 36. A tour guide and chaperone is leading the primary school students around the area. What better place for a study trip on the history of Malaysia other than around Jalan Sultan Hishammudin. Tourism society by Gertrude lee
  37. 37. A couple at the information centre asking about important and interesting places to visit around Malaysia. by gertrude lee
  38. 38. The elderly couple gives proof that you are never too old to travel. by Gertrude lee
  39. 39. A couple from the Middle East looking towards the unique Sultan Abdul Samad Building and the colourful rickshaws across the road. by gertrude lee
  40. 40. With the area around the road being the heart of historical places, family tourism is a usual sight. by Gertrude lee
  41. 41. Amidst the hustle and bustle of the city, this man sits alone and let his thoughts wanders. local community by gertrude lee
  42. 42. The parents brought their children along the road for sightseeing and quality time. by Gertrude lee
  43. 43. a man lying down on the ground while trying to take a nice picture of his family together with the landscape behind them. by gertrude lee
  44. 44. Activities Happiness is a state of activity -Aristotle BY Sonia manyie
  45. 45. During the weekends, visitors will be treated with a ride on a horse carriage along the street which is definitely a unique and welcome sight to a street that is always packed with cars and motorcycles. BY sonia manyie
  46. 46. What used to be an administration area during the colonial times is now filled with sights of children playing by the side of the street freely. BY Sonia manyie
  47. 47. another photo shows a father watching his children intently as they play. BY sonia manyie
  48. 48. Judging from the man’s smile, he has managed to sell quite a few of the Chinese-languaged newspapers as visitors were seen reading the papers bought from him. BY Sonia manyie
  49. 49. BY sonia manyie
  50. 50. Exploring the city on two wheels is an experience for all the senses as all intricacies of the local urban culture can be interacted in an immediate way. BY Sonia manyie
  51. 51. A local rickshaw operator is seen talking to a visitor as her family looks on with the Sultan Abdul Samad and Daya Bumi building in the backdrop. BY sonia manyie
  52. 52. BY Sonia manyie
  53. 53. With its history and unique backdrop, there is no wonder that the street is busy and packed with tourist’s buses especially on the weekends BY sonia manyie
  54. 54. Visitors of all races and culture flocked the historical street to have a reminder of their visits. BY Sonia manyie
  55. 55. Blue-collared workers, the driving force behind the country’s economy are seen dis- carding dead flowers to beautify the city and street. “The job market of the future will con- sist of those jobs that robots cannot perform. Our blue-collar work is pattern recognition, making sense of what you see. Gardeners will still have jobs because every garden is different. The same goes for construction workers. The losers are white-collar workers, low-level account- ants, brokers, and agents.” -Michio Kaku BY sonia manyie
  56. 56. Semiotic Sultan Hishamuddin street is a street with a lot of heritage buildings, creating a very historic or ancient street, however it is located in an ur- ban area, and a very developed area, which is the Kuala Lampur city, thus this sections explores the symbols, which represent the urban part of this street. BY Swafaa sihag
  57. 57. Dayabumi business building shows the modern islamic architecture, representing the development that led to modernity, and the fact that it is high rise, shows urbanism in the Street Sultan Hishamuddin. BY Swafaa sihag
  58. 58. Zebra crossing are used in roads or paths which vehicles pass through creating a system of safety representing a busy developed area, therefore urbanism. BY Swafaa sihag
  59. 59. BY Swafaa sihag The road has a side extension, specifically for taxis, creating a smooth circulation creating a road system, where every urban area should have.
  60. 60. Fire hydrant is located out side every building in an urban area, it is used as a water source for the fire department during fire hazards. BY Swafaa sihag
  61. 61. BY Swafaa sihag Drainage metal grates, are used to cover up a drainage hole, this provides pedestrian safety and security are very important in a busy place like an urban area.
  62. 62. Sign boards are found in all urban streets, showing important locations, or road safety for pedestrians and vehicles, creating a controlled movement and circulation. BY Swafaa sihag
  63. 63. BY Swafaa sihag Traffic lights used on cross roads, creating a system of control and safety. This is used in every urban area. When pedestrians want to cross a road, this is used to stop all the cars in busy large streets, creating safety and a system.
  64. 64. Street path lighting, creates a safe and smooth pedestrian walking path. It also lights up the historical heritage buildings at night. BY Swafaa sihag
  65. 65. BY Swafaa sihag Street lighting provides lighting for pedestrians and vehicles in an urban area during the night. the flower on the street lighting is the hibicus and also known as Malaysia’s national flower.

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