An altered state of consciousness is any state which is significantly different from a normative waking beta wave state. The expression was coined by Charles Tart and describes induced changes in one's mental state, almost always temporary. A synonymous phrase is "altered states of awareness". An associated body of research has been conducted in trance and this is becoming the predominant auspice terminology. Trance includes all "altered states of consciousness" as well as the various forms of waking trance states.
Mind body applications in health r
Mind-Body-Soul Medicine:Applications in Health Yasmine Buraik Psychiatric Counselor Psychiatric Services and community Counseling Division
How the Mind Hurts and Heals the BodyThe mind is its own place, and in itselfCan make a Heav’n of Hell, a Hell of Heav’n. John Milton, Paradise Lost In 1948
The Dance of Soma and Psyche The Mind steadfastly refuses to behave locally, as contemporary scientific evidence is beginning to show. We now know for example, that brain like tissue is found throughout the body…So, even from the conservative perspective of modern neurochemistry, it is difficult if not impossible to follow a strictly a local view of the brain Larry Dossey, M.D
The New Medicine• In 2001 The American Psychological Association amended its bylaws to recognize “promoting health” as one of its major missions (Thorn & Saab, 2001).• In the past, the point of contact between psychology and health has sometimes been couched in economic terms.• Another focus has been on the contributions psychology can make to the prevention of substance abuse and other behavioral social issues such as child abuse (Carpenter, 2001; Ray & Ksir, 2004)
The Biopsychosocial Model• The causes, development, and outcomes of an illness are determined by the interaction of psychological, social, and cultural factors with biochemistry and physiology.• Our physiology and biochemistry are not separate and distinct from the rest of our life and our experiences.• The mind—a manifest functioning of the brain— and the other body systems interact in ways critical for health, illness, and well-being.
The New Medicine• ‘patient-centered care’ is emerging as a key concept in modern medicine” . Patients who exerted “more control” and have “more expression of emotion” during their visit to the doctor’s office showed improved health and felt better. (Frishman, 1996) ,• “the modes of explanation appropriate to illnesses like infections and poisons may not be applicable to more complex complaints, such as those involving interactions between mind, body and culture. . . . new modes of characterizing medical problems are needed” (Chiong (2001)
Health Care Models Component of Past FutureHealth care ModelsFocus Fighting Sickness Building HealthEmphasis Environmental Behavioral factors factorsCauses of disease Pathogen Host-Pathogen interactionPatient role Passive recipient of Active in treatment treatment and healthBelief system of Irrelevant Critically importantpatientPhysician Role Determiner of Collaborator in treatment and treatment and healing process healing process
What is Mind-Body Medicine• Mind-body medicine focuses on the interactions among the brain, mind, body, and behavior.• Recognizes that emotional, mental, social, spiritual, and behavioral factors can directly affect health.• It regards as fundamental an approach that respects and enhances each persons capacity for self-knowledge and self-care.• It emphasizes techniques that are grounded in this approach.
Biological Underpinnings of Mind-Body Therapies• The Fight and Flight Response• The Nervous System• The Limbic System• Autonomic Nervous System• Endocrine System• Immune System
The Body of Evidence• Extensive research in various fields, especially Neurobiology, Neurophysiology, Neuropsycholgy, Neurochemistry and Psychoneuroimmunology• Some techniques better researched than others, but support for all.• As a result of evidence-based data, the relaxation response is becoming a part of mainstream medicine. Approximately 60% of US medical schools now teach the therapeutic use of relaxation-response techniques (Friedman, Zuttermeister, Benson, 1993)
Remembered Wellness• Dr. Herbert Benson , MD, 1971• the "relaxation response“ is the opposite of the fight-or-flight response. It results in decreased metabolism, heart rate, blood pressure, and breathing rate; as well as slower brain waves (Wallace, Benson, Wilson, 1971) )• Inducing the relaxation response through Mind- Body Skills• The fight-or-flight response occurs automatically, without requiring the use of a technique. Steps are usually required to elicit the relaxation response
Benefits of Mind-Body Skills• Physiological • Decreased medication relaxation • Improved tolerance• Stress reduction • Encouraging active• Pain reduction and participation in own relief care• Modulation of mood • Empowering patient• Stimulating immune • Discovering meaning responses in illness or difficult situations• Improved physical and emotional well-being • Enhancing self- awareness
Principles of Mind Body Skills Groups• Safe Place• Respect• Educational• Staying in the moment• Increased awareness• Leader as teacher and real person• Power of self care• Group as growth organism• Flexibility
Mind-Body Skills Groups Information• Offered through Community Counseling Clinic on regular basis• Meets twice a week for five weeks for a total of 10 sessions• Limited participants in each group• Arabic women only groups• Mixed English groups• Children’s groups• To sign up call 877-8400 or 877-7015
A revolution“There’s been a huge transformation in the way we view the relationship between our mind and good health, our mind and disease. . . . In many ways, it’s nothing short of a revolution” Robert Ader, 1980