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Mind body applications in health r


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A presentation on the mind body approach in physical and mental illness

Published in: Health & Medicine
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Mind body applications in health r

  1. 1. Mind-Body-Soul Medicine:Applications in Health Yasmine Buraik Psychiatric Counselor Psychiatric Services and community Counseling Division
  2. 2. How the Mind Hurts and Heals the BodyThe mind is its own place, and in itselfCan make a Heav’n of Hell, a Hell of Heav’n. John Milton, Paradise Lost In 1948
  3. 3. The Dance of Soma and Psyche The Mind steadfastly refuses to behave locally, as contemporary scientific evidence is beginning to show. We now know for example, that brain like tissue is found throughout the body…So, even from the conservative perspective of modern neurochemistry, it is difficult if not impossible to follow a strictly a local view of the brain Larry Dossey, M.D
  4. 4. The New Medicine• In 2001 The American Psychological Association amended its bylaws to recognize “promoting health” as one of its major missions (Thorn & Saab, 2001).• In the past, the point of contact between psychology and health has sometimes been couched in economic terms.• Another focus has been on the contributions psychology can make to the prevention of substance abuse and other behavioral social issues such as child abuse (Carpenter, 2001; Ray & Ksir, 2004)
  5. 5. The Biopsychosocial Model• The causes, development, and outcomes of an illness are determined by the interaction of psychological, social, and cultural factors with biochemistry and physiology.• Our physiology and biochemistry are not separate and distinct from the rest of our life and our experiences.• The mind—a manifest functioning of the brain— and the other body systems interact in ways critical for health, illness, and well-being.
  6. 6. The New Medicine• ‘patient-centered care’ is emerging as a key concept in modern medicine” . Patients who exerted “more control” and have “more expression of emotion” during their visit to the doctor’s office showed improved health and felt better. (Frishman, 1996) ,• “the modes of explanation appropriate to illnesses like infections and poisons may not be applicable to more complex complaints, such as those involving interactions between mind, body and culture. . . . new modes of characterizing medical problems are needed” (Chiong (2001)
  7. 7. Health Care Models Component of Past FutureHealth care ModelsFocus Fighting Sickness Building HealthEmphasis Environmental Behavioral factors factorsCauses of disease Pathogen Host-Pathogen interactionPatient role Passive recipient of Active in treatment treatment and healthBelief system of Irrelevant Critically importantpatientPhysician Role Determiner of Collaborator in treatment and treatment and healing process healing process
  8. 8. What is Mind-Body Medicine• Mind-body medicine focuses on the interactions among the brain, mind, body, and behavior.• Recognizes that emotional, mental, social, spiritual, and behavioral factors can directly affect health.• It regards as fundamental an approach that respects and enhances each persons capacity for self-knowledge and self-care.• It emphasizes techniques that are grounded in this approach.
  9. 9. Biological Underpinnings of Mind-Body Therapies• The Fight and Flight Response• The Nervous System• The Limbic System• Autonomic Nervous System• Endocrine System• Immune System
  10. 10. The Body of Evidence• Extensive research in various fields, especially Neurobiology, Neurophysiology, Neuropsycholgy, Neurochemistry and Psychoneuroimmunology• Some techniques better researched than others, but support for all.• As a result of evidence-based data, the relaxation response is becoming a part of mainstream medicine. Approximately 60% of US medical schools now teach the therapeutic use of relaxation-response techniques (Friedman, Zuttermeister, Benson, 1993)
  11. 11. The Three Brains
  12. 12. The Fight and Flight Response
  13. 13. Our Survival Mechanism• Walter Bradford Cannon, MD, 1926• Danger of stress• Arousal and preparation• Increased heart rate• Faster breathing• Muscular tension• Coldness and sweating• Decreased intestinal activity• Dilated pupils
  14. 14. The Negative Mind• Chronic stress affects the mind• You can not afford the luxury of negative thinking• The Negative Mind and psychiatric conditions
  15. 15. The Relaxation Response
  16. 16. Remembered Wellness• Dr. Herbert Benson , MD, 1971• the "relaxation response“ is the opposite of the fight-or-flight response. It results in decreased metabolism, heart rate, blood pressure, and breathing rate; as well as slower brain waves (Wallace, Benson, Wilson, 1971) )• Inducing the relaxation response through Mind- Body Skills• The fight-or-flight response occurs automatically, without requiring the use of a technique. Steps are usually required to elicit the relaxation response
  17. 17. Altered States
  18. 18. Benefits of Mind-Body Skills• Physiological • Decreased medication relaxation • Improved tolerance• Stress reduction • Encouraging active• Pain reduction and participation in own relief care• Modulation of mood • Empowering patient• Stimulating immune • Discovering meaning responses in illness or difficult situations• Improved physical and emotional well-being • Enhancing self- awareness
  19. 19. Principles of Mind Body Skills Groups• Safe Place• Respect• Educational• Staying in the moment• Increased awareness• Leader as teacher and real person• Power of self care• Group as growth organism• Flexibility
  20. 20. Mind-Body Skills• Breathing• Autogenic Training• Biofeedback• Movement• Meditation• Imagery• Drawing and Journaling• Genograms• Rituals
  21. 21. Breathing
  22. 22. Movement
  23. 23. Meditation
  24. 24. Imagery and Visualization
  25. 25. Journaling and Drawing
  26. 26. . Genograms
  27. 27. Rituals
  28. 28. Mind-Body Skills Groups Information• Offered through Community Counseling Clinic on regular basis• Meets twice a week for five weeks for a total of 10 sessions• Limited participants in each group• Arabic women only groups• Mixed English groups• Children’s groups• To sign up call 877-8400 or 877-7015
  29. 29. Mind-Body Skills Groups
  30. 30. A revolution“There’s been a huge transformation in the way we view the relationship between our mind and good health, our mind and disease. . . . In many ways, it’s nothing short of a revolution” Robert Ader, 1980
  31. 31. Thank you
  32. 32. Thank You