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How open scientific research data transform transdisciplinary research; a theoretical debate

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Paper presented at the "open research data and interoperable science infrastructures for earth and planetary sciences" session of the Japan Geoscience Union Annual Meeting 2016 (JpGU 2016).

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How open scientific research data transform transdisciplinary research; a theoretical debate

  1. 1. How open scientific research data transform transdisciplinary research: a theoretical debate Yasuhisa Kondo JpGU 2016 MGI04-10 Open Research Data and Interoperable Science Infrastructures for Earth & Planetary Sciences
  2. 2. Solution-oriented research with society My experience: Heritage inventory development in Oman 2 Site Type Appellation Arabic English Location Coordinates Boundary Wilayat Region Topography Architecture Material Dimension Height Length AreaDescriptionSmall finds Event Construction Date Period Termination Date Period Inspection Date Staff Photograph Condition Ownership Tourism Damage Land use Assessment How open scientific research data transform transdisciplinary research
  3. 3. Definition of Transdisciplinary (TD) Research • Not only multi- or interdisciplinary, but also… “Science with Society” • Co-design of research agenda, • Co-production of knowledge, and • Co-delivery of the results with societal stakeholders such as governmental agencies, funders, industries, NPOs and civil society. (Mauser et al. 2013. doi:10.1016/j.cosust.2013.07.001) 3How open scientific research data transform transdisciplinary research
  4. 4. Transdisciplinary Research Action Research Participatory Research 超学際研究 超域研究 新領域融合研究 社会協働研究 Transboundary Research Science for Society Science with Society 4How open scientific research data transform transdisciplinary research “Transdisciplinarity” is often used as a buzzword. 超学研究
  5. 5. Actors (“stakeholders”) who are engaged to a transdisciplinary research 5How open scientific research data transform transdisciplinary research Actor Social entity Knowledge Researcher • Professional researcher Scientific Decision maker • Government • Industry Governance Resident • NPO • Local resident Indigenous Pro bono new! (Skilled volunteer) • Lawyers • Programmer • Social entrepreneur Technical
  6. 6. Researcher Resident Typology (1) Participatory Research 6 Outcomes Example: Questionnaire, ideathon How open scientific research data transform transdisciplinary research
  7. 7. Typology (2) Action Research Researcher Resident Outcomes (Social implementation) 7How open scientific research data transform transdisciplinary research
  8. 8. Typology (3) Transdisciplinary Research (in sensu stricto) Researcher Resident Decision making for solving issues + Mutual learningDecision maker “Co-x” Co-design Co-production Co-delivery Co-leadership 8How open scientific research data transform transdisciplinary research
  9. 9. Open science and pro bonos Definition by government • Open Access • Open Scientific Research Data • Acceleration of Citizen Science → Important for Open Innovation Cabinet Office of Japan (January 2016) Reality • Movement to reform the research system by “openness” (Kitamoto 2016) • “Getting together but thinking differently” (Kitamoto 2015) • Agreed in general but disagreed on details Short-term effect • An increasing number of pro bonos, who have adequately experienced social innovations by open data, will engage to transdisciplinary research. 9
  10. 10. Pro bono: a new actor in TD research Happy Life Ideathon at RIHN in October 2015 Graphic recording (by S. Wanami) • Individuals with high skills (e.g., ITC, social design) or expert knowledge (e.g., legal, financial) • Not always belonging to local community but highly motivated. • Leading social innovations by using open data. 10
  11. 11. Spin-offs Researchers Residents Decision for solution Decision makers “Co-x” Co-design Co-production Co-leadership Mutual learning Pro-bonos (skilled volunteers) new! Scientific knowledge Indigenous knowledge Governance knowledge Technical knowledge Research outputs Solution Scientific knowledge Governance knowledge Indigenous knowledge Gap Gap Gap Gap Gap Gap Transdisciplinary research with pro bonos 11
  12. 12. みんなで効果を調べよう ! 琵琶湖MIX!プロジェ ク ト ~水草堆肥で琵琶湖の恵みをMIX!~ 野菜を育ててレポート 集まっ たレポート を分析 さ まざまな野菜の データ 新し い 効果を 発見! 地球研 プロジェ ク ト 研究員 淺野氏 琵琶湖の地域資源を介し て つながるコ ミ ュ ニティ 企業・ 民間団体 地域住民 滋賀県・ 地球研 1. Waterweed compost project 2. Report veg cultivations with compost 3. Analyze reports to find new effects 4. Enhance the local community through sharing the regional resources RIHN Nutrient Cycling Project Local residents IndustriesRIHN Governments An idea from the ideathon with pro bonos 12How open scientific research data transform transdisciplinary research
  13. 13. Open science may boost citizen science. This may be a transformation of transdisciplinary research. However, there are still gaps between open science and citizen science. 13How open scientific research data transform transdisciplinary research
  14. 14. Spin-offs Researchers Residents Decision for solution Decision makers “Co-x” Co-design Co-production Co-leadership Mutual learning Pro-bonos (skilled volunteers) new! Scientific knowledge Indigenous knowledge Governance knowledge Technical knowledge Research outputs Solution Scientific knowledge Governance knowledge Indigenous knowledge Gap Gap Gap Gap Gap Gap How can we fill knowledge gaps between actors? 14 Open research data
  15. 15. Importance of Knowledge Bridging • There is a knowledge information gap between actors facing socio-environmental issues. In order to solve it, we should • Specify where and what the gaps are present; and • Identify how to fill those gaps. • We will study this issue in the RIHN’s Core Project (2017-19). • Join us if you get interested! 15How open scientific research data transform transdisciplinary research Thank you for listening. kondo@chikyu.ac.jp

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