Study Section: This section will have 13 Sections
Clicking the study section will bring up the following choices
Part 1: I...
intra- within, inside intravenous (inside, within a vein)
macro- large macrocephalic (having a large head)
micro- small mi...
-genesis produces, generates osteogenesis (produces bone)
-genic producing carcinogenic (producing cancer)
-ia state, cond...
Surgical Suffixes
When this choice is picked the following appears. Just a simple to read chart
Surgical Suffixes—used to ...
Quiz 1A:
Directions:Definethecombiningformsinthespacesprovided.
1. aden/o ________________________________________________...
23. para- _______________________________________________________________________________________
24. per- _______________...
25. -rrhage _____________________________________________________________________________________
26. -rrhea _____________...
2. an- without
3. ante- before, in front of
4. anti- against
5. auto- self
6. brady- slow
7. dys- painful, difficult
8. en...
5. -ectasis dilatation
6. -ectopia displacement
7. -gen that which produces
8. -genesis produces, generates
9. -genic prod...
Part 2: BodyStructure
Follow same format as Part 1:
Sections:
Combining Forms Relating to
Prefixes Relating to
Body System...
Body System Organs in the System
1. Integumentary a. skin
b. hair
c. nails
2. Musculoskeletal a. muscles
b. tendons
c. bon...
12.Nervous a. brain
b. spinalcord
c. nerves
13.Special senses a. eyes
b. ears
c. nose
d. tongue
e. skin
Directional Term D...
24. spin/o ____________________________________________________________________________________
25. super/o ______________...
b. ___________________________________________________________
c. ________________________________________________________...
4. caud/o tail
5. cephal/o head
6. chondr/o cartilage
7. crani/o skull
8. cyt/o cell
9. dist/o away from
10. dors/o back o...
d. lymph nodes
6. Respiratory a. nose
b. pharynx
c. larynx
d. trachea
e. bronchial tubes
f. lungs
7. Digestive a. mouth
b....
5. medial Refers to the middle or near the middle of the body or the structure.
6. lateral Refers to the side.
7. apex Tip...
22.rhytid/o wrinkle
23.scler/o hard
24.seb/o oil
25.trich/o hair
26.ungu/o nail
27.xanth/o yellow
28.xer/o dry
Suffixes Re...
ungu/o ungual pertaining to the nails
Suffix Medical Term Definition
-derma erythroderma red skin
ichthyoderma scaly and d...
Usually benign but may become cancerous.
Nodule Firm, solid mass of cells in the skin.
papule Small, solid, circular raise...
burn,3rd degree Damage to full thickness of skin and intounderlying
tissues. Infection is a major concern with thirddegree...
biopsy (BX, bx) A piece of tissue is removed by syringe and needle,
knife, punch,or brush to examine under a microscope.
U...
skin graft (SG) The transfer of skin from a normal area to cover
another site. Used to treat burn victims and after
some s...
17. necr/o____________________________________________________________________________________
18. onych/o _______________...
Directions:Writethe medical term forwhicheachabbreviationstands.
1. BCC __________________________________________________...
QUIZ 3BAnswerKey
Phrase Medical Term
1. pertaining to under the skin subcutaneous
2. pertaining to upon the skin epidermal...
Part 4: Musculoskeletal System
Follow same format as Part 1:
Sections: Combining Forms Relating to
Word Building Relating ...
33.radi/o radius, lower arm bone
34.sacr/o sacrum
35.scapul/o scapula, shoulder blade
36.scoli/o crooked, bent
37.spondyl/...
arthritis joint inflammation
arthrotomy incision into a joint
arthroscopy visual examination of the inside of a
joint
burs...
Vocabulary Relating to the Skeletal System
callus The mass of bone tissue that forms at a fracture site
during its healing...
pathologist.
fracture (FX, Fx) A broken bone.
gout Inflammation of the joints caused by excessive
uric acid.
greenstick fr...
erythematosus (SLE) that causes injury to the joints, skin, kidneys,
heart,lungs, and nervous system. A characteristic
but...
deep tendon reflexes Muscle contraction in response to a stretch
caused by striking the muscle tendon with a
reflex hammer...
inhibitors bones, such as osteoporosis and Paget’s
disease, are improved by medications that
reduce the reabsorption of bo...
23.RLE right lower extremity
QUIZ
QUIZ 4A
Directions:Definethecombiningformsinthespacesprovided.
1. ankyl/o_______________...
48. -listhesis __________________________________________________________________________________
49. -malacia ___________...
11. excision of cartilage ________________________________________________________________________
12. cartilage softening...
11. HNP______________________________________________________________________________________
12. JRA ____________________...
23. metacarp/o metacarpals, hand bones
24. metatars/o metatarsals, foot bones
25. myel/o bone marrow
26. orth/o straight
2...
Study_Section.docx - Taskcity - Outsource to IT expert, freelance ...
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  1. 1. Study Section: This section will have 13 Sections Clicking the study section will bring up the following choices Part 1: Introductionto Medical Terminology Part 2: BodyStructure Part 3: IntegumentarySystem Part 4: Musculoskeletal System Part 1: Introductionto Medical Terminology When this is clicked the following choice will appear CommonPrefixes NumberPrefixes CommonSuffixes AdjectiveSuffixes Surgical Suffixes Procedural Suffixes Quiz CommonPrefixes: When this choice is picked the following appears. Just a simple to read chart Common Prefixes—when written by themselves, prefixes are followed by a hyphen. Prefix Meaning Example (Definition) a- without, away aphasia (without speech) from an- without anoxia (without oxygen) ante- before,in front of antepartum (before birth) anti- against antibiotic (against life) auto- self autograft (a graft from one’s own body) brady- slow bradycardia (slow heart beat) dys- painful,difficult dyspnea (painfulbreathing) endo- within, inner endoscope (instrument toview within) epi- upon,over epigastric (upon or over the stomach) eu- normal, good eupnea (normalbreathing) hetero- different heterograft (graft from another person’s body) homo- same homozygous (having two identical genes) hydro- water hydrotherapy (water therapy) hyper- over, above hypertrophy (overdevelopment) hypo- under,below hypoglossal (under the tongue) infra- under,beneath, infraorbital (below, under the eye socket) below inter- among, between intervertebral(between the vertebrae)
  2. 2. intra- within, inside intravenous (inside, within a vein) macro- large macrocephalic (having a large head) micro- small microcephalic (having a small head) neo- new neonate (newborn) pan- all pancarditis (inflammation of the entire heart) para- beside, beyond, paranasal(near or alongside the nose) near per- through percutaneous (through the skin) peri- around pericardial (around the heart) post- after postpartum (after birth) pre- before,in front of prefrontal(in front of the frontal bone) pseudo- false pseudocyesis (false pregnancy) retro- backward, behind retrograde (movement in a backward direction) sub- below, under subcutaneous (under, belowthe skin) super- above, excess supernumerary (above the normalnumber) supra- above suprapubic(above the pubicbone) tachy- rapid, fast tachycardia (fast heart beat) trans- through,across transurethral(across the urethra) ultra- beyond,excess ultrasound (high-frequency sound waves) Number Prefixes When this choice is picked the following appears. Just a simple to read chart Number Prefixes—pertain to the number of items or measurement. Prefix Meaning Example (Definition) bi- two bilateral (two sides) di- two diplegic (paralysis of two extremities) hemi- half hemiplegia (paralysis of one side/half of the body) mono- one monoplegia (paralysis of one extremity) multi- many multigravida (woman pregnant more than once) nulli- none nulligravida (woman with nopregnancies) poly- many polyuria (large amounts of urine) quad- four quadriplegia (paralysis of all four extremities) semi- partial, half semiconscious (partially conscious) tri- three triceps (muscle with three heads) uni- one unilateral(one side) Common Suffixes When this choice is picked the following appears. Just a simple to read chart Suffix Meaning Example (Definition) -algia pain gastralgia (stomach pain) -cele hernia,protrusion cystocele (protrusion of the bladder) -cise cut incision (to cut into) -dynia pain cardiodynia (heart pain) -ectasis dilatation bronchiectasis (dilated bronchi) -ectopia displacement corectopia (pupilof the eye not centered) -gen that which mutagen (that which produces mutations) produces
  3. 3. -genesis produces, generates osteogenesis (produces bone) -genic producing carcinogenic (producing cancer) -ia state, condition hemiplegia (condition of being half paralyzed) -iasis abnormalcondition lithiasis (abnormalcondition of stones) -ism state of hypothyroidism (state of low thyroid) -itis inflammation cellulitis (inflammation of cells) -logist one who studies cardiologist (one who studies the heart) -logy study of cardiology (study of the heart) -lysis destruction osteolysis (bone destruction) -malacia abnormalsoftening chondromalacia (abnormalcartilage softening) -megaly enlargement,large cardiomegaly (enlarged heart) -oma tumor, mass carcinoma (cancerous tumor) -osis abnormalcondition cyanosis (abnormalcondition of being blue) -pathy disease myopathy (muscle disease) -plasia development, dysplasia (abnormaldevelopment) growth -plasm formation, neoplasm (newformation) development -ptosis drooping proctoptosis (drooping rectum) -rrhage excessive, hemorrhage (excessive bleeding) abnormalflow -rrhea discharge, flow rhinorrhea (discharge from the nose) -rrhexis rupture hysterorrhexis (ruptured uterus) -sclerosis hardening arteriosclerosis (hardening of an artery) -stenosis narrowing angiostenosis (narrowing of a vessel) -therapy treatment chemotherapy (treatment with chemicals) -trophy nourishment, hypertrophy (excessive development) development -uria condition of the hematuria (blood in the urine) urine Adjective Suffixes When this choice is picked the following appears. Just a simple to read chart Adjective Suffixes—used to convert a word root into an adjective. These suffixes usually are translated as “pertaining to.” Suffix Meaning Example (Definition) -ac pertaining to cardiac (pertaining to the heart) -al pertaining to duodenal(pertaining tothe duodenum) -an pertaining to ovarian (pertaining to the ovary) -ar pertaining to ventricular (pertaining toa ventricle) -ary pertaining to pulmonary (pertaining to the lungs) -eal pertaining to esophageal(pertaining to the esophagus) -iac pertaining to iliac (pertaining tothe ilium) -ic pertaining to gastric (pertaining to the stomach) -ical pertaining to neurological (pertaining to the study of the nerves) -ile pertaining to penile (pertaining to the penis) -ior pertaining to superior (pertaining toabove) -ory pertaining to auditory (pertaining tohearing) -ose pertaining to adipose (pertaining tofat) -ous pertaining to intravenous (pertaining to within a vein) -tic pertaining to acoustic (pertaining tohearing)
  4. 4. Surgical Suffixes When this choice is picked the following appears. Just a simple to read chart Surgical Suffixes—used to indicate surgical procedures, their meanings, and examples of their use. Suffix Meaning Example (Definition) -centesis puncture to withdraw arthrocentesis (puncture towithdraw fluid fluid from a joint) -ectomy surgical removal gastrectomy (surgically remove the stomach) -ostomy surgically create an colostomy (surgically create an opening opening for the colon through the abdominalwall) -otomy cutting into thoracotomy (cutting into the chest) -pexy surgical fixation nephropexy (surgicalfixation of a kidney) -plasty surgical repair dermatoplasty (surgical repair of the skin) -rrhaphy suture myorrhaphy (suture together muscle) Procedural Suffixes When this choice is picked the following appears. Just a simple to read chart Procedural Suffixes—used to indicate proceduralprocesses or instruments, their meanings, and examples of their use. Suffix Meaning Example (Definition) -gram record or picture electrocardiogram (record of heart’s electricity) -graph instrument for electrocardiograph (instrument for recording recording the heart’s electrical activity) -graphy process of recording electrocardiography (process of recording the heart’s electrical activity) -meter instrument for audiometer (instrument to measure measuring hearing) -metry process of measuring audiometry (process of measuring hearing) -scope instrument for viewing gastroscope (instrument to view stomach) -scopy process of visually gastroscopy (process of visually examining examining the stomach) QUIZ Section Choices presented Quiz 1A Quiz 1B Quiz 1C Quiz 1D Quiz 1E (any previous quizresults should show next to quiz choice as score x (correct) out of x(#questions) Example “10/14” – Only last quiz score taken should show)
  5. 5. Quiz 1A: Directions:Definethecombiningformsinthespacesprovided. 1. aden/o ___________________________________________________________________________________ 2. carcin/o __________________________________________________________________________________ 3. cardi/o ___________________________________________________________________________________ 4. chem/o __________________________________________________________________________________ 5. cis/o _____________________________________________________________________________________ 6. dermat/o _________________________________________________________________________________ 7. enter/o ___________________________________________________________________________________ 8. gastr/o ___________________________________________________________________________________ 9. gynec/o __________________________________________________________________________________ 10. hemat/o __________________________________________________________________________________ 11. hydr/o ___________________________________________________________________________________ 12. immun/o _________________________________________________________________________________ 13. laryng/o __________________________________________________________________________________ 14. morph/o _________________________________________________________________________________ 15. nephr/o __________________________________________________________________________________ 16. neur/o ___________________________________________________________________________________ 17. ophthalm/o _______________________________________________________________________________ 18. ot/o ________________________________________________________________________________________ 19. path/o ______________________________________________________________________________________ 20. pulmon/o ___________________________________________________________________________________ 21. rhin/o ______________________________________________________________________________________ 22. ur/o ________________________________________________________________________________________ User Types in Answer then hits done and is shown results. Wrong answers highlighted and right answer given Results should automatically be saved as score x (correct) out of x(#questions) QUIZ 1B Directions:Definetheprefixesinthespacesprovided. 1. a- __________________________________________________________________________________________ 2. an- _________________________________________________________________________________________ 3. ante- _______________________________________________________________________________________ 4. anti- _____________________________________________________________________________________ 5. auto-_____________________________________________________________________________________ 6. brady- ___________________________________________________________________________________ 7. dys- _____________________________________________________________________________________ 8. endo- ____________________________________________________________________________________ 9. epi- ______________________________________________________________________________________ 10. eu- ______________________________________________________________________________________ 11. hetero- ___________________________________________________________________________________ 12. homo- ___________________________________________________________________________________ 13. hydro- ___________________________________________________________________________________ 14. hyper- ___________________________________________________________________________________ 15. hypo- ____________________________________________________________________________________ 16. infra- ____________________________________________________________________________________ 17. inter- ____________________________________________________________________________________ 18. intra- ____________________________________________________________________________________ 19. macro- ___________________________________________________________________________________ 20. micro- ___________________________________________________________________________________ 21. neo- _____________________________________________________________________________________ 22. pan- _____________________________________________________________________________________
  6. 6. 23. para- _______________________________________________________________________________________ 24. per- ________________________________________________________________________________________ 25. peri- _____________________________________________________________________________________ 26. post- _____________________________________________________________________________________ 27. pre- ________________________________________________________________________________________ 28. pseudo- __________________________________________________________________________________ 29. retro- ____________________________________________________________________________________ 30. sub- ________________________________________________________________________________________ 31. super- ______________________________________________________________________________________ 32. supra- ______________________________________________________________________________________ 33. tachy- ______________________________________________________________________________________ 34. trans- ____________________________________________________________________________________ 35. ultra- ____________________________________________________________________________________ QUIZ 1C Directions:Definetheprefixesinthespacesprovided. 1. bi- _________________________________________________________________________________________ 2. di- _________________________________________________________________________________________ 3. hemi- ______________________________________________________________________________________ 4. mono- ______________________________________________________________________________________ 5. multi- ______________________________________________________________________________________ 6. nulli- _______________________________________________________________________________________ 7. poly- _______________________________________________________________________________________ 8. quad- _______________________________________________________________________________________ 9. semi- _______________________________________________________________________________________ 10. tri- _________________________________________________________________________________________ 11. uni- ________________________________________________________________________________________ QUIZ 1D Directions:Definethesuffixesinthespacesprovided. 1. -algia ____________________________________________________________________________________ 2. -cele _____________________________________________________________________________________ 3. -cise _____________________________________________________________________________________ 4. -dynia ___________________________________________________________________________________ 5. -ectasis ___________________________________________________________________________________ 6. -ectopia __________________________________________________________________________________ 7. -gen _____________________________________________________________________________________ 8. -genesis __________________________________________________________________________________ 9. -genic ____________________________________________________________________________________ 10. -ia _______________________________________________________________________________________ 11. -iasis _____________________________________________________________________________________ 12. -ism _____________________________________________________________________________________ 13. -itis ______________________________________________________________________________________ 14. -logist ____________________________________________________________________________________ 15. -logy _____________________________________________________________________________________ 16. -lysis ____________________________________________________________________________________ 17. -malacia __________________________________________________________________________________ 18. -megaly __________________________________________________________________________________ 19. -oma ____________________________________________________________________________________ 20. -osis _____________________________________________________________________________________ 21. -pathy ___________________________________________________________________________________ 22. -plasia ___________________________________________________________________________________ 23. -plasm ______________________________________________________________________________________ 24. -ptosis ______________________________________________________________________________________
  7. 7. 25. -rrhage _____________________________________________________________________________________ 26. -rrhea ______________________________________________________________________________________ 27. -rrhexis _____________________________________________________________________________________ 28. -sclerosis ____________________________________________________________________________________ 29. -stenosis ____________________________________________________________________________________ 30. -therapy ____________________________________________________________________________________ 31. -trophy _____________________________________________________________________________________ 32. -uria _____________________________________________________________________________________ QUIZ 1E Directions:Definethesuffixesinthespacesprovided. 1. -centesis __________________________________________________________________________________ 2. -ectomy __________________________________________________________________________________ 3. -gram ____________________________________________________________________________________ 4. -graph ___________________________________________________________________________________ 5. -graphy __________________________________________________________________________________ 6. -meter ___________________________________________________________________________________ 7. -metry ___________________________________________________________________________________ 8. -ostomy __________________________________________________________________________________ 9. -otomy ___________________________________________________________________________________ 10. -pexy ____________________________________________________________________________________ 11. -plasty ___________________________________________________________________________________ 12. -rrhaphy _________________________________________________________________________________ 13. -scope ___________________________________________________________________________________ 14. -scopy ___________________________________________________________________________________ QUIZ 1AAnswerKey Combining Form Meaning 1. aden/o gland 2. carcin/o cancer 3. cardi/o heart 4. chem/o chemical 5. cis/o to cut 6. dermat/o skin 7. enter/o small intestines 8. gastr/o stomach 9. gynec/o female 10. hemat/o blood 11. hydr/o water 12. immun/o immune 13. laryng/o voice box 14. morph/o shape 15. nephr/o kidney 16. neur/o nerve 17. ophthalm/o eye 18. ot/o ear 19. path/o disease 20. pulmon/o lung 21. rhin/o nose 22. ur/o urine, urinary tract QUIZ 1BAnswerKey Common Prefix Meaning 1. a- without, away from
  8. 8. 2. an- without 3. ante- before, in front of 4. anti- against 5. auto- self 6. brady- slow 7. dys- painful, difficult 8. endo- within, inner 9. epi- upon, over 10. eu- normal, good 11. hetero- different 12. homo- same 13. hydro- water 14. hyper- over, above 15. hypo- under, below 16. infra- under, beneath, below 17. inter- among, between 18. intra- within, inside 19. macro- large 20. micro- small 21. neo- new 22. pan- all 23. para- beside, beyond, near 24. per- through 25. peri- around 26. post- after 27. pre- before, in front of 28. pseudo- false 29. retro- backward, behind 30. sub- below, under 31. super- above, excess 32. supra- above 33. tachy- rapid, fast 34. trans- through, across 35. ultra- beyond, excess QUIZ 1C AnswerKey Number Prefix Meaning 1. bi- two 2. di- two 3. hemi- half 4. mono- one 5. multi- many 6. nulli- none 7. poly- many 8. quad- four 9. semi- partial, half 10. tri- three 11. uni- one QUIZ 1D AnswerKey Common Suffix Meaning 1. -algia pain 2. -cele hernia, protrusion 3. -cise cut 4. -dynia pain
  9. 9. 5. -ectasis dilatation 6. -ectopia displacement 7. -gen that which produces 8. -genesis produces, generates 9. -genic producing 10. -ia state, condition 11. -iasis abnormal condition 12. -ism state of 13. -itis inflammation 14. -logist one who studies 15. -logy study of 16. -lysis destruction 17. -malacia abnormal softening 18. -megaly enlargement, large 19. -oma tumor, mass 20. -osis abnormal condition 21. -pathy disease 22. -plasia development, growth 23. -plasm formation, development 24. -ptosis drooping 25. -rrhage excessive, abnormal flow 26. -rrhea discharge, flow 27. -rrhexis rupture 28. -sclerosis hardening 29. -stenosis narrowing 30. -therapy treatment 31. -trophy nourishment, development 32. -uria condition of the urine QUIZ 1E AnswerKey Surgical or Procedural Suffix Meaning 1. -centesis puncture to withdraw fluid 2. -ectomy surgical removal 3. -gram record or picture 4. -graph instrument for recording 5. -graphy process of recording 6. -meter instrument for measuring 7. -metry process of measuring 8. -ostomy surgically create an opening 9. -otomy cutting into 10. -pexy surgical fixation 11. -plasty surgical repair 12. -rrhaphy suture 13. -scope instrument for viewing 14. -scopy process of visually examining
  10. 10. Part 2: BodyStructure Follow same format as Part 1: Sections: Combining Forms Relating to Prefixes Relating to Body System Directional Term Quiz Combining Forms Relating to Body Structure CombiningForm Meaning 1. abdomin/o abdomen 2. adip/o fat 3. anter/o front 4. caud/o tail 5. cephal/o head 6. chondr/o cartilage 7. crani/o skull 8. cyt/o cell 9. dist/o away from 10.dors/o back of body 11.epitheli/o epithelium 12.hist/o tissue 13.infer/o below 14.later/o side 15.medi/o middle 16.muscul/o muscle 17.neur/o nerve 18.organ/o organ 19.oste/o bone 20.pelv/o pelvis 21.poster/o back 22.proxim/o near to 23.somat/o body 24.spin/o spine 25.super/o above 26.system/o system 27.thorac/o chest 28.ventr/o belly 29.viscer/o internalorgan Prefixes Relating to Body Structure Prefix Meaning 1. epi- above 2. inter- between 3. intra- within 4. peri- around or about 5. post- behind or after 6. retro- behind or backward 7. sub- under or below 8. supra- above 9. trans- through or across
  11. 11. Body System Organs in the System 1. Integumentary a. skin b. hair c. nails 2. Musculoskeletal a. muscles b. tendons c. bones d. joints 3. Cardiovascular a. heart b. arteries c. veins d. capillaries 4. Hematic system a. plasma b. red blood cells c. white blood cells 5. Lymphatic a. thymus gland b. spleen c. lymph vessels d. lymph nodes 6. Respiratory a. nose b. pharynx c. larynx d. trachea e. bronchial tubes f. lungs 7. Digestive a. mouth b. salivary glands c. pharynx d. esophagus e. stomach f. small intestines g. colon h. liver i. gallbladder j. pancreas 8. Urinary a. kidneys b. urinary bladder c. ureters d. urethra 9. Female reproductive system a. ovaries b. fallopian tubes c. uterus d. vagina e. mammary glands 10.Male reproductive system a. testes b. vas deferens c. urethra d. prostate gland e. penis 11.Endocrine a. thyroid gland b. pituitary gland c. testes d. ovaries e. adrenalglands f. pancreas g. parathyroid glands h. pinealgland i. thymus gland
  12. 12. 12.Nervous a. brain b. spinalcord c. nerves 13.Special senses a. eyes b. ears c. nose d. tongue e. skin Directional Term Definition 1. superior cephalic More toward the head,or above. 2. inferior or caudal More toward the feet or tail, or below. 3. anterior or ventral More toward the front or belly-side of the body. 4. posterior or dorsal More toward the backor spinal cord side of the body. 5. medial Refers to the middle or near the middle of the body or the structure. 6. lateral Refers to the side. 7. apex Tip or summit of an organ. 8. base Bottom or lower part of an organ. 9. proximal Located closer to the point of attachment to the body. 10.distal Located farther away from the point of attachment to the body. 11.superficial More toward the surface of the body. 12.deep Further away from the surface of the body. 13.supine The body lying horizontally and facing upward. 14.prone The body lying horizontally and facing downward. Quizes handled same way as in Part 1 QUIZ 2A Directions:Definethecombiningformsinthespacesprovided. 1. abdomin/o ________________________________________________________________________________ 2. adip/o ____________________________________________________________________________________ 3. anter/o ___________________________________________________________________________________ 4. caud/o ___________________________________________________________________________________ 5. cephal/o __________________________________________________________________________________ 6. chondr/o _________________________________________________________________________________ 7. crani/o ___________________________________________________________________________________ 8. cyt/o _____________________________________________________________________________________ 9. dist/o ____________________________________________________________________________________ 10. dors/o ____________________________________________________________________________________ 11. epitheli/o _________________________________________________________________________________ 12. hist/o ____________________________________________________________________________________ 13. infer/o ___________________________________________________________________________________ 14. later/o ___________________________________________________________________________________ 15. medi/o ___________________________________________________________________________________ 16. muscul/o _________________________________________________________________________________ 17. neur/o ___________________________________________________________________________________ 18. organ/o __________________________________________________________________________________ 19. oste/o ____________________________________________________________________________________ 20. pelv/o ____________________________________________________________________________________ 21. poster/o __________________________________________________________________________________ 22. proxim/o _________________________________________________________________________________ 23. somat/o __________________________________________________________________________________
  13. 13. 24. spin/o ____________________________________________________________________________________ 25. super/o ___________________________________________________________________________________ 26. system/o _________________________________________________________________________________ 27. thorac/o __________________________________________________________________________________ 28. ventr/o ___________________________________________________________________________________ 29. viscer/o __________________________________________________________________________________ 30. epi- ______________________________________________________________________________________ 31. inter-_____________________________________________________________________________________ 32. intra- ____________________________________________________________________________________ 33. peri- _____________________________________________________________________________________ 34. post- _____________________________________________________________________________________ 35. retro- ____________________________________________________________________________________ 36. sub- _____________________________________________________________________________________ 37. supra- ___________________________________________________________________________________ 38. trans- ____________________________________________________________________________________ QUIZ 2B Directions:Placethenames ofthe organsthat are includedwithineachbodysystem in the spacesprovided. 1. Integumentary a. ___________________________________________________________ b. ___________________________________________________________ c. ___________________________________________________________ 2. Musculoskeletal a. ___________________________________________________________ b. ___________________________________________________________ c. ___________________________________________________________ d. ___________________________________________________________ 3. Cardiovascular a. ___________________________________________________________ b. ___________________________________________________________ c. ___________________________________________________________ d. ___________________________________________________________ 4. Hematic system a. ___________________________________________________________ b. ___________________________________________________________ c. ___________________________________________________________ 5. Lymphatic a. ___________________________________________________________ b. ___________________________________________________________ c. ___________________________________________________________ d. ___________________________________________________________ 6. Respiratory a. ___________________________________________________________ b. ___________________________________________________________ c. ___________________________________________________________ d. ___________________________________________________________ e. ___________________________________________________________ f. ___________________________________________________________ 7. Digestive a. ___________________________________________________________ b. ___________________________________________________________ c. ___________________________________________________________ d. ___________________________________________________________ e. ___________________________________________________________ f. ___________________________________________________________ g. ___________________________________________________________ h. ___________________________________________________________ i. ___________________________________________________________ j. ___________________________________________________________ 8. Urinary a. ___________________________________________________________
  14. 14. b. ___________________________________________________________ c. ___________________________________________________________ d. ___________________________________________________________ 9. Female reproductive system a. ___________________________________________________________ b. ___________________________________________________________ c. ___________________________________________________________ d. ___________________________________________________________ e. ___________________________________________________________ Male reproductive system a. ___________________________________________________________ b. ___________________________________________________________ c. ___________________________________________________________ d. ___________________________________________________________ e. ___________________________________________________________ 10. Endocrine a. ___________________________________________________________ b. ___________________________________________________________ c. ___________________________________________________________ d. ___________________________________________________________ e. ___________________________________________________________ f. ___________________________________________________________ g. ___________________________________________________________ h. ___________________________________________________________ i. ___________________________________________________________ 11. Nervous a. ___________________________________________________________ b. ___________________________________________________________ c. ___________________________________________________________ 12. Special senses a. ___________________________________________________________ b. ___________________________________________________________ c. ___________________________________________________________ d. ___________________________________________________________ e. ___________________________________________________________ QUIZ 2C Directions:Placethedefinition/descriptionofthedirectional positioninthespace next to the term. 1. superior or cephalic ________________________________________________________________________ 2. inferior or caudal __________________________________________________________________________ 3. anterior or ventral _________________________________________________________________________ 4. posterior or dorsal _________________________________________________________________________ 5. medial ___________________________________________________________________________________ 6. lateral ___________________________________________________________________________________ 7. apex _____________________________________________________________________________________ 8. base _____________________________________________________________________________________ 9. proximal _________________________________________________________________________________ 10. distal ____________________________________________________________________________________ 11. superficial ________________________________________________________________________________ 12. deep _____________________________________________________________________________________ 13. supine ___________________________________________________________________________________ 14. prone ____________________________________________________________________________________ QUIZ 2AAnswerKey Combining Form Meaning 1. abdomin/o abdomen 2. adip/o fat 3. anter/o front
  15. 15. 4. caud/o tail 5. cephal/o head 6. chondr/o cartilage 7. crani/o skull 8. cyt/o cell 9. dist/o away from 10. dors/o back of body 11. epitheli/o epithelium 12. hist/o tissue 13. infer/o below 14. later/o side 15. medi/o middle 16. muscul/o muscle 17. neur/o nerve 18. organ/o organ 19. oste/o bone 20. pelv/o pelvis 21. poster/o back 22. proxim/o near to 23. somat/o body 24. spin/o spine 25. super/o above 26. system/o system 27. thorac/o chest 28. ventr/o belly 29. viscer/o internal organ 30. epi- above 31. inter- between 32. intra- within 33. peri- around or about 34. post- behind or after 35. retro- behind or backward 36. sub- under or below 37. supra- above 38. trans- through or across QUIZ 2BAnswerKey Body System Organs in the System 1. Integumentary a. skin b. hair c. nails 2. Musculoskeletal a. muscles b. tendons c. bones d. joints 3. Cardiovascular a. heart b. arteries c. veins d. capillaries 4. Hematic system a. plasma b. red blood cells c. white blood cells 5. Lymphatic a. thymus gland b. spleen c. lymph vessels
  16. 16. d. lymph nodes 6. Respiratory a. nose b. pharynx c. larynx d. trachea e. bronchial tubes f. lungs 7. Digestive a. mouth b. salivary glands c. pharynx d. esophagus e. stomach f. small intestines g. colon h. liver i. gallbladder j. pancreas 8. Urinary a. kidneys b. urinary bladder c. ureters d. urethra 9. Female reproductive system a. ovaries b. fallopian tubes c. uterus d. vagina e. mammary glands Male reproductive system a. testes b. vas deferens c. urethra d. prostate gland e. penis 10. Endocrine a. thyroid gland b. pituitary gland c. testes d. ovaries e. adrenal glands f. pancreas g. parathyroid glands h. pineal gland i. thymus gland 11. Nervous a. brain b. spinal cord c. nerves 12. Special senses a. eyes b. ears c. nose d. tongue e. skin QUIZ 2C AnswerKey Directional Term Definition 1. superior or cephalic More toward the head, or above. 2. inferior or caudal More toward the feet or tail, or below. 3. anterior or ventral More toward the front or belly-side of the body. 4. posterior or dorsal More toward the back or spinal cord side of the body.
  17. 17. 5. medial Refers to the middle or near the middle of the body or the structure. 6. lateral Refers to the side. 7. apex Tip or summit of an organ. 8. base Bottom or lower part of an organ. 9. proximal Located closer to the point of attachment to the body. 10. distal Located farther away from the point of attachment to the body. 11. superficial More toward the surface of the body. 12. deep Further away from the surface of the body. 13. supine The body lying horizontally and facing upward. 14. prone The body lying horizontally and facing downward. Part 3: IntegumentarySystem Follow same format as Part 1: Sections: Combining Forms Relating to Suffixes Relating to Skin Layers Word Building Relating to Vocabulary Relating to Pathology Relating to Diagnostic Procedures Relating to Therapeutic Procedures Relating to Pharmacology Relating to Abbreviations Relating to Quiz Combining Forms Relating to the Integumentary System CombiningForm Meaning 1. adip/o fat 2. albin/o white 3. bi/o life 4. cry/o cold 5. cutane/o skin 6. cyan/o blue 7. derm/o skin 8. dermat/o skin 9. diaphor/o profuse sweating 10.hidr/o sweat 11.ichthy/o scaly, dry 12.kerat/o hard,horny 13.leuk/o white 14.lip/o fat 15.melan/o black 16.myc/o fungus 17.necr/o death 18.onych/o nail 19.pachy/o thick 20.pil/o hair 21.py/o pus
  18. 18. 22.rhytid/o wrinkle 23.scler/o hard 24.seb/o oil 25.trich/o hair 26.ungu/o nail 27.xanth/o yellow 28.xer/o dry Suffixes Relating to the Integumentary System Suffix Meaning 1. -derma skin 2. -opsy view of 3. -plakia a plate 4. -tome instrument used to cut Skin Layers The three layers of the skin are: 1. Epidermis • thin, outer membrane layer • contains keratin, which acts as a barrier to infection • contains melanin, which gives skin its color, and protects against UV rays of sun to prevent skin cancer 2. Dermis or corium • middle, fibrous connective tissue layer • contains collagen to give skin strength 3. Subcutaneous (Subcu, Subq) layer • innermost layer, containing fatty tissue • acts as insulation for heat and cold Word Building Relating to the Integumentary System Combining Form Medical Term Definition cutane/o subcutaneous pertaining to under the skin derm/o epidermal pertaining to upon the skin hypodermic pertaining to under the skin ntradermal pertaining to within the skin dermat/o dermatitis inflammation of the skin dermatologist specialist in skin dermatology study of the skin dermatopathy skin disease dermatoplasty surgical repair of the skin dermatome instrument to cut the skin hidr/o anhidrosis abnormalcondition of no sweat hyperhidrosis abnormalcondition of excessive sweat lip/o lipectomy excision of fat lipoma fatty growth melan/o melanoma black tumor necr/o necrosis abnormalcondition of death onych/o onychectomy excision of a nail onychomalacia softening of nails onychomycosis abnormalcondition of nail fungus onychophagia nail eating (nail biting) py/o pyogenic pus forming rhytid/o rhytidectomy excision of wrinkles rhytidoplasty surgical repair of wrinkles seb/o seborrhea oily discharge trich/o trichomycosis abnormalcondition of hair fungus
  19. 19. ungu/o ungual pertaining to the nails Suffix Medical Term Definition -derma erythroderma red skin ichthyoderma scaly and dry skin leukoderma white skin pachyderma thick skin scleroderma hard skin xanthoderma yellow skin xeroderma dry skin Vocabulary Relating to the Integumentary System abrasion A scraping away of the skin surface by friction. abscess A collection of pus in the skin. albino A genetic condition in which the person is unable to make melanin.Characterized by white hair and skin, and red pupils due to the lack of pigment. alopecia Absence or loss of hair, especially of the head. Commonly called baldness. cicatrix A scar. comedo Collection of hardened sebum in hair follicle. Also called a blackhead. contusion Injury caused by a blow to the body; causes swelling, pain, and bruising.The skin is not broken. cyanosis Bluish tint to the skin caused by deoxygenated blood. cyst Fluid-filled sac under the skin. decubitus ulcer Open sore caused by pressure over bony prominences cutting off the blood flow to the overlying skin. These can appear in bedridden patients wholie in one position too long and can be difficult to heal. Also called bedsore or pressure sore. depigmentation Loss of normal skin color or pigment. dermatologist Physician who specializes in the treatment of diseases and conditions of the integumentary system. dermatology Study of diseases and conditions of the (Derm,derm) integumentary system. diaphoresis Profuse sweating. ecchymosis Skin discoloration caused by blood collecting under the skin following blunt trauma to the skin. A bruise. erythema Redness or flushing of the skin. fissure Crack-like lesion or groove on the skin. frostbite Freezing or the effect of freezing a part of the body. Exposed areas such as ears, nose, cheeks, fingers, and toes are generally affected. hemangioma Benign tumor of dilated blood vessels. hirsutism Excessive hair growth over the body. hyperpigmentation Abnormal amount of pigmentation in the skin. hyperemia Redness of the skin due to increased blood flow. keloid Formation of a raised and thickened hypertrophic scar after an injury or surgery. keratosis Skin condition with an overgrowth and thickening of the epidermis. macule Flat, discolored area that is flush with the skin surface. An example would be a freckle or a birthmark. male pattern Pattern of baldness most commonly seen in men. baldness Begins as a receding hair line and progresses to full baldness on top of the head and a fringe of hair around the edges. nevus Pigmented congenital skin blemish, birthmark, or mole.
  20. 20. Usually benign but may become cancerous. Nodule Firm, solid mass of cells in the skin. papule Small, solid, circular raised spot on the surface of the skin. Less than 1 cm in diameter. pediculosis Infestation with lice. The eggs laid by the lice are called nits and cling tightly to hair. petechiae Pinpoint purple or red spots from minute hemorrhages under the skin. photosensitivity Condition in which the skin reacts abnormally when exposed to light, such as the ultraviolet (UV) rays of the sun. polyp Small tumor with a pedicle or stem attachment. They are commonly found in mucous membranes such as the nasal cavity. pruritus Severe itching. purpura Hemorrhages into the skin due to fragile blood vessels. Commonly seen in elderly people. purulent Containing or producing pus. pustule Raised spot on the skin containing pus. scabies Contagious skin disease caused by an egg-laying mite that burrows through the skin and causes redness and intense itching; often seen in children. suppurative Containing or producing pus. ulcer Open sore or lesion in skin or mucous membrane. urticaria Also called hives; a skin eruption of pale reddish wheals with severe itching. Usually associated with food allergy, stress, or drug reactions. verruca Commonly called warts; a benign growth caused by a virus. Has a rough surface that is removed by chemicals and/or laser therapy. vesicle A blister; small, fluid-filled raised spot on the skin. vitiligo Disappearance of pigment from the skin in patches, causing a milk-white appearance.Also called leukoderma. wheal Small, round, raised area on the skin that may be accompanied by itching. Pathology Relating to the Integumentary System acne Inflammatory disease of the sebaceous glands and hair follicles that results in papules and pustules. acne rosacea Form of acne seen in adults, especially on the nose and cheeks. acne vulgaris Common form of acne seen in teenagers. Characterized by comedo, papules,and pustules. basalcell Cancerous tumor of the basalcell layer of the carcinoma (BCC) epidermis. A frequent type of skin cancer that rarely metastasizes or spreads. These cancers can arise on sun-exposed skin. burn Damage to the skin that can result from exposure to open fire, electricity, ultraviolet light from the sun,or caustic chemicals. Seriousness depends on the amount of body surface involved and the depth of the burn.Extent of a burn is estimated using the Rule of Nines. Depth is determined by the number of layers of skin involved. burn,1st degree Damage to the epidermis layer of the skin. Characterized by hyperemia, but noblisters or scars. burn,2nd degree Damage extends through the epidermis and into the dermis, causing vesicles to form. Scarring may occur. Also called partial thickness burn.
  21. 21. burn,3rd degree Damage to full thickness of skin and intounderlying tissues. Infection is a major concern with thirddegree burns,and fluid loss can be life threatening. Grafts are usually required and scarring will occur. Also called full-thickness burn. carbuncle Furuncle involving severalhair follicles. cellulitis A diffuse,acute infection and inflammation of the skin. dry gangrene Late stages of gangrene characterized by the affected area becoming black and leathery. eczema Superficialdermatitis of unknown cause accompanied by papules,vesicles, and crusting. furuncle Bacterial infection of a hair follicle. Characterized by redness,pain, and swelling. Also called a boil. gangrene Tissue necrosis usually due to deficient blood supply. ichthyosis Condition in which the skin becomes dry, scaly, and keratinized. impetigo A bacterial infection of the skin with pustules that rupture and become crusted over. Kaposi’s sarcoma Form of skin cancer frequently seen in acquired immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) patients. Consists of brownish-purple papules that spread from the skin and metastasize to internal organs. Named for Moritz Kaposi, an Austrian dermatologist. leukoplakia Change in mucous membrane that results in thick, white plate-like patches on the mucous membrane of the tongue and cheek. Considered precancerous, it is associated with smoking. malignant Dangerous form of skin cancer caused by an melanoma (MM) uncontrolled growth of melanocytes. May quickly metastasize or spread to internal organs. onychia Infected nailbed. paronychia Infection around a nail. pemphigus vulgaris Skin condition in which blisters form in the skin and mucous membranes. psoriasis Chronic inflammatory condition consisting of crusty papules forming patches with circular borders. rubella Contagious viral skin infection. Commonly called German measles. sebaceous cyst Sac under the skin filled with sebum or oil from a sebaceous gland. This can grow to a large size and may need to be excised. shingles Eruption of vesicles along a nerve path,causing a rash and pain. Caused by the same virus as chicken pox. squamous cell Epidermalcancer that may go into deeper tissue but carcinoma (SCC) does not generally metastasize. systemic lupus Chronic disease of the connective tissue that injures erythematosus the skin, joints, kidneys, nervous system, and (SLE) mucous membranes.May produce a characteristic butterfly rash across the cheeks and nose. tinea Fungalskin disease resulting in itching, scaling lesions. tinea capitis Fungalinfection of the scalp. Commonly called ringworm. tinea pedis Fungalinfection of the foot. Commonly called athlete’s foot. varicella Contagious viral skin infection. Commonly called chicken pox. wet gangrene Area of gangrene becoming infected by pusproducing bacteria. Diagnostic Procedures Relating to the Integumentary System
  22. 22. biopsy (BX, bx) A piece of tissue is removed by syringe and needle, knife, punch,or brush to examine under a microscope. Used to aid in diagnosis. culture and A laboratory test that grows a colony of bacteria sensitivity (C&S) removed from an infected area in order to identify the specific infecting bacteria and then determine its sensitivity to a variety of antibiotics. exfoliative cytology Scraping cells from tissue and then examining them under a microscope. frozen section (FS) A thin piece of tissue is cut from a frozen specimen for rapid examination under a microscope. fungalscrapings Scrapings, taken with a curette or scraper, of tissue from lesions are placed on a growth medium and examined under a microscope to identify fungal growth. needle biopsy Using a sterile needle to remove tissue for examination under a microscope. skin tests (ST) Test to determine the patient’s reaction to a suspected allergen by injecting a small amount under the skin (intradermal) with a needle.The reaction of the patient to this material is then read to indicate any allergy. Examples of such tests are the tuberculin (TB) test, Mantoux (PPD) test,patch test, and Schick test. sweat test Test performed on sweat to determine the level of chloride. There is an increase in skin chloride in the disease cystic fibrosis. Therapeutic Procedures Relating to the Integumentary System adipectomy Surgical removal of fat. allograft Skin graft from one person to another; donor is usually a cadaver. autograft Skin graft from a person’s own body. cauterization Destruction of tissue with a caustic chemical, electric current, freezing,or hot iron. chemabrasion Abrasion using chemicals. Also called a chemical peel. cryosurgery Using extreme cold to freeze and destroy tissue. curettage Removal of superficial skin lesions with a curette (surgical instrument shaped like a spoon) or scraper. debridement Removal of foreign materialand dead or damaged tissue from a wound. dermabrasion Abrasion or rubbing using wire brushes or sandpaper. Performed to remove acne scars, tattoos, and scar tissue. dermatome Instrument for cutting the skin or thin transplants of skin. dermatoplasty Skin grafting; transplantation of skin. electrocautery To destroy tissue with an electric current. heterograft Skin graft from an animalof another species (usually a pig) to a human.Also called xenograft. incision and Making an incision to create an opening for the drainage (I&D) drainage of material such as pus. laser therapy Removal of skin lesions and birthmarks using a laser beam that emits intense heat and power at a close range.The laser converts frequencies of light into one small, powerful beam. liposuction Removal of fat beneath the skin by means of suction. plication Taking tucks surgically in a structure to shorten it. rhytidectomy Surgical removal of excess skin to eliminate wrinkles. Commonly referred to as a face lift.
  23. 23. skin graft (SG) The transfer of skin from a normal area to cover another site. Used to treat burn victims and after some surgical procedures. xenograft Skin graft from an animalof another species (usually a pig) to a human.Also called heterograft. Pharmacology Relating to the Integumentary System anesthetics Applied to the skin to deaden pain. antibiotics Kill bacteria causing skin infections. antifungals Kill fungiinfecting the skin. anti-inflammatory drugs Reduce skin inflammation or itching. antiparasitics Kill mites or lice. antipruritics Reduce severe itching. antiseptics Used to kill bacteria in skin cuts and wounds or at a surgical site. corticosteroid cream Specific type of powerfulantiinflammatory cream. Abbreviations Relating to the Integumentary System 1. BCC basalcell carcinoma 2. BX, bx biopsy 3. C&S culture and sensitivity 4. decub decubitus ulcer 5. Derm, derm dermatology 6. FS frozen section 7. I&D incision and drainage 8. ID intradermal 9. MM malignant melanoma 10.SCC squamous cell carcinoma 11.SG skin graft 12.SLE systemic lupus erythematosus 13.ST skin test 14.STSG split-thickness skin graft 15.subcu, SC, sc, subq subcutaneous 16.ung ointment 17.UV ultraviolet QUIZ 3A Directions:Definethecombiningformorsuffixinthespaceprovided. 1. adip/o ____________________________________________________________________________________ 2. albin/o ___________________________________________________________________________________ 3. bi/o ______________________________________________________________________________________ 4. cry/o _____________________________________________________________________________________ 5. cutane/o__________________________________________________________________________________ 6. cyan/o ___________________________________________________________________________________ 7. derm/o ___________________________________________________________________________________ 8. dermat/o _________________________________________________________________________________ 9. diaphor/o_________________________________________________________________________________ 10. hidr/o ____________________________________________________________________________________ 11. ichthy/o __________________________________________________________________________________ 12. kerat/o ___________________________________________________________________________________ 13. leuk/o____________________________________________________________________________________ 14. lip/o _____________________________________________________________________________________ 15. melan/o __________________________________________________________________________________ 16. myc/o ____________________________________________________________________________________
  24. 24. 17. necr/o____________________________________________________________________________________ 18. onych/o __________________________________________________________________________________ 19. pachy/o __________________________________________________________________________________ 20. pil/o _____________________________________________________________________________________ 21. py/o _____________________________________________________________________________________ 22. rhytid/o __________________________________________________________________________________ 23. scler/o ___________________________________________________________________________________ 24. seb/o _____________________________________________________________________________________ 25. trich/o ___________________________________________________________________________________ 26. ungu/o ___________________________________________________________________________________ 27. xanth/o __________________________________________________________________________________ 28. xer/o_____________________________________________________________________________________ 29. -derma ___________________________________________________________________________________ 30. -opsy_____________________________________________________________________________________ 31. -plakia ___________________________________________________________________________________ 32. -tome ____________________________________________________________________________________ QUIZ 3B Directions:Buildamedical termforeach phrasebelow. 1. pertaining to under the skin ________________________________________________________________ 2. pertaining to upon the skin _________________________________________________________________ 3. pertaining to under the skin ________________________________________________________________ 4. pertaining to within the skin ________________________________________________________________ 5. inflammation of the skin ___________________________________________________________________ 6. specialist in skin ___________________________________________________________________________ 7. study of the skin ___________________________________________________________________________ 8. skin disease _______________________________________________________________________________ 9. surgical repair of the skin ___________________________________________________________________ 10. instrument to cut the skin __________________________________________________________________ 11. abnormal condition of no sweat _____________________________________________________________ 12. abnormal condition of excessive sweat _______________________________________________________ 13. excision of fat _____________________________________________________________________________ 14. fatty growth ______________________________________________________________________________ 15. black tumor _______________________________________________________________________________ 16. abnormal condition of death ________________________________________________________________ 17. excision of a nail __________________________________________________________________________ 18. softening of nails __________________________________________________________________________ 19. abnormal condition of nail fungus ___________________________________________________________ 20. nail eating (nail biting) _____________________________________________________________________ 21. pus forming _______________________________________________________________________________ 22. excision of wrinkles ________________________________________________________________________ 23. surgical repair of wrinkles __________________________________________________________________ 24. oily discharge _____________________________________________________________________________ 25. abnormal condition of hair fungus ___________________________________________________________ 26. pertaining to the nails ______________________________________________________________________ 27. red skin __________________________________________________________________________________ 28. scaly and dry skin __________________________________________________________________________ 29. white skin ________________________________________________________________________________ 30. thick skin _________________________________________________________________________________ 31. hard skin _________________________________________________________________________________ 32. yellow skin _______________________________________________________________________________ 33. dry skin __________________________________________________________________________________ QUIZ 3C
  25. 25. Directions:Writethe medical term forwhicheachabbreviationstands. 1. BCC _____________________________________________________________________________________ 2. BX, bx ___________________________________________________________________________________ 3. C&S _____________________________________________________________________________________ 4. decub ____________________________________________________________________________________ 5. Derm, derm _______________________________________________________________________________ 6. FS _______________________________________________________________________________________ 7. I&D ______________________________________________________________________________________ 8. ID _______________________________________________________________________________________ 9. MM _____________________________________________________________________________________ 10. SCC______________________________________________________________________________________ 11. SG _______________________________________________________________________________________ 12. SLE ______________________________________________________________________________________ 13. ST _______________________________________________________________________________________ 14. STSG_____________________________________________________________________________________ 15. subcu, SC, sc, subq_________________________________________________________________________ 16. ung ______________________________________________________________________________________ 17. UV_______________________________________________________________________________________ QUIZ 3AAnswerKey Combining Form or Suffix Meaning 1. adip/o fat 2. albin/o white 3. bi/o life 4. cry/o cold 5. cutane/o skin 6. cyan/o blue 7. derm/o skin 8. dermat/o skin 9. diaphor/o profuse sweating 10. hidr/o sweat 11. ichthy/o scaly, dry 12. kerat/o hard, horny 13. leuk/o white 14. lip/o fat 15. melan/o black 16. myc/o fungus 17. necr/o death 18. onych/o nail 19. pachy/o thick 20. pil/o hair 21. py/o pus 22. rhytid/o wrinkle 23. scler/o hard 24. seb/o oil 25. trich/o hair 26. ungu/o nail 27. xanth/o yellow 28. xer/o dry 29. -derma skin 30. -opsy view of 31. -plakia a plate 32. –tome instrument used to cut
  26. 26. QUIZ 3BAnswerKey Phrase Medical Term 1. pertaining to under the skin subcutaneous 2. pertaining to upon the skin epidermal 3. pertaining to under the skin hypodermic 4. pertaining to within the skin intradermal 5. inflammation of the skin dermatitis 6. specialist in skin dermatologist 7. study of the skin dermatology 8. skin disease dermatopathy 9. surgical repair of the skin dermatoplasty 10. instrument to cut the skin dermatome 11. abnormal condition of no sweat anhidrosis 12. abnormal condition of excessive sweat hyperhidrosis 13. excision of fat lipectomy 14. fatty growth lipoma 15. black tumor melanoma 16. abnormal condition of death necrosis 17. excision of a nail onychectomy 18. softening of nails onychomalacia 19. abnormal condition of nail fungus onychomycosis 20. nail eating (nail biting) onychophagia 21. pus forming pyogenic 22. excision of wrinkles rhytidectomy 23. surgical repair of wrinkles rhytidoplasty 24. oily discharge seborrhea 25. abnormal condition of hair fungus trichomycosis 26. pertaining to the nails ungual 27. red skin erythroderma 28. scaly and dry skin ichthyoderma 29. white skin leukoderma 30. thick skin pachyderma 31. hard skin scleroderma 32. yellow skin xanthoderma 33. dry skin xeroderma QUIZ 3C AnswerKey Abbreviation Meaning 1. BCC basal cell carcinoma 2. BX, bx biopsy 3. C&S culture and sensitivity 4. decub decubitus ulcer 5. Derm, derm dermatology 6. FS frozen section 7. I&D incision and drainage 8. ID intradermal 9. MM malignant melanoma 10. SCC squamous cell carcinoma 11. SG skin graft 12. SLE systemic lupus erythematosus 13. ST skin test 14. STSG split-thickness skin graft 15. subcu, SC, sc, subq subcutaneous 16. ung ointment 17. UV ultraviolet
  27. 27. Part 4: Musculoskeletal System Follow same format as Part 1: Sections: Combining Forms Relating to Word Building Relating to Vocabulary Relating to Pathology Relating to Diagnostic Procedures Relating to Therapeutic Procedures Relating to Pharmacology Relating to Muscle Actions Abbreviations Relating to Quiz Combining Forms Relating to the Skeletal System CombiningForm Meaning 1. ankyl/o stiff joint 2. arthr/o joint 3. articul/o joint 4. burs/o sac 5. carp/o wrist 6. cervic/o neck 7. chondr/o cartilage 8. clavicul/o clavicle, collarbone 9. coccyg/o coccyx, tailbone 10.cost/o rib 11.crani/o skull, head 12.femor/o femur,thigh bone 13.fibul/o fibula,smaller outer bone of lower leg 14.humer/o humerus,upper arm bone 15.ili/o ilium, part of hipbone 16.ischi/o ischium, part of hipbone 17.kyph/o hump 18.lamin/o lamina, part of vertebra 19.lord/o swayback, curve 20.lumb/o loin, lower back 21.mandibul/o mandible,jawbone 22.maxill/o maxilla, upper jawbone 23.metacarp/o metacarpals, hand bones 24.metatars/o metatarsals, foot bones 25.myel/o bone marrow 26.orth/o straight 27.oste/o bone 28.patell/o patella, knee cap 29.ped/o foot 30.pelv/o pelvis 31.phalang/o phalanges,bones of fingers and toes 32.pub/o pubis,part of hipbone
  28. 28. 33.radi/o radius, lower arm bone 34.sacr/o sacrum 35.scapul/o scapula, shoulder blade 36.scoli/o crooked, bent 37.spondyl/o vertebrae,backbone 38.stern/o sternum,breastbone 39.synovi/o synovial membrane 40.tars/o ankle 41.thorac/o chest 42.tibi/o tibia, inner bone of lower leg 43.uln/o ulna, lower arm bone 44.vertebr/o vertebra,backbone Suffixes Relating to the Skeletal System 1. -blast immature, embryonic 2. -clasia to surgically break 3. -desis stabilize, fuse 4. -listhesis slipping 5. -malacia softening 6. -porosis porous 7. -scopy procedure to visually examine 8. -tome instrument to cut Combining Forms Relating to the Muscular System CombiningForm Meaning 1. fasci/o fibrous band 2. fibr/o fibers 3. leiomy/o smooth muscle 4. muscul/o muscle 5. my/o muscle 6. myocardi/o heart muscle 7. myos/o muscle 8. plant/o sole of foot 9. rhabdomy/o skeletal muscle 10.ten/o tendon 11.tend/o tendon 12.tendin/o tendon Suffixes Relating to the Muscular System 1. -asthenia weakness 2. -kinesia movement 3. -trophy development,nourishment Prefixes Relating to the Muscular System 1. ab- away from 2. ad- toward 3. circum- around Word Building Relating to the Skeletal System CombiningForm Medical Term Definition arthr/o arthralgia joint pain arthrocentesis puncture to withdrawfluid from a joint arthroclasia surgically breaking a joint arthrodesis fusion of a joint
  29. 29. arthritis joint inflammation arthrotomy incision into a joint arthroscopy visual examination of the inside of a joint burs/o bursectomy excision of a bursa bursitis inflammation of a bursa bursolith stone in a bursa chondr/o chondrectomy excision of cartilage chondromalacia cartilage softening chondroplasty surgical repair of cartilage crani/o intracranial pertaining to inside the skull craniotomy incision into the skull myel/o myeloma bone marrow tumor oste/o osteocarcinoma cancerous bone tumor osteochondroma bone and cartilage tumor osteoclasia to surgically break a bone osteomalacia bone softening osteomyelitis inflammation of bone and bone marrow osteotomy incision into a bone osteopathy bone disease osteoporosis abnormalcondition of porous bones osteotome instrument to cut bone vertebr/o intervertebral pertaining to between vertebrae Word Building Relating to the Muscular System Combining Form Medical Term Definition fasci/o fasciitis inflammation of fascia fasciorrhaphy suture fascia fasciotomy incision into fascia leiomy/o leiomyofibroma fibrous smooth muscle tumor leiomyoma smooth muscle tumor my/o electromyogram (EMG) record of muscle electricity myopathy muscle disease myoplasty surgical repair of muscle myorrhaphy suture a muscle myos/o polymyositis inflammation of many muscles rhabdomy/o rhabdomyolysis skeletal muscle destruction rhabdomyoma skeletal muscle tumor ten/o tenodynia tendon pain tenomyopathy disease of tendons and muscle tenorrhaphy suture a tendon tend/o tendoplasty surgical repair of tendon tendotomy incision into tendon tendin/o tendinitis inflammation of tendon tendinous pertaining to tendons Suffix Combined With Prefix Medical Term -kinesia bradykinesia slow movement dyskinesia difficult or painfulmovement hyperkinesia excessive movement -trophy atrophy lack of development dystrophy difficult (poor) development hypertrophy excessive development
  30. 30. Vocabulary Relating to the Skeletal System callus The mass of bone tissue that forms at a fracture site during its healing. crepitation The noise produced by bones or cartilage rubbing together in conditions such as arthritis. exostosis A bone spur. kyphosis Abnormal increase in the outward curvature of the thoracic spine. Also known as hunchback or humpback. lordosis Abnormal increase in the forward curvature of the lumbar spine. Also known as swayback. orthopedics Branch of medicine specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of conditions of the musculoskeletal system. orthopedist Physician who specializes in treatment of conditions of the musculoskeletal system. orthotics A brace or splint used to prevent or correct deformities. orthotist Person skilled in making and fitting orthotics. podiatrist Specialist in treating disorders of the feet. prosthesis Artificial device that is used as a substitute for a body part that is either congenitally missing or is absent as a result of accident or disease (for instance, an artificial leg or hip). prosthetist Person whofabricates and fits prostheses. Vocabulary Relating to the Muscular System adhesion Scar tissue forming in the fascia surrounding a muscle making it difficult to stretch the muscle. contracture An abnormalshortening of a muscle, making it difficult to stretch the muscle. spasm A sudden,involuntary, strong muscle contraction. torticollis Severe neck spasms pulling the head to one side. Commonly called wryneck or a crick in the neck. Pathology Relating to the Skeletal System ankylosing spondylitis Inflammatory spinal condition that resembles rheumatoid arthritis. Results in gradualstiffening and fusion of the vertebrae.More common in men than women. bunion Inflammation of the bursa of the great toe. carpal tunnel Pain caused by compression of the nerve as it syndrome (CTS) passes between the bones and ligaments of the wrist. closed fracture A fracture in which there is noopen skin wound. Also called a simple fracture. Colles’ fracture A common type of wrist fracture. comminuted fracture Fracture in which the bone is shattered,splintered, or crushed into many small pieces or fragments. compound fracture Fracture in which the skin has been broken through to the fracture.Also called an open fracture. Dislocation Occurs when the bones in a joint are displaced from their normal alignment. Ewing’s sarcoma Malignant growth found in the shaft of long bones that spreads through the periosteum. Named for James Ewing, an American
  31. 31. pathologist. fracture (FX, Fx) A broken bone. gout Inflammation of the joints caused by excessive uric acid. greenstick fracture Fracture in which there is an incomplete break; one side of bone is broken and the other side is bent.This type of fracture is commonly found in children due to their softer and more pliable bone structure. herniated nucleus Herniation or protrusion of an intervertebral pulposus (HNP) disk; also called herniated disk. May require surgery. impacted fracture Fracture in which bone fragments are pushed into each other. myeloma Malignant tumor originating in the bone marrow. oblique fracture Fracture at an angle to the bone. open fracture Fracture in which the skin has been broken through to the fracture.Also called a compound fracture. osteoarthritis (OA) Arthritis resulting in degeneration of the bones and joints, especially those bearing weight. Results in bone rubbing against bone. osteogenic sarcoma The most common type of bone cancer. Usually begins in osteocytes found at the ends of long bones. osteomalacia Softening of the bones caused by a deficiency of calcium. It is thought that in children the cause is insufficient sunlight and vitamin D. osteoporosis Decrease in bone mass that results in a thinning and weakening of the bone with resulting fractures. The bone becomes more porous, especially in the spine and pelvis. Paget’s disease A fairly common metabolic disease of the bone from unknown causes. It usually attacks middleaged and elderly people and is characterized by bone destruction and deformity. Named for Sir James Paget, a British surgeon. pathologic fracture Fracture caused by diseased or weakened bone. rheumatoid arthritis Chronic form of arthritis with inflammation of (RA) the joints, swelling, stiffness, pain,and changes in the cartilage that can result in crippling deformities. rickets Deficiency in calcium and vitamin D found in early childhood that results in bone deformities, especially bowed legs. scoliosis Abnormal lateral curvature of the spine. simple fracture A fracture in which there is noopen skin wound. Also called a closed fracture. spina bifida A congenital anomaly that occurs when a vertebra fails to fully form around the spinal cord. spinal stenosis Narrowing of the spinal canalcausing pressure on the cord and nerves. spiral fracture Fracture in which the fracture line spirals around the shaft of the bone. Can be caused by a twisting injury and is often slower to heal than other types of fractures. spondylolisthesis The forward sliding of a lumbar vertebra over the vertebra below it. spondylosis A degenerative condition of the vertebralcolumn. strain Damage to the ligaments surrounding a joint due to overstretching, but no dislocation of the joint. systemic lupus Chronic inflammatory disease of connective tissue
  32. 32. erythematosus (SLE) that causes injury to the joints, skin, kidneys, heart,lungs, and nervous system. A characteristic butterfly rash or erythema may be present. talipes Congenitaldeformity of the foot. Also referred to as a clubfoot. transverse fracture Complete fracture that is straight across the bone at right angles to the long axis of the bone. whiplash Injury to the bones in the cervical spine as a result of a sudden movement forward and backward of the head and neck. Can occur as a result of a rear-end autocollision. Pathology Relating to the Muscular System fibromyalgia A condition with widespread aching and pain in the muscles and soft tissue. ganglion Cyst that forms on tendon sheath, usually on hand,wrist, or ankle. lateral epicondylitis Inflammation of the muscle attachment to the lateral epicondyle of the elbow. Often caused by strongly gripping. Commonly called tennis elbow. muscular dystrophy Inherited disease causing a progressive muscle (MD) degeneration,weakness, and atrophy. pseudohypertrophic One type of inherited muscular dystrophy in muscular dystrophy which the muscle tissue is gradually replaced by fatty tissue, making the muscle look strong. Also called Duchenne’s muscular dystrophy. sprain Damage to the muscle and soft tissue due to overuse or overstretching. Diagnostic Procedures Relating to the Skeletal System arthrography Visualization of a joint by radiographic study after injection of a contrast medium into the joint space. arthroscopy Examination of the interior of a joint by entering the joint with an arthroscope. Torn ligaments can be repaired while the patient is undergoing arthroscopy. The arthroscope contains a small television camera that allows the physician to view the interior of the joint on a monitor during the procedure. bone scan Patient is given a radioactive dye and then scanning equipment is used to visualize bones. It is especially usefulin observing progress of treatment for osteomyelitis and cancer metastases to the bone. myelography Study of the spinalcolumn after injecting opaque contrast material; particularly usefulin identifying herniated nucleus pulposus. photon absorptiometry Measurement of bone density using an instrument for the purpose of detecting osteoporosis. Diagnostic Procedures Relating to the Muscular System creatine A muscle enzyme found in skeletal muscle and phosphokinase (CPK) cardiac muscle. Blood levels become elevated in disorders such as heart attack, muscular dystrophy, and other skeletal muscle pathologies.
  33. 33. deep tendon reflexes Muscle contraction in response to a stretch caused by striking the muscle tendon with a reflex hammer.Test used to determine if muscles are responding properly. electromyography Study and record of the strength and quality of muscle contractions as a result of electrical stimulation. muscle biopsy Removal of muscle tissue for pathological examination. Therapeutic Procedures Relating to the Skeletal System amputation Partial or complete removal of a limb for a variety of reasons, including tumors, gangrene,intractable pain, crushing injury, or uncontrollable infection. arthroscopic surgery Use of an arthroscope to facilitate performing surgery on a joint. bone graft Piece of bone taken from the patient that is used to take the place of a removed bone or a bony defect at another site. bunionectomy Removal of the bursa at the joint of the great toe. carpal tunnelrelease Surgical cutting of the ligament in the wrist to relieve nerve pressure caused by carpal tunnel disease, which can result from repetitive motion such as typing. cast Application of a solid material to immobilize an extremity or portion of the body as a result of a fracture,dislocation, or severe injury. It is most often made of plaster of Paris. diskectomy Removal of a herniated intervertebraldisk. laminectomy Removal of the vertebralposterior arch to correct severe back problems and pain caused by compression of a spinalnerve. reduction Correcting a fracture by realigning the bone fragments. Closed reduction is doing this manipulation without entering the body. Open reduction is the surgical incision at the site of the fracture to dothe reduction. This is commonly necessary where there are bony fragments to remove. spinal fusion Surgical immobilization of adjacent vertebrae. This may be done for several reasons, including correction for a herniated disk. total hip replacement Surgical reconstruction of a hip by implanting a (THR) prosthetic or artificial hip joint. Also called total hip arthroplasty (THA). total knee Surgical reconstruction of a knee joint by replacement (TKR) implanting a prosthetic knee joint. Also called total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Pharmacology Relating to the Skeletal System Bone reabsorption Conditions that result in weak and fragile
  34. 34. inhibitors bones, such as osteoporosis and Paget’s disease, are improved by medications that reduce the reabsorption of bones. Calcium supplements Maintaining high blood levels of calcium in and Vitamin D therapy association with vitamin D helps maintain bone density and treats osteomalacia, osteoporosis, and rickets. Corticosteroids A hormone produced by the adrenalcortex that has very strong anti-inflammatory properties. It is particularly usefulin treating rheumatoid arthritis. Nonsteroidal anti- A large group of drugs including aspirin and inflammatory drugs ibuprofen that provide mild pain relief and (NSAIDs) anti-inflammatory benefits for conditions such as arthritis. Pharmacology Relating to the Muscular System Muscle relaxants Medication to relax skeletal muscles in order to reduce muscle spasms. Also called antispasmodics. Muscle Actions Abduction: Movement away from midline of the body. Adduction: Movement toward midline of the body. Flexion: Act of bending or being bent. Extension: Movement that brings limb into or toward a straight condition. Dorsiflexion: Backward bending,as of hand or foot. Plantar flexion: Bending sole of foot; pointing toes downward. Eversion: Turning outward. Inversion: Turning inward. Pronation: To turn downward or backward as with the hand or foot. Supination: Turning the palm or foot upward. Elevation: To raise a body part, as in shrug the shoulders. Depression: A downward movement, as in dropping the shoulders. Abbreviations Relating to the Skeletal System 1. AE above elbow 2. AK above knee 3. BDT bone density testing 4. BE below elbow 5. BK below knee 6. C1,C2, etc. first cervical vertebra, second cervical vertebra,etc. 7. CDH congenital dislocation of the hip 8. CTS carpal tunnelsyndrome 9. DJD degenerative joint disease 10.FX, Fx fracture 11.HNP herniated nucleus pulposus 12.JRA juvenile rheumatoid arthritis 13.L1, L2, etc. first lumbar vertebra,second lumbar vertebra,etc. 14.LAT, lat lateral 15.LE lower extremity 16.LLE left lower extremity 17.LUE left upper extremity 18.NSAID non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug 19.OA osteoarthritis 20.ORIF open reduction–internal fixation 21.Orth, ortho orthopedics 22.RA rheumatoid arthritis
  35. 35. 23.RLE right lower extremity QUIZ QUIZ 4A Directions:Definethecombiningformsinthespacesprovided. 1. ankyl/o___________________________________________________________________________________ 2. arthr/o ___________________________________________________________________________________ 3. articul/o __________________________________________________________________________________ 4. burs/o ____________________________________________________________________________________ 5. carp/o ____________________________________________________________________________________ 6. cervic/o __________________________________________________________________________________ 7. chondr/o _________________________________________________________________________________ 8. clavicul/o _________________________________________________________________________________ 9. coccyg/o __________________________________________________________________________________ 10. cost/o ____________________________________________________________________________________ 11. crani/o ___________________________________________________________________________________ 12. femor/o __________________________________________________________________________________ 13. fibul/o ___________________________________________________________________________________ 14. humer/o _________________________________________________________________________________ 15. ili/o ______________________________________________________________________________________ 16. ischi/o____________________________________________________________________________________ 17. kyph/o ___________________________________________________________________________________ 18. lamin/o __________________________________________________________________________________ 19. lord/o ____________________________________________________________________________________ 20. lumb/o ___________________________________________________________________________________ 21. mandibul/o _______________________________________________________________________________ 22. maxill/o __________________________________________________________________________________ 23. metacarp/o _______________________________________________________________________________ 24. metatars/o ________________________________________________________________________________ 25. myel/o ___________________________________________________________________________________ 26. orth/o ____________________________________________________________________________________ 27. oste/o ____________________________________________________________________________________ 28. patell/o___________________________________________________________________________________ 29. ped/o ____________________________________________________________________________________ 30. pelv/o ____________________________________________________________________________________ 31. phalang/o ________________________________________________________________________________ 32. pub/o ____________________________________________________________________________________ 33. radi/o ____________________________________________________________________________________ 34. sacr/o ____________________________________________________________________________________ 35. scapul/o __________________________________________________________________________________ 36. scoli/o____________________________________________________________________________________ 37. spondyl/o _________________________________________________________________________________ 38. stern/o ___________________________________________________________________________________ 39. synovi/o __________________________________________________________________________________ 40. tars/o ____________________________________________________________________________________ 41. thorac/o __________________________________________________________________________________ 42. tibi/o _____________________________________________________________________________________ 43. uln/o_____________________________________________________________________________________ 44. vertebr/o _________________________________________________________________________________ 45. -blast ____________________________________________________________________________________ 46. -clasia ____________________________________________________________________________________ 47. -desis ____________________________________________________________________________________
  36. 36. 48. -listhesis __________________________________________________________________________________ 49. -malacia __________________________________________________________________________________ 50. -porosis __________________________________________________________________________________ 51. -scopy ____________________________________________________________________________________ 52. -tome ____________________________________________________________________________________ 53. fasci/o ____________________________________________________________________________________ 54. fibr/o ____________________________________________________________________________________ 55. leiomy/o _________________________________________________________________________________ 56. muscul/o _________________________________________________________________________________ 57. my/o _____________________________________________________________________________________ 58. myocardi/o _______________________________________________________________________________ 59. myos/o ___________________________________________________________________________________ 60. plant/o ___________________________________________________________________________________ 61. rhabdomy/o ______________________________________________________________________________ 62. ten/o ____________________________________________________________________________________ 63. tend/o ___________________________________________________________________________________ 64. tendin/o __________________________________________________________________________________ 65. -asthenia _________________________________________________________________________________ 66. -kinesia __________________________________________________________________________________ 67. -trophy ___________________________________________________________________________________ 68. ab- ______________________________________________________________________________________ 69. ad- ______________________________________________________________________________________ 70. circum- __________________________________________________________________________________ QUIZ 4B Directions:Describeeachmuscleaction. 1. abduction ________________________________________________________________________________ 2. adduction ________________________________________________________________________________ 3. circumduction ____________________________________________________________________________ 4. depression _______________________________________________________________________________ 5. dorsiflexion ______________________________________________________________________________ 6. elevation _________________________________________________________________________________ 7. eversion _________________________________________________________________________________ 8. extension ________________________________________________________________________________ 9. flexion ___________________________________________________________________________________ 10. inversion _________________________________________________________________________________ 11. opposition ________________________________________________________________________________ 12. plantar flexion ____________________________________________________________________________ 13. pronation ________________________________________________________________________________ 14. rotation __________________________________________________________________________________ 15. supination ________________________________________________________________________________ QUIZ 4C Directions:Buildasinglemedical termforeachphrasebelow. 1. joint pain _________________________________________________________________________________ 2. puncture to withdraw fluid from a joint ______________________________________________________ 3. surgically breaking a joint __________________________________________________________________ 4. fusion of a joint ___________________________________________________________________________ 5. joint inflammation ________________________________________________________________________ 6. incision into a joint ________________________________________________________________________ 7. visual examination of the inside of a joint ____________________________________________________ 8. excision of a bursa _________________________________________________________________________ 9. inflammation of a bursa ____________________________________________________________________ 10. stone in a bursa ___________________________________________________________________________
  37. 37. 11. excision of cartilage ________________________________________________________________________ 12. cartilage softening _________________________________________________________________________ 13. surgical repair of cartilage __________________________________________________________________ 14. pertaining to inside the skull ________________________________________________________________ 15. incision into the skull ______________________________________________________________________ 16. bone marrow tumor _______________________________________________________________________ 17. cancerous bone tumor______________________________________________________________________ 18. bone and cartilage tumor ___________________________________________________________________ 19. to surgically break a bone __________________________________________________________________ 20. bone softening ____________________________________________________________________________ 21. inflammation of bone and bone marrow______________________________________________________ 22. incision into a bone ________________________________________________________________________ 23. bone disease ______________________________________________________________________________ 24. abnormal condition of porous bones _________________________________________________________ 25. instrument to cut bone _____________________________________________________________________ 26. pertaining to between vertebrae _____________________________________________________________ 27. inflammation of fascia______________________________________________________________________ 28. suture fascia ______________________________________________________________________________ 29. incision into fascia _________________________________________________________________________ 30. smooth muscle tumor ______________________________________________________________________ 31. fibrous smooth muscle tumor _______________________________________________________________ 32. record of muscle electricity _________________________________________________________________ 33. muscle disease ____________________________________________________________________________ 34. surgical repair of muscle ____________________________________________________________________ 35. suture a muscle ___________________________________________________________________________ 36. inflammation of many muscles ______________________________________________________________ 37. skeletal muscle tumor ______________________________________________________________________ 38. skeletal muscle destruction _________________________________________________________________ 39. inflammation of tendon ____________________________________________________________________ 40. pertaining to tendons ______________________________________________________________________ 41. incision into tendon _______________________________________________________________________ 42. surgical repair of tendon____________________________________________________________________ 43. tendon pain_______________________________________________________________________________ 44. disease of tendons and muscle_______________________________________________________________ 45. suture a tendon ___________________________________________________________________________ 46. slow movement ___________________________________________________________________________ 47. difficult or painful movement _______________________________________________________________ 48. excessive movement _______________________________________________________________________ 49. lack of development _______________________________________________________________________ 50. difficult (poor) development ________________________________________________________________ 51. excessive development _____________________________________________________________________ QUIZ 4D Directions:Write the medical term forwhicheachabbreviationstands. 1. AE _______________________________________________________________________________________ 2. AK ______________________________________________________________________________________ 3. BDT______________________________________________________________________________________ 4. BE _______________________________________________________________________________________ 5. BK_______________________________________________________________________________________ 6. C1, C2, etc. _______________________________________________________________________________ 7. CDH _____________________________________________________________________________________ 8. CTS ______________________________________________________________________________________ 9. DJD______________________________________________________________________________________ 10. FX, Fx____________________________________________________________________________________
  38. 38. 11. HNP______________________________________________________________________________________ 12. JRA ______________________________________________________________________________________ 13. L1, L2, etc.________________________________________________________________________________ 14. LAT, lat ___________________________________________________________________________________ 15. LE _______________________________________________________________________________________ 16. LLE ______________________________________________________________________________________ 17. LUE______________________________________________________________________________________ 18. NSAID ___________________________________________________________________________________ 19. OA ______________________________________________________________________________________ 20. ORIF _____________________________________________________________________________________ 21. Orth, ortho _______________________________________________________________________________ 22. RA ______________________________________________________________________________________ 23. RLE ______________________________________________________________________________________ 24. RUE _____________________________________________________________________________________ 25. SLE ______________________________________________________________________________________ 26. T1, T2, etc. _______________________________________________________________________________ 27. THA _____________________________________________________________________________________ 28. THR _____________________________________________________________________________________ 29. TKA _____________________________________________________________________________________ 30. TKR _____________________________________________________________________________________ 31. TMJ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 32. TX, Tx ___________________________________________________________________________________ 33. UE ______________________________________________________________________________________ 34. CPK _____________________________________________________________________________________ 35. DTR _____________________________________________________________________________________ 36. EMG _____________________________________________________________________________________ 37. IM _______________________________________________________________________________________ 38. MD ______________________________________________________________________________________ 39. ROM_____________________________________________________________________________________ QUIZ 4AAnswerKey Combining Form or Suffix Meaning 1. ankyl/o stiff joint 2. arthr/o joint 3. articul/o joint 4. burs/o sac 5. carp/o wrist 6. cervic/o neck 7. chondr/o cartilage 8. clavicul/o clavicle, collarbone 9. coccyg/o coccyx, tailbone 10. cost/o rib 11. crani/o head, skull 12. femor/o femur, thigh bone 13. fibul/o fibula, smaller outer bone of lower leg 14. humer/o humerus, upper arm bone 15. ili/o ilium, part of hipbone 16. ischi/o ischium, part of hipbone 17. kyph/o hump 18. lamin/o lamina, part of vertebra 19. lord/o swayback, curve 20. lumb/o loin, lower back 21. mandibul/o mandible, jawbone 22. maxill/o maxilla, upper jawbone
  39. 39. 23. metacarp/o metacarpals, hand bones 24. metatars/o metatarsals, foot bones 25. myel/o bone marrow 26. orth/o straight 27. oste/o bone 28. patell/o patella, knee cap 29. ped/o foot 30. pelv/o pelvis 31. phalang/o phalanges, bones of fingers and toes 32. pub/o pubis, part of hipbone 33. radi/o radius, lower arm bone 34. sacr/o sacrum 35. scapul/o scapula, shoulder blade 36. scoli/o crooked, bent 37. spondyl/o vertebrae, backbone 38. stern/o sternum, breastbone 39. synovi/o synovial membrane 40. tars/o ankle 41. thorac/o chest 42. tibi/o tibia, inner bone of lower leg 43. uln/o ulna, lower arm bone 44. vertebr/o vertebra, backbone 45. -blast immature, embryonic 46. -clasia to surgically break 47. -desis stabilize, fuse 48. -listhesis slipping 49. -malacia softening 50. -porosis porous 51. -scopy procedure to visually examine 52. -tome instrument to cut 53. fasci/o fibrous band 54. fibr/o fibers 55. leiomy/o smooth muscle 56. muscul/o muscle 57. my/o muscle 58. myocardi/o heart muscle 59. myos/o muscle 60. plant/o soleof foot 61. rhabdomy/o skeletal muscle 62. ten/o tendon 63. tend/o tendon 64. tendin/o tendon 65. -asthenia weakness 66. -kinesia movement 67. -trophy development, nourishment 68. ab- away from 69. ad- toward 70. circum- around QUIZ 4BAnswerKey Muscle Movement Meaning 1. abduction Movement away from midline of the body. 2. adduction Movement toward midline of the body. 3. circumduction Movement in a circular direction from a central point. 4. depression A downward movement, as in dropping the shoulders.

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