Oral cancer

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Oral cancer

  1. 1. Oral Cancer By Kelly Castillo
  2. 2. What is oral cancer?  Usually squamous cell (epithethial)  Abnormal neoplasm of the mouth  Found in most cases by a dentist or the person themselves.
  3. 3. Statistics  30,000 people a year diagnosed  8,000 deaths  Higher then:  Cervical cancer  Hodgkin’s disease  Brain cancer  Liver cancer  Testicular cancer  Kidney cancer  And malignant skin cancer
  4. 4. Who is at risk?  People over the age of 40  Men vs. Women  Ethnicity  Socioeconomic Status (SES)  Being a heavy smoker and drinker  People with HPV-16 and HPV-18 are at slightly higher risk
  5. 5. HPV and oral cancer  1% of oral cancer is linked to HPV  HPV infects epithelial cells  On a cellular level the mouth is similar to the vagina and cervix  Smoking and drinking alcohol can promote HPV invasion
  6. 6. Signs and symptoms  Sores or lesions that won’t heal  Lump or thickening in the cheek  White or red patches on the gums, tonsils, or mouth  Chronic sore throat  Difficulty swallowing  Difficulty moving mouth or tongue  Numbness in any area of the mouth  Swelling of the jaw
  7. 7. Oral cancer images
  8. 8. Treatments most commonly used  Radiation  Destruction of cells making it impossible for them to grow  Chemotherapy  Use of chemicals to destroy cancer cells  Surgery  Oldest form for treating cancer
  9. 9. Why should you care?  25.6 million men (25.2%)  22.6 million women (20.7%)  “Lag Time”
  10. 10. What you can do:  Make yourself aware or your mouth  Stop smoking and drinking excessively  Be informed  Have a good diet and stay healthy

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