Project Management, Design, Construction Management And Ethics For Professional Engineers
A Scope Discussion on<br />Construction and Management of Projects and Ethical Conflicts<br />Dr. James J. Yarmus, F.NSPE, F.ASCE<br />President, NYSSPE, 2009-2010<br />1<br />Project Management, Design, Construction Management and Ethics for Professionals<br />
2<br />Learning Objectives:<br />Understanding Role of Ethics in Construction Management<br />Ethics in Construction Management and Project Management<br />Understanding the S.M.A.R.T. and parameters of CM<br />Designing a Work Breakdown Structure Ethically<br />Designing Monitoring Systems for Design, CM, Ethics<br />Scope of Quality Control as seen from an Ethics Perspective<br />Overview of Risk Management through ethics measures<br />Future Steps for Ethics in Construction Management<br />
Ethical Conflicts in Design<br />3<br /><ul><li>Identifying and Incorporating constraints
Construction Management often ends when the project construction is complete. Project Management defines derived success dimensions for the firm. Who determines end?
Goals include improving quality, reducing costs and reducing time requirements to completion (triple constraint). Can ethics be a problem?</li></li></ul><li>Differentiating CM and PM<br />4<br /><ul><li>Project Management is the science of directing & coordinating human and material resources through the life of a project using techniques that achieve the objectives of scope, cost, time, quality & participation.
Construction Management techniques include the design of methods for achieving a comprehensive process of planning, directing, and monitoring of construction activities from inception to completion in order to meet the quality and safety goals of a project.</li></li></ul><li>Ethics in the Design of CM<br />5<br /><ul><li>Heavy Construction tends to be unit price based
Non-standard portions prone to ethical conflicts
Planning and scheduling identify ethics issues
Identifying activities, levels of detail, predecessor and successor activities, milestones and gateways to completion of each of the groupings, use a Work Breakdown Structure (WBS). </li></li></ul><li>Designing a Work Breakdown Structure Ethically<br />7<br /><ul><li>Assists in identifying levels of resources needed
Ethics guides the range of potential risks and actions
The size of the project defines acceptable designs
The present day Construction Manager is expected to be the a jack of many trades and also a master of all
Start Design by defining Construction Techniques
Identify qualitative issues: Contracts, Liabilities, Safety, Public Outreach, Environmental Effects and Mitigation measures, and Organizational Issues from Bidding through Commissioning and ethics monitoring systems.</li></li></ul><li>Ethics in the Monitoring Systems<br />9<br /><ul><li>Control systems result from monitoring needs
Main Issues typically are Time, Costs, and Quality
Sequence is frequently: WBS, Time Plan including Bar Graphs, Critical Path, Resource Allocation, Cash Flow
Cash Flow milestones evolve when time plan is sufficiently developed to generate valuations.
Control of Costs include scope thresholds for change orders, accountability levels for field and office staff, and identifying responsibility and authority issues.
The formula: Accountability=Responsibility + Authority</li></li></ul><li>Scope of Quality Control Issues<br />10<br /><ul><li>Labor Relations Mechanisms such as Prevailing Wage Agreements, Project Labor Agreements, Gating Sites
Conflict Resolution, Arbitration, Next Steps plan
Ethics, Quality in a Project with Labor conflicts?
Quality Assurance, Quality Compliance, Safety Plans, Gateways to Proceed, Approval of Alternates, Supply Chain Management, International Standards Organization (ISO), are also elements of Ethics.
Include third party quality controls, client feedback, Team Training, OSHA early plans and documentation.</li></li></ul><li>Risk Management in CM Design<br />11<br /><ul><li>Design for Specific Project Risks depends on many variables, including the following:
Private owner, government, authority style agency, consultancies, contracting method, delivery methods, communications, contingencies, extent of ethical training & transparency, environmental risks, historical risks, type of contract, change order management, geographical, demographical effects and many more.
Cultural effects can also affect the chain of command, type of contract and dependency on human elements, especially for international projects and multiphasing.</li></li></ul><li>Questions, Answers and Feedback<br />12<br />If Engineers want certainty and Managers establish controls, constraints and resource availability, is ethics in the design of construction management systems possible?<br />If Managers tend to embrace risk and uncertainty differently than Engineers, will a danger emerge that Engineers generate illusions of certainty based on our analytical skill sets? Do we suffer later in the project? Why not make ethics part of it?<br />Can Professionals sustain blame for decisions and circumstances that we could not possibly control?<br />How would you avoid conflicts in the design of CM?<br />Sharing War Stories. What would you do differently?<br />
Next Steps in Construction Management<br />13<br /><ul><li>What do you see as an improvement: