SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 26
Download to read offline
Outline:

Definition
history
Comparisons between human and
computer intelligence
Branches of A.I
Applications
Outcomes
Advantages & Disadvantages
Future of A.I
Conclusion
Definition
• Artificial intelligence (AI) is the intelligence of machines
and the branch of computer science which aims to
create it.
(Wikipedia)
• A.I. is a branch of computer science that studies the
computational requirements for tasks such as
perception, reasoning and learning and develop
systems to perform those tasks
Definition
What is Intelligence ?
 To respond to situations very flexibly.
 To make sense out of ambiguous or contradictory
messages.
 To recognize the relative importance of different
elements of situations.
 To find similarities between situations despite
difference
 To draw distinctions between situations despite
similarities which may link them.
History of Artificial Intelligence
 1943 – McCulloh and Pitts, Boolean

circuit model of brain.
 1950 – Turing’
intelligence.

computing

machine

and

 1956 – John McCarthy coined the term "artificial
intelligence" as the topic of the Dartmouth
Conference, the first conference devoted to the
subject
History of Artificial Intelligence
 In 1956, computer were solving word problems in
algebra ,proving logical theorems and speaking
English.
 In the early 80`s AI research was received by
commercial success of Expert system .
In the 90`s and Early 21st Century ,,AI achieved its
greatest successes
Comparisons between
computer and human
intelligence
Comparison
Normal humans have the same intellectual
mechanisms and that differences in intelligence are
related to ``quantitative biochemical and physiological
conditions' , but computer programs have plenty of
speed and memory but their abilities correspond to the
intellectual mechanisms that program designers
understand well enough to put in programs.
Whenever people do better than computers on
some task or computers use a lot of computation to do
as well as people, this demonstrates that the program
designers lack understanding of the intellectual
mechanisms required to do the task efficiently.
BRANCHES
•

Logical AI

•

Pattern Recognition

•

Representation

•

Common Sense, Knowledge and Reasoning

•

Planning

•

Epistemology

•

Ontology

•

Heuristics

•

Genetic Engineering
APPLICATIONS OF A.I.
EXPERT SYSTEMS
An Expert System is a computer program designed to act as
an expert in a particular domain (area of expertise).
Domain of E.S.
Knowledge base

Facts

Heuristics

Phases in Expert System
Expert systems currently are designed to assist experts, not
to replace them, They have been used in medical diagnosis,
chemical analysis, geological explorations etc.
APPLICATIONS OF A.I.
Speech Recognition
The primary interactive method of communication used
by humans is not reading and writing, it is speech.
The goal of speech recognition
research is to allow computers to
understand human speech. So that
they can hear our voices and
recognize the words we are
speaking.
It simplifies the process of
interactive communication between
people and computers, thus it
advances the goal of NLP.
APPLICATIONS OF A.I.
Natural Language Processing
The goal of NLP is to enable people and computers
to communicate in a natural (humanly) language
rather than in a computer language.

The field of NLP is divided in 2
categories—
 Natural Language understanding.
 Natural Language generation.
APPLICATIONS OF A.I.
Computer Vision
People generally use vision as their primary means
of sensing their environment, we generally see more than we
hear, feel or smell or taste.
The goal of computer vision
research is to give computers this same
powerful facility for understanding their
surrounding. Here AI helps computer to
understand what they see through
attached cameras.
APPLICATIONS OF A.I.
Robotics
A Robot is an electromechanical device that can by
programmed to perform manual tasks
or a reprogrammable multi functional
manipulator
designed
to
move
materials, parts, tools, or specialized
devices through variable programmed
motions for performance of variety of
tasks.
An ‘intelligent’ robot includes
some kind of sensory apparatus that
allows it to respond to change in it’s
environment.
OUTCOMES
OF
A.I
Advantage


it can help improve our way of life



machines will be able to do jobs that require
detailed instructions
mental alertness and
decision making
capabilities




use robots for heavy
construction, military
benefits, or even for
personal assistance at
private homes



there will be less injuries
and stress to human
beings
Advantage
 Many of our health problems now have possible
solutions with the use of Artificial Intelligence in
studies at universities
 scientists have been using AI to test theories
and notions about how our brains work

 AI opens up new and exciting
avenues for entertainment
possibilities.
 AI also makes interactive
electronic games more fun by
making the computer
controlled characters more
realistic and human-like
Disadvantage
 Growth of Unemployment rates .
 Enhance laziness in humans.
 Retarding human capabilities.
 Need to restructure the legal system.
 Could be hazardous in Hospitals.
FUTURE OF

A.I
FUTURE
The day is not far when you will just sit back in your
cozy little beds and just command your personal
Robot's to entirely do your ruts . He will be a perfect
companion for you. Just enjoy the Technology.
FUTURE
But wait, don’t be happy. It may end in other
way too. Some day there will be a knock to your
door. As you open it, you see a large number of
Robots marching into your house destroying
everything you own and looting you.
This is because ever since
there is an advantage in the
Technology, it attracts anti-social
elements. This is true for Robots
too. Because now they will have full
power to think as human, even as of
anti-social elements. So think trice
before giving them power of
Cognition.
CONCLUSION
In it’s short existence, AI has
increased understanding of the
nature
of
intelligence
and
provided an impressive array of
application in a wide range of
areas.
It
has
sharpened
understanding
of
human
reasoning, and of the nature of
intelligence in general. At the
same time, it has revealed the
complexity of modeling human
reasoning providing new areas
and rich challenges for the
future.
The Past, Present and Future of Artificial Intelligence

More Related Content

What's hot

Artificial Intelligence(AI).
Artificial Intelligence(AI).Artificial Intelligence(AI).
Artificial Intelligence(AI).Md. Afif Al Mamun
 
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCEARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCEMidhuti
 
Artificial Intelligence presentation
Artificial Intelligence presentationArtificial Intelligence presentation
Artificial Intelligence presentationAnmol Jha
 
Artificial Intelligence
Artificial IntelligenceArtificial Intelligence
Artificial Intelligencefalepiz
 
Artificial Intelligence
Artificial IntelligenceArtificial Intelligence
Artificial Intelligenceu053675
 
Artificial intelligence (AI)
Artificial intelligence (AI)Artificial intelligence (AI)
Artificial intelligence (AI)Fahad Farooq
 
Artificial Intelligence power point presentation
Artificial Intelligence power point presentationArtificial Intelligence power point presentation
Artificial Intelligence power point presentationDavid Raj Kanthi
 
Artificial intelligence ppt
Artificial intelligence pptArtificial intelligence ppt
Artificial intelligence pptRamhariYadav
 
Artificial intelligence - An Overview
Artificial intelligence - An OverviewArtificial intelligence - An Overview
Artificial intelligence - An OverviewGiri Dharan
 
Artificial Intelligence
Artificial IntelligenceArtificial Intelligence
Artificial IntelligenceNeil Mathew
 
Artificial intelligence PPT (AI PPT)
Artificial intelligence PPT (AI PPT)Artificial intelligence PPT (AI PPT)
Artificial intelligence PPT (AI PPT)RAONEvv
 
artificial intelligence
artificial  intelligence artificial  intelligence
artificial intelligence Aamir Kiyani
 
Artificial Intelligence
Artificial IntelligenceArtificial Intelligence
Artificial IntelligenceGirish Naik
 

What's hot (20)

Artificial Intelligence(AI).
Artificial Intelligence(AI).Artificial Intelligence(AI).
Artificial Intelligence(AI).
 
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCEARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
 
Artificial Intelligence presentation
Artificial Intelligence presentationArtificial Intelligence presentation
Artificial Intelligence presentation
 
Artificial Intelligence
Artificial IntelligenceArtificial Intelligence
Artificial Intelligence
 
Artificial Intelligence
Artificial IntelligenceArtificial Intelligence
Artificial Intelligence
 
Artificial intelligence (AI)
Artificial intelligence (AI)Artificial intelligence (AI)
Artificial intelligence (AI)
 
Introduction to Artificial Intelligence and few examples
Introduction to Artificial Intelligence and few examplesIntroduction to Artificial Intelligence and few examples
Introduction to Artificial Intelligence and few examples
 
Artificial Intelligence power point presentation
Artificial Intelligence power point presentationArtificial Intelligence power point presentation
Artificial Intelligence power point presentation
 
Artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence Artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence
 
Artificial intelligence ppt
Artificial intelligence pptArtificial intelligence ppt
Artificial intelligence ppt
 
Artificial intelligence - An Overview
Artificial intelligence - An OverviewArtificial intelligence - An Overview
Artificial intelligence - An Overview
 
Artificial Intelligence
Artificial IntelligenceArtificial Intelligence
Artificial Intelligence
 
Artificial intelligence PPT (AI PPT)
Artificial intelligence PPT (AI PPT)Artificial intelligence PPT (AI PPT)
Artificial intelligence PPT (AI PPT)
 
Artificial intelligence ppt
Artificial intelligence   pptArtificial intelligence   ppt
Artificial intelligence ppt
 
Artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligenceArtificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence
 
artificial intelligence
artificial  intelligence artificial  intelligence
artificial intelligence
 
Artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligenceArtificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence
 
Artificial Intelligence
Artificial IntelligenceArtificial Intelligence
Artificial Intelligence
 
Artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligenceArtificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence
 
Artificial Intelligence
Artificial IntelligenceArtificial Intelligence
Artificial Intelligence
 

Similar to The Past, Present and Future of Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence
Artificial IntelligenceArtificial Intelligence
Artificial IntelligenceBikas Sadashiv
 
artificial intelligence
artificial intelligenceartificial intelligence
artificial intelligenceBikas Sadashiv
 
Aritficial intelligence
Aritficial intelligenceAritficial intelligence
Aritficial intelligenceMaqsood Awan
 
Advanced Artificial Intelligence
Advanced Artificial IntelligenceAdvanced Artificial Intelligence
Advanced Artificial IntelligenceAshik Iqbal
 
Artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligenceArtificial intelligence
Artificial intelligenceRahul Baghla
 
Artificialintelignc 131019040643-phpapp01
Artificialintelignc 131019040643-phpapp01Artificialintelignc 131019040643-phpapp01
Artificialintelignc 131019040643-phpapp01Amna Saeed
 
Artificialintelignce lecture1 BCS7
Artificialintelignce lecture1 BCS7Artificialintelignce lecture1 BCS7
Artificialintelignce lecture1 BCS7Amna Saeed
 
AI.pptx
 AI.pptx AI.pptx
AI.pptxkaifakr
 
PPT on Airtificial Intelligence.pptx
PPT on Airtificial Intelligence.pptxPPT on Airtificial Intelligence.pptx
PPT on Airtificial Intelligence.pptxDRAGONGAMERZ1
 
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE.PPT
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE.PPTARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE.PPT
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE.PPTvandana gandhi
 
Artificial inteligence
Artificial inteligenceArtificial inteligence
Artificial inteligenceAdarsh Saxena
 
artifical intelligence.pptx
artifical intelligence.pptxartifical intelligence.pptx
artifical intelligence.pptxAMBIKABHANDARI5
 
Artificial Intelligence
Artificial IntelligenceArtificial Intelligence
Artificial IntelligenceAbbas Hashmi
 
Artificial Intelligence
Artificial IntelligenceArtificial Intelligence
Artificial Intelligencekomal jain
 

Similar to The Past, Present and Future of Artificial Intelligence (20)

Artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligenceArtificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence
 
Artificial Intelligence
Artificial IntelligenceArtificial Intelligence
Artificial Intelligence
 
artificial intelligence
artificial intelligenceartificial intelligence
artificial intelligence
 
Aritficial intelligence
Aritficial intelligenceAritficial intelligence
Aritficial intelligence
 
Advanced Artificial Intelligence
Advanced Artificial IntelligenceAdvanced Artificial Intelligence
Advanced Artificial Intelligence
 
Artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligenceArtificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence
 
Artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligenceArtificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence
 
Artificialintelignc 131019040643-phpapp01
Artificialintelignc 131019040643-phpapp01Artificialintelignc 131019040643-phpapp01
Artificialintelignc 131019040643-phpapp01
 
Artificialintelignce lecture1 BCS7
Artificialintelignce lecture1 BCS7Artificialintelignce lecture1 BCS7
Artificialintelignce lecture1 BCS7
 
AI.pptx
 AI.pptx AI.pptx
AI.pptx
 
PPT on Airtificial Intelligence.pptx
PPT on Airtificial Intelligence.pptxPPT on Airtificial Intelligence.pptx
PPT on Airtificial Intelligence.pptx
 
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE.PPT
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE.PPTARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE.PPT
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE.PPT
 
Artificial inteligence
Artificial inteligenceArtificial inteligence
Artificial inteligence
 
artificial intelligence
artificial intelligenceartificial intelligence
artificial intelligence
 
Artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligenceArtificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence
 
artifical intelligence.pptx
artifical intelligence.pptxartifical intelligence.pptx
artifical intelligence.pptx
 
Artificial inteligence
Artificial inteligenceArtificial inteligence
Artificial inteligence
 
Artificial Intelligence
Artificial IntelligenceArtificial Intelligence
Artificial Intelligence
 
A.I.
A.I.A.I.
A.I.
 
Artificial Intelligence
Artificial IntelligenceArtificial Intelligence
Artificial Intelligence
 

Recently uploaded

Long journey of Ruby standard library at RubyConf AU 2024
Long journey of Ruby standard library at RubyConf AU 2024Long journey of Ruby standard library at RubyConf AU 2024
Long journey of Ruby standard library at RubyConf AU 2024Hiroshi SHIBATA
 
Potential of AI (Generative AI) in Business: Learnings and Insights
Potential of AI (Generative AI) in Business: Learnings and InsightsPotential of AI (Generative AI) in Business: Learnings and Insights
Potential of AI (Generative AI) in Business: Learnings and InsightsRavi Sanghani
 
Genislab builds better products and faster go-to-market with Lean project man...
Genislab builds better products and faster go-to-market with Lean project man...Genislab builds better products and faster go-to-market with Lean project man...
Genislab builds better products and faster go-to-market with Lean project man...Farhan Tariq
 
Varsha Sewlal- Cyber Attacks on Critical Critical Infrastructure
Varsha Sewlal- Cyber Attacks on Critical Critical InfrastructureVarsha Sewlal- Cyber Attacks on Critical Critical Infrastructure
Varsha Sewlal- Cyber Attacks on Critical Critical Infrastructureitnewsafrica
 
React JS; all concepts. Contains React Features, JSX, functional & Class comp...
React JS; all concepts. Contains React Features, JSX, functional & Class comp...React JS; all concepts. Contains React Features, JSX, functional & Class comp...
React JS; all concepts. Contains React Features, JSX, functional & Class comp...Karmanjay Verma
 
Design pattern talk by Kaya Weers - 2024 (v2)
Design pattern talk by Kaya Weers - 2024 (v2)Design pattern talk by Kaya Weers - 2024 (v2)
Design pattern talk by Kaya Weers - 2024 (v2)Kaya Weers
 
Top 10 Hubspot Development Companies in 2024
Top 10 Hubspot Development Companies in 2024Top 10 Hubspot Development Companies in 2024
Top 10 Hubspot Development Companies in 2024TopCSSGallery
 
UiPath Community: Communication Mining from Zero to Hero
UiPath Community: Communication Mining from Zero to HeroUiPath Community: Communication Mining from Zero to Hero
UiPath Community: Communication Mining from Zero to HeroUiPathCommunity
 
Connecting the Dots for Information Discovery.pdf
Connecting the Dots for Information Discovery.pdfConnecting the Dots for Information Discovery.pdf
Connecting the Dots for Information Discovery.pdfNeo4j
 
Tampa BSides - The No BS SOC (slides from April 6, 2024 talk)
Tampa BSides - The No BS SOC (slides from April 6, 2024 talk)Tampa BSides - The No BS SOC (slides from April 6, 2024 talk)
Tampa BSides - The No BS SOC (slides from April 6, 2024 talk)Mark Simos
 
Testing tools and AI - ideas what to try with some tool examples
Testing tools and AI - ideas what to try with some tool examplesTesting tools and AI - ideas what to try with some tool examples
Testing tools and AI - ideas what to try with some tool examplesKari Kakkonen
 
Français Patch Tuesday - Avril
Français Patch Tuesday - AvrilFrançais Patch Tuesday - Avril
Français Patch Tuesday - AvrilIvanti
 
Modern Roaming for Notes and Nomad – Cheaper Faster Better Stronger
Modern Roaming for Notes and Nomad – Cheaper Faster Better StrongerModern Roaming for Notes and Nomad – Cheaper Faster Better Stronger
Modern Roaming for Notes and Nomad – Cheaper Faster Better Strongerpanagenda
 
Email Marketing Automation for Bonterra Impact Management (fka Social Solutio...
Email Marketing Automation for Bonterra Impact Management (fka Social Solutio...Email Marketing Automation for Bonterra Impact Management (fka Social Solutio...
Email Marketing Automation for Bonterra Impact Management (fka Social Solutio...Jeffrey Haguewood
 
A Framework for Development in the AI Age
A Framework for Development in the AI AgeA Framework for Development in the AI Age
A Framework for Development in the AI AgeCprime
 
[Webinar] SpiraTest - Setting New Standards in Quality Assurance
[Webinar] SpiraTest - Setting New Standards in Quality Assurance[Webinar] SpiraTest - Setting New Standards in Quality Assurance
[Webinar] SpiraTest - Setting New Standards in Quality AssuranceInflectra
 
A Glance At The Java Performance Toolbox
A Glance At The Java Performance ToolboxA Glance At The Java Performance Toolbox
A Glance At The Java Performance ToolboxAna-Maria Mihalceanu
 
2024 April Patch Tuesday
2024 April Patch Tuesday2024 April Patch Tuesday
2024 April Patch TuesdayIvanti
 
Accelerating Enterprise Software Engineering with Platformless
Accelerating Enterprise Software Engineering with PlatformlessAccelerating Enterprise Software Engineering with Platformless
Accelerating Enterprise Software Engineering with PlatformlessWSO2
 
WomenInAutomation2024: AI and Automation for eveyone
WomenInAutomation2024: AI and Automation for eveyoneWomenInAutomation2024: AI and Automation for eveyone
WomenInAutomation2024: AI and Automation for eveyoneUiPathCommunity
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Long journey of Ruby standard library at RubyConf AU 2024
Long journey of Ruby standard library at RubyConf AU 2024Long journey of Ruby standard library at RubyConf AU 2024
Long journey of Ruby standard library at RubyConf AU 2024
 
Potential of AI (Generative AI) in Business: Learnings and Insights
Potential of AI (Generative AI) in Business: Learnings and InsightsPotential of AI (Generative AI) in Business: Learnings and Insights
Potential of AI (Generative AI) in Business: Learnings and Insights
 
Genislab builds better products and faster go-to-market with Lean project man...
Genislab builds better products and faster go-to-market with Lean project man...Genislab builds better products and faster go-to-market with Lean project man...
Genislab builds better products and faster go-to-market with Lean project man...
 
Varsha Sewlal- Cyber Attacks on Critical Critical Infrastructure
Varsha Sewlal- Cyber Attacks on Critical Critical InfrastructureVarsha Sewlal- Cyber Attacks on Critical Critical Infrastructure
Varsha Sewlal- Cyber Attacks on Critical Critical Infrastructure
 
React JS; all concepts. Contains React Features, JSX, functional & Class comp...
React JS; all concepts. Contains React Features, JSX, functional & Class comp...React JS; all concepts. Contains React Features, JSX, functional & Class comp...
React JS; all concepts. Contains React Features, JSX, functional & Class comp...
 
Design pattern talk by Kaya Weers - 2024 (v2)
Design pattern talk by Kaya Weers - 2024 (v2)Design pattern talk by Kaya Weers - 2024 (v2)
Design pattern talk by Kaya Weers - 2024 (v2)
 
Top 10 Hubspot Development Companies in 2024
Top 10 Hubspot Development Companies in 2024Top 10 Hubspot Development Companies in 2024
Top 10 Hubspot Development Companies in 2024
 
UiPath Community: Communication Mining from Zero to Hero
UiPath Community: Communication Mining from Zero to HeroUiPath Community: Communication Mining from Zero to Hero
UiPath Community: Communication Mining from Zero to Hero
 
Connecting the Dots for Information Discovery.pdf
Connecting the Dots for Information Discovery.pdfConnecting the Dots for Information Discovery.pdf
Connecting the Dots for Information Discovery.pdf
 
Tampa BSides - The No BS SOC (slides from April 6, 2024 talk)
Tampa BSides - The No BS SOC (slides from April 6, 2024 talk)Tampa BSides - The No BS SOC (slides from April 6, 2024 talk)
Tampa BSides - The No BS SOC (slides from April 6, 2024 talk)
 
Testing tools and AI - ideas what to try with some tool examples
Testing tools and AI - ideas what to try with some tool examplesTesting tools and AI - ideas what to try with some tool examples
Testing tools and AI - ideas what to try with some tool examples
 
Français Patch Tuesday - Avril
Français Patch Tuesday - AvrilFrançais Patch Tuesday - Avril
Français Patch Tuesday - Avril
 
Modern Roaming for Notes and Nomad – Cheaper Faster Better Stronger
Modern Roaming for Notes and Nomad – Cheaper Faster Better StrongerModern Roaming for Notes and Nomad – Cheaper Faster Better Stronger
Modern Roaming for Notes and Nomad – Cheaper Faster Better Stronger
 
Email Marketing Automation for Bonterra Impact Management (fka Social Solutio...
Email Marketing Automation for Bonterra Impact Management (fka Social Solutio...Email Marketing Automation for Bonterra Impact Management (fka Social Solutio...
Email Marketing Automation for Bonterra Impact Management (fka Social Solutio...
 
A Framework for Development in the AI Age
A Framework for Development in the AI AgeA Framework for Development in the AI Age
A Framework for Development in the AI Age
 
[Webinar] SpiraTest - Setting New Standards in Quality Assurance
[Webinar] SpiraTest - Setting New Standards in Quality Assurance[Webinar] SpiraTest - Setting New Standards in Quality Assurance
[Webinar] SpiraTest - Setting New Standards in Quality Assurance
 
A Glance At The Java Performance Toolbox
A Glance At The Java Performance ToolboxA Glance At The Java Performance Toolbox
A Glance At The Java Performance Toolbox
 
2024 April Patch Tuesday
2024 April Patch Tuesday2024 April Patch Tuesday
2024 April Patch Tuesday
 
Accelerating Enterprise Software Engineering with Platformless
Accelerating Enterprise Software Engineering with PlatformlessAccelerating Enterprise Software Engineering with Platformless
Accelerating Enterprise Software Engineering with Platformless
 
WomenInAutomation2024: AI and Automation for eveyone
WomenInAutomation2024: AI and Automation for eveyoneWomenInAutomation2024: AI and Automation for eveyone
WomenInAutomation2024: AI and Automation for eveyone
 

The Past, Present and Future of Artificial Intelligence

  • 1.
  • 2.
  • 3. Outline: Definition history Comparisons between human and computer intelligence Branches of A.I Applications Outcomes Advantages & Disadvantages Future of A.I Conclusion
  • 4. Definition • Artificial intelligence (AI) is the intelligence of machines and the branch of computer science which aims to create it. (Wikipedia) • A.I. is a branch of computer science that studies the computational requirements for tasks such as perception, reasoning and learning and develop systems to perform those tasks
  • 5. Definition What is Intelligence ?  To respond to situations very flexibly.  To make sense out of ambiguous or contradictory messages.  To recognize the relative importance of different elements of situations.  To find similarities between situations despite difference  To draw distinctions between situations despite similarities which may link them.
  • 6.
  • 7. History of Artificial Intelligence  1943 – McCulloh and Pitts, Boolean circuit model of brain.  1950 – Turing’ intelligence. computing machine and  1956 – John McCarthy coined the term "artificial intelligence" as the topic of the Dartmouth Conference, the first conference devoted to the subject
  • 8. History of Artificial Intelligence  In 1956, computer were solving word problems in algebra ,proving logical theorems and speaking English.  In the early 80`s AI research was received by commercial success of Expert system . In the 90`s and Early 21st Century ,,AI achieved its greatest successes
  • 9. Comparisons between computer and human intelligence
  • 10. Comparison Normal humans have the same intellectual mechanisms and that differences in intelligence are related to ``quantitative biochemical and physiological conditions' , but computer programs have plenty of speed and memory but their abilities correspond to the intellectual mechanisms that program designers understand well enough to put in programs. Whenever people do better than computers on some task or computers use a lot of computation to do as well as people, this demonstrates that the program designers lack understanding of the intellectual mechanisms required to do the task efficiently.
  • 11. BRANCHES • Logical AI • Pattern Recognition • Representation • Common Sense, Knowledge and Reasoning • Planning • Epistemology • Ontology • Heuristics • Genetic Engineering
  • 12.
  • 13. APPLICATIONS OF A.I. EXPERT SYSTEMS An Expert System is a computer program designed to act as an expert in a particular domain (area of expertise). Domain of E.S. Knowledge base Facts Heuristics Phases in Expert System Expert systems currently are designed to assist experts, not to replace them, They have been used in medical diagnosis, chemical analysis, geological explorations etc.
  • 14. APPLICATIONS OF A.I. Speech Recognition The primary interactive method of communication used by humans is not reading and writing, it is speech. The goal of speech recognition research is to allow computers to understand human speech. So that they can hear our voices and recognize the words we are speaking. It simplifies the process of interactive communication between people and computers, thus it advances the goal of NLP.
  • 15. APPLICATIONS OF A.I. Natural Language Processing The goal of NLP is to enable people and computers to communicate in a natural (humanly) language rather than in a computer language. The field of NLP is divided in 2 categories—  Natural Language understanding.  Natural Language generation.
  • 16. APPLICATIONS OF A.I. Computer Vision People generally use vision as their primary means of sensing their environment, we generally see more than we hear, feel or smell or taste. The goal of computer vision research is to give computers this same powerful facility for understanding their surrounding. Here AI helps computer to understand what they see through attached cameras.
  • 17. APPLICATIONS OF A.I. Robotics A Robot is an electromechanical device that can by programmed to perform manual tasks or a reprogrammable multi functional manipulator designed to move materials, parts, tools, or specialized devices through variable programmed motions for performance of variety of tasks. An ‘intelligent’ robot includes some kind of sensory apparatus that allows it to respond to change in it’s environment.
  • 19. Advantage  it can help improve our way of life  machines will be able to do jobs that require detailed instructions mental alertness and decision making capabilities   use robots for heavy construction, military benefits, or even for personal assistance at private homes  there will be less injuries and stress to human beings
  • 20. Advantage  Many of our health problems now have possible solutions with the use of Artificial Intelligence in studies at universities  scientists have been using AI to test theories and notions about how our brains work  AI opens up new and exciting avenues for entertainment possibilities.  AI also makes interactive electronic games more fun by making the computer controlled characters more realistic and human-like
  • 21. Disadvantage  Growth of Unemployment rates .  Enhance laziness in humans.  Retarding human capabilities.  Need to restructure the legal system.  Could be hazardous in Hospitals.
  • 23. FUTURE The day is not far when you will just sit back in your cozy little beds and just command your personal Robot's to entirely do your ruts . He will be a perfect companion for you. Just enjoy the Technology.
  • 24. FUTURE But wait, don’t be happy. It may end in other way too. Some day there will be a knock to your door. As you open it, you see a large number of Robots marching into your house destroying everything you own and looting you. This is because ever since there is an advantage in the Technology, it attracts anti-social elements. This is true for Robots too. Because now they will have full power to think as human, even as of anti-social elements. So think trice before giving them power of Cognition.
  • 25. CONCLUSION In it’s short existence, AI has increased understanding of the nature of intelligence and provided an impressive array of application in a wide range of areas. It has sharpened understanding of human reasoning, and of the nature of intelligence in general. At the same time, it has revealed the complexity of modeling human reasoning providing new areas and rich challenges for the future.