Manchu (Qing) DynastyWhat did the Chinese think offoreigners?How had trade beenconducted for hundreds ofyears?
China’s Unlucky Century The 1800s• The relationship between China and the Europeans changed in the 19th century. Improvements in European technology gave Europeans an edge over the Chinese after centuries of kowtowing to the Chinese in trade. China’s failure to adopt these new technologies would make them vulnerable to European domination.
Opium War: Causes• Unfavorable balance of trade frustrated Britain• China would not buy anything from Britain but Britain bought Britain decided to see many items from opium (from India) to China – Britain was Chinese to get its losing a lot of gold money back – Chinese government told them to stop!
Opium War: Effects• Treaty of Nanking – Britain gets Hong Kong – China opens ports to British trade – Spheres of influence – Extraterritoriality – $21 million in indemnities given to Britain – How does the Manchu Emperor look as a result?
Sino-Japanese War 1894-1895• Who fought?• Over what?• Who won?
Cultural Revolution • In 1966, Mao Zedong announced the “Cultural Revolution” which was aimed at getting rid of anyone questioning his power.Why was it called the “Cultural” Revolution?What kind of people did he consider athreat?
Tiananmen Square Massacre• What happened in China (a country where great economic gains were occurring) that led the government to attack its own students?• Pictures taken from• http://www.cnd.org/June4th/64pics.html
One-Child Policy• During the 1960s and 1970s, Mao Zedong had encouraged the Chinese people to have as many babies as possible to make China a greater nation.• What is the problem with that plan?
One Child Policy• When Deng Xiaoping came to power, he realized that one of the first things that had to be controlled was China’s population growth.• Too many people = not enough resources to provide an adequate living• Therefore, he enacted the One Child Policy