Key Concepts to Remember      About China       By Mrs.Cullen
Geography & Its EffectsGeographic Features   Effects
Ethnocentrism
Resources• Why did other  countries seek out  trade with China and  later seek to take over  pieces of China?• What valuab...
Middle Kingdom
Confucianism• What did Confucius  encourage?• How did he suggest peace and  order be maintained?
What is filial piety?
Taoism• How was Lao tzu’s vision for  peace and order different  from Confucius’?
Legalism• Who believed in Legalism?• How did Legalists see peace and order  would be created?
Buddhism• Where was Buddhism  originally from?• How did it get to China?• What is Buddhism’s  presence in China an        ...
Mandate of Heaven
Patriarchal• Chinese society has  traditionally been  patriarchal? What  does this mean?• What other terms go  with a trad...
China’s Dynasties          China Before 1912• What is a dynasty?
Shang Dynasty
Zhou Dynasty
Qin Dynasty
Tang & Song Dynasties• This is China’s golden age. What is a  golden age?
Han Dynasty
What is the route in orange known as?What two empires did it connect?
Ming Dynasty
Who was Zheng He?
Manchu (Qing)       DynastyWhat did the Chinese think offoreigners?How had trade beenconducted for hundreds ofyears?
China’s Unlucky Century            The 1800s• The relationship between China and the  Europeans changed in the 19th centur...
Opium War:      Causes• Unfavorable balance  of trade frustrated  Britain• China would not buy  anything from Britain  but...
Opium War:      Effects• Treaty of Nanking  – Britain gets Hong Kong  – China opens ports to     British trade  – Spheres ...
Sino-Japanese War           1894-1895• Who fought?• Over what?• Who won?
Boxer Rebellion 1900• Cause  s• Effects
Overthrow of Manchu Emperor          • 1911-1912          • Why is this such a huge            event in Chinese history?
Sun Yat-sen (Yixian)         • Key goal: Establish           a Chinese republic         • What is a republic?
Three Principles of the PeopleNationalism   Democracy   Livelihood
Chinese Civil War            1920s-1949• Chiang Kai-shek         • Mao Zedong                    VS.
Chinese Civil    War• Causes
Chinese Civil War• Effects• Where did the Nationalists & Chiang Kai-shek  flee to?
The PRC is born!
China Under Mao Zedong           1949-1976• Little Red Book  – What does indoctrination mean?  – How was the Little Red Bo...
Great Leap Forward• The G.L.F. is an example of a Five Year  Plan.• What is the purpose of a Five          Year Plan?
Great Leap Forward• Causes:
Great Leap Forward• Effects:
Cultural Revolution                    • In 1966, Mao Zedong                      announced the                      “Cult...
Cultural Revolution• Causes:
Cultural Revolution• Effects
• Effects
• Mao dies  in 1976
China Under Deng Xiaoping        • Deng Xiaoping comes to          power after Mao’s death in          1976        • Deng ...
Four Modernizations• Deng’s goal is to modernize  China by the year 2000• The four areas he plans to  modernize are:  – 1....
Responsibility System• Do I smell a whiff of capitalism?
Elements of Capitalism     Introduced
Tiananmen Square Massacre• What happened in China (a  country where great economic  gains were occurring) that led  the go...
Tiananmen Square Massacre             1989• CAUSES        • EFFECTS
One-Child Policy• During the 1960s and 1970s, Mao Zedong  had encouraged the Chinese people to  have as many babies as pos...
One Child Policy• When Deng Xiaoping came to power, he  realized that one of the first things that had  to be controlled w...
One Child Policy• How does it work?
One-Child Policy• Changed to two-child policy, especially in  rural areas• Why?
Effects of Years of Following One-Child Policy in China
Hong Kong
Taiwan
Tibet
China in the 21st Century
Economic Development
Political Cartoons
Key concepts to remember about china
Key concepts to remember about china
Key concepts to remember about china
Key concepts to remember about china
Key concepts to remember about china
Key concepts to remember about china
Key concepts to remember about china
Key concepts to remember about china
Key concepts to remember about china
Key concepts to remember about china
Key concepts to remember about china
Key concepts to remember about china
Key concepts to remember about china
Key concepts to remember about china
Key concepts to remember about china
Key concepts to remember about china
Key concepts to remember about china
Key concepts to remember about china
Key concepts to remember about china
Key concepts to remember about china
Key concepts to remember about china
Key concepts to remember about china
Key concepts to remember about china
Key concepts to remember about china
Key concepts to remember about china
Key concepts to remember about china
Key concepts to remember about china
Key concepts to remember about china
Key concepts to remember about china
Key concepts to remember about china
Key concepts to remember about china
Key concepts to remember about china
Key concepts to remember about china
Key concepts to remember about china
Key concepts to remember about china
Key concepts to remember about china
Key concepts to remember about china
Key concepts to remember about china
Key concepts to remember about china
Key concepts to remember about china
Key concepts to remember about china
Key concepts to remember about china
Key concepts to remember about china
Key concepts to remember about china
Key concepts to remember about china
Key concepts to remember about china
Key concepts to remember about china
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Key concepts to remember about china

  1. 1. Key Concepts to Remember About China By Mrs.Cullen
  2. 2. Geography & Its EffectsGeographic Features Effects
  3. 3. Ethnocentrism
  4. 4. Resources• Why did other countries seek out trade with China and later seek to take over pieces of China?• What valuable resources are there?• Why was Manchuria a hot spot?
  5. 5. Middle Kingdom
  6. 6. Confucianism• What did Confucius encourage?• How did he suggest peace and order be maintained?
  7. 7. What is filial piety?
  8. 8. Taoism• How was Lao tzu’s vision for peace and order different from Confucius’?
  9. 9. Legalism• Who believed in Legalism?• How did Legalists see peace and order would be created?
  10. 10. Buddhism• Where was Buddhism originally from?• How did it get to China?• What is Buddhism’s presence in China an example of?
  11. 11. Mandate of Heaven
  12. 12. Patriarchal• Chinese society has traditionally been patriarchal? What does this mean?• What other terms go with a traditional culture?
  13. 13. China’s Dynasties China Before 1912• What is a dynasty?
  14. 14. Shang Dynasty
  15. 15. Zhou Dynasty
  16. 16. Qin Dynasty
  17. 17. Tang & Song Dynasties• This is China’s golden age. What is a golden age?
  18. 18. Han Dynasty
  19. 19. What is the route in orange known as?What two empires did it connect?
  20. 20. Ming Dynasty
  21. 21. Who was Zheng He?
  22. 22. Manchu (Qing) DynastyWhat did the Chinese think offoreigners?How had trade beenconducted for hundreds ofyears?
  23. 23. China’s Unlucky Century The 1800s• The relationship between China and the Europeans changed in the 19th century. Improvements in European technology gave Europeans an edge over the Chinese after centuries of kowtowing to the Chinese in trade. China’s failure to adopt these new technologies would make them vulnerable to European domination.
  24. 24. Opium War: Causes• Unfavorable balance of trade frustrated Britain• China would not buy anything from Britain but Britain bought Britain decided to see many items from opium (from India) to China – Britain was Chinese to get its losing a lot of gold money back – Chinese government told them to stop!
  25. 25. Opium War: Effects• Treaty of Nanking – Britain gets Hong Kong – China opens ports to British trade – Spheres of influence – Extraterritoriality – $21 million in indemnities given to Britain – How does the Manchu Emperor look as a result?
  26. 26. Sino-Japanese War 1894-1895• Who fought?• Over what?• Who won?
  27. 27. Boxer Rebellion 1900• Cause s• Effects
  28. 28. Overthrow of Manchu Emperor • 1911-1912 • Why is this such a huge event in Chinese history?
  29. 29. Sun Yat-sen (Yixian) • Key goal: Establish a Chinese republic • What is a republic?
  30. 30. Three Principles of the PeopleNationalism Democracy Livelihood
  31. 31. Chinese Civil War 1920s-1949• Chiang Kai-shek • Mao Zedong VS.
  32. 32. Chinese Civil War• Causes
  33. 33. Chinese Civil War• Effects• Where did the Nationalists & Chiang Kai-shek flee to?
  34. 34. The PRC is born!
  35. 35. China Under Mao Zedong 1949-1976• Little Red Book – What does indoctrination mean? – How was the Little Red Book (aka The Thoughts of Mao Zedong used to do it?
  36. 36. Great Leap Forward• The G.L.F. is an example of a Five Year Plan.• What is the purpose of a Five Year Plan?
  37. 37. Great Leap Forward• Causes:
  38. 38. Great Leap Forward• Effects:
  39. 39. Cultural Revolution • In 1966, Mao Zedong announced the “Cultural Revolution” which was aimed at getting rid of anyone questioning his power.Why was it called the “Cultural” Revolution?What kind of people did he consider athreat?
  40. 40. Cultural Revolution• Causes:
  41. 41. Cultural Revolution• Effects
  42. 42. • Effects
  43. 43. • Mao dies in 1976
  44. 44. China Under Deng Xiaoping • Deng Xiaoping comes to power after Mao’s death in 1976 • Deng has a different vision for the future of China….or does he?
  45. 45. Four Modernizations• Deng’s goal is to modernize China by the year 2000• The four areas he plans to modernize are: – 1. 2. 3. 4.
  46. 46. Responsibility System• Do I smell a whiff of capitalism?
  47. 47. Elements of Capitalism Introduced
  48. 48. Tiananmen Square Massacre• What happened in China (a country where great economic gains were occurring) that led the government to attack its own students?• Pictures taken from• http://www.cnd.org/June4th/64pics.html
  49. 49. Tiananmen Square Massacre 1989• CAUSES • EFFECTS
  50. 50. One-Child Policy• During the 1960s and 1970s, Mao Zedong had encouraged the Chinese people to have as many babies as possible to make China a greater nation.• What is the problem with that plan?
  51. 51. One Child Policy• When Deng Xiaoping came to power, he realized that one of the first things that had to be controlled was China’s population growth.• Too many people = not enough resources to provide an adequate living• Therefore, he enacted the One Child Policy
  52. 52. One Child Policy• How does it work?
  53. 53. One-Child Policy• Changed to two-child policy, especially in rural areas• Why?
  54. 54. Effects of Years of Following One-Child Policy in China
  55. 55. Hong Kong
  56. 56. Taiwan
  57. 57. Tibet
  58. 58. China in the 21st Century
  59. 59. Economic Development
  60. 60. Political Cartoons

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