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Otizmi tanımak


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Otizmi tanımak

  1. 1. Otizmi tanımak Dr Yankı Yazgan Marmara Üniversitesi Tıp Fak. ve Yale Child Study Center
  2. 2. others <ul><li>Others attract our attention from the beginning. </li></ul><ul><li>Human face and voice is of high interest </li></ul>
  3. 3. Looking at relationships
  4. 4. 2 yr old normal developing and autistic child group comparison Klin, Jones, Schultz, & Volkmar (2003). Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. Toddler at risk of having autism Typically-developing toddler
  5. 6. Hasson et al., 2004 Yüz mü, nesne mi?
  6. 7. In autism <ul><li>Intention to understand and interest in OTHERS significantly lacks in autistic individuals </li></ul><ul><li>The development of underlying mechanisms for these abilities are impaired. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Doctor’s pov <ul><li>Pretense </li></ul><ul><li>reciprocity </li></ul><ul><li>Joint attention </li></ul><ul><li>pointing </li></ul><ul><li>discourse </li></ul><ul><li>Social smile </li></ul>
  8. 9. Autism pathognomics <ul><li>Verbal and nonverbal comm impaired </li></ul><ul><li>İnteraction for basic needs </li></ul><ul><li>One of out of 200-500 </li></ul><ul><li>First three years. </li></ul><ul><li>Reciprocity and empathy affected </li></ul>
  9. 10. Pay attention <ul><li>12. mos: looking when called, babbling, face, bye bye </li></ul><ul><li>16. mos. A few words, showing, pointing, sharing </li></ul><ul><li>24. mo. Two word sentences </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of language any time before age 3 yrs </li></ul>
  10. 11. Which one of the following statements is true regarding diagnosis of autism: <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>symptoms consist mainly of communication and interaction difficulties and delays. </li></ul><ul><li>is observed mainly in girls. </li></ul><ul><li>is a type of epilepsy. </li></ul><ul><li>delay in language and communication skills is uncommon . </li></ul><ul><li>definitive diagnosis is established by Magnetic Resonance imaging </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  11. 12. Which one area of development is not specifically affected in autism: <ul><li>relatedness </li></ul><ul><li>speech and comprehension </li></ul><ul><li>empathy </li></ul><ul><li>reciprocity </li></ul><ul><li>sleep </li></ul>