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Should Government invest in General Education or Professional Education?

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Public Administration Presentation

  1. 1. Should Government invest in General Education or Professional Education? Presented by Hannah Yan (09409556)& Aggie Choi (09425659)
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Definition: “General Education” & “Professional Education” </li></ul><ul><li>Background– Current education system of HK </li></ul><ul><li>CHANGE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From a POV of policy maker (Government) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>From a POV of policy user (Student) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>From a POV of policy beneficiary (Employer) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
  3. 3. Definition <ul><li>General Education: </li></ul><ul><li>Education system which provide all-round education for students. The subjects are designed to broaden the horizon of students so that they can be equipped with the ability to make sound judgment and have a basic knowledge of the nation and society. </li></ul><ul><li>Professional Education: </li></ul><ul><li>System of formal education that prepares novices for highly skilled occupations such as law, medicine, and engineering, through a combination of theory and practice culminating in an award of certification, licensure, or other formal credential. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Hong Kong Education System <ul><li>Education in Hong Kong has a similar system to that of the United Kingdom in the history. </li></ul><ul><li>The mainstream education system in Hong Kong has often been described as “spoon-fed” with every emphasis is placed on the Ranking systems … </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Tertiary Education </li></ul>Normal Education System in HK <ul><li>Secondary School(S1-5) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>HKCEE in S5 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Secondary School(S6-7) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>HKAL in S7 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Primary School(P1-6) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Early Admissions Scheme for Secondary Six Students (EAS) <ul><li>Students tend to choose the professional programmes </li></ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The most popular U: HKU, CUHK, UST </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most popular courses: Medicine, Business Administration (Law/ Global Management) </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. From the government‘s point of view
  8. 8. Education Reform <ul><li>In September 2000, the Education Commission (EC) has submitted </li></ul><ul><li>The Reform Proposals for the Education in Hong Kong. </li></ul><ul><li>Aims to establish a student-focused education system which conducive to life-long learning and whole-person development. </li></ul>
  9. 9. One of the major reforms is the change of curricula, in addition to enhance students’ academic knowledge, the curricula also included liberal studies and other learning experiences
  10. 10. Curriculum Reform
  11. 11. Drawbacks of the Current Secondary Academic Structure <ul><li>To in line with the aims and objectives of the education reform, the EC also proposed the Educational Philosophy of a 3-year Senior Secondary Academic Structure (334 Scheme). </li></ul>
  12. 12. 334 Scheme
  13. 13. 334 Curriculum
  14. 14. From the POV of Students <ul><li>Current system creates a relatively high stress for students </li></ul>
  15. 15. POV of students towards current system <ul><li>Stressful school life </li></ul><ul><li>Examination-oriented </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Higher score= more clever?= top of the men? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Knowledge from syllabus could not be applied in real life </li></ul><ul><li>HKCEE in 2009: 6340 students got “0” score (out of 115,000 participants) </li></ul><ul><li>HKAL: less than 30% students could be admitted to universities </li></ul>
  16. 16. Change of system in Tertiary Education <ul><li>General education courses are injected into universities </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: “University life” in HKBU, “Outline of Chinese Culture” in CUHK etc. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Feedback of Students towards general education subjects <ul><li>Broaden scope of horizon </li></ul><ul><li>Interest cultivation and increase creativity </li></ul><ul><li>EQ training </li></ul><ul><li>Problem-solving skills training </li></ul><ul><li>Increase morality and understand one’s responsibility </li></ul>
  18. 18. POV of employers <ul><li>Expectation: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Graduates should have the latest and professional knowledge and skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Graduates should have good interpersonal skills and be moral </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Graduates should be adaptable in different environment </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Professional education offering knowledge and skill </li></ul><ul><li>General education offering “the sense of real life” to students </li></ul><ul><li>Both education systems are interdependent </li></ul>POV of employers
  20. 20. Conclusion <ul><li>Value of “high score” among students, parents and employers are difficultly changed </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous investment in general education are needed </li></ul><ul><li>Broaden range of choices of subjects </li></ul><ul><li>Increase interaction between facilitators and students </li></ul>

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