Neighborhood Design and the EnergyEfficiency of Urban Lifestyle in China:Treating Residence and Mobility as Lifestyle Bund...
IntroductionOutline• Introduction• Theory• Context and Methods• Qualitative Analysis• Vehicle Portfolio Choice• Lifestyle ...
IntroductionGlobal Primary Energy ConsumptionTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumpti...
IntroductionChina’s Energy TrendsTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &Co...
IntroductionChina’s Net Energy ImportsTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolic...
IntroductionResearch QuestionTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &Conclu...
IntroductionUrban Lifestyle-VehiclesTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy ...
IntroductionUrban Lifestyle-AppliancesTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolic...
IntroductionTheory• Energy analysis• Consumer behavior and location choice• Form and travel• Form and residential energy• ...
IntroductionEnergy AnalysisTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &Conclusi...
IntroductionConsumer Behavior, Location ChoiceTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumpt...
IntroductionForm and TravelTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &Conclusi...
IntroductionForm and Residential EnergyTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPoli...
IntroductionConcept of LifestyleTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &Con...
Household CharacteristicsNeighborhood Design IndicatorsResidentialChoiceVehiclePortfolioChoiceIn-home Energy UseTravel Ene...
IntroductionResearch ContextTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &Conclus...
IntroductionNeighborhood TypesTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &Concl...
Traditional
Grid
Enclave
Superblocks
TESGESEE S
TESGESESGGEETSSSSE STESS
TESGESESGGEETSSSE STESSS
IntroductionAnalysis Methods• Qualitative• Interview• Quantitative• Vehicle Portfolio Choice Model• Lifestyle Bundle Choic...
IntroductionMultinomial LogitTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &Conclu...
IntroductionLatent Class ChoiceTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &Conc...
IntroductionStructural Equation Model with IV’sTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsump...
IntroductionElasticities and SimulationsTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPol...
IntroductionQuantitative DataTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &Conclu...
IntroductionQualitative DataTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &Conclus...
IntroductionSample ComparisonTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &Conclu...
IntroductionQualitative AnalysisTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &Con...
IntroductionHierarchy of LifestyleTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &C...
IntroductionLifestyle Groups and IndicatorsTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumption...
IntroductionLifestyle BundleTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &Conclus...
Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionAttitudes, P...
IntroductionHypothesesTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &Conclusion• L...
Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionQuantitative...
ResidentialChoiceIn-home Energy UseTravel Energy UseRent/ OwnNeighborhoodUnit SizeIntroduction TheoryContext &MethodsInter...
Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionHousehold Ch...
Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionVehicle Port...
Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &Conclusion
Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionUtilityVehic...
IntroductionVehicle Portfolio Choice SimulationIncome EffectTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundle...
IntroductionVehicle Portfolio Choice SimulationUnderground ParkingTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyle...
IntroductionVehicle Portfolio Choice SimulationBuilding FootprintTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleB...
IntroductionVehicle Portfolio Choice SimulationStreet-level ShopsTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleB...
IntroductionVehicle Portfolio Choice SimulationWalking FacilitiesTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleB...
IntroductionVehicle Portfolio Choice SimulationDistance between EntriesTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLife...
IntroductionLifestyle BundleTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &Conclus...
Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &Conclusion
IntroductionLifestyle Bundle in JinanTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy...
IntroductionLifestyle Bundle in JinanTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy...
Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionHousehold Ch...
Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionHousehold Ch...
Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionUtilityLifes...
IntroductionLifestyle Bundle Choice (LCM)TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPo...
Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionVehicle Port...
Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionIncomeEffect
Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionEffectofUnde...
Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionEffectofSurf...
Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionEffectofWalk...
Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionEffectofComp...
Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionEffectofRent...
IntroductionEnergy ConsumptionTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &Concl...
IntroductionHousehold Travel Energy ConsumptionTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsump...
Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionHousehold In...
Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionHousehold Ch...
Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionHousehold Ch...
Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionNeighborhood...
Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionBundle Choic...
Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionEnergy Consu...
Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionEffectofKida...
Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionEffectofRent...
Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionNeighborhood...
Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionNeighborhood...
Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionNeighborhood...
Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionVariable E (...
IntroductionImplications and Limitations• Summary of findings• Lifestyle bundle• Lifestyle group and decision-making mecha...
Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &Conclusion
Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionEnergy Effic...
Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionEnergy Effic...
Conclusion
Neighborhood Design and Energy Efficient Lifestyle in China: Treating Residence and Mobility as Lifestyle Bundle
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  • Talk about three initial hypotheses
  • Neighborhood Design and Energy Efficient Lifestyle in China: Treating Residence and Mobility as Lifestyle Bundle

    1. 1. Neighborhood Design and the EnergyEfficiency of Urban Lifestyle in China:Treating Residence and Mobility as Lifestyle BundleYang Chen07/27/2012
    2. 2. IntroductionOutline• Introduction• Theory• Context and Methods• Qualitative Analysis• Vehicle Portfolio Choice• Lifestyle Bundle Choice• Energy Consumption• Implications & LimitationsTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &Conclusion
    3. 3. IntroductionGlobal Primary Energy ConsumptionTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionData Source: BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2012
    4. 4. IntroductionChina’s Energy TrendsTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionData Source: China Energy Statistical Year Book 2011
    5. 5. IntroductionChina’s Net Energy ImportsTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionData Source: IEA (2010), "World Indicators", IEA World Energy Statistics and Balances (database)Percentage of Net Energy Import in Total Energy Supply
    6. 6. IntroductionResearch QuestionTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &Conclusion• How does neighborhood design influencehouseholds’ direct energy consumption inChinese cities?– Direct energy consumption– Urbanization & Changing Lifestyles– Neighborhood level
    7. 7. IntroductionUrban Lifestyle-VehiclesTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionSource: author’s calculation based on China Statistical Year Book 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, and 2011
    8. 8. IntroductionUrban Lifestyle-AppliancesTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionSource: author’s calculation based on China Statistical Year Book 1991-2011
    9. 9. IntroductionTheory• Energy analysis• Consumer behavior and location choice• Form and travel• Form and residential energy• The concept of lifestyleTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &Conclusion
    10. 10. IntroductionEnergy AnalysisTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionLifestyle-oriented Energy and Emission Model Structure. Adopted from Weber and Perrels (2000)
    11. 11. IntroductionConsumer Behavior, Location ChoiceTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionDistance to City CenterBid Rent of Urban Land ($/acre)City Center
    12. 12. IntroductionForm and TravelTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionNet Utility Curves of Difference Modes, adopted from Maat et al. (2005)
    13. 13. IntroductionForm and Residential EnergyTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionCausal Paths between Urban Form and Residential Energy ConsumptionBased on Ewing and Rong (2008)Urban Form-Density-Accessibility-CentralityHousing Stock-Size-TypeLocal Climate(e.g. Temperature)Residential EnergyConsumptionHousing ChoiceUrban Heat IslandSolar/Wind
    14. 14. IntroductionConcept of LifestyleTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionDemandBehaviorAttitudes, Perceptions, PreferencesValues
    15. 15. Household CharacteristicsNeighborhood Design IndicatorsResidentialChoiceVehiclePortfolioChoiceIn-home Energy UseTravel Energy UseRent/ OwnNeighborhoodUnit SizeE-bikesMotorcyclesCarsHousehold CharacteristicsNeighborhood Design IndicatorsResidentialChoiceVehiclePortfolioChoiceIn-home Energy UseTravel Energy UseRent/ OwnNeighborhoodUnit SizeE-bikesMotorcyclesCarsHousehold CharacteristicsNeighborhood Design IndicatorsResidentialChoiceVehiclePortfolioChoiceIn-home Energy UseTravel Energy UseRent/ OwnNeighborhoodUnit SizeE-bikesMotorcyclesCarsIntroduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionHousehold CharacteristicsNeighborhood Design IndicatorsResidentialChoiceVehiclePortfolioChoiceTrip RateModeDistanceApplianceOwnershipIn-home Energy UseTravel Energy UseRent/ OwnNeighborhoodUnit SizeE-bikesMotorcyclesCarsNeighborhood Design Indicators
    16. 16. IntroductionResearch ContextTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionJinan
    17. 17. IntroductionNeighborhood TypesTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionGraphs by “Making the Clean Energy City in China” MIT Form Team, adopted from Year 2 ReportTraditionalGrid (1920s)Enclave (1980-1990s)Superblock (-2000s)
    18. 18. Traditional
    19. 19. Grid
    20. 20. Enclave
    21. 21. Superblocks
    22. 22. TESGESEE S
    23. 23. TESGESESGGEETSSSSE STESS
    24. 24. TESGESESGGEETSSSE STESSS
    25. 25. IntroductionAnalysis Methods• Qualitative• Interview• Quantitative• Vehicle Portfolio Choice Model• Lifestyle Bundle Choice Model• Energy Consumption Model• Elasticity and SimulationTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &Conclusion
    26. 26. IntroductionMultinomial LogitTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionUtilityExplanatory Variables XinRevealed Choiceis extreme value i.i.d.
    27. 27. IntroductionLatent Class ChoiceTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &Conclusion
    28. 28. IntroductionStructural Equation Model with IV’sTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &Conclusion
    29. 29. IntroductionElasticities and SimulationsTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &Conclusion• Elasticity• Sample Enumeration• Simulation• Sample average vs. median household• Stack graph• Line graph• Dummy variables
    30. 30. IntroductionQuantitative DataTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &Conclusion• Household Survey (n=4161)• GIS data (23 neighborhoods)
    31. 31. IntroductionQualitative DataTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &Conclusion• Stratified (quota) sampling + snowballsampling• Semi-structured Interviews (n=35)• Retrospective description of residential choiceand vehicle ownership decisions; energy-usinghabits; lifestyle related attitudes; etc.
    32. 32. IntroductionSample ComparisonTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionInterviewRespondentsHouseholdSurveyJinan UrbanResidents*sample size (# of households) 35 4,161 1.1 millionhousehold size 3.31** 3.03 3.08household disposable income (yuan/year) 148,333 77,571 77,989# of employed household members 1.57 1.66 1.49# of car per household 0.67 0.36 0.23unit size (m2) 96.6 88.4 90.6percentage of single 3% 7% n.a.percentage of couple 20% 21% n.a.percentage of couple with kid 54% 44% n.a.* data from Jinan Statistical Year Book 2011 for 2010 data, italic shows data for 2009** there is an outlier with 11 household members in the family
    33. 33. IntroductionQualitative AnalysisTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &Conclusion
    34. 34. IntroductionHierarchy of LifestyleTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionDemandBehaviorAttitudes, Perceptions, PreferencesValuesPurchase/Ownership Behavior:Residential and vehicle portfolio choiceUsage Behavior:Habits of travel and in-home operation
    35. 35. IntroductionLifestyle Groups and IndicatorsTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionJob-orientedChild-orientedBudget-orientedAmenity-oriented
    36. 36. IntroductionLifestyle BundleTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &Conclusion• Resource Constraint and Timing• Accessibility and Parking• Attitudes, Perceptions, Preferences and Values
    37. 37. Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionAttitudes, Perceptions, PreferencesValuesPurchase/Ownership Behavior:Residential and vehicle portfolio choiceUsage Behavior:Habits of travel and in-home operationPeer EffectExperiencefeedbackValueformationPeerEffectBundle AlternativeAttributese.g. Neighborhood Design
    38. 38. IntroductionHypothesesTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &Conclusion• Lifestyle Bundle• Lifestyle Groups• Neighborhood Design Influences both BundleChoice and Lifestyle Groups
    39. 39. Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionQuantitative Analysis
    40. 40. ResidentialChoiceIn-home Energy UseTravel Energy UseRent/ OwnNeighborhoodUnit SizeIntroduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionHousehold CharacteristicsNeighborhood Design IndicatorsVehiclePortfolioChoiceE-bikesMotorcyclesCarsResidentialChoiceIn-home Energy UseTravel Energy UseRent/ OwnNeighborhoodUnit Size
    41. 41. Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionHousehold CharacteristicsNeighborhood Design IndicatorsResidentialChoiceIn-home Energy UseTravel Energy UseRent/ OwnNeighborhoodUnit SizeVehiclePortfolioChoiceNoneE-bikes OnlyMotorcyclesCars OnlyCar Plus Other
    42. 42. Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionVehicle PortfolioNo Motorized VehiclesE-bikes onlyMotorcyclesCars onlyCar and other
    43. 43. Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &Conclusion
    44. 44. Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionUtilityVehicle Portfolio ChoiceAlternative Attributes ZkHousehold Attributes XnResidential Attributes RnUtilityAlternative Attributes ZkHousehold Attributes XnVehicle Portfolio ChoiceUtilityVehicle Portfolio ChoiceAlternative Attributes ZkHousehold Attributes XnNeighborhood Indicators NnModel Structure (MNL)
    45. 45. IntroductionVehicle Portfolio Choice SimulationIncome EffectTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &Conclusion
    46. 46. IntroductionVehicle Portfolio Choice SimulationUnderground ParkingTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &Conclusion
    47. 47. IntroductionVehicle Portfolio Choice SimulationBuilding FootprintTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &Conclusion
    48. 48. IntroductionVehicle Portfolio Choice SimulationStreet-level ShopsTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &Conclusion
    49. 49. IntroductionVehicle Portfolio Choice SimulationWalking FacilitiesTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &Conclusion
    50. 50. IntroductionVehicle Portfolio Choice SimulationDistance between EntriesTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &Conclusion
    51. 51. IntroductionLifestyle BundleTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionLife CourseLikelihoodofResidentialConditionOwningRentingParental HomeEmployer-provided Housing
    52. 52. Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &Conclusion
    53. 53. IntroductionLifestyle Bundle in JinanTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &Conclusion
    54. 54. IntroductionLifestyle Bundle in JinanTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &Conclusion
    55. 55. Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionHousehold CharacteristicsNeighborhood Design IndicatorsResidentialChoiceNoneE-bikes OnlyMotorcyclesCars OnlyCar Plus OtherVehiclePortfolioChoiceIn-home Energy UseTravel Energy UseLarge UnitMedium UnitSmall Unit
    56. 56. Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionHousehold CharacteristicsNeighborhood Design IndicatorsIn-home Energy UseTravel Energy UseLifestyle Bundle ChoiceIn-home Energy UseTravel Energy Use1. Small Unit2. Medium Unit3. Large Unit0. No Vehicle1. E-bikes Only2. Motorcycles3. Cars Only4. Cars Plus OtherLifestyle Bundle ChoiceResidential Choice Vehicle Portfolio Choice
    57. 57. Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionUtilityLifestyleGroupsBundle ChoiceAlternative Attributes ZkHousehold Attributes XnNeighborhood Indicators NnClassMembershipModelClass-SpecificChoice Model
    58. 58. IntroductionLifestyle Bundle Choice (LCM)TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &Conclusion1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14S-0 S-1 S-2 S-3 S-4 M-0 M-1 M-2 M-3 M-4 L-0 L-1 L-3 L-4“Budget-oriented”“Typical Urban”“Amenity-oriented”
    59. 59. Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionVehicle Portfolio Choice Housing Unit Size Choice“Budget-oriented”(Class 1)“TypicalUrban”(Class 2)“Amenity-oriented”(Class 3)
    60. 60. Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionIncomeEffect
    61. 61. Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionEffectofUndergroundParking
    62. 62. Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionEffectofSurfaceParking
    63. 63. Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionEffectofWalkingFacilities
    64. 64. Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionEffectofCompanyCarAccess
    65. 65. Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionEffectofRenting
    66. 66. IntroductionEnergy ConsumptionTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &Conclusion
    67. 67. IntroductionHousehold Travel Energy ConsumptionTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionNotes: India 2005 data extracted from (Reddy and Balachandra, 2010), the rest data for international cities extracted from (Kenworthy,2008). Per capita travel energy consumption is converted to household travel energy consumption assuming household size = 3.
    68. 68. Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionHousehold In-home Energy ConsumptionNotes: International comparison data from (Nakagami et al., 2008)
    69. 69. Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionHousehold CharacteristicsNeighborhood Design IndicatorsResidentialChoiceNoneE-bikes OnlyMotorcyclesCars OnlyCar Plus OtherVehiclePortfolioChoiceIn-home Energy UseTravel Energy UseLarge UnitMedium UnitSmall Unit
    70. 70. Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionHousehold CharacteristicsNeighborhood Design IndicatorsIn-home Energy UseTravel Energy UseLifestyle Bundle Choice
    71. 71. Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionNeighborhoodDesign IndicatorsHouseholdAttributes XnTravel EnergyIn-home EnergyetIV’s:Lifestyle Bundle(e.g. Plarge_car,Pmedium_nocar)Travel Attitude AnehNeighborhoodDesign Indicatorsand HouseholdAttributes onlyinfluencing travelNeighborhood DesignIndicators andHousehold Attributesonly influencingresidential
    72. 72. Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionBundle Choice as IV’sAlternativeIDLifestyle Bundle ChoiceIVsResidential Vehicle Portfolio1 Small Unit No Motorized VehicleP(small unit without car)2 Small Unit Own E-bikes only3 Small Unit Own Motorcycles (only or plus e-bikes)4 Small Unit Own Cars onlyP(small unit with car)5 Small Unit Own Cars and Other Vehicles6 Medium Unit No Motorized VehicleP(medium unit without car)7 Medium Unit Own E-bikes only8 Medium Unit Own Motorcycles (only or plus e-bikes)9 Medium Unit Own Cars onlyP(medium unit with car)10 Medium Unit Own Cars and Other Vehicles11 Large Unit No Motorized VehicleP(large unit without car)12 Large Unit Own E-bikes only13 Large Unit Own Cars onlyP(large unit with car)14 Large Unit Own Cars and Other Vehicles
    73. 73. Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionEnergy Consumption SimulationIncome Effect
    74. 74. Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionEffectofKidandSenior
    75. 75. Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionEffectofRentingandCompanyCarAccess
    76. 76. Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionNeighborhoodDesignEffect:F.A.R.andUndergroundParking
    77. 77. Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionNeighborhoodDesignEffect:BuildingfootprintandContinuity
    78. 78. Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionNeighborhoodDesignEffect:DistancebetweenEntriesandWalkingFacilities
    79. 79. Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionVariable E (In-home) E(Travel ) E(Total Energy)Household Income 0.038 0.168 0.042Provision of Designated Surface Parking (m2/hh) 0.046 0.214 0.051Provision of Designated Underground Parking (space/hh) 0.004 0.002 0.003F.A.R. 0 -1.027 -0.048Average Building Footprint (m2) 0.483 1.326 0.529Continuity of Street Facade -2.531 -6.206 -2.684Average Distance between Neighborhood Entries (m2) -0.045 -0.213 -0.050Building Function Mix 0 0.591 0.019Surface-to-Volume Ratio 0.354 0 0.342Building Wind Index (summer) -2.750 0 -2.627Regional Accessibility (Public Space) -0.018 -0.071 -0.019Regional Accessibility (Shopping) 0.011 0.036 0.011Regional Accessibility (Office) -0.008 -0.084 -0.010Percentage of Roads with Trees 0 0.037 0.001Percentage of Roads with Street-level Shops 0.070 0.150 0.071Percentage of Roads with Walking Facilities -0.093 -0.470 -0.103Have Kid in the Family* 10.784 41.298 11.888Have Senior People in the Family* 17.376 -36.071 14.760Access to a Company/Business Car* 2.781 11.014 2.966Renting* -32.892 -16.465 -31.905
    80. 80. IntroductionImplications and Limitations• Summary of findings• Lifestyle bundle• Lifestyle group and decision-making mechanisms• Neighborhood design influences bothTheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &Conclusion
    81. 81. Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &Conclusion
    82. 82. Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionEnergy Efficient Neighborhood Design
    83. 83. Introduction TheoryContext &MethodsInterviewVehiclePortfolioLifestyleBundleEnergyConsumptionPolicy &ConclusionEnergy Efficient Neighborhood Design
    84. 84. Conclusion

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