England is a country that is part
of the United Kingdom. It shares
land borders with Scotland to the
north and Wales to the west;
the Irish Sea is to the north west,
the Celtic Sea to the south west,
while the North Sea to the east and
the English Channel to the south
separate it from continental Europe.
Most of England comprises the
central and southern part of the
island of Great Britain in the North
islands such as the Isles of Scilly and
the Isle of Wight.
The Royal Arms of England
The Tudor rose,
England's national floral
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service
broadcasting corporation headquartered in London, United Kingdom. It is the
largest broadcaster in the world by number of employees. The BBC operates
several television channels in the UK of which BBC One and BBC Two are the
flagship television channels. In addition to these two flagship channels, the BBC
operates several digital only stations: BBC Three, BBC Four, BBC News, BBC
Parliament, and two children's channels, CBBC and CBeebies.
ITV is a major commercial public service TV network in the United
Kingdom. Launched in 1955 under the auspices of the Independent
Television Authority(ITA) to provide competition to the BBC, it is also the
oldest commercial network in the UK.
E4 is a British digital television channel. The "E" stands for entertainment, and
the channel is mainly aimed at the lucrative 15–35 age group. Programming
includes U.S. imports such as The Cleveland Show, The O.C., Smallville, Veronica
Mars, Everwood, What About Brian?, Desperate Housewives, How I Met Your
Mother, 90210, One Tree Hill, Ugly Betty, Scrubs, Rules of Engagement, The Big Bang
Theory and formerly Friends. Other programming includes British shows such
as Misfits, The Ricky Gervais Show, Shameless, Hollyoaks, Skins, The
Inbetweeners and Made in Chelsea.
BBC Radio is a service of
Corporation which has operated
in the United Kingdom. The
service provides national radio
stations covering the majority of
musical genres, as well as local
radio stations covering local
news, affairs and interests.
Internally, BBC Radio is now
organised under the banner
of BBC Audio & Music, which
also oversees online audio
station operated by the British
Broadcasting Corporation which
also broadcasts internationally,
specialising in current popular
music and chart hits throughout the
day. Radio 1 provides alternative
genres after 7:00 pm, including
electronic dance, hip hop, rock or
interviews. It is aimed primarily at
the 15–29 age group, although the
average age of the audience is 33.
The Hits Radio is a popular mainstream music channel operated by Bauer
Media. The Station forms part of the Bauer Passion Portfolio. It is the biggest
digital commercial radio station in Europe. The station presents a mix of
music genres along with chat and regular news updates. It has the same logo
identity as the former The Hits television channel.
The X Factor is a British television programme, in which
ordinary people who want to be singers compete for a
recording contract and a cash prize. It is shown from
August-December each year on Saturdays and Sundays on
the channel ITV.
There are four judges on the show, Gary Barlow, Tulisa
Contostavlos, Louis Walsh and Nicole Scherzinger.
Originally there were only three judges: Simon Cowell,
Louis Walsh and Sharon Osbourne.
There have been eight winners to date: Steve Brookstein,
Shayne Ward, Leona Lewis, Leon Jackson, Alexandra
Burke, Joe McElderry, Matt Cardle and Little Mix.
Winners receive a recording contract with record label
Syco Music with a stated value of £1 million.
The show is the biggest television talent competition in
Europe and has proved hugely popular with the public.
The first three series of the show were hosted by Kate
Thornton. Thornton was replaced from series 4
by Dermot O'Leary.
The Pride of Britain Awards is an annual event in the United Kingdom,
honouring British people who have acted bravely or extraordinarily in
challenging situations. The awards were founded by Peter Willis, an associate
editor of the Daily Mirror, under the editorship of Piers Morgan. The first Pride
of Britain Awards were held at the Dorchester Hotel, Mayfair, London in May
The 14th Pride of Britain Awards ceremony was held at Grosvenor House in
London on 29 October 2012 and televised the following day. It was hosted
by Carol Vorderman.
The Brit Awards are the British
Phonographic Industry's annual pop
music awards and the British equivalent of
the American Grammy Awards. The
awards began in 1977 and as annual event
in 1982 under the auspices of the British
record industry's trade association, the
BPI. The last BPI Awards show was the
first of the ceremonies to be broadcast on
television, by the BBC. The Brit Awards
Fleetwood hosted a widely criticised show
rehearsed. Subsequently, the event was
recorded and broadcast the following
night. From 2007, the Brit Awards reverted
to a live broadcast on British television, on
14 February on ITV.
MAIN EVENTS IN
The Diamond Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II is a
multinational celebration throughout 2012 marking
the 60th anniversary of the accession of
Queen Elizabeth II to the thrones of seven
countries upon the death of her father,
King George VI, on 6 February 1952. Following
the tradition of jubilees past, a Diamond Jubilee
medal is being awarded in various countries and
holidays and events will be held throughout the
Commonwealth. Unlike during her Golden Jubilee,
when the Queen toured most of her countries
around the world, for the Diamond Jubilee,
Elizabeth II toured the United Kingdom only, while
her children and some of her grandchildren
undertook tours of the Commonwealth realms and
other member-states of the Commonwealth of
DIAMOND JUBILEE CONCERT
The Diamond Jubilee Concert was held on 4
June 2012 outside Buckingham Palace on The
Mall in London. Organised by BBC Events with
help from Gary Barlow, the concert was part
The Diamond Jubilee Concert followed two
concerts held at the palace for the Queen's Golden
Jubilee a decade earlier – the classical Prom at the
Palace and the pop themed Party at the Palace.
The concert was partially attended by the Queen,
who arrived at 9pm, but not by Prince Philip who
had been taken to hospital with a bladder
infection earlier in the day. Prince Charles and
other members of the royal family attended the
2012 SUMMER OLYMPICS
The 2012 Summer Olympics, officially
the Games of the XXX Olympiad and
commonly known as London 2012, was a major
international multi-sport event celebrated in the
tradition of the Olympic Games, as governed by
the International Olympic Committee (IOC). It
took place in London, United Kingdom, from 27
July to 12 August 2012. The first event, the group
stage in women's football, began two days earlier,
on 25 July. More than 10,000 athletes from
204 National Olympic Committees (NOCs)
THE OPENING CEREMONY
The opening ceremony of the 2012 Summer Olympic Games took place on the
evening of Friday 27 July in the Olympic Stadium, London. As mandated by the
Olympic Charter, the proceedings combined the formal and ceremonial
opening of this international sporting event, including welcoming speeches,
hoisting of the flags and the parade of athletes, with an artistic spectacle to
showcase the host nation’s culture. For London 2012 the Games were formally
opened by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II. The spectacle was entitled Isles of
Wonder and directed by Academy Award-winning British film director Danny
Boyle, with music specially written by electronic music group Underworld.
The ceremony began at 21:00 BST and lasted almost four hours. It was
watched by an estimated worldwide television audience of 900
million, becoming the most-viewed Olympic opening ceremony in both the US
THE CLOSING CEREMONY
The closing ceremony of the London 2012 Summer Olympics, also known as A
Symphony of British Music, was held on 12 August in the Olympic Stadium. The
event was created by Kim Gavin, Es Devlin, Stephen Daldry, David
Arnold and Mark Fisher. The worldwide broadcast began at 21:00 BST(UTC+1) and
finished at 00:11, lasting three hours and eleven minutes. The stadium had been
turned into a giant repersentation of the Union Flag, designed by Damian Hirst.
Around 4,100 people partook in the ceremony; which reportably cost £20
million. The 2012 Summer Olympics were officially closed by Jacques Rogge, who
called London's games "happy and glorious." The ceremony included a handover to
the next host city for the 2016 Summer Olympics, Rio de Janeiro and saw the
Olympic flame extinguished and the flag lowered. The main part of the evening
featured a one hour symphony of British Music as a number of British Pop acts
appeared. Tributes to John Lennon and Freddy Mercury and the fashion industry
were included in the section. Rio marked the handover with an eight minute section
known as Embrace created by Cao Hamburger and Daniela Thomas featuring Pele.
Sebastian Coe gave a speech and the volunteers of London 2012 were thanked.