Networks, Power & States: Internet reshaping world politics

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Is the Internet reshaping world politics and foreign policy? Short talk on South School on Internet Governance, April 2011 at Mexico City.

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Networks, Power & States: Internet reshaping world politics

  1. 1. Networks, Power & States:Internet reshaping world politics Yamil GlobalSouth School on Internet Salinas InternetGovernance - SSIG 2011 Martínez Governance
  2. 2. January, 2001Manila,Phillipines
  3. 3. January, 2011Tahrir Sq. Cairo, Egypt
  4. 4. 2001 2011
  5. 5. 2001 2011
  6. 6. swarming & the future of conflict
  7. 7. information networks & political mobilization
  8. 8. January, 2010Secretary ClintonʼsInternet Freedom Speech
  9. 9. “As in the dictatorships of the past, governments are targeting independent thinkers who use these tools (...) a new information curtain is descending across much of the world.”Source: “Remarks on Internet Freedom” http://www.state.gov/secretary/rm/2010/01/135519.htm
  10. 10. Internet ecosystem as a foreign policy tool?
  11. 11. International media“cyber-revolutions”
  12. 12. but can social media make a revolution?
  13. 13. Carter Reagan Bush ClintonHosni Mubarak Bush 30 years Obamain power.
  14. 14. 24,8 Egypt pop. 1/3 Less than median age fourteen yearsSource: Wolphram Alpha - CIA World Factbook
  15. 15. 100 > 90% 80 Almost 1million per month* 60 40 > 24% 20 % Mobile Penetration % Internet Penetration 0 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010Sources: Egypt Ministry of Communication and Information Technology http://www.mcit.gov.eg/ (*) Gartner Mobile Device Forecast 2011
  16. 16. Jan 27 information blackoutSource: Arbor Networks - http://asert.arbornetworks.com/2011/01/egypt-loses-the-internet/
  17. 17. real-lifedistributed network Sources: Baran, Paul (1969) On Distributed Communications, RAND Corporation.
  18. 18. 3 final remarks
  19. 19. age of “net foreign policy” state pressure is back.
  20. 20. 1Old ways can make InternetGovernance multi-stakeholderismfade. Force debate & engagement.
  21. 21. avoid cyber-optimism “Youth of Egypt, beware rumors and listen to the sound of reason, Egypt is above all so preserve it.” & naivety.
  22. 22. 2Authoritarian governments andcensors can be tech-savvy too.
  23. 23. avoid social media hype & look deeper.
  24. 24. 3Twitter and Facebook donʼt makerevolutions. People do the change.
  25. 25. thanks! http://www.yamilsalinas.net @yamilsalinasThis presentation is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution - Share a like 2.0 generic.http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/
  26. 26. sources• Al Jazeera http://english.aljazeera.net/• Arquilla, John & David Ronfeldt (XXXX) “Swarming and the Future of Conflict” RAND - National Defense Research Institute http://www.rand.org/pubs/documented_briefings/2005/RAND_DB311.pdf• Egypt Ministry of Communications and Information Technology - Indicators http://www.mcit.gov.eg/Indicators/Indicators.aspx• De Ugarte, David (2009) “El poder de las redes” El Cobre, Madrid. http://www.lasindias.net/indianopedia/ciberturba• Clinton, Hillary (2010) “Remarks on Internet Freedom” State.gov http://www.state.gov/secretary/rm/2010/01/135519.htm• Arbor Networks http://asert.arbornetworks.com/2011/01/egypt-loses-the-internet/• Wolfram Alpha http://www.wolframalpha.com/

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