Sleep disorders


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Sleep disorders

  1. 1. Sleep disorders By Yale, Richard, and Thomas
  2. 2. Insomnia  <ul><li>If you have insomnia you will have dificulty falling asleep and/or staying asleep.  </li></ul>These are some of the Symptoms of Insomnia are... -Difficulty falling asleep or waking up in the morning  -Feeling really tired in the morning -Waking up often in the middle of the night and not being able to fall asleep o
  3. 3.                     Insomnia <ul><li>You can get insomnia by... </li></ul><ul><li>-Severe stress  </li></ul><ul><li>-Illness  </li></ul><ul><li>-Emotional or physical discomfort </li></ul><ul><li>-Interference in normal sleep paterns  </li></ul>
  4. 4. Sleep Apnea <ul><li>Cause: </li></ul><ul><li>Sleep Apnea occurs when your breathing is inturupted in the middle of your slumber by a pillow or other wise.  </li></ul><ul><li>Population: </li></ul><ul><li>Sleep Apnea is the most common in men, overweight people. and people over 40.  </li></ul><ul><li>Effects: </li></ul><ul><li>Sleep Apnea can result in hypertension, stroke, or heart failure. </li></ul>
  5. 5.   <ul><li>Scientists have discovered that people with Sleep Apnea have lost brain tissue. The tissue that's lost is in the the memory area of the brain which causes memory damage.  </li></ul> 
  6. 6. Parasomnia  <ul><li>A night terror also known as a sleep terror , incubus attack ,  pavor nocturnus, or DSM-IV Axis I: 307.46 are some names for Parasomnia disorder. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Parasomnia  <ul><li>-There are medical solutions for Night Terrors, it is not demon possession. </li></ul><ul><li>-Most commonly affects children that are 2-6 years old but can affect anybody. It is also genetic. </li></ul><ul><li>-Typically occurs a couple of hours after falling asleep. </li></ul><ul><li>-Symptoms: bolting upright, continuous fear/terror, screaming, sweating, confusion, and no memory of what happened. </li></ul><ul><li>-Can last between 5-20 minutes and the sleepers eyes may be open. </li></ul><ul><li>-Do not try to comfort someone who is having a night terror and do not tell them about it when they wake up. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Sleep Paralysis <ul><li>What: </li></ul><ul><li>Sleep Paralysis is when you're awake but unable to move or speak.  </li></ul><ul><li>How: </li></ul><ul><li>Sleep Paralysis, in rare cases, is caused by deep physiological problems or disturbances. When a person is about to fall asleep and preparing to enter REM sleep, they remain awake and are therefore concious while there body shuts down. </li></ul><ul><li>Effect: </li></ul><ul><li>Sleep Paralysis is only a sign that your body isn't running smoothly, however it can cause extreme fear due to a feeling of helplessness. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Sleep Paralysis: Facts From Research <ul><li>Concious, But Helpless: </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Sleep paralasis occurs upon awakening or just falling asleep when patient is awake but unable to move. These experiences are often scary and can also involve unusual feelings.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>It's Genetic: </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;For some patients, these episodes occur frequently and appear to run in families.&quot; </li></ul>
  10. 10. Sleep Paralysis is often caused by fear!
  11. 11. Hypersomnia <ul><li>Hypersomnia is a sleeping disorder That makes people susceptible to fall asleep during the day and have trouble staying awake. People with Hypersomnia  can fall asleep while at work or driving. </li></ul>  Up forty percent of all people have  some Symptoms of hypersomnia from time to time.
  12. 12. Sleepwalking <ul><li>When: </li></ul><ul><li>Sleepwalking only occurs while a person is in a very deep sleep.  </li></ul><ul><li>Effect: </li></ul><ul><li>Once a person begins sleepwalking, it's very hard to wake that person up and they recall little to nothing of what they did. When a person is sleepwalking, they do activities they'd do when they're conscious but are still asleep.  </li></ul>
  13. 13. What someone would look like if they were sleepwalking!
  14. 14.                     Narcolepsy <ul><li>Narcolepsy is a neurological sleeping disorder that affects the control of sleep and sleepiness or wakefulness. People with narcolepsy can experiences sudden sleepiness when doing something. Narcolepsy usually begins between the ages of 15 and 25. in most cases narcolepsy is not diagnosed and therefore untreated. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Symptoms of Narcolepsy <ul><li>  Some symptoms of narcolepsy are hallucinations, sleep paralisis, Cataplexy ,and excessive daytime sleepiness. </li></ul><ul><li>  Sleep paralisis is when you are falling asleep or waking up your cant move or speak for a few seconds or several minutes.  </li></ul><ul><li>Cataplexy is when you lose control of your muscles. this can mean total collapse or just slurred speech. </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive daytime sleepiness is when people have lack of energy and concentration, memory lapses, and a depressed mood. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Snoring <ul><li>Why: </li></ul><ul><li>Snoring is caused by vibrations in the respiratory system that occur because of obstructions in air circulation while breathing.  </li></ul><ul><li>What: </li></ul><ul><li>Snoring is an indicator of possible Sleep Apnea. Muscle weakness and anything blocking the mouth or nose can cause Snoring. </li></ul>
  17. 17. &quot;They're getting sleep, but you're not.&quot;
  18. 18. Restless legs syndrome (RLS) <ul><li>A sleep disorder that causes a strong urge to move your arms or legs while laying down. </li></ul><ul><li>Symptons: </li></ul><ul><li>-Uncomfortable sensations deep within the legs, accompanied by a strong urge to move them </li></ul><ul><li>-The leg sensations are triggered by rest and get worse at night </li></ul><ul><li>-The uncomfortable sensations temporarily get better when you move, stretch, or massage your legs </li></ul><ul><li>-Repetitive cramping or jerking in the legs </li></ul>
  19. 19. Circadian rhythms sleep disorders <ul><li>-An internal biological clock that regulates our 24 hour sleep-wake cycle </li></ul><ul><li>-Light makes the brain tell the body to wake up in the morning </li></ul><ul><li>-When these circadian rhythms are interrupted you will feel groggy, disorientated, and tired randomly </li></ul><ul><li>-Some disruptions are jet lag and shift work sleeping problems </li></ul>
  20. 20. Sources <ul><li>- </li></ul><ul><li>- </li></ul><ul><li>- </li></ul><ul><li>- </li></ul><ul><li>- </li></ul>
  21. 21. The End!!!