Basic Definition Tachoma is a serious infection of the eye cause by the bacteria Chlamydiae trachomitis. If left untreated it can lead to blindness and severe scarring of the eyelids.
Symptoms Cloudy Cornea Discharge from Eye Swelling of the Lymph Nodes in Front of the Ears Swollen Eyelids Turned in EyelidsSymptoms take 5-12 days to appear after infection
Causes Contact with contaminated eyes, nose or throat secretions Direct contact with contaminated objects such as towels Facial contact with certain species of flies
Prevention and Treatment Prevention Proper Sanitation Avoiding Sharing Objects that Come in Contact with the Face and/or Eyes Keep Flies Away From the Face Treatment Antibiotics to Prevent Long Term Complications Surgery to Prevent or Fix Scars
Risk Factors and IncidenceMost Commonly Infected: ChildrenMost Affected Area Globally: Rural Areas in Developing NationsExtremely Rare in United States
History Dates back to 1900 BC Described by EgyptiansDiscussed and/or Researched by: Isa, an 11th Century Arab Physician Ancient Greek Physicians
In Conclusion… Trachoma is a very serious disease but it is yet to have a true cure. Millions of people around the world are blind because of Trachoma and nothing exists to fix their vision. Although Trachoma is not fatal it is still a serious problem that needs equally serious attention.