What is Leprosy?• Chronic disease caused by a bacillus, (disease causing bacterium) Mycobacterium leprae• Progressive and causes damage to skin and nervous system and incubation period is five years• Also called Hansens Disease after he figured out that the disease was infectious, not hereditary or by gods will Bacteria of Leprosy, Mychobacterium
Risk Factors?• Areas where leprosy is endemic: China, India, Japan, and southern parts of Africa• Physical contact with infected people• Sometimes genetic defects in immune system
Symptoms• Loss of temperature sensation• Eye damage• Numbness• Skin lesions• Large ulcerations• Muscle Weakness• Progressive Disfigurement
Transmission• Person to person by nasal secretions where droplets enter and do their work• Other droplets enter through breaks in skin• From animals and small insects
Treatments• Antibiotics such as: dapsone, rifampicin and clofazimine• Antibiotics can wipe out the bacteria that causes leprosy• Even though the disease is gone,the damage from the disease would still remain• Damages from leprosy can be fixed through surgery.
Outcomes of Leprosy• A good outcome: treated at early stage and avoids tissue and nerve damage• A bad outcome: If not treated(or treated too late) it can lead to: you lose feeling in eyes, hands, feet and parts of the face
Prevention• Avoid contact with another person who has Leprosy• You are 8 times more likely to get Leprosy when you are living with someone who has the disease• The disease is not highly contagious 95% of the time(but you should still be aware)• Sometimes animals carry this disease, so dont handle these animals especially if there wild• Washing hands and wearing glove while dealing with wild animals
Help People in NeedPlease donate as much money as possible for countries like India so we can help along with organizations such as the American Red Cross. Even the smallest of donations are very much appreciated.To Donate click link:http://www.redcross.org