The Figh of Ro'iya (Dreams in Islam) Given By Sh. Khaled Alazhari Imam of Ottawa Mosque [email_address]
فقه الاحلام في الاسلام THE RULES OF DREAMS IN ISLAM <ul><li> الرؤيا الصادقة وهي من أجزاء النبوة كما ثبت عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم أنه قال الرؤيا الصادقة جزء من ستة وأربعين جزءا من النبوة .( البخاري 6472 ومسلم 4201) the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “ True dreams are one of the forty-six parts of Prophethood .” (al-Bukhaari, 6472; Muslim, 4201) </li></ul><ul><li>. والرؤيا مبدأ الوحي .( البخاري 3 وسلم 231 ) 3. وصدقها بحسب صدق الرائي ، وأصدق الناس رؤيا </li></ul><ul><li>أصدقهم حديثا . مسلم 4200 </li></ul><ul><li>The truthfulness of the dream is related to the sincerity of the dreamer. Those who have the most truthful dreams are those who are the most truthful in speech. (Muslim, 4200) </li></ul>
وهي عند اقتراب الزمان لا تكاد تخطىء كما قال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم وذلك لبعد العهد بالنبوة وآثارها فيكون للمؤمنين شيء من العوض بالرؤيا التي فيها بشارة لهم أو تصبير وتثبيت على الدّين . ( البخاري 6499 وسلم 4200 ) Towards the end of time, hardly any dreams will be untrue. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “That will be because the Prophethood and its effects will be so far away in time, so the believers will be given some compensation in the form of dreams which will bring them some good news or will help them to be patient and steadfast in their faith .” (al-Bukhaari, 6499; Muslim, 4200)
Types of Dreams Dreams are of three types: (those that come from Allaah), (psychological, they come from within a person) and (those that come from the Shaytaan). The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Dreams are of three types: a dream from Allaah, a dream which causes distress and which comes from the Shaytaan, and a dream which comes from what a person thinks about when he is awake, and he sees it when he is asleep.” (al-Bukhaari, 6499; Muslim, 4200) Rahmaani Nafsaani Shaytaani
It was reported from Jaabir (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said : “If any one of you sees a dream that he dislikes, let him spit to his left three times, and seek refuge with Allaah from the Shaytaan three times, and turn over from the side on which he was sleeping.” (Narrated by Muslim, 5864) - وعن جابر رضي الله عنه ، عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال : " إذا رأى أحدكم الرؤيا يكرهها فليبصق عن يساره ثلاثاً ، وليستعذ بالله من الشيطان ثلاثاً ، وليتحول عن جنبه الذي كان عليه " . رواه مسلم (5864). Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said : “If any one of you sees a dream that he likes, this is from Allaah, so let him praise Allaah for it and talk about it to others. If he sees other than that, a dream that he dislikes, this is from the Shaytaan, so let him seek refuge with Allaah from its evil and not mention it to anyone, for it will not harm him.” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari , 6584, and Muslim, 5862). عن أبي سعيد الخدري رضي الله عنه ، قال : قال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم : " إذا رأى أحدكم رؤيا يحبها : فإنما هي من الله ، فليحمد الله عليها ، وليحدث بها ، وإذا رأى غير ذلك مما يكره : فإنما هي من الشيطان ، فليستعذ من شرها ولا يذكرها لأحد فإنها لا تضره " . رواه البخاري ( 6584 ) ومسلم ( 5862 ) .
- وعن أبي قتادة قال ، قال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم : " الرؤيا الصالحة من الله ، والحلُم من الشيطان ، فمَن رأى شيئا يكرهه فلينفث عن شماله ثلاثا وليتعوذ من الشيطان فإنها لا تضره ". In al-Bukhaari narrated from Abu Hurayrah : Whoever sees something he dislikes (in a dream) should not tell anyone about it; rather he should get up and pray. This was reported as a Mawsool report by Imaam Muslim in his Sahe رواه البخاري (6594) ومسلم (5862) . والنفث : نفخ لطيف لا ريق معه .
According to a hadeeth narrated from Abu Razeen by al-Tirmidhi, he should not tell anybody about it except a very close friend who loves him very much, or who is very wise. According to another report, he should not talk about it except to one who is wise or one who is dear to him. According to another report, he should not tell of his dream except to a scholar or one who will give sincere advice. Al-Qaadi Abu Bakr ibn al-‘Arabi said: as for the scholar, he will interpret it in a good way for him as much as he can, and the one who will give him sincere advice will teach him something that will be of benefit to him and will help him to do that. The one who is wise is the one who knows how to interpret it and will tell him only that which will help him, otherwise he will keep quiet. The one who is dear, if he knows something good he will say it, and if he does not know or he is in doubt, he will keep quiet. See Fath al-Baari, 12/369
قال ابن حجر : فحاصل ما ذكر من أدب الرؤيا الصالحة ثلاثة أشياء : أ . أن يحمد الله عليها . ب . وأن يستبشر بها . ج . وأن يتحدث بها لكن لمن يحب دون من يكره . وحاصل ما ذكر من أدب الرؤيا المكروهة أخمسة أشياء : 1 . أن يتعوذ بالله من شرها . ومن شر الشيطان . 2 . وأن يتفل حين يهب من نومه عن يساره ثلاثا . 3. وزاد مسلم : التحول من جنبه الذي كان عليه ..... 4- وقع ( في البخاري ) في باب القيد في المنام عن أبي هريرة رابعة وهي الصلاة ولفظه فمن رأى شيئا يكرهه فلا يقصّه على أحد وليقم فليصلّ ووصله الإمام مسلم في صحيحه . 5. ولا يذكرها لأحد أصلاً انظر : " فتح الباري " ( 12 / 370 ) .
The etiquette of Bad Dreams 1-To make Istihaza 2- To spit to his left three times 3- Do not mention it to anyone 4- To pray 5- To turn over from the side on which he was sleeping The etiquette of good Vision 1- praise Allah 2-Be happy 3- Tell only your beloved friends
The Prophet’s Vision The prophet told them about a dream he had. He said: "By Allâh, I have dreamt of cows slaughtered and that there was a groove at the pointed top of my sword, and that I had inserted my hand into an immune armour.“ إنّي قَدْ رَأَيْت وَاَللّهِ خَيْرًا ، رَأَيْت بَقَرًا ، وَرَأَيْت فِي ذُبَابِ سَيْفِي ثُلْمًا ، وَرَأَيْت أَنّي أَدْخَلْت يَدِي فِي دِرْعٍ حَصِينَةٍ فَأَوّلْتهَا المدينة
. قَالَ ابْنُ هِشَامٍ : وَحَدّثَنِي بَعْضُ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ أَنّ رَسُولَ اللّهِ صَلّى اللّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلّمَ قَالَ : رَأَيْت بَقَرًا لِي تُذْبَحُ ، قَالَ فَأَمّا الْبَقَرُ فَهِيَ نَاسٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِي يُقْتَلُونَ وَأَمّا الثّلْمُ الّذِي رَأَيْت فِي ذُبَابِ سَيْفِي ، فَهُوَ رَجُلٌ مِنْ أَهْلِ بَيْتِي يُقْتَلُ He (SAWS) saw that he was wearing a strong shield, his sword was broken and some cows were being slaughtered.
The interpretation of ‘the cows’ was that some of his men were killed, and ‘the groove at the pointed top of his sword’ was that a member of his House would be hurt. As for ‘the armour’ it was Madinah. Then he offered a suggestion that his Companions should not go out of Madinah and that they should encamp themselves within the city. He was of the opinion that the enemies should be left in the open to exhaust themselves and thus the Muslims would not risk a battle. But if they thought of attacking Madinah, Muslim men would be ready to fight them at the mouths of lanes; whereas Muslim-women would help from over the house roofs." The interpretation of the Prophet’s Vision
Dreaming Of The Holy Prophet <ul><li>Abu Hurairah radiyallahu anhu reports that the Apostle of Allah sallallahu alaihe wasallam said, "He who sees me in a dream has certainly seen me, because Satan can not take my form." </li></ul><ul><li>(Bukhari, Muslim) </li></ul><ul><li>Seeing The Prophet Sallallahu Alaihe Wasallam In A Dream Is Not Sufficient For Salvation </li></ul><ul><li>How do I know that I have seen the prophet sallallahu alaihe wasallam </li></ul>
Does a true Dream only happen for a believer? Al Aziz’s dream "O Joseph!" (he said) "O man of truth! expound to us (the dream) of seven fat kind whom seven lean ones devour and of seven green ears of corn and (seven) others withered: that I may return to the people and that they may understand." (Joseph) said: "For seven years shall ye diligently sow as is your wont: and the harvests that ye reap ye shall leave them in the ear except a little of which ye shall eat. "Then will come after that (period) seven dreadful (years) which will devour what ye shall have laid by in advance for them (all) except a little which ye shall have (specially) guarded. "Then will come after that (period) a year in which the people will have abundant water and in which they will press (wine and oil)." [Surah Yusuf (12): 46-49]
General Dreams& Its Explanation ATHAAN (call to prayer): Seeing oneself giving the call to prayer may indicate one's plans for Hajj will succeed. [Sharh as Sunnah vol 12 p 224] Based on: "Proclaim the Hajj to mankind" [Surah al Hajj (22): 27] BATHING : Dreaming of oneself bathing in cool water may refer to Allah's acceptance of one's repentance, a cure from sickness and/or the lifting of a calamity. [Sharh as Sunnah vol 12 p 220] Based on : Verses referring to Prophet Job (Ayoob) "This is a cool water to bathe in and a refreshing drink. And I returned his family to him, and along with them a similar number of additional offspring" [Surah Saad (38): 42-43]
BIRDS : Seeing birds flying or circling over one's head in a dream may indicate the attainment of an administrative post. [Sharh as Sunnah vol 12 p 221] Based on : Verses referring to Prophet David (Daoud) "The birds assembled, and all (with David) turned to (Allah in praise and repentance) and I strengthened his dominion" [Surah Saad (38_: 19-20] CLOTHING/COVER: Seeing clothing or a cover in a dream may refer to a husband or wife according to the metaphor 'libaas' (meaning: clothing/cover). [Sharh as Sunnah vol 12 p 221] Based on : "They (wives) are a cover for you and you are a cover for them" [Surah al Baqara (2): 187]
Jazakom Allah Khaira [email_address] DOOR: Seeing oneself enter a door or a gate in a dream, may refer to the successful completion of a project, or the winning of an argument . [Sharh as Sunnah vol 12 p 221] Based on: Enter upon them through the gate. For when you enter victory will be yours" [Surah al Maidah (5): 23] Opening a door in a dream may refer to the acceptance of a supplication or the need to make one, according to the derivation of the word 'istiftaah ', [Sharh as Sunnah vol 12 p 220]