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Presentation on need analysis in second language curriculum
Need Analysis in second Language Curriculum Presented by: Ram Shankar Yadav Kathmandu University School of Education (NEPAL)
Second language curriculum An organized and systematic plan for teaching and learning second language, or, As a tool in the hand of second language teacher to mould their student, so that they can get mastery over the TL. Contains mainly four aspects;1. Purpose: why to be taught ?2. Content : what to be taught?3. Method : How to be taught?4. Evaluation: assessing whether the purpose has been achieved, or, not.
Process of Developing L2 Curriculum Refers to the process of developing second language curriculum. According to Brown(1995), there are all together five stages to go through while making an effective curriculum for language teaching and learning. they can be shown by following diagram juxtapose.
NEED ANALYSISEvaluation of Objectives Curriculum Selection & Selection & organization of Organization experiences of content
Need Analysis in Second Language Curriculum Is one of the important stage of the process of developing second language curriculum which is commonly called Need Assessment Is also a kind of research in itself, in the sense that, it makes a systematic queries to identify the needs. For example, curriculum developer makes use of questionnaire/some empirical activities for the collection of data to be analyzed so that he/she can point out the demands of learner. Brindly(1984), opines that needs under Need Analysis include wants, desire, demands, expectations, motivation, lacks, requirements, and aptitude of language learner.
Importance of Need Analysis Helps to know the demands of L2 learner/society, Helps curriculum developer to determine the objectives of second language curriculum, Paves a way for the second language teacher to be eclectic in language classroom, Also helps organizing the content for Second language curriculum.
Summary of Discussion Curriculum is the runway for second language teaching learning process, and Need Analysis is an inseparable part curriculum developing process, Without Need Analysis curriculum can not be effective and it may fail in identifying the goals of the curriculum, So, the research i.e. Need Analysis must be done while developing second language curriculum.
ReferenceBrown, J.D.(1995). The Elements of curriculum: A Systematic Approach to Program Development. Heinle& Heinle, Boston.Brindley, G.(1984). Need Analysis and Objective Setting in the Adult Migrant Program. Sydney: N.S.W. Adult Migrant Education service.