Government Systems

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Government Systems

  1. 1. G o ve rnme nta nd G o ve rnme nt S ys te m s
  2. 2. g o ve rnm e nt th e s ys te m b y w h ic h a c o m m u n it y,s t a t e , o r n a t io n is c o n t r o lle d o r r u le d
  3. 3. C o m m u n is m a political system in which all property ispublicly owned and each person works and is paid according to his or her abilities and needs
  4. 4. mona rc h ya form of government ruled by a king or a queen
  5. 5. a b s o lu t emona rc h y a monarchy that is not limited to or restrainedby laws or a constitution
  6. 6. c o n s t it u t io na l mona rc hy a monarchy governedaccording to a constitution that limits or defines the power of the king or queen
  7. 7. r e p u b lica form of government where supreme power rests with the citizens through their ability to vote
  8. 8. a r lia m e n t a r yd e m o c r a t ic ) a system of government that has the real power vested in a cabinet whose members are made up of the legislature, may have a prime minister (United Kingdom and Canada)
  9. 9. p r e s id e n t ia ( d e mo c ra ti a system of government in which the president isconstitutionally independent of the legislature (Mexico and Brazil)
  10. 10. a u t o c r a t ic g o ve rnme nt ( a u to c r a c y) most d i c t a t o r s maintain their positions via inheritance or military power, the c i t i z e n hasl i t t l e , if any r o l e in the government and those who try to speak out against the government are silenced through the use of power
  11. 11. o lig a r c h y g o ve rnme nt ( o lig a r c h ic )a s m a l l g r o u p exercises control, the c i t i z e n has a very l i m i t e d role in the government, most Communist countries are oligarchies
  12. 12. d e m o c r a t ic g o ve rnme nt ( d e m o c r a t ic ) s u p r e m e p o w e r is vested with thep e o p l e and exercised by them directly or indirectly through a system of r e p r e s e n t a t i o n s through f r e e e le c t io n s
  13. 13. H o w G o ve rnme nts H ig h D e t e r m in e H ig h P a r t i c tpi z e n P a r t i c i p a t iP a n i c i p C ii o rt a t io n a t io np e o p le s e le c t c it iz e n s gov ’ t g o v’ t p e o pgl e v ’ t o g e ne r Low or Low or No al No P a r t ic ip c it iz e n P a r t ic ip a t io n s a t io nA uto c ra t O lig a r c h De moc r ic ic ac y
  14. 14. H o w d o the g o ve rnme nt s ys te m s d is t r ib u t e p o w e r ?u n it a r y s y s t e mc o n f e d e r a t io ns ys te mfe d e r a l s ys te m
  15. 15. A Wa ys G o v e r n m e n t D is t r ib u t e s P o w e r key state/regio powers nal held by hold most central of the gov’t power FEDERALUNITARY CONFEDERATION strong weaker central centralgovernment government
  16. 16. u n it a r y s y s t e m ( w a ys g o v ’ t d is t r ib u t e s p o w e r ) a ll k e y p o w e r s h e ld b y t h e c e n t r a l g o ve rnme nt s tro ng c e ntra l g o ve rnme nt ( C ub a ,regional regional U n it e d K in g d o m ) authorityauthority Central Authorityregional regionalauthority authority
  17. 17. l ( w a ys g o v ’ t d is t r ib u t e s p o w e r ) p o w e r is d iv id e d b e t w e e n t h e c e ntra l g o ve rnme ntregional a n d r e g i o n a l g o v e r n m e n t s regionalauthority ( G e r m a n y , C a n a d a , M e x i c o ) authority Central Authorityregional regionalauthority authority
  18. 18. s ys te m ( w a ys g o v ’ t d is t r ib u t e s p o w e r ) s t a t e a n d r e g io n a l a u t h o r it ie s h o ld in g m o s t o f t h e p o w e r w e a k e r c e ntra l g o ve rnme ntregional regionalauthority ( E u r o p e a n U n io n ) authority Central Authorityregional regionalauthority authority
  19. 19. E urope a n U n io n an association ofEuropean nations formedin 1993 for the purpose of achieving political and economic integration

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