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Mental illness


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Mental illness

  1. 1. + Mental Illness By: Kassy Pelletier
  2. 2. + What is mental Illness/ Health  Mental Illness- medical conditions that disrupt the a persons thinking, feeling, mood, ability to relate to others, and daily functioning  Mental Health- how you think, feel, and behave and how you deal with everyday ups and downs in your life.
  3. 3. + Types of mental illnesses  Depression/suicide  Schizophrenia  Addiction  Eating disorders  Anxiety/ Phobias  ADD/ADHD
  4. 4. + Depression/Suicide  Symptoms: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Fatigue/ loss of energy Feelings of worthlessness Reoccurring thoughts about death Noticeable weight loss or gain Agitation Restlessness irritability
  5. 5. + Depression/Suicide  Causes: 1.  Genetics people with depression feel like the can’t… 1. Stop the pain 2. Think clearly 3. Sleep, eat, or work
  6. 6. + Schizophrenia   Schizophrenia is a chronic severe brain disability. symptoms: 1. 2. Delusions 3.  Hallucinations Little speaking Causes: 1. Brain structure 2. Environment
  7. 7. + Addiction  Symptoms: 1. 2. Stopped doing things you enjoy 3.  Built up substance tolerance Lost control over addiction Causes: 1. 2. Traumatic events in lifetime 3.  Addiction in family history Mental disorder Treatment: 1. therapy
  8. 8. + Addiction: The Brain  The brain is divided into 3 different parts; the central part is where the reward pathway lies.  The reward pathway drives our feelings of motivation, reward, and behavior.  The reward pathway is connected to other brain parts that gather information about what is happening to make you feel good.  Your 5 senses send signs to your brain to let you know that there is something you want in front of you.  In another part of your brain is the memory that your substance, drugs, alcohol, gambling etc., made you feel good so it tells you to do it again  When you do something that makes you happy dopamine is released, dopamine is the jolt pleasure you feel when you're happy.
  9. 9. + Addiction: the brain  The reward pathway also makes sure you do the thing that makes you feel good again and again.  This is done by connecting the memory and behavior regions of the brain.  When the memory and behavior regions of the brain are connected it increases the likely good that you’ll do it again,  When you receive the dopamine, the reward pathway ensures you’ll repeat this behavior again to be happy in life.
  10. 10. + Eating disorders: Anorexia  Anorexia is when you eat very little amounts of very low calorie foods.  Symptoms: 1. Very low body weight 2. Dry Skin 3. Fainting 4. Eating very little
  11. 11. + Eating disorders: Bulimia  When you eat large amounts of food and then purging.  Symptoms: 1. Stomach pain 2. Sore throat 3. Chronic heartburn 4. Swollen neck glands  Medical consequences: 1. Damage to teeth, esophagus, stomach, lungs, heart, and kidneys.  How they feel: 1. Low self-esteem 2. Scared of being overweight but scared to keep eating 3. Guilty for eating
  12. 12. + Eating disorders: Binging  Binging is eating mass amounts of food in a short period of time  Symptoms: 1.  Overweight/ Obese How they feel: 1. 2.  Out of control Guilty after binging Medical consequences: 1. Obesity 2. At greater risk of a stroke, hyperglycemia, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, gall stones, gallbladder disease.
  13. 13. + Anxiety/ Phobias  Anxiety- how people react to a tense situation attack:  Anxiety disorders cause you to have panic attacks in tense situations Panic attacks- shaking out of fear  Causes1. Can be inherited 2. Environment  Symptoms of a panic Discomfort 2. Nausea 3. Sweating 4. Trembling 5.  1. Difficulty breathing 6. Chills/ hot flashes 7. Choking  Treatment: talk to a therapist or medicine
  14. 14. + Different Anxiety disorders  OCD-obsessive compulsive disorder- obsessing over doing one thing compulsively.  PTSD- posttraumatic stress disorder- fear from a traumatic experience such as being in war or being abused  Generalized anxiety disorder- fear that’s hard to maintain, happens usually over a 6 month period.
  15. 15. + Phobias  There's two types of phobias Situational-fear of a situation. 1. • Environmental- fear of the outside world. 2. •  example: tunnel, bridge, plane Example: storms, body of water Treatment: 1. Medicine 2. Therapy
  16. 16. + Types of phobias AquaphobiaXenophobiaAcrophobia- fear of water fear of strangers fear of heights
  17. 17. + ADD/ADHD  ADD- Attention deficit disorder  ADHD- Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder  Symptoms: 1. 2. Makes careless mistakes 3. Acts without thinking 4.  Doesn’t pay attention to details Easily distracted Causes: •  Not exactly known what the causes it but genes play a role in the developing the conditions. Treatment: 1. Medicine 2. Therapy
  18. 18. + Work cited  Nadelson, Carol C., ed. Understanding Anxiety Disorders. Uneasy Lives ed. N.p.: Chelsea House, 2000. N. pag. Print.  Favor, Lesli J. Food as Foe. nutrition and eating disorders ed. Tarry Town: Bench Mark books, 2008. N. pag. Print.  Andrews, Linda, Sheilla Avey, Brendan Nicholson, Kevin Pompei, and Harmony Starr. "The New science of addiction." Learn.Genetics. Nation Institute on drug abuse, 2003. Web. 19 Sept. 2013. <>.