The mountain region has plains and even
But its main geographic
feature is the Rocky Mountains
These mountains stretch from
Alaska to northern Mexico and
include many smaller ranges
The Rockies are among the earth’s youngest mountains.
Because they are young, they are not worn down.
They have steep slopes and many peaks and valleys. The
mountains give the region spectacular scenery and they
limit economic development
The region has some of the least populated states in the
nation. Denver, Colorado is its only large city. The
government owns much of the land- 66 percent in the case
They are important to the
1. The Mormons and
Salt Lake city
in 1830, in New York
state, Joseph Smith stared
the Mormon church with
six followers. Today there
are more than 3 milion
1.1.1. Westward Migration
Smith claim that an angel had guided him to some buried
golden tablets. Witten on the tablets, he said, was the story of
how Christianity had existed long ago in America.
Smith’s idea made some people in the community angry, as his
church grew, so did the anger.
Smith and his followers moved to Ohio, then to
Missouri and finally to Illinois.
In Illinois, in 1844, Joseph Smith
was murdered by a mod
The Mormons’ new leader, Brigham Young, decided to
move again. After studying explorers’ map of the West, he
choose a place 1000 miles from any settlement.
He led a small group of Mormons on the long. The trip
ended in the valley of the Great Salt Lake, in what is now
the state of Utah
Each year, more group of
Mormons made the trip.
Many people traveled the
entire distance on foot,
pulling carts behind them.
Soon Mormons spead out
from the valley of the
Great Salt Lake. They
started new settlements all
the way from Idaho to
1.1.2 Early Mormon Society
Mormon Society was largely communal. Irrigation
water, for example, was owned by the community and
the church gave each family the amount it needed.
The early Mormons, church
and government combined the
two: church leaders like
Brigham Young were also
The most noticeable difference was that
Mormons practiced polygamy-men
could have more than one wife