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02 introductioncensus


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02 introductioncensus

  2. 2. “ Of creations, I am the beginning, the middle and the end; Of knowledge I am knowledge of the Supreme Self; Among speakers, I am words that are unbiased and Gita, Ch10:32 The in ” pursuit of truth - The Gita, 10:322
  3. 3. Overview of Census 2011 1OVERVIEW OF CENSUS 2011 1.1 INTRODUCTION Census is a reflection of truth and facts as they exist in a country about its people, their diversity of habitation, religion, culture, language, education, health and socio-economic status. The word ‘Census’ is derived from the Latin word ‘Censere’ meaning ‘to assess or to rate’. In the present context ‘population census’ in India is primarily an official enumeration through a direct visit to all the people who are physically present and residing regularly or temporarily in the country at a given point of time. Today, India stands at cross roads of history. Recent significant advancements in country’s economy have taken the country to the centre stage of world attention. Much of this progress is intrinsically linked to the development of human resources. While on one side, growth of population has been a cause for concern, the youth, the educated and the employed are being seen as demographic dividends; especially in times when world population is ageing. However with increasing disparities, the challenge for the decade to come would be to focus on the millenium development goals (MDGs) and the sections of society that remain less privileged in education, health and employment; failing which the dividend may well turn into a demographic liability. Among the largest peace time operations ever in the world, Census of India, 2011 is thus uniquely placed to provide comprehensive evidence leading to appropriate policies that focus on such important goals for the Indian society.ENUMERATION OF HIS EXCELLENCY, THE GOVERNOR OF MADHYA PRADESH PROVISIONAL POPLUATION TOTALS 3
  4. 4. Population is basic to production and distribution of material wealth. In order to plan for, and implement, economic and social development, administrative activity or scientific research, it is necessary to have reliable and detailed data on size, distribution and composition of population. Population census is a primary source of these basic benchmark statistics, covering not only the settled population but also homeless persons and nomadic groups. Data from population censuses should allow presentation and analysis in terms of statistics on persons and households and for a wide variety of geographical units, ranging from the country as a whole to individual small localities, city wards and villages. 1.2 HISTORY The earliest references of Census in India can be traced back to the Mauryan period in Kautilaya’s ‘Arthashastra’ (321-296 BC) and later during the Mughal period in the writings of Abul Fazl (1595-96) in the ‘Ain-e-Akbari’. Census, in its present scientific form was conducted non synchronously between 1865 and 1872 in different parts of the country. This effort culminating in 1872 has been popularly labelled as the first Census of India. However the first synchronous Census in India was carried out in 1881. An unbroken chain of censuses since then gives the Indian Census a unique historical legacy unparalleled in the world. Census 2011 is the fifteenth Census in this continuous series from 1872 and the seventh since Independence. History of Census in India Rig Veda 800-600 BC Arthashastra 321-296 BC Ain-e-Akbari 1595-96 First systematic census conducted 1872 (1865-1872) all over India (non-synchronous) First Synchronous Census 1881 conducted all over India Independent India 1951 Census of 2011 15th since 1872, 7th since IndependenceENUMERATION OF HON’BLE CHIEF MINISTER OF MADHYA PRADESH4
  5. 5. Overview of Census 2011The State of Madhya Pradesh came into existence on 1st November, 1956 by way of consolidationof three states of Madhya Bharat, Vindhya Pradesh and Bhopal; the Sironj region of Rajasthan(sub-division in Vidisha District) and Mahakoshal area which was earlier included in CentralProvince (CP & Berar). After reorganization of the state, first census was conducted in the year1961. Census 2011 is the sixth census of the state in this continuous series.1.3 METHODOLOGYThe Census of India is conducted once in a decade, following an extended de facto canvassermethod. Under this approach, data is collected from every individual by visiting the householdand canvassing the questionnaire all over the country, over a period of three weeks. The countis then updated to the reference date and time by conducting a Revisional Round. In theRevisional Round, changes in the entries that arise on account of births, deaths and migrationbetween the time of the enumerator’s visit and the reference date/time are noted down andthe record is updated.In Census 2011, for Madhya Pradesh the first phase of House listing Operations or HousingCensus was completed between 7th May to 22nd June 2010. The second phase of canvassingquestionnaire for Population Enumeration was conducted from 9th to 28th of February 2011.Enumeration of the houseless population was done on the night of 28th February. RevisionalRound was then conducted from 1st to 5th March 2011 and the count updated to the ReferenceMoment of 00:00 hours of 1st March 2011.1.4 ORGANISING THE CENSUSIn India, the population census is a Union subject (Article 246) and is listed at serial number 69 ofthe seventh schedule of the constitution. The Census Act 1948 forms the legal basis for conductof census in independent India. Although the Census Act is an instrument of Central legislation,in the scheme of its execution, state hierarchy is setup at all levels by State Governments forthe purpose of carrying out census. The Census Organisation under the Union Home Ministryhas been functioning on permanent footing ever since 1961 and provides a vital continuity toconceive, plan and implement the programme of census taking in country. The Organisationheaded by the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India has field offices in thirty threeStates and Union territories. These are permanent Directorates headed by the Directors of CensusOperations, who are mainly responsible for the conduct of census in their respective jurisdiction.The states appoint State Co-ordinators for furthering co-ordination between the Directorate,Government of India and the State Government. Deputy Commissioners under the guidance ofDivisional Commissioners function as Divisional Census Officers at the Division level in MadhyaPradesh. District Collectors as Principal Census Officers are responsible for the census workin their respective districts. Municipal Commissioners are also Principal Census Officers forcensus work in municipal corporation areas, although the overall responsibility for a districtrests with the Collector. They are assisted by District Census Officers and City Census Officersrespectively. In addition, every Tahsildar in Tahsil and Chief Municipal Officer in a municipalbody are designated as Charge Officers for their jurisdictional areas which are called CensusCharges. In addition to civilian areas, the second phase of Population Enumeration wasconducted simultaneously in military and para-military areas along-with other sensitive areas,which are designated as Special Charges for Census Operations. Each Special Charge is headedby a Special Charge Officer for census operations.A Charge is further divided into Enumeration Blocks which are areas with 125 to 150 families PROVISIONAL POPLUATION TOTALS 5
  6. 6. and population of up to 800. Each enumeration block is allotted to an enumerator and a supervisor looks after a Supervisory Circle comprising of five or six enumeration blocks. Census 2011 was successfully conducted in the state with the help of about 1.5 lac enumerators and supervisors. HIERARCHY OF CENSUS FUNCTIONARIES IN INDIA Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India Directors of Census Operations, State/UT District Magistrates/Collectors/ Commissioners of Municipal Prinicipal Census Officers Corporations Charge Officers Tahsildars/Mamlatdars Enumerators/Supervisors State Co-ordinators 1.5 ADMINISTRATIVE UNITS At the time of creation, there were 43 districts in the state of Madhya Pradesh. But during the inter census period of 1971-81, two more districts, Rajnandgaon out of Durg and Bhopal out of Sehore were created. Thus, there were 45 districts in the state until 1991 census. In May- July’98, as a result of bifurcation and trifurcation of some of the districts, 16 more districts came into existence and thus the number of districts in the state rose to 61. On 1st November, 2000 (precisely in the mid-night of 31st October) the new state of Chhattisgarh was carved out of Madhya Pradesh with an area of 135,191 Sq. Km. and 16 districts. After the Census of 2001, a new Division ‘Shahdol’ comprising of four districts namely Shahdol, Umaria, Anuppur and Dindori was carved out of Rewa and Jabalpur Divisions. The Hoshangabad Division has been renamed as Narmadapuram Division and Betul district included in Narmadapuram division from Bhopal division due to its geographical contiguity. During the decade five new districts were created in the state namely; Ashoknagar from Guna district, Anuppur from Shahdol district, Singrauli from Sidhi district, Burhanpur from Khargone district and Alirajpur from Jhabua district. For Census 2011, the number of tahsils has increased to 342 from 259 in census 2001, an increase of 83 new tahsils during the decade. There have been a few changes in the numbers of villages and towns during the decade. The comparative position of various administrative units in the state in 2001 and 2011 censuses is as given below:-6
  7. 7. Overview of Census 2011 Administrative unit 2001 2011 Divisions 9 10 Districts 45 50 Tahsils 259 342 Community Development Blocks 313 313 Number of Villages 55,393 54,903 Number of Towns 394 476 Statutory town is a notified urban area. Census Town is a village with minimum population of 5000; population density of at least 400 persons/sq km; and where at least 75% of male main workers are engaged in non-agricultural activities. Outgrowth (OG) is an adjoining rural area to a statutory town with urban characteristics. Urban agglomeration (UA) is a continuum of a town and its adjoining OG; or two or more contiguous towns together and any adjoining OGs of such towns; or a continuous spread of a city with one or more adjoining towns and their OGs. Minimum total population of UA should be 20,000 with atleast one statutory town in it. 1.6 PLANNING FOR CENSUS 2011 The first step towards taking of Census 2011 was preparation of a complete and non-duplicated list of all geographical entities in the state, which includes Districts, Tahsils, Towns and Villages. Boundaries of all administrative units in the State were frozen as on 31st December 2009. This exercise also involved obtaining the latest maps of districts, tahsils and towns. A directory of administrative units with unique identification code for each unit was prepared to ensure that every administrative unit is covered without omission or duplication. A unique feature of coding system in Census 2011 is that it identifies Villages, Statutory Towns, Census Towns and Forest Villages by separate series of codes.ENUMERATION OF THE CHIEF SECRETARY, GOVERNMENT OF MADHYA PRADESH PROVISIONAL POPLUATION TOTALS 7
  8. 8. Next important step as part of pre-census activities was finalisation of the Rural-Urban frame. This exercise helped to prepare a complete up to date list of Statutory and Census Towns and villages as urban and rural areas respectively. The demarcation of Out-Growths of Towns and Urban Agglomerations was also taken up as a part of this exercise. Overall 374 Statutory Towns, 112 Census Towns, 37 Urban Agglomerations and 86 Out Growths were identiied in Census 2011 for the state of Madhya Pradesh. CENSUS HOUSE NUMBER To ensure complete coverage of all buildings and dwelling units, allotment of census house numbers is an essential pre-requisite. All over the state house numbering was done before the House Listing Operations with the help of district administration and local bodies. Darkening of house numbering was again carried out before the Population Enumeration exercise to ensure complete and proper coverage. PREPARATION OF CHARGE REGISTER AND AHL Charge register is the fundamental document for carrying out the census operations in a charge by a Charge Officer. It contains the details of villages and towns along with their ward, the enumeration blocks, names and phone numbers of the appointed enumerators and supervisors. Housing enumeration blocks were carved for the first phase of house listing operation keeping into account the jurisdictional boundaries of various administrative units. These were later revised into Population enumeration blocks for the second and main phase of population enumeration based on the number of census houses and population estimates collected in the first phase. Abridged House List (AHL) was prepared for every enumeration block which enlisted all census houses and their numbers covered during the first phase. The AHL is the base document carried by an enumerator for population enumeration during the second phase. Trainings for preparation of charge registers and AHLs were organized for all charge officers and their assistants at the district level. Charge registers and AHLs were thoroughly examined and corrected by the district officials and the directorate staff.RGI AND PS(HOME) IN CONFERENCE ON “CENSUS 2011 : IMPORTANCE AND UTILITY” FOR GOVERNMENT STAKEHOLDERS8
  9. 9. Overview of Census 2011CARTOGRAPHY AND GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEMCensus is an authentic source of political and administrative geography. The CartographicDivision of the Census Organisation has evolved over the years and is now the largestproducer of thematic maps in the country. It has come a long way from the traditional manualcartographic methods used until 1981 and now utilizes the latest GIS software to produce digitalmaps. Directorate has a fully equipped Map Division with latest GIS (Geographical InformationSystem) software. A new effort in Census 2011 was the preparation of digital map of Bhopalcity, upto the level of streets and buildings, using satellite imagery. This digital map was usedto carve out the enumeration blocks in the city.5 new districts, 83 new tahsils and several new villages and towns have come up since 2001.Maps of all the administrative units were obtained and updated by incorporating the changes.In addition to the above, the print outs of digital maps with boundaries of villages and townswere provided to all the Charge Officers to help them demarcate their enumeration blocks andsupervisory circles. This eliminated any omissions or duplications of areas.NOTIFICATIONS REGARDING CONDUCT OF CENSUS 2011The Census of India is conducted under the provisions of the Census Act, 1948 and the CensusRules, 1990. The statute requires the notification of various processes under provisions ofthe Act and its Rules. Accordingly, various orders and statutory provisions have been dulynotified in the Gazette of India as well as in the Gazette of Madhya Pradesh after following theprocesses laid down. The various Notifications are listed below: Notification regarding the intention of the Government of India to conduct a Census of thepopulation of India in 2011 was published in the Gazette of India on 20th February 2009 and inthe Gazette of Madhya Pradesh on 5th May 2009 In the same Notification, the Reference Date was also notified as 00.00 hours of the firstday of March 2011 (except for the snow-bound areas of Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradeshand Uttarakhand). In the snow bound areas of Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh andUttarakhand the Reference Date was notified as 00.00 hours of the first day of October 2010. Notification regarding the conduct of House listing and Housing Census from 1st April 2010to 30th September 2010 in different States and Union Territories was published in the Gazetteof India on 25th February 2010. Simultaneously, the Notification regarding the conduct of House listing and Housing Censusin Madhya Pradesh from 7th May to 22nd June 2010 and the questions to be canvassed waspublished in the Gazette of Madhya Pradesh on 12th April 2010. Notification regarding the conduct of National Population Register (which was also donealong with the House Listing Operations) in Madhya Pradesh from 7th May to 22nd June 2010was published in the Gazette of Madhya Pradesh on 12th April 2010. The Notification regarding the questions to be canvassed in the Population Enumerationwas published in the Gazette of India on 31st August 2010 and in the Gazette of MadhyaPradesh on 21st September 2010. PROVISIONAL POPLUATION TOTALS 9
  10. 10. NATIONAL POPULATION REGISTER Canvassing for National Population Register (NPR) was done alongwith the first phase of Housing Census. NPR has legal provisions under the Citizenship Act, 1955 and the Citizenship (Registration of citizens and issue of National Identity Cards) Rules, 2003. NPR is based on Local Register of Usual Residents (LRUR) for every village and ward and is designed to include every usual resident of the country with the help of fifteen fields of information, along-with photographs, bio-metric prints of ten fingers and iris scan of both eyes, to be captured as per UID standards. Based on this data, the residents would be issued an MNIC (Multi-purpose National Identity Card) with UID number (issued by the UID authority). The MNIC would also contain 5-10 other official numbers like driving license, PAN card, NREG job cards, ration cards etc. Approximately 1.60 crore schedules of NPR were canvassed during the first phase of census in Madhya Pradesh, which have been scanned in the directorate and are ready for the capture of photographs and biometrics to be executed by the Department of Information Technology (DIT). In addition, permanent NPR centres are being planned for all tahsils and municipal bodies of the state. PRINTING A feature that makes the Indian Census particularly complex is that the schedules are canvassed in 16 languages and the Instruction Manuals are developed in 18 languages. Since Madhya Pradesh is a Hindi speaking state, all the census material viz. Instruction Manuals, Abridged House list, Household Schedules for National Population Register, Houselisting and Housing Census Schedules, Household Schedules for Population Enumeration and other census material were printed in Hindi language. All the schedules required for the state were printed centrally in high end presses having facility of variable printing and very high production volumes. Other census materials were printed in the Central Government Press in Faridabad and in the State Government Press of Madhya Pradesh.10
  11. 11. Overview of Census 2011LOGISTICSAs regards the transportation of material, a pioneering initiative of using the India Post forhandling the logistics was undertaken. A special ‘Logistics Post’ arrangement was put in placeby India Post for Census 2011. In Madhya Pradesh the schedules used for canvassing of censuswere printed in the high-end presses and dispatched directly to the charges. The other censusmaterial were dispatched by the Directorate of Census Operations through local arrangements.The return dispatch of all the material was received back in the Directorate from the chargesthrough Indian Post.1.7 CENSUS CO-ORDINATION AND MANAGEMENTSuccessful census operations require timely and effective co-ordination at state, district,village and ward levels. For this purpose various committees and census working groups wereconstituted.STATE LEVELLiaisoning with various departments of the State Government was made possible with thehelp of a committee under the chairmanship of Chief Secretary, constituted with PrincipalSecretaries and Secretaries of different departments of the State Government as members.Other invited members included the State Representative of UNICEF. Concomitant circulars forcensus planning, budget, management, human resources, training and publicity were issued bythe departments of Home Affairs, Finance, General Administration, Health, Education, Urbandevelopment, Forest, Rural Development, PRIs and Social Welfare.DISTRICT LEVELDistrict Census group was constituted under the chairmanship of Collector for propermanagement of census operations at the district level. Heads of different departments ofdistrict administration including Chief Executive Officer of Zila Panchayat, District PlanningOfficer, District Education Officer, Deputy Directors of different departments, Sub-DivisionOfficers, Charge Officers and Civil Society Organisations (CSO) were members. Weekly meetingswere held to review the census work.VILLAGE/WARD LEVELCensus groups at Village and Ward level were constituted to provide the element of communityparticipation, local wisdom and popular support to census operations at the grass roots. Thegroup in a village was headed by the Sarpanch of Gram Panchayat with members includingmembers of the Village Development Committee, Forest Committee (in forest areas), ProjectCommittee (wherever there are development projects), Self Help Groups, village level workerslike ‘Patwari’ (local revenue official), Secretary of Village Panchayat, Asha, Anganwadi Workersand ‘Village Kotwar’ (local watchman). In wards of urban bodies the members included theWard Counsellors, Secretaries of Housing Societies and Ward Officials.1.8 STATE LEVEL WORKSHOPSThree state level workshops were organized with support of the State office of UNICEF. Theworkshops helped involve stakeholders like State Government Departments, Civil SocietyOrganisations (CSOs), and Media for their active participation in Census 2011. First workshopon ‘Role of Civil Societies in Census’ was held on 26th October,2010 which was attended by PROVISIONAL POPLUATION TOTALS 11
  12. 12. CSOs working in the state and helped evolve strategies for coverage of deprived sections like people with disabilities, shelterless and nomadic population, primitive tribes and people living in forest areas or urban slums in Census 2011. Second workshop on ‘Census 2011: Importance and Utility’ was held on 21st January, 2011 for government stakeholders which was presided over by the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India and Principal Secretary (Home) to State Government and was attended by Principal Secretaries/ Secretaries of different departments of the State Government and District Census Officers. Third workshop on ‘ Role of Media in Census’ was held on 4th February, 2011 to sensitize the media on the importance of census and to discuss the role in educating the people at large about census. 1.9 CAPACITY BUILDING of census functionaries Need for comprehensive capacity building of all functionaries, especially of enumerators and supervisors can hardly be underscored for successful taking of census. A three tier cascade of training was devised for this purpose. At the top of the pyramid was a group of six National Trainers (NTs) in the state of Madhya Pradesh. This group was rigorously trained at the national level for 5 days at a residential training camp. The NTs trained 45 Master Trainer Facilitators (MTFs) at the State level. Half of the NTs and MTFs were drawn from CSOs, which functioned under the banner of Centre for Advanced Research and Development (CARD). The MTFs in turn, trained 3,340 Master Trainers (MTs) at the District level. The MTs ultimately trained 1.5 lac enumerators and supervisors at the charge level. Special efforts were made to improve the Instruction Manual by including more illustrations and examples. Training Guides were prepared to help the trainers impart quality training. Trainers at each level – nation, state and district levels were given intensive in-house training and provided training aids, such as power point presentations, e-learning modules, scripts of role plays and practice sheets. Special training modules were developed for explaining the issues related to disability and gender. Another special training effort was made in development of training modules for gender sensitive districts. In addition, CSOs working in the field of disability and gender were associated with Census 2011 for training the trainers at all the levels. It was felt that sensitization of census functionaries towards various important social issues was equally important in improving the quality of census enumeration. For this purpose, two films on disability and migration were specially produced by the Directorate of Census Operations, in collaboration with CSOs - ‘Arushi’ and ‘Aid-et Action’ respectively. In addition an e-learning module with role-plays in animation was prepared by the Office of RGI was extensively used in all trainings. These films and e-module were much appreciated during the training classes at all levels. Live appeals and demonstration for sensitization towards enumeration of the people with disabilities was effectively done with the help of ‘Arushi’ and other CSOs. Similarly ‘Arambh’, another CSO, shared their expertise for the enumeration of shelterless in urban areas. ‘Arushi’ and ‘Arambh’ covered all the division level trainings and various other district level trainings. It needs to be mentioned that the entire training strategy was a collaborative effort between the UN Agencies (UNFPA, UNICEF, and UNDP) on one hand and Census Organisation on the other. State office of UNICEF played a key role for the state of Madhya Pradesh in this regard.12
  13. 13. Overview of Census 2011 GENDER SENSITIZATION Gender disaggregated data is the basis for gender sensitive policy formulation and programme planning. The need for gender statistics in formulating policies and programmes can hardly be over-emphasized. Conceptually, information collected in Census is gender neutral and compiled and tabulated for both men and women separately. The Questionnaire and Instruction Manual for collection of information in the field have been carefully designed to avoid any bias on the basis of gender. The training of Census functionaries also focuses on this aspect of neutrality. Gender sensitivities like age at marriage, marital status, literacy and economic activities in unorganized and unpaid work are important characteristics for coverage during census. In all the 16 Gender critical districts of Madhya Pradesh, specially trained gender MTFs (GMTFs) trained the MTs and census field staff. 1.10 TRAINING PLAN FOR FIRST PHASE STATE LEVEL TRAINING State level training was conducted at state headquarter by the Directorate on 27th March, 2010 in which Municipal Commissioners & Principal Census Officers of Municipal Corporations, Divisional Census Officers, District Census Officers, additional District Census Officers & City Census Officers participated. The training was imparted by the expert faculty of trained NTs DISTRICT LEVEL TRAINING District level trainings were held at district headquarters between 5th to 10th April 2010 for Charge Officers and 12th to 17th April 2010 for Master Trainers (MTs). In this training of three days duration, two days were reserved for House Listing Operation and one day for National Population Register. Collector & Principal Census Officers, District Census Officers, additionalThe NightCountNight of February 28 and weehours of March 1st, 2011 isthe last leg of the census andis reserved for the head countof people living on streets orthe houseless like beggars,rag pickers, constructionworkers and nomadic tribes.All census officials were inthe field through out thenight teaming up withenumerators for inclusion ofsuch people in Census 2011. PROVISIONAL POPLUATION TOTALS 13
  14. 14. District Census Officers, City Census Officers, Charge Officers and Master trainers were trained in this way. The trainings were conducted by the faculty of trained National Trainers (NTs) and MTFs drawn from the Directorate and CARD (CSO). CHARGE LEVEL TRAINING Charge level trainings for enumerators and supervisors were organised at charge headquarters between 22nd April and 5th May 2010. The three days training was given by the MTs which included two days for the House Listing Operation and one day for NPR. 1.11 TRAINING PLAN FOR SECOND PHASE STATE LEVEL TRAINING State level training was conducted by the Directorate at the state headquarter on 4th December 2010 for Divisional Census officers, Municipal Commissioners and Principal Census Officers of Municipal Corporations, District Census Officers, additional District Census Officers and City Census Officers. A separate state level training was organized for Special Charge Officers at state headquarters on 26th November 2010. The trainings were conducted by the faculty of trained NTs. DIVISION LEVEL TRAINING Division level trainings were held at the divisional headquarters from 8th to 27th December 2010 in which Divisional Commissioners, Collectors and Principal Census Officers, Municipal Commissioners and Principal Census Officers, Divisional Census Officers, District Census Officers, additional District Census Officers, City Census Officers & Charge Officers were trained. The Divisional trainings were organized by the Directorate with the active support of state office of UNICEF. The trainings were conducted by the faculty of trained NTs and MTFs. DISTRICT LEVEL TRAINING District level trainings were held at the district headquarters during 5th and 13th January 2011. The Charge Officers and MTs were trained in this three day training by the faculties of trained NTs and MTFs. CHARGE LEVEL TRAINING Charge level trainings were held at the charge headquarters from 15th to 31st January 2011. All the enumerators and supervisors were trained for three days by the MTs. The census field staff took ‘Census Oath’ after collecting the census material on 4th or 5th February 2011 and assumed duties of their allotted EBs. 1.12 VILLAGE/ WARD CENSUS PLAN It was felt that community wisdom with the help of people’s participation would enhance quality and coverage in census. To this end, Village and Ward Census Groups prepared Village/ Ward Census Plans in all villages and wards of the state. Vital local information like various habitations in village/ ward, people with disabilities, Schedule Caste/Schedule Tribe population, nomadic population, institutional households and houseless persons were mentioned in the Village/ Ward Census Plans. This also helped to garner local support for the census enumerators.14
  15. 15. Overview of Census 2011 1.13 COMMUNICATION PLAN Detailed district and charge level Communication Plans were prepared in the state. The plans helped ensure timely communication of census related information for effective monitoring and supervision. The plans consisted of two parts. One part comprised of mobile phone numbers of all census enumerators and supervisors. The other part comprised of mobile phone numbers of local residents who provided information about census coverage in their locality. The Communication Plans were operationalised by control rooms which were set up at all levels, from the Directorate to the districts and municipal corporations to charges. Control rooms were equipped with all communication facilities like telephones, faxes and computers with internet facilities. The plans were very successful in collecting and relaying information from the field about operations management and helped in redressal of complaints in real time USE OF SMS FOR CENSUS FUNCTIONARIES Mobile phone numbers of census field staff collected with the help of Communication Plans were intensively used to send important messages to all the census functionaries using bulk Short Message Service (SMS) through a free service (way2SMS) from the Directorate of Census Operations. At one go, the directorate was able to relay information to all the census functionaries at the division, district, charge and supervisor level. On similar lines districts followed the method of communication with their enumerators. 1.14 PUBLICITY and Media plan NATIONAL LEVEL All modes of Publicity - Mass media, Public relations, Outreach activities and Digital media were used to spread awareness and ensure the cooperation of all stakeholders. A scientific media plan was designed by a professional agency that also created the media content in both the phases of the Census. While the general theme was that of including everybody without omission, special emphasis was laid on vulnerable groups like women, elderly, disabled, infants, homeless and primitive tribes in forest and remote areas. Celebrity endorsements were also broadcast.Census ofPrimitive TribesPatalkot region comprises twelvevillages and thirteen hamletslocated in deep depression of avalley where ridges separate thevillages. Located in Tamia tahsil ofChhindwara district, the region ispredominantly inhabited by theGonds and the primitive Bhariatribes. The villages in this regioncan be visited by foot through anarrow trail that goes down thesteep hills. PHOTO COURTESY : UNICEF PROVISIONAL POPLUATION TOTALS 15
  16. 16. STATE LEVEL Media and publicity plan was prepared at the Directorate and all the districts of the state, using separate strategies for rural and urban areas. Appeals to general public for co-operation in census were issued by His Excellency the Governor and Honourable Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh and were published on the first day of“Tumhara haq hai, operations during both the phases of Census 2011.tum ginti mein aao In order to create popular awareness about census in public, appeals from national and stateJo bhi ho, Jaise bhi level brand ambassadors were used in creatives and designs of publicity material, while theirho, naam likhao” endorsements were broadcast on radio and television. Mr. Gulzar (poet and lyricist) rendered a special couplet for Census 2011 in Madhya Pradesh, and appealed for the enumeration of Gulzar people with disabilities. Theme based posters, banners, stickers and hoardings were prepared with help of a professional agency, ‘Madhyam’ (State Publicity Corporation) and support of the state office of UNICEF. They were extensively used in cities and villages, on airports, railway and bus stations, on public transport, government and private vehicles and ATM machines (Punjab National Bank) for creating mass awareness. Census 2011 also made use of internet social networking sites like Facebook, Twitter and YouTube to make available census related information for the net-savvy sections of society. Directorate launched its own website, set up Madhya Pradesh census page on Facebook and started a channel on YouTube with census related videos. A special video spot on people with disabilities was prepared in collaboration with ‘Arushi’ and UNICEF. Various other audio and video spots were produced and broadcast over All India Radio, local FM channels and Doordarshan. The spots were adopted nationally and broadcast in all Hindi speaking states. These were also used on cable television networks and cinema halls across the state. Talk shows were organised in the studios of All India Radio, FM channels, Doordarshan and Gyan Darshan (IGNOU radio channel) Mobile telephone networks were used to send bulk Short Message Service (SMS) with census slogans to mobile phone users for mass awareness about census enumeration with complementary support of mobile companies like BSNL, Airtel, Reliance and Tata Indicom. Census slogans were also printed on electricity bills with the support of electricity distribution companies, and census stickers were pasted on packets of milk products by the State Milk Federation. In the parade and celebrations held on the Republic day in the State Capital as well as in many districts, census tableaus depicting various themes of Census of 2011 were displayed. The directorate also organized a “car rally for the blind” at Bhopal in collaboration with ‘Arushi’ and other sponsors of the event like ‘Sight savers’. The rally was unique in that while the cars were driven by volunteers of Bhopal city in their own vehicles, the blind people - who came from all over the state - were navigators and were given codes in Braille to chart the rally route. A photo exhibition on disability with Gulzar’s couplets was displayed at various locations in Bhopal city, including the Secretariat and the Vidhan Sabha. The events were well covered in the media and helped in enumeration coverage of people with disabilities in Census 2011. DISTRICT, CHARGE AND VILLAGE LEVELS Lots of events across the state in various districts and charges were organized to create mass16
  17. 17. Overview of Census 2011awareness about Census 2011, like talk shows on radio and television, car and cycle rallies,street plays, marathons, ‘kavi-sammelans’, quizzes, debates and essay writing competitionsfor school and college students etc. Many more were done during the Census Week from 26thJanuary to 2nd February. Rallies for enumeration of people with disabilities were organisedin Indore, Gwalior, Jabalpur and many other places by the district administration. A specialmention may be made of Sehore for exemplary efforts made by the census team in the district.Census was listed as an important agenda item of the Gram Sabha meetings held on theoccasion of the Republic Day, 26th January, 2011. Block level conferences of members of PRIs(Panchayati Raj Institutions) were also organised in all the blocks of the state during December2010 and January 2011 to sensitize them about Census 2011.Janganana Suchana Khidki (census information windows) were set up in Haat Bazars (ruralmarkets) and fairs (melas) all over the state to convey information about census to rural folk.Wall writing of census slogans and public announcements were extensively used in both urbanand rural areas.1.15 CENSUS IN SCHOOLSA new initiative of ‘Census in Schools’ was launched across the country. Purpose of thisprogramme was to make the children aware about the census enumeration of their families andneighborhoods and also to expose them to the significance of census data in the developmentof the country. The programme covered about 60 to 80 schools in each of the 640 Districts inthe country and was specifically designed for participation by the students of the entire schoolin general and the students of class VI, VII and VIII in particular.In Madhya Pradesh the original kits received from the office of Registrar General of Indiawere sent to all the ‘Head Start Schools’ along-with a census media CD with power-pointpresentations, census e-learning module and audio-video spots for organizing activities in theschools. The Commissioner of Rajya Shiksha Kendra, Govt. of Madhya Pradesh in turn replicatedthe kits and sent them to all 1.15 lac primary and middle schools of the state.1.16 Changes in the Houselisting and Housing CensusSchedulesThe attempt at every Census is to maintain continuity in order to allow comparisons and givea time series of data. However, every Census also permits a few changes in keeping with thedemands of stake holders. The changes made in Census 2011 are as follows:(i) Type of wall: A differentiation has been made between ‘stone packed with mortar’ and‘stone not packed with mortar’. The Codes in Census 2011 are: Census 2001 Code Census 2011 Code Grass/thatch/bamboo 1 Grass/thatch/bamboo 1 Plastic/polythene 2 Plastic/polythene 2 Mud/ unburnt brick 3 Mud/unburnt brick 3 Wood 4 Wood 4 GI/metal/asbestos sheets 5 Stone packed with mortar 5 Burnt Brick 6 Stone not packed with mortar 6 Stone 7 GI/metal/asbestos sheets 7 Concrete 8 Burnt Brick 8 Any Other 9 Concrete 9 Any Other 0 PROVISIONAL POPLUATION TOTALS 17
  18. 18. (ii) Type of roof: The Codes for material of roof have been modified by distinguishing hand- made tiles from machine made-tiles. The codes used in Census 2011 compared to the Census 2001 are given below: Census 2001 Code Census 2011 Code Grass/thatch/bamboo/wood/ 1 Grass/thatch/bamboo/wood/mud 1 mud etc. etc. Plastic/polythene 2 Plastic/polythene 2 Tiles 3 Hand made tiles 3 Slate 4 Machine made tiles 4 GI/metal/asbestos sheets 5 Burnt brick 5 Brick 6 Stone 6 Stone 7 Slate 7 Concrete 8 GI/metal/asbestos sheets 8 Any Other 9 Concrete 9 Any other 0 (iii) Main source of drinking water: The heading of the question has been changed from “Drinking water source” to “Main source of drinking water”. Drinking water cannot be classified as ‘safe’ or ‘unsafe’ without proper testing. However an attempt has been made for improving the categorisation of the sources of drinking water through provision of separate codes for ‘tap water from treated source’ and ‘tap water from untreated source’. The set of codes as used in Census 2011 and the corresponding Census 2001 Codes are as follows: Census 2001 Code Census 2011 Code Drinking Water Source Main Source of Drinking Water Tap 1 Tap water from treated source 1 Handpump 2 Tap water from untreated source 2 Tubewell 3 Covered well 3 Well 4 Un-covered well 4 Tank/pond/lake 5 Hand pump 5 River/canal 6 Tube well/borehole 6 Spring 7 Spring 7 Any Other 8 River/canal 8 Tank/pond/lake 9 Other Sources 0 (iv) Source of Lighting: The heading has been modified as ‘Main Source of Lighting’ (v) Bathing facility within premises: Realising that bathroom within the house was a predominantly urban phenomenon, the heading has been changed as bathing facility within the premises. Moreover, the categories have been expanded to include ‘Enclosure without roof’. The code list for the Census 2011 along with codes as were in Census 2001 are given below: Census 2001 Code Census 2011 Code Bathroom within the house Bathing facility available within premises Yes 1 Bathroom 1 No 2 Enclosure without roof 2 No 318
  19. 19. Overview of Census 2011(vi) Latrine: In Census 2001, information was sought on the availability of latrine ‘within thehouse’; in Census 2011 it has been modified as available ‘Within the premises”. Attempt hasalso been made to include other types of latrines. These categories are more in keeping withthe WHO/UNICEF categories. The set of codes as used in Census 2011 and the correspondingCensus 2001 Codes are as follows: Census 2001 Code Census 2011 Code No Latrine 0 Flush/pour flush latrine connected to Service Latrine 1 Piped sewer system 1 Pit Latrine 2 Septic system 2 Water Closet 3 Other system 3 Pit Latrine With slab/Ventilated Improved Pit 4 Without slab/open pit 5 Night soil disposed into open drain 6 Service Latrine Night soil removed by human 7 Night soil serviced by animals 8 No latrine within premises Public Latrine 9 Open 0(vii) Computer: This is a new question. Computer and internet penetration in the country is stilla matter of conjecture as there are no authentic sources for this data. The Census 2011 wouldgive rich data on this, which would be a vital input for policy planning. The codes for the newquestion in Census 2011 are as follows: Census 2011 Code Computer/Laptop possessed Yes With Internet 1 Without Internet 2 No 3(viii) Telephone: The scope of the question on Telephone has been expanded to sepa-rately include Mobile Phone also. With the rapid expansion of Mobile Phone cover-age, traditional land line telephones have become less attractive. The present Cen-sus would give rich data on this aspect. The codes in Census 2011 are as follows: Census 2001 Code Census 2011 Code Telephone Telephone/ Mobile phone Yes 1 Yes Landline only 1 Mobile only 2 No 2 Both 3 No 4 PROVISIONAL POPLUATION TOTALS 19
  20. 20. Features of the Census 2011 Questionnaires • Forms designed by National Institute of Design, Ahmadabad • Each Form has a Bar Code and a distinct Number • Printed in select high-end Presses having capacity for digital printing • Special colours used to enable complete drop-out after scanning • Pre-printing of State and District Location Codes attempted for the first time • Facility for noting continuity made in the Form • Specification for Paper evolved in consultation with experts • Paper quality 1.17 NEW FEATURES IN HOUSEHOLD SCHEDULE a) Pre-printing of Location particulars up to District: A highlight of Census 2011 was the pre-printing of location codes up to District level and the use of shorter Location Codes in the field. This reduced the burden on the Enumerators to an extent and improved compliance in the writing of location Codes on every Schedule. b) Printing of Bar Codes/ Form Number: The introduction of unique Form Number and Bar Codes in each Schedule was a new feature. This greatly facilitated proper inventory management and tracking of Schedules. c) Colour Drop-Out: The colours chosen for printing the Schedule were such that they dropped out totally after scanning. This is designed to facilitate considerable improvement in Intelligent Character Recognition (ICR). d) Edge Cut: Cutting one edge in the Schedule is designed to facilitate proper alignment of Schedules during scanning. e) Linking of Houselisting with Population Enumeration: A procedure to link the Housing Census data of matched households to the Population Enumeration data has been attempted for the first time. f) Tracking system in case of more than one form is used: A provision to record the number of the continuation forms used in the case of normal/Institutional households where more than one Schedule has been used. g) Description of Institutional Households: A provision has been made for recording the description of Institutional households. h) Gender: In a radical departure from the past, a provision has been made for the respondent to return a gender other than male or female. This is an option to be exercised by the respondent and not determined by the Enumerator. i) Date of birth: A provision has been made to record age in completed years as well as date of birth. This is expected to improve reporting of age at least among a section of the population. j) Current marital status: Separate Codes have been assigned for ‘Divorced’ and ‘Separated’. k) Disability: The question on disability has been vastly enlarged in Census 2011. In comparison to the 5 Codes in Census 2001, 8 Codes have been provided in the present Census. The new Codes are: Mental Retardation, Mental Illness, Any Other and Multiple Disability. The questions and the instructions have been finalised after extensive deliberation with civil20
  21. 21. Overview of Census 2011society organisations and the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment. Respondents withmultiple disability would now be able to report up to 3 disabilities for the first time.l) Status of current attendance in educational institution: Separate codes have been given forpersons who have never attended any educational institution and persons who have attendedearlier. An additional code for recording persons attending special institution for the disabledhas also been added.m) Worked any time during last year: The question on Work Status has been modified asbelow:Main WorkerIf worked for 6 months or moreMarginal WorkerIf worked for 3 months or more but less than 6 monthsIf worked for less than 3 monthsNon WorkerIf not worked at allSuch a classification would not only retain the older categorization of Main, Marginal and NonWorker but would also offer richer data on the period of work.n) Non-economic activity: A category of ‘Others’ has been included to account for commercialsex workers and persons involved in illegal activities. A new code for ‘rentier’ has also beenintroduced.o) Migration: While processing of the Census 2001 data, it was found that the non-responsewith respect to providing the district names was relatively more both in the question onplace of birth and place of last residence. It was felt that as the names of the districts mighthave undergone a change, the respondent was unable to provide the correct names. Thus, inCensus 2011, an added item, namely, the name of village/town has been added in both thesequestions.p) Number of children born alive during last one year: Mention of the specific period ‘1stMarch, 2010 to 28th February, 2011’ on the body of the Schedule has been done.QUESTIONS DROPPEDa) Household engaged in cultivation/plantation : The following question was canvassed inCensus 2001: ‘Total net area of land under cultivation/plantation’ ; ‘Net area of irrigated land’and ‘Tenure status of land under cultivation/plantation’. The question was canvassed but couldnot be tabulated on account of widespread non-response. There were also other technicalproblems like, variation in the units of measurment, comparability with other sources of datanamely, the Agricultural Census, land holding survey of the NSS, etc. Hence it was decided todrop this questions in Census 2011.b) A comparision of the questions proposed in Census 2011 with the questions canvassed inCensus 2011 is presented below. PROVISIONAL POPLUATION TOTALS 21
  22. 22. Sl. Census 2001 Census 2011 Remarks No 1 Name of person Name of the person No Change 2 Relationship to head Relationship to head No Change 3 Sex Sex Provision for returning a gender other than male or female 4 Age in completed years Date of Birth Date of Birth in addition to age 5 Current marital status Current marital status Seperate code for ‘Divorced’ and ‘Seperated’ 6 Age at marriage Age at marriage No Change 7 Religion Religion No Change 8 Mother tongue Mother tongue No Change 9 Other languages known Other languages known No Change 10 Literacy status Literacy status No Change 11 Highest educational level attained Highest educational level attained No Change 12 Status of attendance in educational Status of attendance in educational Seperate Code for persons who have never institution institution attended and who have attended before 13 Disability Disability Question modified. Three questions instead of one. 14 Did the person work any time last year Worked any time during last year Additional code for two types of marginal workers (3-6 months, less than 3 months) For main or marginal worker 15 Category of economic activity Work category No Change 16 Occupation of the person Occupation No Change 17 Describe in detail the nature of industry, Nature of industry, trade or service No Change trade or service 18 Class of worker Class of worker No Change For marginal workers or non-workers 19 Record Code of non-economic activity Non-economic activity Adding a seperate code for rentiers 20 Is the person seeking/available for work Seeking/available for work No Change For other workers 21 Journey to place to work 22 Distance from residence to place of work One way distance from usual No Change in kilometers residence to place of work in kilometers 23 Mode of travel to place of work (Code) Mode of travel to place of work (Code) No Change 24 Birth place Birth place Name of village/town is also added 25 Place of last residence Place of last residence Name of village/town is also added 26 At the time of migration, was the place of At the time of migration, was the No Change last residence Rural/Urban place of last residence Rural/Urban 27 Reason for migration of this person Reason for migration of this person No Change 28 Duration of stay in this village or town Duration of stay in this village or town No Change since migration since migration For ever married woman 29 Number of children surviving at present Number of children surviving at No Change present 30 Total no. of children ever born alive Total no. of children ever born alive No Change For currently married woman 31 Number of children born alive during last Number of children born alive during No Change one year last one year For household engaged in cultivation/ plantation 32 Total net area of land under cultivation/ Dropped plantation For currently married woman 33 Net area of irrigated land Dropped 34 Tenure status of land under cultivation/ Dropped plantation22
  23. 23. Overview of Census 20111.18 MONITORING and supervisionHonourable Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh wrote to all the Ministers, Members ofParliament, Members of Legislative Assembly and Chair-persons of Zilla Panchayats to elicittheir participation for complete census coverage in the state. Similarly Hon’ble Home Ministerwrote to all Mayors of municipal corporations and Chair-persons of municipal bodies.The State Government issued circular for inspection of census in the field by PrincipalSecretaries / Secretaries of various departments in all the districts of the state to ensurequality and complete coverage. The senior officers inspected the census work in districts andprovided valuable guidance to Principal/ District census officers and their census field staff andsubmitted their reports to the Department of Home Affairs. The operations were found to besatisfactory.The directorate has been in regular touch with the divisions, districts and charges by way ofvideo-conferences. As many as 16 video-conferences (VCs) were organized with support ofNational Informatics Centre (NIC) for training on important issues and periodic monitoringof census operations. Divisional census officers, Principal Census Officers (Collectors andMunicipal Commissioners), District and City Census Officers and Charge Officers attended theVCs from time to time. Principal Secretary and Secretary of the Department of Home Affairspresided over many of the VCs. Registrar General of India himself addressed the Collectors,Municipal Commissioners and District Census Officers in one of them. The cause of census wasalso taken up a few times in the monthly ‘samadhan online’ and ‘parakh’ video-conferences ofthe Hon’ble Chief Minister and the Chief Secretary of the state.The districts deputed senior district officials as zonal officers and members of inspecting teamsfor monitoring of census operations in the district. Gender MTFs from CSOs observed qualityin gender sensitive districts of the state. Senior officers of the Directorate were deployed in allthe divisions and trained directorate employees were stationed in all the district of the statefor hand-holding the census operations, proper monitoring and supervision.The districts actively collaborated with CSOs during the course of the operations for qualitycoverage of people with disabilities, homeless in urban and rural areas, primitive tribes inremote and forest areas and the issues of gender and migration. CSOs like ‘Arambh’ and theirsister organisations helped in enumeration of the homeless in municipal corporations of thestate. Similarly other CSOs like those under the banner of state ‘Jan Abhiyan Parishad’ andmany others were involved in the coverage of census enumeration. PROVISIONAL POPLUATION TOTALS 23
  24. 24. 1.19 USE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY The Directorate designed and implemented online Management Information System (MIS) on its website with technical support of the state National Informatics Centre (NIC). The online MIS made possible the monitoring of coverage progress of households in all enumeration blocks of all the districts in the state twice a week. The periodic monitoring (every 3 days) was effected with the help of the Communication Plans and control rooms established at charge and district level. Periodic reports generated by the MIS were used for effective monitoring by the directorate as well as districts and charges to ensure full and timely coverage. DATA CENTRE FOR PROVISIONAL TOTALS The online MIS was also used for entry of provisional census data after the completion of Revisional Round. A data centre with adequate number of computers and broadband internet connections was established at the district level where data of enumerator abstracts of all the enumeration blocks were entered online. This helped to complete tabulation of provisional census data and generation of census reports within a record time. The online data entry also made possible the checking of provisional census figures by an expert team of senior officers of the Directorate in real time. 1.20 CENSUS HELPLINE In addition to the National help line, professionally run Call Centre was established at the State level (toll free number 1800 210 1011) with support of UNICEF. The call centre was very successfully used in clarifying doubts of the field census staff and in answering queries and recording complaints of general public. Complaints were recorded on-line and district/ charge level census officials ensured their redressal within 24 hours which was also entered on-line. Agents at the call centre were properly trained before hand. Moreover, help desks and help- lines were also established in charges and districts during the census operations. 1.21 innovations and NEW EFFORTS A large number of innovation and new efforts were initiated by the Directorate in Census 2011. District and Village/ ward level Census Groups and Census Plans; Communication Plans; Census call centre and help line; partnership with Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) in census enumeration, publicity and trainings; GIS maps of administrative units and Bhopal city; State Census Brand Ambassadors in IEC activities; Directorate web-site and use of internet Social Networking sites like Face book and YouTube; production and use of audio-video aids in trainings; Photo Identity Cards and ‘Census Oath’ for census field staff; Field diary for supervisors; Online MIS for census management and provisional totals; video-conferences for monitoring; SMS for census workers/ officials and SMS with census appeals for mobile phone users; inspections by Senior officers of Sate Government and collaboration with State UNICEF office were all done for the first time in the census history of the state. These innovations also made census operations in the state unique in many ways across the country. 1.22 Post Enumeration Survey The Census Organisation since independence has traditionally been evaluating the results of the Population Census through Post Enumeration Surveys (PES). No precise estimate of the extent of error in the census count was ever made prior to independence. The objective of the PES is to quantify the omission and duplication in the census enumeration, that is coverage error as well as to measure the response error in respect of certain selected characteristics canvassed24
  25. 25. Overview of Census 2011at the census called content error. The results are of help in identifying areas that would needattention such as concepts and definitions employed, procedures of enumeration and relatedinstructions to the field staff, etc. as well as in improving the conduct of future censuses. Noattempts, however, are made to adjust the census results based on the PES results.During Census of India 2011, PES of both Houselisting Operations and Population Enumerationhas been proposed to be conducted separately after the conclusion of the respective phases.The field work of the PES of the first phase, that is, Houselisting Operations has been completedin Madhya Pradesh during 16 August to 15 September, 2010. The sampling frame used forselection of samples for conducting the PES of this phase was the sampling units of the SampleRegistration System (SRS). A total of 86 SRS Units were selected for PES spread over the State.Total number of Houselisting Blocks in each SRS Unit depended upon the population of SRSUnit. Staff of Directorate of Census Operations conducted the field work and the enumeratorswere specially trained for conducting the PES.It is proposed to conduct the PES of the second phase of Census of India 2011, that is,Population Enumeration in April and May 2011 in the state. A total of 239 Enumeration Blocksof Population Enumeration has been selected for the purpose of estimating coverage error. Formeasuring content error, 20 percent sub-sample of the selected enumeration blocks has beenselected. Department of Economics and Statistics, Government of Madhay Pradesh has agreedto provide their staff for the field work and supervision. Intensive training will be imparted tothem before the field operation.Net omission rates (per thousand persons) at the All-India level - by sex andresidence - are presented below: Sex Total Rural Urban 1981 1991 2001 1981 1991 2001 1981 1991 2001Persons 18.0 17.6 23.3 15.0 16.8 16.8 27.6 19.8 39.8Males 17.1 17.3 23.5 13.8 16.0 16.2 27.7 21.1 41.5Females 18.8 17.9 23.1 16.3 17.7 17.5 27.5 18.3 37.9 PROVISIONAL POPLUATION TOTALS 25
  26. 26. 1.23 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Census is one of the largest administrative exercises in our country and requires extensive co-ordination and management on a monumental scale. I acknowledge the help, support and co-operation of each of those people and dignitaries who helped to make it a success. On the eve of commencement of the house listing operation and population enumeration His Excellency, the Governor of Madhya Pradesh and the Honourable Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh issued appeals for the people of Madhya Pradesh to provide complete and correct information in census. Hon’ble CM also wrote to the Ministers, MPs, MLAs and Chair-persons of Zilla Panchayats to elicit their participation in the census. Hon’ble Home Minister of the state in turn wrote to Mayors and Chair-persons of municipal bodies. I express my sincere gratitude to them. I am grateful to Chief Secretary, Mr Avani Vaish and Principal Secretary, Department of Home Affairs, Mr Ashok Das (and earlier, Mr Rajan Katoch) for their unstinted guidance and support to the successful completion of Census 2011 in the state. My thanks to Additional Chief Secretary, Department of Forest; Principal Secretaries of the Departments of Finance, General Administration, Education, Revenue, Labour and Tribal Welfare; Chief Post Master General (CPMG) of the state; Secretaries/ Commissioners of Departments of Rural Development, Urban Development, Social Welfare, Rajya Shiksha Kendra (SSA), Revenue (and Controller Government Press), Public Relations, National Rural Health Mission, Excise, Treasuries; Managing Directors of Milk Federation, Tourism Development Corporation, ‘Madhayam’; Chairmen and Managing Directors of Electricity Distribution Companies; Chief General Manager (BSNL); Regional Director (IGNOU); Regional Manager (Punjab National Bank); Station Directors of All India Radio and Doordarshan and Deputy director (Press Information Bureau) for extending support of their departments and organisations for census operations. Thanks are also due to all the senior officers of State Government who toured the state, inspected the field operations and provided valuable guidance to the district officials. I am grateful to Secretary (Home) and Nodal Officer for Census 2011 for enabling co-ordination with the State Government. Ms. Seema Sharma, Mr. Chandrahas Dube, Mr. V M Upadhyay and Mr. Vijay Kataria officiated as nodal Officers from time to time. The longest tenure of Mr Chandrahas Dube, his pragmatic and pro-active approach left a lasting impact on census. All out support of all the nodal officers was of great help in the successful conduct of Census 2011 in the state. Special thanks to State Information Officer (National Informatics Centre) and his dedicated team who arranged the video conferences, hosted the website and designed the Census MIS in a very short time. This monumental task was made possible by the leadership and involvement of Divisional Commissioners, District Collectors and Principle Census Officer, Commissioners of municipal corporations and Principal Census Officers; and the hard work of Divisional Census officers, District Census Officers, Additional District Census Officers, City Census Officers, Additional City Census Officers, Charge Officers and Special Charge Officers. All MTFs, MTs, census enumerators and supervisors must be appreciated for their pains taking efforts in the field. I am indebted to Mr. Gulzar (poet & lyricist) and Ms Divyanka Tripathi (Actor) for complementarily endorsing the mass publicity campaign as State Census Ambassadors. Their popular appeals went a long way in eliciting support of one and all in the state.26
  27. 27. Overview of Census 2011I would like to express my heartfelt appreciation to the team of ‘Arushi’ for their exemplarycommitment to the cause of disability and their active roles in trainings and publicity. I alsoacknowledge the work of ‘CARD’ during trainings and enumeration and the way they workedhand-in-hand with the directorate. Thanks are also due to ‘Arambh’ and many other CSOsincluding the ones of ‘Jan Abhiyan Parishad’ for their collaboration in population enumeration.Appreciations are also extended to the mobile companies who relayed census appeals to alltheir mobile phone users without charge.My special thanks are due to UNICEF, the State Representative Ms Tania Goldner and ProgramOfficer (SPPME) Ms Veena Bandopadhyay for their active collaboration during the course ofcensus operations. Thanks are also for Mr. Anil Gulati of UNICEF for documentation and mediacoverage.My profound regards and gratitude are reserved for Dr. C Chandramauli, Registrar Generaland Census Commissioner, India, for his leadership, guidance and constant encouragement atevery stage of this monumental task. I am also grateful to Mr. R C Sethi, Additional RGI; Mr. S KChakrabarti, DDG (NPR); Mr. Deepak Rastogi, DDG; Mr. C Chakravorty and Ms Suman Prashar,Consultants, for their help from time to time. All the officers and staff of the Office of theRegistrar General and Census Commissioner, India deserve credit for their valuable support.Lastly and importantly, dedication, enthusiasm and devotion to duty shown by the officers andstaff of the Directorate of Census Operations who toiled day and night to make this nationaltask a resounding success is really commendable. Mention may be made of Mr. S. L. Jain, JointDirector, who managed the show in the state till the time I joined the organization in May 2010.I extend my heartfelt appreciation to all my colleagues.Bhopal SACHIN SINHADated: 4th April 2011 Director of Census Operations, Madhya Pradesh PROVISIONAL POPLUATION TOTALS 27
  28. 28. 28