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Urban Gardening with Native Plants, NPILC 2018


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Presented at the 2018 Native Plants in the Landscape Conference at Millersville, Pennsylvania

Published in: Environment
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Urban Gardening with Native Plants, NPILC 2018

  1. 1. Chris Kreussling (Flatbush Gardener) Native Plants in the Landscape Conference 2018 URBAN GARDENING WITH NATIVE PLANTS
  2. 2. About Me Chris Kreussling (Flatbush Gardener)2
  3. 3. 1981-1992: East Village, Manhattan Lesson: Buildings -> Shade 1992-2002: Park Slope, Brooklyn Lesson: Concrete -> Containers 2002-2005: Park Slope Lesson: Weeds and Invasives 2005 to Present: Flatbush, Brooklyn Lessons: all of the above My New York City Gardens Chris Kreussling (Flatbush Gardener)3
  4. 4. Genius Loci Geography is Destiny Chris Kreussling (Flatbush Gardener)4
  5. 5. Long Island Chris Kreussling (Flatbush Gardener)5 NASA Landsat satellite global mosaic image of Long Island, New York
  6. 6. Long Island Chris Kreussling (Flatbush Gardener)6 Bennington, J Bret, 2003. New observations on the glacial geomorphology of Long Island from a digital elevation model (DEM). Long Island Geologists Conference, Stony Brook, New York, April 2003. HHm: Harbor Hill Moraine My Garden Glacial Outwash Plain
  7. 7. Central Brooklyn Chris Kreussling (Flatbush Gardener)7 My Garden Greenwood Cemetery Grand Army Plaza Prospect Park Prospect Lake Prospect Expressway Gowanus Canal B/Q Subway Line HHm
  8. 8. “Flatbush”: Anglicization of old Dutch: • “vlachtebos” (vlacke bos, vladbos, flakkebos) Land use History: • Home of Lenape and Canarsie • Dutch “settled” in early 1600s • Primarily used for agriculture: woodland -> pasture, meadow • Last farms converted to residential in 1890s, early 1900s: pasture/meadow -> savannah The Wooded Plain Chris Kreussling (Flatbush Gardener)8
  9. 9. Ground Truth (My Neighborhood) Chris Kreussling (Flatbush Gardener)9
  10. 10. Ecological Regions (EcoRegions) Chris Kreussling (Flatbush Gardener)10
  11. 11. My Garden Garden Where You Are Chris Kreussling (Flatbush Gardener)11
  12. 12. 2009: Certificate in Horticulture, Brooklyn Botanic Garden 2011: National Wildlife Federation Wildlife Habitat #141,173 2012: Xerces Society Pollinator Habitat 2017: NABA Butterfly Garden #2348 and Monarch Garden Garden #4 Chris Kreussling (Flatbush Gardener)12
  13. 13. My Backyard Native Plant Garden Chris Kreussling (Flatbush Gardener)13
  14. 14. The Front Yard Chris Kreussling (Flatbush Gardener)14
  15. 15. Biodiversity If you plant it, they will come Chris Kreussling (Flatbush Gardener)15
  16. 16. Plants 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Other Regional Native NYC-Native Total Total, NYC-Native Chris Kreussling (Flatbush Gardener)16
  17. 17. Family Common Name # Species Coleoptera Beetles 19 Diptera Flies 23 Hemiptera Bugs 9 Hymenoptera Bees 27 Hymenoptera Wasps 26 Lepidoptera Butterflies, Moths, and Skippers 22 126 Insects in my Garden Chris Kreussling (Flatbush Gardener)17
  18. 18. Allium triccocum, ramps Chris Kreussling (Flatbush Gardener)18
  19. 19. Aquilegia canadensis, red columbine Chris Kreussling (Flatbush Gardener)19
  20. 20. Aristolochia tomentosa, pipevine Battus philenor, pipevine swallowtail Chris Kreussling (Flatbush Gardener)20
  21. 21. Coccinella novemnotata, C9 Chris Kreussling (Flatbush Gardener)21
  22. 22. Stop using pesticides in the garden. Not just insecticides, but herbicides, fungicides, etc. Grow more native plants, and more varieties of them. Many insects feed on plants in their larval stages, e.g.: caterpillars, and can't feed effectively on plants with which they haven't co-evolved. A variety of native plant species also provides more flowers to provide nectar and pollen for adult insects. Choose plants that have clusters of small flowers, which will attract a larger diversity of insects than big, blowsy flowers. Leave piles of leaf litter, old logs and branches, standing dead stems of plants. These provide shelter for eggs, pupae, and adults. Gardening for Insects Chris Kreussling (Flatbush Gardener)22
  23. 23. Colletes thoracicus, cellophane bee Chris Kreussling (Flatbush Gardener)23
  24. 24. Dioprosopa clavata, four-speckled hoverfly Chris Kreussling (Flatbush Gardener)24
  25. 25. Heuchera ‘Caramel’ Chris Kreussling (Flatbush Gardener)25
  26. 26. Impatiens capensis, orange jewelweed Chris Kreussling (Flatbush Gardener)26
  27. 27. Oxalis stricta, yellow wood-sorrel Chris Kreussling (Flatbush Gardener)27
  28. 28. Pycnanthemum muticum, mountain-mint Chris Kreussling (Flatbush Gardener)28
  29. 29. Sphecius speciosus, cicada killer Chris Kreussling (Flatbush Gardener)29
  30. 30. Viburnum dentatum, arrowwood Pyrrhalta viburni, Viburnum leaf beetle Chris Kreussling (Flatbush Gardener)30
  31. 31. Yucca filamentosa, Adam’s needle Carpophilus melanopterus, Yucca beetle Chris Kreussling (Flatbush Gardener)31
  32. 32. Why Bother? Living (and Gardening) in the Anthropocene Chris Kreussling (Flatbush Gardener)32
  33. 33. Climate Change Chris Kreussling (Flatbush Gardener)33
  34. 34. The Sixth Extinction Chris Kreussling (Flatbush Gardener)34
  35. 35. Defiance and Resistance Chris Kreussling (Flatbush Gardener)35
  36. 36. Twitter: Flatbush Gardener Blog: Flatbush Gardener https://flatbush Flickr: Flatbush Gardener Email: Contact Chris Kreussling (Flatbush Gardener)36