Ap Art History Project Unfinisheddd


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AP Art History project - Pre-Columbian Art.

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Ap Art History Project Unfinisheddd

  1. 1. Pre-Columbian Art <ul><li>Group : </li></ul><ul><li>Kat </li></ul><ul><li>Joanna </li></ul><ul><li>Mandy </li></ul><ul><li>Eu Jiang </li></ul><ul><li>Melissa </li></ul>
  2. 2. In general… <ul><li>Pre-Columbian art refers to the time in the Americans prior to the arrival of the European colonizers in the 16 th Century. </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-Columbian art thrived from 1800 BC to AD 1500 . </li></ul><ul><li>Certain characteristics repeated throughout the region: angular, linear patterns, and three-dimensional ceramics. </li></ul>
  3. 4. Mesoamerica and Central America <ul><li>Cultures generally divided into three periods: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-Classic (up to 200 AD) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Classic ( about 200 AD to 900 AD) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Post-Classic (about 900 AD to 1580) </li></ul></ul>
  4. 5. Pre-Classic period (up to 200 AD) <ul><li>The most dominant civilization of this period was the Olmecs, which flourished from 1200 AD to 400 BC. </li></ul><ul><li>The  Olmec  lived in the tropical lowlands of south-central Mexico, in what are roughly the modern-day states of Veracruz and Tabasco. </li></ul><ul><li>Most of Olmec art is naturalistic (most notably ‘The Wrestler’) </li></ul>
  5. 6. The Olmecs created heavy-featured, colossal heads, up to 2 meters (8 ft) high. The heads were carved from single blocks or boulders of volcanic basalt, found in the Tuxtlas Mountains. <ul><li>Photo of Olmec Head number 6 from San Lorenzo </li></ul>
  6. 7. The twisted arms give the statue a sense of movement. Some believe that this is a shaman rather than a wrestler. Many researchers consider it an early work, dated as early as 1200 BCE. However, others consign it belonging to a period closer to 400 BCE, the end of the Olmec culture. <ul><li>A famous work from the Olmec culture, “The Wrestler” </li></ul>
  7. 8. Classic Period (about 200 AD – 900 AD) <ul><li>The most dominant culture of this period was the Maya ns. </li></ul><ul><li>Practiced their own forms of hieroglyphic writing and astronomy. Mayan art consequently focuses on rain, agriculture, and fertility. </li></ul><ul><li>Usage of relief and surface decoration, as well as some sculpture.  </li></ul><ul><li>Glyphs and stylized figures were used to decorate architecture such as the pyramid temple of Chichén Itzá. Murals dating from about AD 750. </li></ul>
  8. 9. CHICHÉN ITZÁ <ul><li>Chichen Itza was a major regional focal point in the northern Maya lowlands. The site exhibits a multitude of architectural styles, from what is called “Mexicanized” and reminiscent of styles seen in central Mexico to the  Puuc  style found among the Puuc Maya of the northern lowlands. </li></ul>
  9. 10. RELIEF OF SHIELD JAGUAR AND LADY XOC <ul><li>One of the Yaxchilan Lintels. </li></ul><ul><li>The text of Maya hieroglyphics indicates that the scene depicted is a bloodletting ritual that took place. </li></ul><ul><li>The ruler, Shield Jaguar, holds a torch while his consort, Lady Xoc, pulls a rope studded with what are now believed to be obsidian shards through her tongue in order to conjure a vision serpent. </li></ul>
  10. 11. VESSEL WITH MYTHOLOGICAL SCENE <ul><li>A monochrome painting or drawing: called the &quot; codex style ,&quot; because of its similarity to that of the few Pre-Columbian Maya books, or codices , that exist today.  </li></ul><ul><li>Depicts dancing figure holding a long-handled axe and a raised hand stone. In front of him on a monster-head altar lies a deity figure known today as Baby Jaguar. </li></ul><ul><li>While the scene has been interpreted as one of sacrifice, another interpretation holds that it is one of celebration. </li></ul>
  11. 12. Post-Classic Period (about 900 AD to 1580) <ul><li>10 th - 12 th Centuries </li></ul><ul><li>Dominant cultures: Toltec , Mixtec , and Aztec </li></ul><ul><li>The Post-Classic Period was marked by the apparent breakup of the old Classic Period cultures, with their distinctive art and architectural styles. </li></ul><ul><li>During the Post-Classic Period, fortifications and warlike themes begin to show a more militaristic attitude. </li></ul>
  12. 13. TOLTECS <ul><li>“ The Atlantes” - columns in the form of Toltec warriors in Tula. </li></ul>