Common grammar mistakes

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  •  In fact, there are 4 choices to make, because sometimes no article is necessary.
  •  In fact, there are 4 choices to make, because sometimes no article is necessary.
  • e.g., In this study, we design a storage system.This storage system has a salient feature.
  •  You use an uncount noun with no article if you mean all or any of that thing.I need help!I don't eat cheese.Do you like music?
  • An HDFS extention.
  •  You use an uncount noun with no article if you mean all or any of that thing.I need help!I don't eat cheese.Do you like music?
  • You use the with an uncount noun when you are talking about a particular example of that thing.
  • You usually use a/an with a count noun the first time you say or write that noun.In “the” garden
  • You use the with count nouns the second and subsequent times you use the noun, or when the listener already knows what you are referring to (maybe because there is only one of that thing).
  • You use a plural count noun with no article if you mean all or any of that thing.
  • The above rules apply whether there is or there is not an adjective in front of the noun.
  • The above rules apply whether there is or there is not an adjective in front of the noun.
  • The above rules apply whether there is or there is not an adjective in front of the noun.
  • The above rules apply whether there is or there is not an adjective in front of the noun.
  • The above rules apply whether there is or there is not an adjective in front of the noun.
  • The above rules apply whether there is or there is not an adjective in front of the noun.
  • The above rules apply whether there is or there is not an adjective in front of the noun.
  • http://esl.fis.edu/grammar/rules/
  • Common grammar mistakes

    1. 1. Common Grammar Mistakes (Part 1) Xiao QinDepartment of Computer Science and Software Engineering Auburn University This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.
    2. 2. Three articles in English: a, an and the• Step 1: to categorize the noun as count or uncount – A count noun: a noun that can have a number in front of it: 1 teacher, 3 books, 76 trombones, 1,000,000 people. – An uncount noun: a noun that cannot have a number put in front of it: 1 water, 2 lucks, 10 airs, 21 oils, 39 informations.Reference: http://esl.fis.edu/grammar/rules/article.htm
    3. 3. Step 2: Rules for Uncountable nouns• No a/an with an uncount noun.• Do not put a number in front of an uncount noun. (You cannot make an uncount noun plural.)• Use an uncount noun with no article if you mean that thing in general.• Use the with an uncount noun when you are talking about a particular example of that thing.Reference: http://esl.fis.edu/grammar/rules/article.htm
    4. 4. Step 3: Rules for countable nouns• May put a number in front of a count noun.• May put both a/an and the in front of a count noun.• Must put an article in front of a singular count noun.• Use a plural count noun with no article if you mean all or any of that thing.• Usually use a/an with a count noun the first time you say it.• Use the with count nouns: – the second and subsequent times you use the noun in writing – when the listener knows what you are referring to (maybe because there is only one of that thing)• Use an (not a) when the next word (adverb, adjective, noun) starts with a vowel sound.Reference: http://esl.fis.edu/grammar/rules/article.htm
    5. 5. Note 1:• Above rules apply whether there is or there is not an adjective in front of the noun.• Some nouns can be either count or uncount, depending on the context and meaning: – Do you have paper? I want to draw a picture. (uncount = a sheet of paper) – Can you get me a paper when you抮e at the shop? (count = a newspaper)Reference: http://esl.fis.edu/grammar/rules/article.htm
    6. 6. Note 2:• Uncount nouns are often preceded by phrases such as: a lot of .. (luck), a piece of .. (cake), a bottle of .. (milk), a grain of .. (rice).• Instead of an article, the noun can also be preceded by a determiner such as this, that, some, many or my, his, our, etc.Reference: http://esl.fis.edu/grammar/rules/article.htm
    7. 7. Note 3:• An NSF project or a NSF project. Which one is correct? An NSF project is correct. Why?• United States or the United States. Which one is correct? the United States or the USA or the U.S. Why?
    8. 8. Example 1• I need ____ help!• I dont eat ____ cheese.• Do you like ____ music?Reference: http://esl.fis.edu/grammar/rules/article.htm
    9. 9. Example 2• Thanks for ____ help you gave me yesterday.• I didnt eat ____ cheese. It was green!• Did you like ____ music they played at the dance?Reference: http://esl.fis.edu/grammar/rules/article.htm
    10. 10. Example 3• Can I borrow ____ pencil, please?• Theres ____ cat in ____ garden!• Do you have ____ mp3 player?Reference: http://esl.fis.edu/grammar/rules/article.htm
    11. 11. Example 4• Wheres ____ pencil I lent you yesterday?• I think ____ cat belongs to ____ new neighbours.• I dropped ____ mp3 player and it broke.• Please shut ____ door!Reference: http://esl.fis.edu/grammar/rules/article.htm
    12. 12. Example 5• I dont like ____ dogs.• Do they have ____ children?• I dont need ____ questions. Give me ____ answers!Reference: http://esl.fis.edu/grammar/rules/article.htm
    13. 13. Example 6• I dont eat ____ German cheese.• Can I borrow ____ red pencil, please?• Theres ____ extremely large cat in ____ garden!• I dont like ____ small, noisy children.Reference: http://esl.fis.edu/grammar/rules/article.htm
    14. 14. Prepositions• Prepositions are the (usually) short words that precede nouns or pronouns• Give information about where (on the table), when (in April), etc.• e.g., in, on, under, by, for, from, with, during.• An effective way to learn the most common uses of the most common prepositions is to read and write more papers.Reference: http://esl.fis.edu/grammar/rules/prep.htm
    15. 15. Preposition: inWe use in with months - in May seasons - in winter country - in Greece city or town names - in New York times of the day - in the morning, afternoon or evening BUT at night!In a computer systemReference: http://esl.about.com/library/beginner/bleasypreps.htm
    16. 16. Preposition: onWe use "on" with specific days - on Friday, on New Years Day, on April the 19th American English - "on the weekend OR on weekends“On a cluster.Reference: http://esl.about.com/library/beginner/bleasypreps.htm
    17. 17. Preposition: atWe use "at" with specific times - at 7 oclock, at 6.15 at night specific places in a city - at school British English - "at the weekend OR at weekends"Reference: http://esl.about.com/library/beginner/bleasypreps.htm
    18. 18. Preposition: toWe use "to" with verbs which show movement such as go and come - He goes to school. She returned to the store. They are coming to the party tonight.We propose an approach to improve/improving *****.Reference: http://esl.about.com/library/beginner/bleasypreps.htm
    19. 19. e.g., i.e., et al., a.k.a.,• e.g., = for example.• When the tested system scales up (e.g., the number of data nodes is larger than 128), ******• i.e., = that is (i.e., equals to)• et al. (i.e., etc.) in Latex: textit{et al.}• a.k.a., = also known as (i.e.,) – e.g., central processing unit (a.k.a., CPU)

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