A Presentation on Mill Network atKinderdijk - Elshout in Netherland
Kinderdijk is a village situated in a polder inthe Alblasserwaard at the confluence ofthe Lek and Noord rivers inthe Netherlands.A polder is a low-lying tract of landenclosed by embankments (barriers)known as dikes that forms anartificial hydrological entity.
This site is surrounded by river Lekand Noord on two sides and built onthe polders. It belongs to the municipalityof Molenwaard, in the province SouthHolland, about 15 km eastof Rotterdam.To keep the polders dry it was decidedto build a series of windmills.This site illustrates all the typicalfeatures associated with thistechnology – dykes, reservoirs,pumping stations, administrativebuildings and a series of beautifullypreserved windmills.
Windmill NetworkWindmill with Horse TramA Windmill pumping outwater
Until the end of 2004, there were some criterias for cultural heritage and alsofor natural heritage. In 2005, this was modified so that there is only one set often criteria. Nominated sites must be of "outstanding universal value" and meetat least one of the ten criteria.Selection criteria for World Heritage siteCultural Criteria Natural Criteriasix criteria for culturalheritagefour criteria fornatural heritage
Mill Network at Kinderdijk - Elshout in Netherlandwas selected on the basis of Cultural CriteriaCultural Criteria used were:-• Represents a masterpiece of human creative genius.• Exhibits an important interchange of human values, over a span of time, orwithin a cultural area of the world, on developments in architecture ortechnology, monumental arts, town-planning, or landscape design.• Is an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural, ortechnological ensemble or landscape which illustrates a significant stage inhuman history.
UNESCO designation as a World Heritage Site provides protectiontowards the Law of War, under the Geneva Convention.Thus, the Geneva Convention Treaty promulgates the prohibition of:-a) To commit any acts of hostility directed against the historic monuments,works of art or places of worship which constitute the cultural or spiritualheritage of peoples.b) To use such objects in support of the military effort.c) To make such objects the object of reprisals.Legal status of Mill Network at Kinderdijk -Elshout in Netherland
The buildings (with the exception of the Wisboom and Nieuw-Lekkerland pumping stations) are designated as monuments inaccordance with Article 6 of the 1988 Dutch Monuments Act.The area has also been designated a protected conservation areain accordance with Article 10.1 of the Nature Conservation Act.The built heritage component is also protected by the MonumentsBye-Law of the Province of Zuid Holland.
Management Measures Provided for MillNetwork at Kinderdijk - Elshout in NetherlandUse of site/property:--The Wisboom pumping station, used as an exposition centre, and theNederwaard 2 mill are open to visitors.-The other inhabited historic drainage mills, with their surrounding yards andfields (most of which are designated wildlife areas) and the two working 20th-century pumping stations are entirely closed to the public.
Continued•Steering group: Kinderdijk World HeritageFoundation (Stichting Werelderfgoed Kinderdijk)holds a 30-year lease on the site’s 19 mills,including the surrounding premises, access pathsand any outbuildings, since 29 April 2005.•Co-operation between local governments andAlblasserdam, the Province of Zuid-Holland andthe District Water Board Rivierenland and theKinderdijk World Heritage Foundation is asformalized in a convenant (2002).By Management/Administrative Body:-
RestorationThe act of restoring to a former state or position or to an unimpaired orperfect condition.Principle for restoration is to restore two main components of asite:-structure and it’s function.Way of Restoring the site:-1. Make a list of all the structure weakness and defects arouseddue to various factors.2. Analyze all the linked functions with the structure which are tobe modified.3. Now after listing and analyzing restoration works start and thissite is restored.
Restoration of Mill Network at Kinderdijk- Elshout in NetherlandFactors affecting the life of a mills are:-Dampness in the Stone Structure of MillStructural Weakness of Structure due to aging.The ferrous metals used from long time have great probability ofgetting rusted and thus weakening the structure further.Climatic changes occurring due to changing weather movementsand global warming.
Effective Ways of Restoration for thisCulturally important SiteIf there is damping then do not hack oldplaster off and re-plaster with gypsum, orworse still, waterproofing compounds, or socalled waterproofing or renovating plaster.Structural weakness can be made out bythe use of cement and sand in proper ratioto regain the strength again.
The ferrous metals which have got rustshould be changed to avoid failing of thestone mill structure from interior.If you have a rotten timber frame, itsbecause of all the modern materials usedto plug the gaps and cover it - wattle anddaub covered with cement, siliconesealant around the panels and filling holesin the wood.Moreover old stone walls should not bepainted with emulsions as they creates theproblem of dampness and thus weakeningof the stone mill structure.
ConclusionsMain Benefit of World Heritage Status is that a site of cultural or naturalimportance gets conservation.Weaknesses of management: convenience and accessibility of location. Thishinders in taking the proper care of this culturally important site.Some more funds from the World Heritage Committee is required to takeproper care and for the work of restoration of this site.