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Cell communication

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Cell communication

  1. 1. The Reception, Transduction, and Response of Acetylcholine by Hannah Arnholt and Kathryn Smith
  2. 14. Fun Fact  <ul><li>Acetylcholine was the first neurotransimitter ever to be discovered! </li></ul>
  3. 15. Review Time <ul><li>What two compounds is acetylcholine made of? </li></ul><ul><li>-Acetyl CoA (or acetic acid) and choline </li></ul><ul><li>2) What kind of cell is acetylcholine produced in? </li></ul><ul><li>-Cholinergenic neuron </li></ul><ul><li>3) What triggers acetylcholine to be released? </li></ul><ul><li>-An electrical impulse running through the neurons </li></ul><ul><li>4) What breaks down acetylcholine? </li></ul><ul><li>-An enzyme called acetylcholinerase </li></ul><ul><li>5) What is released with the reception of acetylcholine? </li></ul><ul><li>-Sodium ions </li></ul>
  4. 16. Review Continued <ul><li>6) What three areas are affected by acetylcholine? </li></ul><ul><li>-The brain, the skeletal muscle cells, and cardiac muscle fibers </li></ul><ul><li>7) What happens when acetylcholine builds up in the synapse? </li></ul><ul><li>-The victim experiences symptoms of suffocation and death </li></ul><ul><li>8) What happens when not enough acetylcholine is released? </li></ul><ul><li>-A person can experience memory loss </li></ul><ul><li>BONUS: What kind of receptor accepts acetylcholine? </li></ul><ul><li>-Ligand-gated ion channel </li></ul>
  5. 17. Works Cited <ul><li>&quot;Acetylcholine Deficiency Can Cause Memory Loss.&quot; DementiaGuide . DementiaGuide, Inc., 29 Oct. 2009. Web. 04 Dec. 2011. <http://www.dementiaguide.com/community/dementia-articles/Acetylcholine_Treatments_for_Dementia>. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Acetylcholine.&quot; Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online . Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2011. Web. 04 Dec. 2011. < http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/3318/acetylcholine > . </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Acetylcholine.&quot; Info:Main Page - New World Encyclopedia . New World Encyclopedia, 27 Sept. 2008. Web. 04 Dec. 2011. <http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Acetylcholine>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Acetylcholine.&quot; Medical Dictionary . Medical Dictionary, Inc., 6 May 1997. Web. 04 Dec. 2011. <http://medical-dictionary.com/results.php>. </li></ul><ul><li>Cloe, Adam. &quot;Why Is Acetylcholine Needed For A Healthy Brain? | LIVESTRONG.COM.“ LIVESTRONG.COM - Lose Weight & Get Fit with Diet, Nutrition & Fitness Tools | LIVESTRONG.COM . Livestrong, 21 July 2011. Web. 04 Dec. 2011. <http://www.livestrong.com/article/351401-why-is-acetylcholine-needed-for-a-healthy-brain/>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;THE BRAIN FROM TOP TO BOTTOM.&quot; LE CERVEAU À TOUS LES NIVEAUX! Canadian Institutes of Health Research. Web. 04 Dec. 2011. <http://thebrain.mcgill.ca/flash/i/i_01/i_01_m/i_01_m_ana/i_01_m_ana.html> . </li></ul>

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