The role of teacher by Sun Xingruo


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The role of teacher by Sun Xingruo

  1. 1. ROLE OF THE TEACHER I N N OVAT IVE C L A S S RO O M P R AC T I C E S Online Learning Resources SUN Xingruo
  2. 2. THE CHANGING ROLE OF THE TEACHER Think about the development of teachers’ role…
  3. 3. PEDAGOGY CHANGE Anne Whaits, Varsity College, 2012
  5. 5. THE CHANGING ROLE OF THE TEACHER The five teacher-role clusters Developing Instructing learning Resources Traditional Coordinating student learning Facilitating exploratory learning Guiding collaborative inquiry Innovative (SITES M2 Study)
  6. 6. ACTIVITY ONE Mind Map Each group create a mind map regarding to the changing role of teachers.
  7. 7. METAPHORS OF TEACHER’S ROLE There are two classical metaphor that describe and explain the role of teacher for ICT in education environment.  Ecological Metaphor  “Network Sherpa”
  8. 8. ECOLOGICAL METAPHOR Pedagogical Practice-Butterfly Crop Species-Students’ role Keystone Species-Teachers’ role Source: Educational Innovation Beyond Technology
  9. 9. “NETWORK SHERPA” Role of teacher-”the terrain”  Guide students  Led by students interests, objectives, and knowledge  Consists of• Media literacy (critique & awareness) • Social networks (connections) • Knowledge Source:
  11. 11. TEACHER ENGAGED PEDAGOGICAL ACTIVITIES T1 – explain or present information T2 – Give task instructions T3 – Monitor student task progression T4 – Assess students T5 – Provide feedback to students T6 – Develop teaching materials T7 – Design curriculum and learning activities T8 – Select ICT tools T9 – Support/model inquiry process for students T10 – Co-teaching T11 – Support team-building and collaboration of students T12– Mediate communication between students and experts T13 – Liaise with parties outside school Tn=Code
  13. 13. Case study Each group focuses on one video provided to analyze teachers' role in different cases; Each group member post their own analysis to individual eportfolio. ACTIVITY TWO
  14. 14. CASE STUDY
  15. 15. CHALLENGES FOR THE 21 ST CENTURY TEACHER ping-colleagues-get-connected-one-by-one/
  16. 16. THE NETWORKED TEACHER Connectivism-Personal Learning Networks for 21st Century Teachers  Microblogging (twitter)  Social networks (META Web 2.0, Classroom 2.0, eflclassroom, etc.)  RSS (Google Reader)  Blogging & wikis (, wikispaces, etc.)  Social bookmarking (  Digital photo sharing (Flickr) ping-colleagues-get-connected-one-by-one/
  17. 17. CHALLENGES FOR TEACHER DEVELOPMENT • Using learning technology to supplement rather than transform learning and teaching practices • Lack of time to devote to pedagogy • Lack of time to reflect on learning and teaching practice. • Lack of confidence to change learning and teaching practices. • Need for practitioner case studies to inspire others (Project on Transforming Student Experience via Pedagogy, JISC, 05-07) (Diana, 2011)
  18. 18. DIFFICULTIES FOR TEACHER  Many studies of educational innovation have concluded that the key factors needed to change teacher behaviour are • • • • • additional time, additional training, cultural change, senior staff involvement, a link to personal reward (Diana, 2011)
  19. 19. HOW TO ACHIEVE TEACHER’S ROLE Introducing “The Thoughtful Classroom Teacher Effectiveness Framework” Four cornerstones of effective instruction Organization, rules, and procedures Positive relationships Engagement and enjoyment A culture of thinking and learning Elements beyond the classroom Prepare students for new learning Present new learning Deepen and reinforce Apply learning Reflect and celebrate Source: The Thoughtful Classroom Teacher Effectiveness Framework by Silver Strong and Associates, Ho-Ho-Kus, NJ: Author. Copyright 2011 Silver Strong & Associates. Adapted with permission.
  20. 20. WHAT TO DO? Top-down - Strategies and policies? – Rhetoric is good, but no follow-through Bottom-up – Technology will drive innovation? Users will discover solutions for themselves? the Market will provide? – Activity is plentiful, but not improving Alternative approach – Middle-out: - Learn from the scholarship of innovation - Adaptive iteration: top  middle   bottom - Trust the professionals  Focus on supporting teachers as collaborating innovators  Give them a Learning Design Support Environment (Diana, 2011)
  21. 21. HOW TO ACHIEVE TEACHER’S ROLE 1. Leading peer review processes for their schools to ensure that teaching evaluations are valid and drive improvement; 2. Developing tools and strategies for teaching the Googled learner who has grown up experiencing virtual reality; 3. Taking part in assessment reforms such as those linked to the new Common Core standards, and using technology to better capture, analyze, and publicize data about schools’ effectiveness; 4. Identifying effective strategies for teaching students who are increasingly diverse ; 5. Organizing school-neighborhood partnerships that can support student learning through cradle-to-college solutions; and 6. Transforming unions so that they become self-policing professional guilds that help ensure the quality of teaching that students deserve.
  22. 22. P R A C T I C A L A N D I N N OVA T I V E T E A C H E R P R AC T I C E S  Build Student Search Skills Anne Whaits, Varsity College, 2012
  23. 23. P R A C T I C A L A N D I N N OVA T I V E T E A C H E R P R AC T I C E S  Learn & Teach New Literacies and Fluencies Social (& Learning) Networking (Netiquette) Privacy maintenance Identity management Creating content Organising content Reusing and repurposing Filtering and selecting Critical literacies New copyright Self broadcasting Anne Whaits, Varsity College, 2012
  24. 24. P R A C T I C A L A N D I N N OVA T I V E T E A C H E R P R AC T I C E S  Develop Global Digital Citizenship Anne Whaits, Varsity College, 2012
  25. 25. P R A C T I C A L A N D I N N OVA T I V E T E A C H E R P R AC T I C E S  Model 21st Century Skills
  26. 26. P R A C T I C A L A N D I N N OVA T I V E T E A C H E R P R AC T I C E S  Adopt and Integrate Educational Technology  Guide Inquiry-based Learning
  27. 27. P R A C T I C A L A N D I N N OVA T I V E T E A C H E R P R AC T I C E S  Adapt Your Teaching Methods Flipped Classroom
  28. 28. P R A C T I C A L A N D I N N OVA T I V E T E A C H E R P R AC T I C E S  Transform Learning Through Innovative Learning Design
  29. 29. P R A C T I C A L A N D I N N OVA T I V E T E A C H E R P R AC T I C E S  Create a Digital Classroom  Build a Technology Tool Box Image Source: nickrate: 3196/in/photostream/
  30. 30. P R A C T I C A L A N D I N N OVA T I V E T E A C H E R P R AC T I C E S  Access Wealth of Open Educational Resources
  31. 31. P R A C T I C A L A N D I N N OVA T I V E T E A C H E R P R AC T I C E S  Teacher as Learner
  32. 32. Group Presentation Each group give a brief presentation about challenges that innovative teachers are facing and ways to perform expected roles of the teacher. ACTIVITY THREE
  33. 33. S U S TAI NABI LI TY AND S CALABI LI TY F O R I N N O VA T I V E T E A C H E R S ’ R O L E A Learning Design Support Environment(LDSE) for teachers Ends  Building on the work of others • Import existing ‘pedagogical patterns’ of good teaching • Search for OER ‘content resources’ to populate the patterns • Adapt to own context – Test – Redesign – Re-test - Publish  Expanding knowledge of using TEL • Offer TEL versions of conventional designs • Model pedagogical and logistical benefits/disadvantages Means  A microworld for teachers to adopt, adapt, test in theory, experiment, test in practice, redesign, and share designs  Supported by a learning design ontology, structured pedagogical (Diana, 2011)
  34. 34. BIBLOGRAPHY Other. (2008, March 29). The 21st Century Teacher. Retrieved from Cindy, W. (2012). The Balancing Acts of Teacher Evaluation. Teacher Evaluation: What’s Fair? What’s Effective? Vol. 70. Retrieved from Silver Strong & Associates. (2011). The thoughtful classroom teacher effectiveness framework. Ho-Ho-Kus, NJ: Author.
  35. 35. Couros, A. (2004, February 19). Open Teaching – Network Sherpa. Retrieved from Glahn, C. (2011, May 23). The role of teacher in mobile learning. Retrieved from Berry, B. (2011, June 15). Tapping Teacher Expertise (What We Haven’t Tried). Retrieved from pping-teacher-expertise-what-we-havent-tried-.html. Diana, L. (2011). The critical role of teacher in optimizing technologies for open learning. Retrieved from Crawford KZN Enrichment Day Workshop (2012). Learning 2.0-Role of Teacher in a Connected World. Retrieved from
  36. 36. Churches, A. (2011, August 26). 21st Century Teacher. Educational Origami. Retrieved from Law, N., Yuen, H.K., & Fox, R. (2011). Educational Innovations Beyond Technology: nurturing leadership and establishing learning organizations. New York: Springer.