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Surfrider  Foundation Monterey Chapter
<ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>Quantities </li></ul><ul><li>Marine life </li></ul><ul><li>Toxicity </li></ul><ul><li>So...
FOR A FISH!   When did plastics  become so popular?   1955  Life  Magazine  article: “ Throwaway Living” Photo from AMRF <...
How is plastic made? Pre-production plastic pellets Nurdles
Ballona Creek after a rainstorm <ul><li>In the U.S. we go through:  </li></ul><ul><li>274 million plastic bags  per day …o...
Lover’s Point, Pacific Grove, after a rainstorm, February 2008.   Beth Cort
The Great Pacific Garbage Patch <ul><li>A giant, eternal swirling spiral of floating trash  </li></ul><ul><li>2 times the ...
6 x more plastic than plankton 1999  Plastic to  plankton ratio = 6:1 2008  Plastic to  plankton ratio = 46:1 AMRF
 
http://news.bbc.co.uk Laysan Albatross at Midway Atoll <ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>Quantities </li></ul><ul><li>Mari...
What do you see in the stomach of this albatross chick?
“ Litter does not distinguish itself between  biodegradable or non-biodegradable.” American Chemistry Council letter to th...
http://news.bbc.co.uk
Turtles often mistake plastic bags for jellyfish. What does this look like? A jellyfish Many species suffer from ingestion...
©Dino Ferri  http://www.auduboninstitute.org/zoo NOAA NOAA Entanglement of plastic six-pack holders and rings…
Approximately 100,000  synthetic chemicals  introduced in the  50 last years… Plastics both  absorb  and  leach   chemical...
Plastics  absorb  POPs,  such as PCB’s and DDT. PCB  DDT Mato, Y et al,  Environmental Science & Technology Plastics and S...
Plastics  leach the chemicals  they are made of.   1)  Bisphenol A - plastics hardener - DVD’s, canned food lining, older ...
The New Double Standard Toys are manufactured  with phthalates  for the American market Toys are manufactured  without pht...
Ad from the American Chemistry Council  2008 - SB 1713 - ban BPA from baby bottles, sippy cups  and other baby food & beve...
<ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>Quantities </li></ul><ul><li>Marine life </li></ul><ul><li>Toxicity </li></ul><ul><li>So...
What can we do? <ul><li>BYO bag  BYO mug  BYO to-go container  BYO H2O! </li></ul><ul><li>If your hands are free - pick up...
 
PLASTICS  RECYCLING  RATE   - 75%  U.S. - 5% E P R EXTENDED  PRODUCER  RESPONSIBILITY Germany <ul><li>Implemented packagin...
“ Now packaged with less plastic.” SanDisc Memory Card at Costco
Plastic Generation and Recovery CIWMB
You must be  the change  you wish to see  in the world.   - Gandhi -
Never doubt that a small group  of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the world;  indeed it’s the  only thing that ...
Surfrider  Foundation Monterey Chapter
<ul><li>Use Agreement (June, 2010)  </li></ul><ul><li>This material may be viewed and displayed for educational use only. ...
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MDCOP Master PPoint

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MDCOP Master PPoint

  1. 1. Surfrider Foundation Monterey Chapter
  2. 2. <ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>Quantities </li></ul><ul><li>Marine life </li></ul><ul><li>Toxicity </li></ul><ul><li>Solutions </li></ul>
  3. 3. FOR A FISH! When did plastics become so popular? 1955 Life Magazine article: “ Throwaway Living” Photo from AMRF <ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>Quantities </li></ul><ul><li>Marine life </li></ul><ul><li>Toxicity </li></ul><ul><li>Solutions </li></ul>
  4. 4. How is plastic made? Pre-production plastic pellets Nurdles
  5. 5. Ballona Creek after a rainstorm <ul><li>In the U.S. we go through: </li></ul><ul><li>274 million plastic bags per day …or… 100 billion annually </li></ul><ul><li>45 million water bottles per day …or… 16.5 billion annually </li></ul><ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>Quantities </li></ul><ul><li>Marine life </li></ul><ul><li>Toxicity </li></ul><ul><li>Solutions </li></ul>
  6. 6. Lover’s Point, Pacific Grove, after a rainstorm, February 2008. Beth Cort
  7. 7. The Great Pacific Garbage Patch <ul><li>A giant, eternal swirling spiral of floating trash </li></ul><ul><li>2 times the size of Texas </li></ul><ul><li>90% plastic </li></ul><ul><li>80% land-based </li></ul>
  8. 8. 6 x more plastic than plankton 1999 Plastic to plankton ratio = 6:1 2008 Plastic to plankton ratio = 46:1 AMRF
  9. 10. http://news.bbc.co.uk Laysan Albatross at Midway Atoll <ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>Quantities </li></ul><ul><li>Marine life </li></ul><ul><li>Toxicity </li></ul><ul><li>Solutions </li></ul>
  10. 11. What do you see in the stomach of this albatross chick?
  11. 12. “ Litter does not distinguish itself between biodegradable or non-biodegradable.” American Chemistry Council letter to the City of Monterey, 2/6/2008 Gregg Segal
  12. 13. http://news.bbc.co.uk
  13. 14. Turtles often mistake plastic bags for jellyfish. What does this look like? A jellyfish Many species suffer from ingestion and entanglement of plastics bags.
  14. 15. ©Dino Ferri http://www.auduboninstitute.org/zoo NOAA NOAA Entanglement of plastic six-pack holders and rings…
  15. 16. Approximately 100,000 synthetic chemicals introduced in the 50 last years… Plastics both absorb and leach chemicals <ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>Quantities </li></ul><ul><li>Marine life </li></ul><ul><li>Toxicity </li></ul><ul><li>Solutions </li></ul>
  16. 17. Plastics absorb POPs, such as PCB’s and DDT. PCB DDT Mato, Y et al, Environmental Science & Technology Plastics and Styrofoam are toxics sponges. Japanese study found up to 1 million times more pollutants on plastics pieces than in ambient seawater.
  17. 18. Plastics leach the chemicals they are made of. 1) Bisphenol A - plastics hardener - DVD’s, canned food lining, older Nalgene bottles Found in the urine of 93% of the U.S. population. Links to breast cancer, obesity, mood disorders, etc. Hunt, Patricia August 1998, Current Biology 2) Phthalates - a class of plastics softeners - nail polish, children’s toys, teething rings, bath books, moisturizers, cosmetics Easily release into environment as the plastic ages and breaks down over time. Endocrine disruptors / hormone mimickers
  18. 19. The New Double Standard Toys are manufactured with phthalates for the American market Toys are manufactured without phthalates for the European Union & other markets following their REACH Act lead (Mexico, Argentina, Japan, Canada etc) EU banned phthalates in children’s toys in 1999 and cosmetics in 2004 Mark Schapiro- Exposed: The Toxic Chemistry of Everyday Products, and What's at Stake for American Power
  19. 20. Ad from the American Chemistry Council 2008 - SB 1713 - ban BPA from baby bottles, sippy cups and other baby food & beverage containers.
  20. 21. <ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>Quantities </li></ul><ul><li>Marine life </li></ul><ul><li>Toxicity </li></ul><ul><li>Solutions </li></ul>
  21. 22. What can we do? <ul><li>BYO bag BYO mug BYO to-go container BYO H2O! </li></ul><ul><li>If your hands are free - pick up three! Pick up plastic trash on beaches, and cut plastic rings & 6+ pack holders. Think ONE LESS PIECE. </li></ul>BYO BYO BYO BYO BYO BYO BYO BYO REFUSE REDUCE REUSE RECYCLE <ul><li>Do a plastics audit in your home or business, see where you can cut back (e.g. bar soap vs liquid soap). Homemade salsa! </li></ul><ul><li>Go to a local council meeting and educate your elected officials. Use your vote. Use your voice. Spread the word… </li></ul><ul><li>Engage yourself in the everyday choices you make: look at packaging, read labels, ask questions… </li></ul><ul><li>Demand EPR legislation… </li></ul>
  22. 24. PLASTICS RECYCLING RATE - 75% U.S. - 5% E P R EXTENDED PRODUCER RESPONSIBILITY Germany <ul><li>Implemented packaging take back programs </li></ul><ul><li>Redesigned packaging: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Container shapes and sizes reduced </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Quantities of layers reduced </li></ul></ul></ul>Draft Marine Debris Implementation Strategy CA Ocean Protection Council
  23. 25. “ Now packaged with less plastic.” SanDisc Memory Card at Costco
  24. 26. Plastic Generation and Recovery CIWMB
  25. 27. You must be the change you wish to see in the world. - Gandhi -
  26. 28. Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the world; indeed it’s the only thing that ever has. - Margaret Mead-
  27. 29. Surfrider Foundation Monterey Chapter
  28. 30. <ul><li>Use Agreement (June, 2010) </li></ul><ul><li>This material may be viewed and displayed for educational use only. </li></ul><ul><li>Content may be copyrighted and/or owned by individuals and entities other than, and in addition to, Surfrider Foundation Monterey Chapter and NOAA. </li></ul><ul><li>BWET MDCOP participant, educators and students may incorporate these materials into their lesson plans, presentations, and worksheet in hard copy and digital format for internal educational use only. </li></ul><ul><li>No organization or person (whether an educational body or not) may incorporate this material into any media for promotional or commercial purpose whatsoever. </li></ul><ul><li>For further information and questions please contact Ximena Waissbluth at xw@surfrider.org </li></ul>

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