INTRODUCTION• The United States is technologically advanced.• Half of the world’s population lives in rural andremote regions.• These areas struggle to provide health care toresidents.• The majority of health care professionals live inurban areas.• Telemedicine is the answer to providing care torural and remote regions.
BACKGROUND• We use electronics in just about every facet ofour lives.• Not only is it all around us, it progresses so fastthat we can barely keep up with the newapplications.• We use social sites such as Facebook andTwitter to keep up with friends and co-workers.• Telemedicine offers an electronic and technicalway to keep up with our health status.
BACKGROUND• Telemedicine first used by NASA.• NASA used it to get biometrics on astronautswhile they were in space.• Data was transmitted back to Earth.• The term “telemedicine” was coined in the1970s.• Analog signal change to digital provides fasterway of transmitting information.
BACKGROUNDThe World Health Organization, after a systematicreview, defines telemedicine as:The delivery of health care services, wheredistance is a critical factor, by all Health careprofessionals using information andcommunication technologies for the exchangeof valid information for diagnosis, treatmentand prevention of disease and injuries, researchand evaluation, and for the continuingeducation of health care providers, all in theinterests of advancing the health of individualsand their communities.
FINDINGS• Allows physicians to consult with patients viavideoconferencing to reduce wait times,diagnoses, and interventions.• Patients report improved medical care andpositive effect of medical care.• Wide range of specialists available viateleconferencing.• Primary care physicians able to consult withspecialists to ensure patients are being treatedcorrectly.
FINDINGS• Educates physicians and surgeons byproviding continuing education credits.• Ability to teach new surgical methods.• Educates and empowers patients.• Patients able to stay at their own homes and bemonitored for safety.• Physicians alerted if biometrics reportedindicate problem.
CONCLUSIONS• Reduced amount spent on healthcare cost by utilizingtelemedicine.• Overall satisfaction reported bypatients and physicians.• Needs to be incorporated in thenew health care legislationoverhaul.• Will become more affordable astechnology continues to expand.
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