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Climate Change 
Sustainable Supply Chain 494 
Hagemann,Nina Uranich, Kirby Jones, Bryant Hentzen, Heather Fernandez, Monts...
Origins of Climate Change Study 
● The scientific discovery of climate 
change began in the early 19th 
century: Eastern N...
Earth’s atmosphere & the moon 
● Joseph Fourier in 1824- Earth’s atmosphere kept planet warmer than if it 
had been in a v...
Pollution from industries 
● Arvid Högbom studied how industrial sources 
(coal) was similar to the natural sources. 
● Ar...
How the History is Studied 
● Tree Rings 
o New layer every year 
o Shows us what the tree 
lived through 
o Can also be a...
How the History is Studied 
● Ice Cores 
o 123,000 years old in 
Greenland 
o 800,000 years old in 
Antarctica 
o Shows ac...
How the History is Studied 
● Coral reef bleaching 
o Occurs when warm temperatures stress coral
How the History Is Studied 
● Atmospheric Records 
o Direct, continuous 
atmospheric records 
only go back to 
1950’s 
o I...
1960’s & 1970’s 
● 1960-concern about aerosol emissions. Scientists knew humans would have an 
impact on the climate in th...
Climate vs. Weather 
Weather: What You Get 
● More fluctuations - every hour, week, 
month, season 
● Associations - wind,...
What is Climate Change? 
Climate Change 
Long-term type of change in the earth’s weather, temperature, wind 
patterns, etc...
Why Should We Care? 
Impacts: 
● Human health/quality of life 
● Food production/agriculture 
● Natural ecosystem - Life c...
Evidence of CO2 Increases 
● Ice core samples 
● Ocean acidification 
● Carbon calcite shells 
● Dendroclimatilogy (trees)
Effects of Climate Change 
● Ocean acidification 
● Carbon calcite organisms 
● Receding glaciers 
● Increased frequency o...
Causes of Climate Change 
● Natural Causes 
o Solar output 
o Volcanic eruptions 
o Plate tectonics 
o Decreased carbon si...
Solar Output 
● Intensity of solar output has increased 
o Faint Young Sun Paradox 
● Cyclical Solar Outputs 
o Not fully ...
Volcanic Eruptions 
● Sulfur and ash block solar rays 
o Much more prevalent in early earth history 
● Connected to plate ...
Land Use Changes 
● Deforestation 
● Urbanization 
o Increases the earth’s 
albedo 
● Lead to changes to 
carbon cycle 
o ...
HUMAN ACTIVITY INFLUENCE 
Human activity increase 
● Carbon dioxide concentration, heat-trapping gases 
● Aerosols (small ...
Emissions 
● Carbon Dioxide 
o Heating/Cooling 
o Transportation 
o Manufacturing 
o Deforestation 
● Methane 
o Agricultu...
Ecological Footprints 
Think about it 
● Animal-based products 
● Processed foods 
● Lifestyle 
● Resources 
● Transportat...
TAKE THE QUIZ 
http://www.earthday.org/footprint-calculator
WHY THIS MATTERS FOR 
BUSINESS 
· Market opportunities 
· Strategic opportunities 
· Ahead of the curve
Government Regulation 
Kyoto Protocol 
· Used for the most developed nations 
· Started in 1997 implemented in 2005 
Major...
Compensation for the sting of binding targets 
o Companies can compensate for carbon emission by 
increasing sinks 
o Sink...
EPA :Environmental Protection Agency (US) 
Mission Statement 
“ to protect human health and environment” 
Goals 
· nationa...
EPA Projects 
· Set regulations and standards for both light duty cars 
and heavy duty trucks. 
Goal 
· Cut 6 billion metr...
What Can Individuals Do? 
Carbon dioxide (CO2) is the primary greenhouse gas emitted through human activities. In 2012, CO...
Cleaner Transport 
•Walk, bike, or take public transit 
whenever possible. 
•Avoid short airplane trips-take a bus 
or tra...
Cleaner Transport- your car 
•Avoid allowing your car to idle. If you'll be 
waiting for more than 30 seconds, turn off 
t...
Home Energy Saving Features 
•Install compact fluorescent bulbs in all your 
home light fixtures- and be sure to dispose o...
Home Energy Saving Features 
•Eliminate drafts with caulking, weather 
strips, and storm windows and doors. 
•Insulate you...
Energy Saving Habits 
•Keep thermostat relatively low in winter 
and ease up on the air conditioning in 
summer. Clean or ...
Energy Saving Habits 
•Dry your clothes outside whenever 
possible. 
•Make minimal use of power equipment 
when landscapin...
Sources 
● http://myfootprint.org/en/take_action/reduce_your_footprint/ 
● http://www.ecy.wa.gov/climatechange/whatis.htm ...
Supply chain climate change
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Supply chain climate change

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Connections between Climate Change and Supply Chain. (More of an emphasis on general facts about climate change)

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Supply chain climate change

  1. 1. Climate Change Sustainable Supply Chain 494 Hagemann,Nina Uranich, Kirby Jones, Bryant Hentzen, Heather Fernandez, Montserrat De Sousa, Vini Zurabyan, Liana Bohon, Alejandra Mitchell, Victoria Robertson, Scott
  2. 2. Origins of Climate Change Study ● The scientific discovery of climate change began in the early 19th century: Eastern North America changed from forest to crop lands ● Jean-Pierre Perraudin in 1815 said glaciers might be responsible for giant boulders in the alpine valleys. Saw giant rocks scattered around and concluded the ice carried the boulders from the glaciers leaving stripes on land
  3. 3. Earth’s atmosphere & the moon ● Joseph Fourier in 1824- Earth’s atmosphere kept planet warmer than if it had been in a vacuum. The visible light waves were transmitted from the sun effectively to Earth ● James Croll made calculations on gravitational pulls from Sun, Moon, and planets and how they affect the Earth’s motion. This changes the Earth’s cycles ● Samuel Langley tried to measure the surface temperature of the moon by using infrared radiation leaving the Moon to the Earth.
  4. 4. Pollution from industries ● Arvid Högbom studied how industrial sources (coal) was similar to the natural sources. ● Argued since there is a low CO2 production, he thought it would take centuries & it would be beneficial for humans ● 1938- Guy Callendar studied records from 147 weather stations to show temperatures had risen over the previous century as well as CO2 concentrations rising
  5. 5. How the History is Studied ● Tree Rings o New layer every year o Shows us what the tree lived through o Can also be affected by solar flares, fires, parasitic insect outbreaks, etc.
  6. 6. How the History is Studied ● Ice Cores o 123,000 years old in Greenland o 800,000 years old in Antarctica o Shows actual atmospheric data from the ancient past
  7. 7. How the History is Studied ● Coral reef bleaching o Occurs when warm temperatures stress coral
  8. 8. How the History Is Studied ● Atmospheric Records o Direct, continuous atmospheric records only go back to 1950’s o Ice Core samples
  9. 9. 1960’s & 1970’s ● 1960-concern about aerosol emissions. Scientists knew humans would have an impact on the climate in the 21st century- start to show a major concern ● A survey of the scientific literature from 1965 to 1979 found 7 articles predicting cooling and 44 predicting warming- in the 70’s trying to learn exactly what will happen with the Earth ● In 1973, James Lovelock thought chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) would have a warming effect. These created holes in the ozone layer. ● In 1988 the WMO (World Meteorological Organization) established the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change to describe the current understanding of scientists and climate change.
  10. 10. Climate vs. Weather Weather: What You Get ● More fluctuations - every hour, week, month, season ● Associations - wind, temperature, humidity, pressure, rain Climate: What You Expect ● “average weather” - regular seasons (winter) v. certain events (tornados/floods) o San Diego - mild climate ● Illustrates what the type of weather is for the certain places that you
  11. 11. What is Climate Change? Climate Change Long-term type of change in the earth’s weather, temperature, wind patterns, etc. caused by toxic gases such as CO2 that can affect either certain areas (local, regional, national) or across the entire earth. What causes it: ● Heat trapping gases like CO2 cause the earth to warm up o Leads to rising sea levels, fires, droughts, floods, melting snow/ice
  12. 12. Why Should We Care? Impacts: ● Human health/quality of life ● Food production/agriculture ● Natural ecosystem - Life cycle for animals, plants, and insects ● Water resources/irrigation → drought ● Our forests
  13. 13. Evidence of CO2 Increases ● Ice core samples ● Ocean acidification ● Carbon calcite shells ● Dendroclimatilogy (trees)
  14. 14. Effects of Climate Change ● Ocean acidification ● Carbon calcite organisms ● Receding glaciers ● Increased frequency of severe weather ● Declined precipitation ● Sea level rise and warming
  15. 15. Causes of Climate Change ● Natural Causes o Solar output o Volcanic eruptions o Plate tectonics o Decreased carbon sink ● Anthropogenic Causes (man) o Increased Greenhouse Gas Emissions o Land use changes  Albedo changes
  16. 16. Solar Output ● Intensity of solar output has increased o Faint Young Sun Paradox ● Cyclical Solar Outputs o Not fully understood
  17. 17. Volcanic Eruptions ● Sulfur and ash block solar rays o Much more prevalent in early earth history ● Connected to plate tectonics
  18. 18. Land Use Changes ● Deforestation ● Urbanization o Increases the earth’s albedo ● Lead to changes to carbon cycle o Carbon sink decreased
  19. 19. HUMAN ACTIVITY INFLUENCE Human activity increase ● Carbon dioxide concentration, heat-trapping gases ● Aerosols (small particles) ● Cloudiness ● CO2 increased by 40% since industrial revolution Activities that add to atmospheric burden of heat-trapping gases ● burning of coal oil, gas ● clearing of rainforests
  20. 20. Emissions ● Carbon Dioxide o Heating/Cooling o Transportation o Manufacturing o Deforestation ● Methane o Agriculture o Natural Gas o Landfills ● Nitrous Oxide o Fertilization ● Halocarbons o Refridgeration
  21. 21. Ecological Footprints Think about it ● Animal-based products ● Processed foods ● Lifestyle ● Resources ● Transportation ● Trash
  22. 22. TAKE THE QUIZ http://www.earthday.org/footprint-calculator
  23. 23. WHY THIS MATTERS FOR BUSINESS · Market opportunities · Strategic opportunities · Ahead of the curve
  24. 24. Government Regulation Kyoto Protocol · Used for the most developed nations · Started in 1997 implemented in 2005 Major feature o Has mandatory targets on greenhouse gas emissions for the world’s leading economies that have accepted it. Commitments under protocol vary from nation to nation · Example o 5% reduction in GHG for developed countries o 8% for European union o 6% Canada o 7% for U.S
  25. 25. Compensation for the sting of binding targets o Companies can compensate for carbon emission by increasing sinks o Sinks- afforestation and reforestation of forests which remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere o Countries that use less emissions have the ability to sell assigned amounts units to nations that exceed their quota. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emissions_trading#Kyoto_Protocol
  26. 26. EPA :Environmental Protection Agency (US) Mission Statement “ to protect human health and environment” Goals · national efforts to reduce environmental risk are based on the best available scientific information · environmental protection is an integral consideration in U.S. policies concerning natural resources, human health, economic growth, energy, transportation, agriculture, industry, and international trade, and these factors are similarly considered in establishing environmental policy;
  27. 27. EPA Projects · Set regulations and standards for both light duty cars and heavy duty trucks. Goal · Cut 6 billion metric tons of GHG over the lifetimes of the vehicles sold in model years 2012-2025. · Save families more than $1.7 trillion in fuel costs · Reduce America’s dependence on oil by more than 2 million barrels per day in 2025. http://www.epa.gov/otaq/climate/regs-light-duty.htm#2012-2016
  28. 28. What Can Individuals Do? Carbon dioxide (CO2) is the primary greenhouse gas emitted through human activities. In 2012, CO2 accounted for about 82% of all U.S. greenhouse gas emissions from human activities.
  29. 29. Cleaner Transport •Walk, bike, or take public transit whenever possible. •Avoid short airplane trips-take a bus or train instead.
  30. 30. Cleaner Transport- your car •Avoid allowing your car to idle. If you'll be waiting for more than 30 seconds, turn off the engine (except in traffic). And don't take the drive-through. •Have your vehicle serviced regularly to keep the emission control systems operating at peak efficiency. Check your car's air filter monthly, and keep the tires adequately inflated to maximize gas mileage.
  31. 31. Home Energy Saving Features •Install compact fluorescent bulbs in all your home light fixtures- and be sure to dispose of old bulbs safely through your local hazardous waste program. •Weatherproof your home. Make sure your walls and ceilings are insulated, and consider double-pane windows.
  32. 32. Home Energy Saving Features •Eliminate drafts with caulking, weather strips, and storm windows and doors. •Insulate your water heater. Even better, switch to a tankless water heater, so your water will be heated only as you use it. •Choose energy efficient appliances.
  33. 33. Energy Saving Habits •Keep thermostat relatively low in winter and ease up on the air conditioning in summer. Clean or replace dirty air conditioner filters as recommended to keep the A/C operating at peak efficiency. •Unplug your electronics when not in use. To make it easier, use a power strip. Even when turned off, items like your television, computer, and cellphone charger still sip power.
  34. 34. Energy Saving Habits •Dry your clothes outside whenever possible. •Make minimal use of power equipment when landscaping. •Defrost your refrigerator and freezer regularly. •Choose green electricity. Many utilities give you the option to purchase electricity generated by wind and solar power for a small rate surcharge. •Purchase carbon offsets to make up for the energy use you can't eliminate
  35. 35. Sources ● http://myfootprint.org/en/take_action/reduce_your_footprint/ ● http://www.ecy.wa.gov/climatechange/whatis.htm ● http://www.ensaa.eu/index.php/climate-change/97-defining-climate-change.html ● http://www.noaa.gov/climate.html ● http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/indicators/ ● http://www.climate.gov ● http://epa.gov/climatechange/

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