How to use Scrum to create complex and innovative products?
In this talk, you’ll see how to use Scrum to develop complex product composed by Software, Electronics, Mechanics, Engines, and Plastics. You'll hear the stories of the pioneer of Scrum for Hardware, from Wikispeed to the first Scrum for Hardware Gathering and the Agile Product Charter. The discussion will include how to produce physical products using the same Scrum methods that Agile software teams have benefited from for years, how to spark product and hardware innovation through iterative sprint cadence and the secrets of companies that have made the jump from Agile prototyping to true Agile manufacturing.
Where It’s Happening*
Chromatography and Mass
Spectrometry devices for
laboratory and medical use
GPS Navigation and lasers for
precise positioning of construction
and farming equipment
Isotope and Trace-Gas
Analyzers for field use
Rugged video cameras for
field and recreational use
Audio and communications equip-ment
(headsets, speakerphones, etc.)
$168 billion over budget, delayed until 2022.
Cost of Navy F-35C grew from $273 million
to $337 million in 1 year.
Source: ScrumInc, Agile in Military Hardware: https://www.scruminc.com/scrum-military-aviation/
“How DOD’s $1.5 Trillion F-35 Broke the Air
Force” -FiscalTimes July 2014
“we are presently taking the newest
strategic foundation and analyzing whether
2,443 aircraft is the correct number” Marine
Corps Gen. Joseph Dunford, July 2015
“$30 billion per year is needed to end world
1,5 Trillion would be enough to end world
hunger for 50 years!
“The Gripen is the world’s most cost-
effective military aircraft “- Jane’s
“Saab's Gripen E fighter to take on the
F-35: Jet travels at 1,522 mph with
improved sensors, weaponry and range
(and unlike its competitor, it works)” -
Gripen operational cost lowest of all
w e s t e r n f i g h t e r s . h t t p : / /
Cumulative program cost of $15 billion
One airplane costs 43M1 (20% of F-35)
Delivered on time.
JAS 39 GRIPEN
Scrum for Hardware - The Book
Discover the SCRUM for HARDWARE pioneers:
from Wikispeed to the first Scrum for
Hardware Gathering, the Agile Product
Charter and Scrum@Scale. The book is
divided in two parts: the first one made of
stories which introduce the topic in an easy
way, the second one include the description of
the method, the underling values and
principles, the engineering practices, case
studies and many practical examples on how
to adopt it in your company. In the Appendix
you'll find the Scrum and Scrum@Scale guides
and the description of Cynefin and
PopcornFlow. Foreword by Joe Justice.
Scrum for Hardware
Originally presented at Agile Business Day,
Venice Italy, 15 September 2018
by Paolo Sammicheli and Giorgio Audisio
Based in Marostica, Vicenza - Italy
6% of turnover invested in R&D
More than 180 patents
200 Ml of pieces sold
12000 catalog parts
• To be able to develop complex functions following the
need of the market which continuously changes.
• To increase the motivation of the developers which see in
short time the results of their job.
• To attract the best engineers providing a modern and up to
date job environment where their skills and professionality
Why Agile and Scrum?
Every project start with at least two
day of LiftOff, with the whole team,
the key stakeholders and some
managers, where we share the Vision,
the requirements, the constraints and
we create the first backlog with the
User Story Mapping technique,
covering Software and Hardware layers.
Whole team alignment
Daily Meetings and Scaled Daily
• From 8.30 to 9.00 all the
teams have their individual
• At 9.00 a representatives
from all the teams, also
the remotes and suppliers,
join the Scrum of Scrum.
• Scrum of Scrums have a
senior manager serving as
the Scrum of Scrums
Master, in charge of
Organizational Structure (example)
MetaScrumScrum of Scrums
CPO Chief Product Owner
SSM Scrum of Scrums Master
PO Product Owner
SM Scrum Master
• We behave like a real buffet: you can't take
too little, because it would not be polite, but
you can't take too much because you have
to eat whatever you take.
• Very energetic meeting where discussions
took place spontaneously; a managed
• It takes around one hour of discussions for
Sprint Planning 1 (what to do). At the end
of the hour every team shares with the
others what they selected and the CPO
checks the table to see if there are high
priority items still there. In that (very rare)
case, teams are asked to volunteer to
replace something they have with the
remaining high priority item.
Deployment / Review
• Teams have dedicated rooms
where integrate and test, very
often during the Sprint, the
• These rooms usually are used also
for the Sprint Review, so they all
have projectors and foldable chairs
to accomodate guests.
• The different products are installed
in several movable panels. They
can also be taken into the team
room during the Sprint for
Sprint 1 Sprint 4 Sprint 7 Sprint 10 Sprint 13 Sprint 16 Sprint 19 Sprint 22 Sprint 25
Sprint 8 = 6 story points
Sprint 14 = 23 story points
Sprint 26 = 55 story points
In one Year: 9.16 times faster!
Cumulated Yesterday’s Weather of the HQ Teams
•Quickest developments with
an increasing productivity.
•More alignment and
Point of attention
•Scrum doesn’t mean lack of planning and
•A new approach to project and portfolio
management is necessary.
•Small signals of inefficiency (impediments) must
be carefully monitored and promptly corrected.
Free Copy: https://leanpub.com/Scrum-for-Hardware/c/slo18
Until 25 Dec 2018