Digitised Content: What universities can learn from publishers and what publishers can learn from universities


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  • Publishers have the skills
  • In November 1807 two men broke into the house of a certain Jean Alexander, a well-to-do woman from Kilmarnock on the west coast of Scotland. There not only did the burglars steal £15 in silver, £50 in bank notes and some gold and silver jewellery, but killed Jean and her acquaintance Christian Peacock. One was strangled with a handkerchief and the other with some cord. The event was cited in a newssheet that was printed in Edinburgh on November 14. The reporter called it a “ shocking murder and robbery ” a “ deed of darkness “ and opined that “ Here we see that money is even now, as in Solomon’s time, the root of all evil; and that an inordiante love of gain is likely to harden the heart ” The report also menions (maybe with a hint of anti-Catholicism) that “these men are natives of Ireland” Five days later, a much shorter article appeared in the London Morning Chronicle.
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  • Digitised Content: What universities can learn from publishers and what publishers can learn from universities

    1. 1. Digitised Content: universities, publishers, sharing, openness Alastair Dunning JISC Digitisation Programme Manager 11 th Fiesole Collection Retreat 23 rd July 2009 http://www.slideshare.net/xcia0069
    2. 2. overview
    3. 3. Overview <ul><li>Issues on the digitisation of cultural and educational content, largely focusing on UK </li></ul><ul><li>What publishers are good at </li></ul><ul><li>What universities are good at </li></ul><ul><li>Where we need to go next </li></ul><ul><li>Focus is from a public sector body that funds creation of digital content </li></ul>
    4. 4. What JISC does in general <ul><li>Provides rapid email and Internet access </li></ul><ul><li>Gives answers to ICT questions and needs either via computers or humans </li></ul><ul><li>Allows you to explore new ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Provides Technical Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Runs services providing data, offering advice </li></ul><ul><li>Funds innovative projects </li></ul>Supported via Higher Education funding councils with top-sliced funding.
    5. 5. jisc supports ICT in UK Higher and Further Education
    6. 6. JISC Digitisation Programme <ul><li>JISC Digitisation programme </li></ul><ul><li>22 projects – c.£22m of funding </li></ul><ul><li>Phase 1 – 2004 – 07 </li></ul><ul><li>Phase 2 - 2007 - 09 </li></ul><ul><li>Some notable successes – British Library Newspapers, Freeze Frame, First World War Poetry Archive, Nineteenth-Century Pamphlets </li></ul>
    7. 7. the jisc digitisation programme has funded over 50 projects since 2004, at c. £24m
    8. 8. Digitisation Problems <ul><li>Public sector funding – c. £160m </li></ul><ul><li>Despite some sparkling successes, e.g Darwin Online or Old Bailey Online </li></ul><ul><li>Many sites without users </li></ul><ul><li>Many sites not sustained </li></ul><ul><li>Value for money for public-sector purse </li></ul><ul><li>Digitisation falling off radar off some funding bodies </li></ul><ul><li>http://web.me.com/xcia0069/uk-digitisation.html </li></ul>
    9. 9. in the uk numerous funders have created too many digital resources, but not got enough users
    10. 10. sustaining digital resources is a problem
    11. 11. JISC Digitisation Programme <ul><li>Particular strategic elements put in place to respond to these issues </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainability – five years at least </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Different business models to support this </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Marketing and Comms Plans – from project proposal to after project launch </li></ul><ul><li>Building community of expertise – sharing of best practice, tools, documentation, mutual reinforcement. </li></ul>
    12. 12. jisc tries to inject a sense of community in its projects
    13. 13. Publishers Skills <ul><li>Do publishers worry about these things? Natural part and parcel of commercial publishing – who would publish without users and a long-term plan </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. State Papers Online 1509-1714 </li></ul><ul><li>House of Commons Parliamentary Papers </li></ul><ul><li>Can university libraries learn from this? </li></ul>
    14. 14. publishers are less surprised by problems with sustainability and usage numbers
    15. 15. publishers are better at focussing on publication than universities
    16. 16. Sharing the Skills <ul><li>JISC asked projects to look at harnessing commerical skills </li></ul><ul><li>4 examples of digi projects engaging with publishers, e.g JSTOR British Pamphlets </li></ul><ul><li>Testing different models for sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>Gives a test bed for further work in the future </li></ul><ul><li>Case studies by Ithaka also part of this work </li></ul>
    17. 17. sharing is good
    18. 18. Next steps for digitisation <ul><li>But there are still problems </li></ul><ul><li>Under-use </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Library infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Archipelago of content </li></ul><ul><li>Creating critical mass </li></ul><ul><li>Openness of data </li></ul>
    19. 19. there is still the issue of digital resources being underused
    20. 20. the archipelago of digital content
    21. 21. The Murder of Jean Alexander News sheet, from Edinburgh Nov 14, 1807 – from John Johnson Ephemera Collection Morning Chronicle, London, 19 Nov 1807 – from BL Newspapers
    22. 22. there are countless resources on, for example, 19 th - century Britain
    23. 23. Study of 19 th -Century Britain <ul><li>British Library Newspapers </li></ul><ul><li>Research Libraries UK project – 1m pamphlets </li></ul><ul><li>Electoral Data in Vision of Britain </li></ul><ul><li>John Johnson Collection of Ephemera </li></ul><ul><li>Old Bailey Proceedings </li></ul><ul><li>19 th- Century Serial Editions </li></ul><ul><li>Nineteenth-Century House of Commons Parliamentary Papers </li></ul><ul><li>Nineteenth-Century UK Periodicals Online </li></ul><ul><li>Microsoft Digitisation </li></ul><ul><li>Google Books! </li></ul>
    24. 24. How can bring this content together? <ul><li>Plenty of portals have already tried this with only partial success </li></ul><ul><li>We need to open up content to multiple standards for humans and machines </li></ul><ul><li>‘ You might not have the best idea for your data’ </li></ul><ul><li>Using RSS, JSON, RDF </li></ul><ul><li>APIs – Flickr, Brooklyn Museum </li></ul>
    25. 25. New users <ul><li>Great War Archive part of First World War Poetry Archive </li></ul><ul><li>Encouraged general public to digitise their own collections </li></ul><ul><li>Built up a Flickr group, and a community of interest </li></ul><ul><li>Project hosts at Oxford University reached out to a whole new set of users </li></ul>
    26. 26. the great war archive brought the university of oxford in contact with a whole new set of users
    27. 27. Some URLs <ul><li>Ongoing registry of UK public sector digitisation projects - http://web.me.com/xcia0069/uk-digitisation.html </li></ul><ul><li>JISC Digitisation Programme - http:// www.jisc.ac.uk /digitisation </li></ul><ul><li>British Library Newspapers - http:// newspapers.bl.uk / (version for general public) </li></ul><ul><li>Freeze Frame – http://www.freezeframe.ac.uk </li></ul><ul><li>Nineteenth-Century Pamphlets - http:// www.britishpamphlets.org.uk / </li></ul><ul><li>First World War Poetry Archive - http://www.oucs.ox.ac.uk/ww1lit/ </li></ul><ul><li>Mike Ellis presentation on opening up data - http:// www.slideshare.net/dmje/dont-think-websites-think-data </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainibility Case Studies - http://www.ithaka.org/ithaka-s-r/strategy/ithaka-case-studies-in-sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>Toolkit for the Impact of Digitised Scholarly Resources - http:// microsites.oii.ox.ac.uk/tidsr /   </li></ul><ul><li>DISCMap survey of priorities for digitisation - http:// discmap.cdlr.strath.ac.uk / </li></ul><ul><li>Flickr services - http://www.flickr.com/do/more/ </li></ul><ul><li>Brooklyn Museum API - http:// www.brooklynmuseum.org/opencollection/api / </li></ul><ul><li>BBC Backstage - http:// backstage.bbc.co.uk / </li></ul>
    28. 28. Thanks! <ul><li>http://www.flickr.com/photos/funksoup/403990660/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.freezeframe.ac.uk/collection/british-graham-land-expedition-collection/p51-8-b114?gallery=ice </li></ul><ul><li>http://visionofbritain.org.uk/iipmooviewer/iipmooviewer.html?fileName =smith_1806/smith4_1806%3DThe+British+Library&x=37&y=34 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.oucs.ox.ac.uk/ww1lit/gwa/document/8756/2528#doc-desc </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.flickr.com/photos/quinnanya/3589789158/sizes/l/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://johnjohnson.chadwyck.co.uk/search/displayItemImage.do?FormatType = fulltextimgsrc&PageNumber =1&ItemNumber=3&ItemID=& shelfNumber =1&ResultsID=1220822AAD9A453F1 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.flickr.com/photos/piterpan/3305777287/sizes/o/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.flickr.com/photos/pfctdayelise/3646227591/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.flickr.com/photos/rickyflores/2574089113/sizes/o/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.flickr.com/photos/paperpariah/2417219494/sizes/o/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.flickr.com/photos/jasonstaten/3037250330/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.flickr.com/photos/jeffk/12826545/sizes/l/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.flickr.com/photos/andrein/2636092980/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.flickr.com/photos/irenicrhonda/3260268696/sizes/l/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.flickr.com/photos/humanoide/138781957 </li></ul>And thanks to Melissa Saunders for sorting out the images