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InterviewingA guide for backpackand other journalists                        1
He who asksis a fool for 5minutes. Hewho doesn’task is a foolforever.                  2
Interviewing is part   of a three-step process• Interviewing  – Gets raw material for stories• Editing/Honing  – Strengthe...
Like all backpackjournalism, interviewingis the same as in regularjournalism -- butdifferent.                        4
Focus the interview• Ask lots of questions  – You need lots of raw material• Choose an angle  – Pick a focus for your proj...
Interviewing• Key to success for a good  backpack or print journalist.• Two main parts  – Asking good questions  – LISTENI...
Interviewing• Steps in the process (before  interview)  – Identifying the story topic and angle  – Identifying the source(...
Interviewing• Steps in the process (before  interview)  – Identifying the story topic and angle  – Identifying the source(...
Information Search• Questions for before the interview.  – How much time do I have to track    down information?  – What d...
Interviewing• Story types and interviewing  – News story    • Subject focused    • People are secondary  – Profile    • Pe...
Interviewing• News stories – Time to research is usually short – Clips, other writers are good   background sources – Rapp...
Interviewing• Profiles -- vital to character-driven  backpack journalists  – Background information    • Basics: age, educ...
Interviewing• Investigative stories  – Adversarial relationship?  – Know the answers to the questions    you ask  – Start ...
InterviewingThe way you ask a question   • Signals the response you expect   • Can reveal your own point of view on the   ...
Interviewing• Use open-ended questions – Questions that require more than a   “yes” or “no” answer – You want questions th...
Interviewing• Closed-ended questions – Asking a specific question to get a   specific answer – Plan when to ask these ques...
Interviewing• Rapport – The relationship between the   reporter and the source   • Critical to the success of the intervie...
Interviewing nuts and bolts• Establishing a rapport  – Look around the interview space for    • Photos of family    • Pets...
Interviewing nuts and bolts• Setting up the interview  – Work with the subject, but suggest a time  – Estimate how long yo...
Interviewing nuts and bolts• What to bring  – What about a recorder for print? Camera?     • Backpack journalists rely on ...
Interviewing nuts and bolts• What to bring  – What about a recorder for print? Camera?     • Backpack journalists rely on ...
Interviewing nuts and bolts• List of questions  – Write out the main questions you    want to ask  – DO NOT write them on ...
Interviewing nuts and bolts• Start with the easy questions  – Good time to confirm spelling of    name (don’t ask this if ...
Interviewing nuts and bolts• Ask the general questions first• LISTEN to their answers  – They will frequently answer more ...
Interviewing nuts and bolts• Empathy is important     -- Why are you talking with this        person• Silence is helpful• ...
Interviewing and accuracy• No one wants to be misquoted• Here’s where taping interviews helps• No good reporter wants to m...
Interviewing• At the interview’s conclusion, ask:  – Is there anything that I haven’t asked that    I should have?  – Anyt...
Backpack Journalist        Interviewing• It’s different because of the  multimedia needs• Use small talk to put people at ...
Backpack Journalist       Interviewing• Then shoot other scenes in the  room (details), or the reason for  the interview. ...
Your assignment now• Pair off, interview each other.• Write a one-page profile of your  team member.• List the B-roll foot...
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India interviewing2 ppt

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India interviewing2 ppt

  1. 1. InterviewingA guide for backpackand other journalists 1
  2. 2. He who asksis a fool for 5minutes. Hewho doesn’task is a foolforever. 2
  3. 3. Interviewing is part of a three-step process• Interviewing – Gets raw material for stories• Editing/Honing – Strengthens material• Cropping/Cutting – Shapes final stories 3
  4. 4. Like all backpackjournalism, interviewingis the same as in regularjournalism -- butdifferent. 4
  5. 5. Focus the interview• Ask lots of questions – You need lots of raw material• Choose an angle – Pick a focus for your project• Explore a subject further – That’s why you need lots of raw material 5
  6. 6. Interviewing• Key to success for a good backpack or print journalist.• Two main parts – Asking good questions – LISTENING!!!! 6
  7. 7. Interviewing• Steps in the process (before interview) – Identifying the story topic and angle – Identifying the source(s) – Background research • Don’t interview people for facts, interview for reactions 7
  8. 8. Interviewing• Steps in the process (before interview) – Identifying the story topic and angle – Identifying the source(s) – Background research • Don’t interview people for facts, interview for reactions – especially on camera 8
  9. 9. Information Search• Questions for before the interview. – How much time do I have to track down information? – What do I need to know? – How will I use this information? – Who is the audience for this information?These are the questions your teamneeds to answer soon 9
  10. 10. Interviewing• Story types and interviewing – News story • Subject focused • People are secondary – Profile • People focused • Other topics are secondary – Investigative story • Need to know both 10
  11. 11. Interviewing• News stories – Time to research is usually short – Clips, other writers are good background sources – Rapport with regular sources for your beat will serve you well • They know you so they’ll talk with you 11
  12. 12. Interviewing• Profiles -- vital to character-driven backpack journalists – Background information • Basics: age, education, etc. • Know their works, their achievements • Know their subjects • Know their hobbies, if possible • Dress to match • Interview friends, family, etc. • “Shadow” them, if possible 12
  13. 13. Interviewing• Investigative stories – Adversarial relationship? – Know the answers to the questions you ask – Start with people on the fringes and work your way in to the main source – Get as much evidence as possible ahead of time 13
  14. 14. InterviewingThe way you ask a question • Signals the response you expect • Can reveal your own point of view on the issue • May block a response –“Are you still cheating on exams.”Ask people questions they cananswer 14
  15. 15. Interviewing• Use open-ended questions – Questions that require more than a “yes” or “no” answer – You want questions that draw visual responses (especially important for video) – Work from general to specific • These questions are less direct and less threatening 15
  16. 16. Interviewing• Closed-ended questions – Asking a specific question to get a specific answer – Plan when to ask these questions and who you are going to ask – Keep asking until your source gives you an adequate response or tells you where to find the information 16
  17. 17. Interviewing• Rapport – The relationship between the reporter and the source • Critical to the success of the interview – Look for commonalities with your subject • Make them feel comfortable with you 17
  18. 18. Interviewing nuts and bolts• Establishing a rapport – Look around the interview space for • Photos of family • Pets • Signs of their religious background – Talk about something you see • Gets subjects at ease Also comes in handy when filming “B roll” 18
  19. 19. Interviewing nuts and bolts• Setting up the interview – Work with the subject, but suggest a time – Estimate how long you will need • Be prepared if it goes longer – Set the place • Interviewee’s space? (puts them at ease) • Neutral territory – Be cautious of noise -- especially important in filming – Privacy issues? – Possible return for more information – Call/e-mail back to check accuracy 19
  20. 20. Interviewing nuts and bolts• What to bring – What about a recorder for print? Camera? • Backpack journalists rely on equipment • Don’t count on it working. Have a plan if it fails – Notebook choices for notes – Writing instruments (at least 2 pencils) 20
  21. 21. Interviewing nuts and bolts• What to bring – What about a recorder for print? Camera? • Backpack journalists rely on equipment • Don’t count on it working. Have a plan if it fails – Notebook choices for notes – Writing instruments (at least 2 pencils)• What not to bring – Cell phone (Turn it off; it’s distracting) – Chewing Gum (it looks unprofessional) 21
  22. 22. Interviewing nuts and bolts• List of questions – Write out the main questions you want to ask – DO NOT write them on your notebook with space after each one for answer – Maybe just a list of main points Write answers even if taping or filming 22
  23. 23. Interviewing nuts and bolts• Start with the easy questions – Good time to confirm spelling of name (don’t ask this if there is a sign or nameplate) – Title • These can change from published material you found in research – Other basic info if you have questions 23
  24. 24. Interviewing nuts and bolts• Ask the general questions first• LISTEN to their answers – They will frequently answer more than one of your questions at a time.• If their answers lead you to a better story, just keep filming or writing and follow the new thread 24
  25. 25. Interviewing nuts and bolts• Empathy is important -- Why are you talking with this person• Silence is helpful• Non-verbal cues• Body language• Look them in the eye 25
  26. 26. Interviewing and accuracy• No one wants to be misquoted• Here’s where taping interviews helps• No good reporter wants to misquote a source• Arrange for a possible call back to check accuracy of quotes, fill in any blanks – Call back even if you really don’t need to – Send an email or note thanking source for their time 26
  27. 27. Interviewing• At the interview’s conclusion, ask: – Is there anything that I haven’t asked that I should have? – Anything else you’d like to add? – Give them your contact information (telephone or email)• Review your notes (flip through)• Put the pen away. Open your ears• Tell them when the story may appear or where they’ll find it on the Internet 27
  28. 28. Backpack Journalist Interviewing• It’s different because of the multimedia needs• Use small talk to put people at ease, then set up a camera with the subject miked• Film the entire interview taking note of vital answers• Then pick up the camera and change perspective while you ask questions again. 28
  29. 29. Backpack Journalist Interviewing• Then shoot other scenes in the room (details), or the reason for the interview. You want detail shots when you already have enough for a story.• In the editing process, you can move visuals around or add others. 29
  30. 30. Your assignment now• Pair off, interview each other.• Write a one-page profile of your team member.• List the B-roll footage you’ll shoot (the details), and what questions you want to ask for reaction shots. You’re not going to do the filming, but I want to know what you would shoot and ask. 30

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