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Ses 13
Sports&Society
Xavier Carmaniu Mainadé
Note the names
 “País vasco” / Basque Country: spanish name for the
Autonomous Comunity.
 Euskadi: name in basque.
 Eus...
Maps and flag
Ikurriña (basque flag)
Euskal HerriaEuskadi
Parts of Euskal Herria
Language in Euskadi
 Euskera or basque.
 Euskera doesn’t have as much importance as catalan
does in Catalonia.
 Euskera...
Government
 The name of President of Euskadi: “lehendakari”
(basque word).
 They have an autonomous state but different ...
Principales ciudades
Vitoria
(Gasteiz)
Bilbao (Bilbo)
San Sebastián
(Donosti o Donostia)
Guernica
The Guernica tree (an
oak) a symbol of basque
freedom (the place
where politicians took
oath).
1937 nazi aerial attack in
...
Terrorism
 1959 ETA was founded (Euskadi Ta
Askatasuna: ”Basque country and
freedom").
 Separatist basque terrorist grou...
Soccer
Athletic Club de Bilbao Real Sociedad
Club for only
basque
players
Club from San Sebastián
TRAINERAS
Trainera (traditional
rowing):
Typical boats of fishermen
of Cantabric sea (the name
of this part of Atlantic
Oc...
OXEN STONE DRAGGING
Stone dragging
competitions with
oxen or groups of
men.
A very rural sport.
TRUNK CUTTING
Aizkolari: basque
name for the trunk
cutters (in basque
language: "person
that works with an
axe").
Competit...
ROCK LIFTING
Harri-jasotze
(harri: rock, jaso: to lift).
You have to lift rocks of
different weights: 100, 112'5,
125 o 21...
BASQUE PELOTA
 In euskera: pilota.
 Players: pelotaris.
 Name of the court: court wall (“frontón”).
 Also popular in A...
Jai Alai (cesta punta)
Above: paleta // Below: pelota mano
Sports&soc ses 13 euskadi
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Sports&soc ses 13 euskadi

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Sports&soc ses 13 euskadi

  1. 1. Ses 13 Sports&Society Xavier Carmaniu Mainadé
  2. 2. Note the names  “País vasco” / Basque Country: spanish name for the Autonomous Comunity.  Euskadi: name in basque.  Euskal Herria: in basque language it means: ”land of basques”, includes Navarra territory and french Basque Country.  Similar to Catalonia and Catalan Territories (Valencia, Balearic Islands and French Catalonia.  Euskadi has 2.100.000 inhabitants.
  3. 3. Maps and flag Ikurriña (basque flag) Euskal HerriaEuskadi
  4. 4. Parts of Euskal Herria
  5. 5. Language in Euskadi  Euskera or basque.  Euskera doesn’t have as much importance as catalan does in Catalonia.  Euskera is a language without an specific origin: it’s not romanic (no ties to latin as does catalán or spanish).  To understand Euskadi well you have to know basque culture (languae, music, literature, media…).
  6. 6. Government  The name of President of Euskadi: “lehendakari” (basque word).  They have an autonomous state but different from Catalonia (collect taxes and give a part to Spain. In Catalonia is the other way around: Spain gives a part to Catalonia).  The basque tax collecting system is called “economic agreement”.  Before the growth of catalan separatism in the recent years, Catalonia wanted the same tax system as Euskadi.
  7. 7. Principales ciudades Vitoria (Gasteiz) Bilbao (Bilbo) San Sebastián (Donosti o Donostia)
  8. 8. Guernica
  9. 9. The Guernica tree (an oak) a symbol of basque freedom (the place where politicians took oath). 1937 nazi aerial attack in Guernica (inspired Picasso painting).
  10. 10. Terrorism  1959 ETA was founded (Euskadi Ta Askatasuna: ”Basque country and freedom").  Separatist basque terrorist group.  Huge influence on spanish politics until XXIst century.  Terrorism: very complex and deep issue in Euskadi. Terrorism divides people (pro-ETA and against ETA).  They have killed cops, military officers, bussinesmen, politicians.  Random bomb attacks (Barcelona “Hipercor Attack").  2011 ETA announce the end of terrorist actions.
  11. 11. Soccer Athletic Club de Bilbao Real Sociedad Club for only basque players Club from San Sebastián
  12. 12. TRAINERAS Trainera (traditional rowing): Typical boats of fishermen of Cantabric sea (the name of this part of Atlantic Ocean). Now rowing competitions are celebrated (San Sebastián beach, for example).
  13. 13. OXEN STONE DRAGGING Stone dragging competitions with oxen or groups of men. A very rural sport.
  14. 14. TRUNK CUTTING Aizkolari: basque name for the trunk cutters (in basque language: "person that works with an axe"). Competitions between aizkolaris: winner was the one who cut the trunk (or trunks) first.
  15. 15. ROCK LIFTING Harri-jasotze (harri: rock, jaso: to lift). You have to lift rocks of different weights: 100, 112'5, 125 o 212,5 kgs (220, 248, 275, 467 pounds) Record: Iñaki Perurena lifted a 100 kgs. rock 1000 times in 5 hours and 4 minutes.
  16. 16. BASQUE PELOTA  In euskera: pilota.  Players: pelotaris.  Name of the court: court wall (“frontón”).  Also popular in America (USA and Latin America).  Many different varieties:  Pelota mano. (ball with hand)  Cesta-punta (o jai alai).  Remonte.  Share.  Paleta goma, paleta argentina o pelota paleta.  Paleta negra.  Etc.
  17. 17. Jai Alai (cesta punta) Above: paleta // Below: pelota mano

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