Note the names
“País vasco” / Basque Country: spanish name for the
Euskadi: name in basque.
Euskal Herria: in basque language it means: ”land of
basques”, includes Navarra territory and french Basque
Similar to Catalonia and Catalan Territories (Valencia, Balearic
Islands and French Catalonia.
Euskadi has 2.100.000 inhabitants.
Maps and flag
Ikurriña (basque flag)
Language in Euskadi
Euskera or basque.
Euskera doesn’t have as much importance as catalan
does in Catalonia.
Euskera is a language without an specific origin: it’s
not romanic (no ties to latin as does catalán or
To understand Euskadi well you have to know basque
culture (languae, music, literature, media…).
The name of President of Euskadi: “lehendakari”
They have an autonomous state but different from
Catalonia (collect taxes and give a part to Spain. In
Catalonia is the other way around: Spain gives a part to
The basque tax collecting system is called “economic
Before the growth of catalan separatism in the recent years,
Catalonia wanted the same tax system as Euskadi.
(Donosti o Donostia)
The Guernica tree (an
oak) a symbol of basque
freedom (the place
where politicians took
1937 nazi aerial attack in
(inspired Picasso painting).
1959 ETA was founded (Euskadi Ta
Askatasuna: ”Basque country and
Separatist basque terrorist group.
Huge influence on spanish politics until
Terrorism: very complex and deep issue in
Euskadi. Terrorism divides people (pro-ETA
and against ETA).
They have killed cops, military officers,
Random bomb attacks (Barcelona
2011 ETA announce the end of terrorist
Athletic Club de Bilbao Real Sociedad
Club for only
Club from San Sebastián
Typical boats of fishermen
of Cantabric sea (the name
of this part of Atlantic
Now rowing competitions
are celebrated (San
Sebastián beach, for
OXEN STONE DRAGGING
oxen or groups of
A very rural sport.
name for the trunk
cutters (in basque
that works with an
winner was the one
who cut the trunk (or
(harri: rock, jaso: to lift).
You have to lift rocks of
different weights: 100, 112'5,
125 o 212,5 kgs (220, 248,
275, 467 pounds)
Record: Iñaki Perurena
lifted a 100 kgs. rock 1000
times in 5 hours and 4
In euskera: pilota.
Name of the court: court wall (“frontón”).
Also popular in America (USA and Latin America).
Many different varieties:
Pelota mano. (ball with hand)
Cesta-punta (o jai alai).
Paleta goma, paleta argentina o pelota paleta.
Jai Alai (cesta punta)
Above: paleta // Below: pelota mano