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(and its origins in Spain & Catalonia)
Ses 09
Sports and Society
Xavier Carmaniu Mainadé
Characterics of modern sport
 Started in England in 18th – 19th century.
 Sport is an activity with rules that players h...
Timeline of 19th century in Spain
 Politically unestable century (a lot of military coups)
 1808-1814: Napoleon War.
 1...
A way of life
 In spanish also the word
was sport” (no “deporte”).
 Not just a practice  it was
a way of life.
 Sport ...
Reasons for the expansion of sport
 Industrialization  cities + middle-class (burgeoisie).
 Liberal politics (new polit...
The bourgeoisie: the key to
the process
 Social class linked with
industrialization.
 They were the elite not
the aristo...
The city: the necessary space
 Sport can only happen with human participation.
 Demographical growth and urban modernisa...
Barcelona, city walls & Cerdà
What sports were practiced?
 Gyms appeared first. Two
types:
 Groups of people created a
gym.
 Private businesses that
...
 Before 1914, there were 60 different sport associations.
 The 5 most popular sports in this time were:
 Soccer (the mo...
The first steps
Ad from a newspaper
Cádiz, 1868
The “Dandy Horse”.
1850s
Wood structure + metallic
wheels.
22 kgs. (48,5 p...
Cycling
 RIDING A BIKE HAD A LOT OF
MEANINGS:
 Social Distinction (they were expensive
machines).
 It paid attention to...
“safety bicycle”
 1885, John Kemp Sartley.
 The 2 wheels were the
same size.
 Chain on the back wheel.
 Sartley didn’t...
 1885: Sociedad
Velocipédica de Madrid.
 1887 similar clubs in
Barcelona, Lleida, Oviedo
and Vigo.
 1890 "El Ciclista",...
 Evolution begin in 1859
from a mix of different
traditional sports.
 1872 the first tennis club
in England was founded....
Intellectuals & tennis
 1900-1930 a lot of catalan intellectuals played tennis:
 Pau (Pablo) Casals, musician.
 Josep C...
Pompeu Fabra
 b. 1868 – d. 1945.
 Father of modern catalan
grammar.
 1932 Dictionary of
Catalan.
 Died in the exile
(e...
Poetry and tennis
JOSEP CARNER
 b. 1884 – d. 1970
 Poet.
 Translated the best
english authors:
Shakespeare, Dickens.
 ...
Joc del tennis / Juego del tennis
Anaves damunt l'herba de la prada
i volava el teu braç adolescent,
i pel filat de la raq...
Pau Casals
 b. 1876 - d. 1973
 Musician, composer.
 The best celloist of XXth
century.
 He died in exile (Puerto
Rico)...
Pau Casals
playing tenis
Playing in the White House (1961)
United Nations (1971)
http://youtu.be/CMWZEjERlwQ
Catalonia & sport:
evolved from two processes
1. Evolution from:
a)Traditional military
disciplines : fencing,
equestriani...
Territorial expansion
Sport came by way of industrial, comercial and coastal areas :
• Girona:
• Figueres & cycling
• Very...
The first years of sport in Barcelona
Reasons:
 There was a demand for
urban entertainment.
 1860 gymnastics and
acrobat...
Universal Exhibit 1888
From 1920s…
 Popularity of sports
grew.
 Professionalism (soccer).
 Sport started to provide
economic benefits.
 The s...
Sports&soc ses 09 origins sport catalonia spain
Sports&soc ses 09 origins sport catalonia spain
Sports&soc ses 09 origins sport catalonia spain
Sports&soc ses 09 origins sport catalonia spain
Sports&soc ses 09 origins sport catalonia spain
Sports&soc ses 09 origins sport catalonia spain
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Sports&soc ses 09 origins sport catalonia spain

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Sports&soc ses 09 origins sport catalonia spain

  1. 1. (and its origins in Spain & Catalonia) Ses 09 Sports and Society Xavier Carmaniu Mainadé
  2. 2. Characterics of modern sport  Started in England in 18th – 19th century.  Sport is an activity with rules that players have to know and follow.  It’s a competitive activity.  Sports are structured in clubs and organizations.  Majority of sports come from ancient and traditional activities (entertainment games).  After the UK, sports expanded to Europe.
  3. 3. Timeline of 19th century in Spain  Politically unestable century (a lot of military coups)  1808-1814: Napoleon War.  1814-1833: Fernando VII (absolutism).  1833-1868: Isabel II (stability).  1868-1874: Sexenio Democrático (progressive era).  1873: 1st Republic (just 11 months, 4 presidents).  1875: “Restauración” (Restoration of the monarchy) (Alfonso XII).
  4. 4. A way of life  In spanish also the word was sport” (no “deporte”).  Not just a practice  it was a way of life.  Sport was associated with:  modernity.  High cultural level.  Technical innovations. Cyclist (1890)
  5. 5. Reasons for the expansion of sport  Industrialization  cities + middle-class (burgeoisie).  Liberal politics (new political ideas).  International comercial relationships.  Foreigners + natives with modern interests = burgeoisie  Domestic Expansion: from exclusive minority to the majority.  Sport gave the possibility to jump social classes.
  6. 6. The bourgeoisie: the key to the process  Social class linked with industrialization.  They were the elite not the aristocrats.  Economic power.  High cultural level.  New ways to spend free time in the cities.
  7. 7. The city: the necessary space  Sport can only happen with human participation.  Demographical growth and urban modernisation (city walls taken down).  New ways to spend time in urban spaces (entertainment culture).  Physical activity is seen as a life style for modern countries.  Main cities: Barcelona, Madrid, Bilbao.  Smaller cities as well (after).
  8. 8. Barcelona, city walls & Cerdà
  9. 9. What sports were practiced?  Gyms appeared first. Two types:  Groups of people created a gym.  Private businesses that charged for its services.  They were a high class space used for socializing.  Also used to promote health.
  10. 10.  Before 1914, there were 60 different sport associations.  The 5 most popular sports in this time were:  Soccer (the most popular).  Cycling.  Tennis.  Nautic sports.  Hiking.
  11. 11. The first steps Ad from a newspaper Cádiz, 1868 The “Dandy Horse”. 1850s Wood structure + metallic wheels. 22 kgs. (48,5 pounds) Without pedals. Velocity: 13kms/ h. (8 miles /h.) Penny Farthing models
  12. 12. Cycling  RIDING A BIKE HAD A LOT OF MEANINGS:  Social Distinction (they were expensive machines).  It paid attention to modern interests (bike was the last modern invention).  First bike just for sport, but also used as a form of transport (It’s the same as motorbikes, cars and planes).  Cycling was the first sport that appeared on the streets: this allowed sports to be viewed on the streets.
  13. 13. “safety bicycle”  1885, John Kemp Sartley.  The 2 wheels were the same size.  Chain on the back wheel.  Sartley didn’t patent the invention, so it became popular.  1888 John Dunlop invented tires.
  14. 14.  1885: Sociedad Velocipédica de Madrid.  1887 similar clubs in Barcelona, Lleida, Oviedo and Vigo.  1890 "El Ciclista", first sport magazine in Barcelona.  6 ciclyng clubs existed in Madrid by in 1896.
  15. 15.  Evolution begin in 1859 from a mix of different traditional sports.  1872 the first tennis club in England was founded.  1877 Wimbledon started.  1888 Universal Exhibit of Barcelona organized friendly matches.
  16. 16. Intellectuals & tennis  1900-1930 a lot of catalan intellectuals played tennis:  Pau (Pablo) Casals, musician.  Josep Carner, poet.  J. V. Foix, poet.  Pompeu Fabra, linguistics (author of catalan grammar).  Before 1939 (civil war) the catalan culture was modern and european (and sport was very popular).
  17. 17. Pompeu Fabra  b. 1868 – d. 1945.  Father of modern catalan grammar.  1932 Dictionary of Catalan.  Died in the exile (escaping Franco’s Dictatorship).
  18. 18. Poetry and tennis JOSEP CARNER  b. 1884 – d. 1970  Poet.  Translated the best english authors: Shakespeare, Dickens.  Nickname: ”The prince of catalan poets”.  He died in exile.
  19. 19. Joc del tennis / Juego del tennis Anaves damunt l'herba de la prada i volava el teu braç adolescent, i pel filat de la raqueta alçada travessava la llum del sol ponent. La pau dominical tan desesmada i ta faç d'angeleta i el rabent joc seriós m'encisen la diada. D'un rector reformat, pàl·lidament, et veia filla; entorn del presbiteri collies roses; contes de misteri amaves i blancatge i els infants. Jo, oficial, de Singapur venia. Alt vermellenc, et feia cortesia ... Carros de fenc passaven odorants. Por la hierba del prado caminabas, y volaba tu brazo adolescentei y por la red de la raqueta alzada se filtraba la luz del sol poniente. La paz dominical, desanimada, tu rostro angelical y aquel veloz y serio juego todo lo embrujaban. Te veía, borrosa, hija de un párroco reformado. Cogías rosas cerca del presbiterio y te gustaban loscuentos de misterio, el blanco de las paredes y los niños. Yo, oficial, de Singapur volvía. Alto, ruborizado, te saludaba ... Pasaban olorosos carros de heno.
  20. 20. Pau Casals  b. 1876 - d. 1973  Musician, composer.  The best celloist of XXth century.  He died in exile (Puerto Rico)  he gave money to other spanish and catalans exiled.  ONU gave him the gold medal (1971).  The best popular song was “The song of birds”.
  21. 21. Pau Casals playing tenis
  22. 22. Playing in the White House (1961)
  23. 23. United Nations (1971) http://youtu.be/CMWZEjERlwQ
  24. 24. Catalonia & sport: evolved from two processes 1. Evolution from: a)Traditional military disciplines : fencing, equestrianism, shooting.  From the military quarters to clubs or gyms. b)Popular sports: racket ball, boxing (entertainment, betting). 2. Influence from english sports (thanks to relationship with foreigners).
  25. 25. Territorial expansion Sport came by way of industrial, comercial and coastal areas : • Girona: • Figueres & cycling • Very close to French border. • 1891 Sport Figuerense. • Palamós & soccer • 1898 the first club with only native people was founded. • South Area • Tarragona: harbor. • Reus: very comercial city. • Central Area • Barcelona: harbor, arrival point for foreigners. • Industrial cities (textile sector): Sabadell, Terrassa, Mataró. • (Professional industrial workers from other countries worked and enjoyed free time there).
  26. 26. The first years of sport in Barcelona Reasons:  There was a demand for urban entertainment.  1860 gymnastics and acrobatics were trendy.  1870s was trendy to go swimming in the sea.  1883 Racetrack in Can Tunis (it was a place for the bourgeoisie = Liceu (opera house).  Pool tables in popular cafes.
  27. 27. Universal Exhibit 1888
  28. 28. From 1920s…  Popularity of sports grew.  Professionalism (soccer).  Sport started to provide economic benefits.  The sport press appeared.

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