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Ses 14b
Sports & Society
Xavier Carmaniu Mainadé
Hiking and mountain sports
 Hiking: a popular activity in
Catalonia.
 It was a cultural activity
rather than sport.
 Mo...
European cultural context
 Enlightenment
(XVIIIth): Man wanted
to explore, know new
things.
 Romanticism (XIXth):
Man go...
Catalan background
 XIXth centur: Catalonia discovered itself (interest in
history, culture and catalan traditions grew ...
Hiking beginnings
 1876 b. Associació Catalana
d’Excursions Científiques
(Catalan Association of Scientific
Excursions).
...
Love for the land, love for science
 These assocations are tied
with catalan culture :
 Explore: nature, catalan
folklor...
Key places for hiking in Catalonia
Canigó. French catalan pyrenees
Montserrat, mountain & monastery
Monastery of Ripoll,
essential to Catalana Identity
Portal of the Ripoll, good example of romanic art
1909, Setmana Tràgica (Tragic Week)
Setmana Tràgica (tragic week)
 July 1909: catalan reserve soldiers were sent to fight in
Morocco (spanish colony).
 Riot...
Deep consequences
Created a divide between city vs mountain :
 Catalan bourgeoise removed itself from the
city: violent, ...
Reflected in paintings, literature…
Paintings with mountain views
were popular (Olot School).
Mountain sports
appeared
Context: modern
sports (burgeoise).
Due to relationship
with Europe.
In 1908 Mountain
Sports Sect...
Speleology (caving)
 Definition: exploration of
caves with scientific and
sport goals.
 Pioneer in Catalonia: priest
Nor...
Hiking nowadays
 During Franco’s dictatorship hiking associatons had
problems:
 Linked with catalan nationalism (some as...
“Hem fet el cim!” (We did it!)
 August 1985: first catalan
expedition to climb
Everest.
 It was an expedition with
subst...
150625 sports&soc 14b hiking
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150625 sports&soc 14b hiking

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150625 sports&soc 14b hiking

  1. 1. Ses 14b Sports & Society Xavier Carmaniu Mainadé
  2. 2. Hiking and mountain sports  Hiking: a popular activity in Catalonia.  It was a cultural activity rather than sport.  Mountain sport: skiing, climbing, trekking appeared later.
  3. 3. European cultural context  Enlightenment (XVIIIth): Man wanted to explore, know new things.  Romanticism (XIXth): Man got in touch with nature. Caspar David Friedrich
  4. 4. Catalan background  XIXth centur: Catalonia discovered itself (interest in history, culture and catalan traditions grew  this period is called “La Renaixença” (“Rebirth”, like Risorgimento in Italy).  The only way to understand and love a place is to get to know it: hiking.  Also get to know its people and customs: folklore and ethnography (study of cultures and societies).
  5. 5. Hiking beginnings  1876 b. Associació Catalana d’Excursions Científiques (Catalan Association of Scientific Excursions).  1878 (separation) b. Associació d’Excursions Catalana. (Catalan Assocation of Excursions)  1890 (reunification): Centre Excursionista de Catalunya (CEC). (Excursionist Center of Catalonia)
  6. 6. Love for the land, love for science  These assocations are tied with catalan culture :  Explore: nature, catalan folklore.  Spread catalan language (demonstrated that catalan is a valuable language to science).  Associations participated in important events:  Memorial de Greuges.  Exposición 1888.
  7. 7. Key places for hiking in Catalonia Canigó. French catalan pyrenees
  8. 8. Montserrat, mountain & monastery
  9. 9. Monastery of Ripoll, essential to Catalana Identity
  10. 10. Portal of the Ripoll, good example of romanic art
  11. 11. 1909, Setmana Tràgica (Tragic Week)
  12. 12. Setmana Tràgica (tragic week)  July 1909: catalan reserve soldiers were sent to fight in Morocco (spanish colony).  Riots in Barcelona by working class people.  Set fire to convents  attacked catholic hierarchy.  Strong military repression to stop the riots.  Francesc Ferrer Guardia was condemned and executed (anarchist teacher) (nowadays Monument in Montjuïc).
  13. 13. Deep consequences Created a divide between city vs mountain :  Catalan bourgeoise removed itself from the city: violent, hostile, dangerous.  Mountain was mythologized  peaceful place, without conflict, with everyone living in harmony). (Actually it was false, because in mountain areas there was conflict).
  14. 14. Reflected in paintings, literature… Paintings with mountain views were popular (Olot School).
  15. 15. Mountain sports appeared Context: modern sports (burgeoise). Due to relationship with Europe. In 1908 Mountain Sports Section of CEC was created.
  16. 16. Speleology (caving)  Definition: exploration of caves with scientific and sport goals.  Pioneer in Catalonia: priest Norbert Font Sagué.  Due to his participation in the first french caving exploration in Catalonia.  His first descents started in 1891.
  17. 17. Hiking nowadays  During Franco’s dictatorship hiking associatons had problems:  Linked with catalan nationalism (some assotiations were prohibited).  There were places where hiking wasn’t allowed : Pyrenees (military zone, bordering France).  Since the “Transición” (after Franco era), hiking is more a sport than cultural activity. But the cultural aspect remains.
  18. 18. “Hem fet el cim!” (We did it!)  August 1985: first catalan expedition to climb Everest.  It was an expedition with substantial press coverage.  A very popular slogan/motto in Catalonia : “Hem fet el cim” (“we have arrived to the top of the peak”).

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