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Tiles presentation

  1. 1.  Syed Saqlain ......... 52 Saddam Hussain........ 50 Abrar Us Saddam....... 02 Fahim Hamidi ................ 60
  2. 2. Title: TILES
  3. 3. Introduction:
  4. 4.  A tile is a manufactured piece of hard-wearing material such as ceramic, stone, or even glass.  Tiles are generally used for covering roofs, floors, walls, showers, or other objects such as tabletops.Introduction
  5. 5.  Historically, man has desired to create living spaces which were beautiful, durable, and user friendly. with that in mind, ceramic tile has been made by man for 4000 years.  Beautiful tiled surfaces have been found in the oldest pyramids, the ruins of Babylon, and ancient ruins of Greek cities.  Decorative tile work was invented in the near east, where it has enjoyed a longer popularity and assumed a greater variety of design than anywhere in the world.  During the Islamic period, all methods of tile decoration were brought to perfection in Persia.Introduction
  6. 6. Glazed bricks relief tile wall, the Ishtar gate at Babylon,Painted and glazed around 575 B.C. ,Iraq.tile of around 880B.C, Nimrud. glazed bricks relief tile wall, from the palace of Persepolis around 518 B.C. Iran Relief tile of the early 13th century, Afghanistan
  7. 7.  In Europe decorated tiles did not come into general use outside Moorish Spain until the second half of the 12th century. The tile mosaics of Spain and Portugal, the maiolica floor tiles of renaissance Italy, the faiences of Antwerp, the development of tile iconography in England and in the Netherlands, and the ceramic tiles of Germany are all prominent landmarks in the history of ceramic tile.
  8. 8. Encaustic tile Maiolica tile Tile setting of the Maiolica tileof the 13th of the 16th 18th century, setting of thecentury, century, the Netherlands 18th century,England Italy Italy
  9. 9. Manufacture:
  10. 10.  The raw materials used to create tiles are all found in the ground. These raw materials, like clay is quarried and refined. They are then mixed. A dry mixture of clay, Magnesium silicate and other ingredients are pressed into a mould, and then fired at an extremely high temperature. The ingredients used in this process are slightly wet. They are forced through a nozzle, which forms the tile’s shape. Other methods of creating tiles are slush mould and beehive kilns.
  11. 11.  There are many types of tiles used for residential and commercial applications.1. Roof tiles2. Floor tiles3. Pebble tiles4. Ceiling tiles5. Wall tiles
  12. 12. Introduction
  13. 13.  Roof tiles are designed mainly to keep out rain, and are traditionally made from locally available materials such as clay or slate.  Flat tiles - the simplest type, which are laid in regular overlappingRoofing tiles
  14. 14. Introduction
  15. 15.  These are commonly made of ceramic or stone. Recent technological advances have resulted in rubber or glass tiles for floors as well.
  16. 16.  Pebble Tiles is a composite material made up of marble pebbles or pieces of natural stone in different sizes, bound together with a transparent white or colored resin.
  17. 17.  Ceiling tiles are type of tiles used for covering ceilings of rooms. Suspended ceilings Acoustic Ceilings Decorative Ceiling Tile
  18. 18.  The concept behind using wall tiles is decorating the interior of a home without adding much stuff to the home.
  19. 19. Uses: Here are some places around the home that can benefit from tile applications. COUNTER BATHROOM BACKSPLASH FLOORING WALL ACCENTS EXTERIOR
  20. 20.  COUNTER Ceramic tile is among the most common materials for kitchen countertops. Because its hard and water-resistant, it holds up extremely well to the moist and often humid environment of the kitchen.
  21. 21. BATHROOM: Mostly used on floor They are also commonly used in walls.
  22. 22.  BACKSPLASH : Almost all backsplashes are made of tile because of its natural water resistance. Some people prefer stone or marble, but these are expensive materials.
  23. 23.  FLOORING : Tile is one of the cheapest flooring options, especially compared to popular materials such as hardwood and marble. Most tiles can withstand heavy use in living rooms and the heat and moisture of bathrooms.
  24. 24.  WALL ACCENTS: Small decorative tiles make great accents for walls, counters, and flooring. They usually come in stronger, deeper colours and feature interesting patterns, often to complement the colour of bigger tiles.
  25. 25.  EXTERIOR: Some tiles can actually be used on the exterior walls of your home. These are usually decorative ones made to look like natural materials, such as wood and stone. They make great alternatives to exterior painting, since they dont fade and can withstand most outdoor elements.
  26. 26. ENAMEL PAINT
  27. 27.  Enamels consist of high grade bases like zinc oxide or lead oxide ground in oil or varnish. Enamel paint is the type of paint usually used in painting wherein you are aiming for a shiny, opaque and hard finish. They dry slowly leaving a hard tough and elastic film which is smooth and durable. It painted surfaces are washable and are not affected by acids, alkalies, gases or steam. They are more costly than ordinary paints yet, because of there durability
  28. 28.  A general formulation will include Resin, Solvent, Pigment.
  29. 29.  There are many uses of enamel paint, such as in: High Humidity Areas Furniture Outdoor Structures Vehicles Models Woodwork Concrete Flooring
  30. 30.  In high humidity areas things are also painted with enamel paint.
  31. 31.  Enamel can be used to paint furniture a solid color. Because enamel paint dries to a hard surface, such as tables and chairs.
  32. 32.  Enamels tough, waterproof character makes it suitable for use on a variety of outdoor structures that have to withstand sun exposure, wind and rain.
  33. 33.  Enamel paint is also used for vehicles, such as bikes, motorcycles and cars. Cars and motorcycles use specialized, oil- based enamel paint for their surface. People who paint their own bicycles also use enamel paint for its ease of application and ability to protect the metal from corrosion.
  34. 34.  Enamel paint is used for plastic and metal models because it gives them the smooth, shiny finish.
  35. 35.  Enamel paint is often used to paint woodwork. Wood can rot if exposed to moisture for a long period without protection. Enamel paint is waterproof, durable.
  36. 36.  Enamel paint is used for indoor concrete flooring. Enamel specially designed for concrete can withstand the wear that a floor would be exposed to as well as protect the concrete from moisture that can lead to cracking.
  37. 37.  www.ezinearticles.com www.google.com http://ezinearticles.com/?An-Introduction-To-Enamel- Paint&id=5530235 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enamel_paint http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_is_Enamel_Paint_formula http://www.universalpaints.in/ http://www.ehow.com/info_8112121_enamel-paint-uses.html http://www.wikihow.com/Work-With-Enamel-Paint http://www.ravigroup.com/index1.htm http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_is_Enamel_Paint_formula http://www.ehow.com/list_6367607_uses-acrylic-enamel- paint.html http://www.ehow.com/how_6939405_repair-enamel-paint.html http://www.scratchdesigns.co.uk/product.php/38945/humbrol_ena mel_no9___14ml
  38. 38. ?
  39. 39. Thanks….