Wednesday 10 July 2013
1. Definitions
2. The importance of pulse
 Rhythm in the musical trinity
 The order of music in the Christian life
3. Ho...
 Pulse: an emphasis or movement
 Rhythm: the arrangement of pulses (notes and rests)
around a beat
 Meter: a consistent...
 The pulse is a sign of life – man is living, music has life
 In the same way, breath is a sign of life. Man
breathes, m...
Melody
(spirit)
Rhythm
(body)
Harmony
(soul)
 Our bodies have internal rhythm, a pulse
 A pulse is necessary and good, but only in its proper
place
 No pulse = dead...
“… music needs to exhibit a flow, an overall feel for
continuity, that moves progressively and irresistibly from
beginning...
First Second Last
spirit soul body
melody harmony rhythm
dominant secondary controlled
from Music in the Balance, F. Garlo...
But I keep under my body, and bring it into subjection:
lest that by any means, when I have preached to others, I
myself s...
 Rhythm in music affects our body
 Rhythm is good, but only if it is under control
 Rhythm should be subject to the mel...
‘pear’ quarter note
‘ap-ple’ two eighth notes
‘pine-ap-ple’ three eighth notes
‘wa-ter-me-lon’ four sixteenth notes
 Many aspects of rhythm work together to convey truth.
These include:
 tempo
 rhythmic values (e.g. lots of eighth note...
 Generally, slower tempi encourage reflection or
meditation and faster tempi encourage joyfulness or
zeal. Moderate tempi...
 Pianists and musicians should already ‘feel’ the tempo and
pulse before they start playing
 Pianists have a very import...
1. Practice your introduction
2. Know your tempo beforehand
 Sing it in your head
3. Work with your song-leader
 Talk ab...
 In order to identify the pulse/beat in a hymn, we must
determine what the base grouping is
 The base grouping is the sm...
 EG. the smallest group is 2 – hence, there are FOUR
beats
 EG. the smallest group that divides 9 is 3 –
hence, there ar...
 But what about 6 8?
 6 8 is grouped into THREE, because 3 4 already groups
them into TWO
 Finding the beat requires knowing how to group the
eighth notes
 The table below shows how many beats are in each
time ...
 In groups, compose a short 8 bar rhythmic piece with
at least 3 different rhythms, using various body
percussion (clappi...
 In groups, identify what character or mood would best fit
the following hymns, and what tempo you would choose.
 Leanin...
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Manila conference wed afternoon - rhythm

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Manila conference wed afternoon - rhythm

  1. 1. Wednesday 10 July 2013
  2. 2. 1. Definitions 2. The importance of pulse  Rhythm in the musical trinity  The order of music in the Christian life 3. How pulse affects communicating Truths  Fast and slow tempi 4. Introductions should establish pulse clearly
  3. 3.  Pulse: an emphasis or movement  Rhythm: the arrangement of pulses (notes and rests) around a beat  Meter: a consistent beat pattern (simple, compound, triple, duple), which is defined by beats per bar  Subdivision: the practice of breaking down rhythms into smaller units  Tempo: the speed of the beat (measured in bpm)
  4. 4.  The pulse is a sign of life – man is living, music has life  In the same way, breath is a sign of life. Man breathes, music also breathes.  As musicians, it is very important to develop our rhythm skills (activity) Why?  Its importance lies in how man was created by God
  5. 5. Melody (spirit) Rhythm (body) Harmony (soul)
  6. 6.  Our bodies have internal rhythm, a pulse  A pulse is necessary and good, but only in its proper place  No pulse = dead  Overly visible pulse = sick  Underlying pulse = healthy
  7. 7. “… music needs to exhibit a flow, an overall feel for continuity, that moves progressively and irresistibly from beginning to end. It is not intended to hammer and drive a musical pulse into the mind…” from Music & Ministry (p.93)
  8. 8. First Second Last spirit soul body melody harmony rhythm dominant secondary controlled from Music in the Balance, F. Garlock & K. Woetzel, (p.63)
  9. 9. But I keep under my body, and bring it into subjection: lest that by any means, when I have preached to others, I myself should be a castaway.
  10. 10.  Rhythm in music affects our body  Rhythm is good, but only if it is under control  Rhythm should be subject to the melody  We must master rhythm in the same way that we must master our bodies
  11. 11. ‘pear’ quarter note ‘ap-ple’ two eighth notes ‘pine-ap-ple’ three eighth notes ‘wa-ter-me-lon’ four sixteenth notes
  12. 12.  Many aspects of rhythm work together to convey truth. These include:  tempo  rhythmic values (e.g. lots of eighth notes or lots of half notes)  time signature  Example: Amazing Grace
  13. 13.  Generally, slower tempi encourage reflection or meditation and faster tempi encourage joyfulness or zeal. Moderate tempi work best for most songs.  Examples: Glory to His Name  When playing for congregational singing, it is important to always choose a tempo which best reflects (or enhances) the thoughts of the song
  14. 14.  Pianists and musicians should already ‘feel’ the tempo and pulse before they start playing  Pianists have a very important role in this area  A hesitant or uncertain introduction can negatively affect the singers and congregation  1 Cor. 14:8 For if the trumpet give an uncertain sound, who shall prepare himself to the battle?  Through our ministry, we are ‘calling’ God’s people to worship God  This demands confidence in God’s enabling, not in self ability
  15. 15. 1. Practice your introduction 2. Know your tempo beforehand  Sing it in your head 3. Work with your song-leader  Talk about what speed they are most comfortable singing 4. Keep it simple 5. Keep the beat steady 6. Master Tip: Play the dominant (5th) note of the key in the LH before the first beat of the bar (in C major, this would be G)
  16. 16.  In order to identify the pulse/beat in a hymn, we must determine what the base grouping is  The base grouping is the smallest group of eighth notes that will fit into a beat according to the time signature  (this is either 2 or 3 eighth notes)
  17. 17.  EG. the smallest group is 2 – hence, there are FOUR beats  EG. the smallest group that divides 9 is 3 – hence, there are THREE BEATS
  18. 18.  But what about 6 8?  6 8 is grouped into THREE, because 3 4 already groups them into TWO
  19. 19.  Finding the beat requires knowing how to group the eighth notes  The table below shows how many beats are in each time signature  Let’s try beating these out together 2 beats 3 beats 4 beats 2 4 3 4 4 4 6 8 9 8 12 8
  20. 20.  In groups, compose a short 8 bar rhythmic piece with at least 3 different rhythms, using various body percussion (clapping, tapping, clicking, stomping, etc.) Notate your composition on a blank piece of paper. Aim for variety and don’t forget to use rests.  In groups, pick three hymns and identify their following rhythmic characteristics;  Time signature  Appropriate tempo  Meter (how many beats per bar)
  21. 21.  In groups, identify what character or mood would best fit the following hymns, and what tempo you would choose.  Leaning on the Everlasting Arms  Holy, Holy, Holy  Great Is Thy Faithfulness  Since Jesus Came Into My Heart  Come Thou Fount  How Great Thou Art  To God Be the Glory  Whole group  We’re going to sing a hymn/gospel song together at a slow tempo, then a fast tempo

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