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Jeff davis top coder 12 3 2012 final


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Jeff davis top coder 12 3 2012 final

  1. 1. Collaboration and Open Innovation at NASA TopCoder December 3, 2012 Jeffrey R. Davis, MD Elizabeth E. Richard Human Health and Performance Exploring Space | Enhancing Life
  2. 2. Organizational Approach• Discussion Topics – Strategy to Execution and Results • Human Health and Performance organization • Strategic plan and implementation • Open Innovation Pilots and Results • NASA Human Health and Performance Center • NASA Center of Excellence for Collaborative Innovation – Forward Work • Solution Management Tool • Human Capital Discussion Points Human Health and Performance 2 Exploring Space | Enhancing Life
  3. 3. Human Health and Performance• Human Health and Performance - Exploring Space, Enhancing Life – Space and Clinical Operations • Health care and medical systems – Biomedical Research and Environmental Sciences • Physiological, environmental and behavioral effects of spaceflight – Human Systems Engineering and Development • Human centered design (hardware/software), human factors, food systems• Human-centered risk management – Space Flight Human System standards and requirements• Strategy formulation and execution – Open collaboration and innovation management – Public-private partnerships Human Health and Performance 3 Exploring Space | Enhancing Life
  4. 4. Strategic Initiatives2006 Visioning Workshop HQ lead office for life sciences Minimum necessary services Assumption: Assumptions Low likelihood of returning in Program need to reduce costs next 10 years Program buy it by the yard Characteristics Characteristics Central budget, Fundamental Outsourcing research, NRA’s, grants Minimal R&D NASA funded partnerships Few partners Some institutional costs provided by program Partner/shared services model Assumptions Core capabilities not funded by institution Current state Rapid external pace of change Assumptions Characteristics Current resources, no growth Consulting, high-end expertise, Characteristics Partners fill in low CRL/TRL work Focused R+D on TRL/CRL 4-6 Leverage with partners Inflation, escalation erode content Little low TRL/CRL work Human Health and Performance 4 Exploring Space | Enhancing Life
  5. 5. Strategic Initiatives• 2007 SLSD Strategic Plan – Mission Statement “To optimize human health and productivity for space exploration“ – Vision Statement "To become the recognized world leader in human health, performance and productivity for space exploration” – Strategic Goals o Manage balanced internal/external portfolio o Drive health innovations o Drive human system integration innovations o Educate and inspire Human Health and Performance 5 5 Exploring Space | Enhancing Life
  6. 6. Strategic Initiatives• 2012 HH&P Strategic Plan – Mission “HH&P capabilities enable optimization of human health and performance throughout all phases of spaceflight” – Vision “HH&P leads the world in human health and performance innovations for life in space and on Earth” Since 2007, we have also made significant advances – External collaboration and implementation of new business models within the directorate and the Agency – Established two virtual centers, the NASA Human Health and Performance Center and the Center of Excellence for Collaborative Innovation. – 2012 Strategy builds upon these successes to address the Agency’s increased emphasis on societal relevance and being a leader in research and development and innovative business and communications practices Human Health and Performance 6 6 Exploring Space | Enhancing Life
  7. 7. Balanced Portfolio – portfolio mapping• Portfolio mapping – Dr. Gary Pisano, Harvard Business School (HBS) o “Which Kind of Collaboration is Right for You” – Harvard Business Review, December 2008 o Workshop conducted by Dr. Pisano with NASA – Wyle leadership team June - July 2009 o Analyzed 12 gaps for collaborative opportunity – clarified gaps for internal or external development Human Health and Performance 7 Exploring Space | Enhancing Life
  8. 8. Portfolio Analysis: Mapping - Models of CollaborationFrom Gary Pisano, Harvard Business School Human Health and Performance Exploring Space | Enhancing Life 8
  9. 9. Internal Innovation – “Elite Circle”• Internal Innovation Projects o New development – intravenous fluid from potable water o Modified technology – colorimetric water analysis (formerly a device to evaluate paint color) Human Health and Performance 9 Exploring Space | Enhancing Life
  10. 10. Exploration Medical Capability IntraVenous fluid GENeration for exploration (IVGEN)PRODUCE USP GRADE 0.9% NORMAL SALINE FROM INSITU RESOURCES • IV fluid required to respond to medical contingencies • Filter to generate fluid incurs a smaller mass and volume cost than the actual fluid • System based on deionization and sterilizing filtersFLIGHT TEST: MAY 4-7, 2010 Human Health and Performance 10 Exploring Space | Enhancing Life 10
  11. 11. Environmental Monitoring - Colorimetric Water Quality Monitoring KitHardware Description• Solution is a simple, compact, hand-held device that reliably and rapidly measures key water quality indicators in-flight• Water sample is passed through membrane cartridge resulting in color change on membrane surface in the presence of silver or iodine• Commercially available Diffuse Reflectance Spectrophotometer (DRS) measures magnitude of color change, which is proportional to the amount of analyte present in sample volume• CSPE water quality monitoring kit was delivered to ISS on STS 128/17A Human Health and Performance 11 Exploring Space | Enhancing Life
  12. 12. External innovation - open• Why open collaboration/innovation? • Joy’s Law • “No Matter Who You Are, Most of the Smartest People Work for Someone Else” – Bill Joy, Cofounder Sun Microsystems • The Causal Explanation for Joy’s Law • Knowledge is unevenly distributed in society - Fredrich von Hayek (1945) • Knowledge is sticky - Eric von Hippel (1994) from Karim Lakhani, PhD Harvard Business School Human Health and Performance 12 Exploring Space | Enhancing Life
  13. 13. Open Innovation• Open innovation and collaboration– four pilot projects – utilized the gaps from G Pisano workshop – Conducted fall of 2009 – fall 2010 • InnoCentive- posts individual challenges/gaps to their established network of solvers (~300,000) • financial award if the solution is found viable by the posting entity • acts as an actual technology scout bringing together buyers and sellers of technologies • Option to develop partnerships • TopCoder - open innovation software company with a large network of solvers (~300,000) • variety of skill-based software coding competitions • NASA@work-internal collaboration platform leveraging expertise found across NASA’s 10 centers Human Health and Performance 13 Exploring Space | Enhancing Life
  14. 14. NASA Pavilion on InnoCentiveGlobal Appeal- 2900 solvers 80 Countries Human Health and Performance 14 Exploring Space | Enhancing Life
  15. 15. InnoCentive Pilot Results Proj Award Award Challenge Title Ctr Posted Deadline Sub Rms Date AmountImproved Barrier Layers … JSC - 12/18/2009 2/28/2010 174 22 5/7/2010 $11,000Keeping Food Fresh in Space SLSDMechanism for a Compact JSC -Aerobic Resistive Exercise 12/18/2009 2/28/2010 564 95 5/14/2010 $20,000 SLSDDeviceData-Driven Forecasting of JSC - 12/22/2009 3/22/2010 579 11 5/13/2010 $30,000Solar Events SLSDCoordination of SensorSwarms for Extraterrestrial LRC 2/27/2010 4/26/2010 423 37 6/4/2010 $18,000 (3)ResearchMedical Consumables GRC 5/17/2010 7/27/2010 365 56 10/28/2010 $15,000 (3)TrackingAugmenting the Exercise JSC - 5/27/2010 7/27/2010 229 18 9/20/2010 $10,000Experience SLSDSimple Microgravity Laundry JSC - 5/27/2010 7/27/2010 598 Human Health and Performance 108 9/21/2010 $7,500System EA 15 Exploring Space | Enhancing Life
  16. 16. example: Bone Imaging Germany 6 Austria 1 Japan 7 Canada 1 France 6 Israel 1 Australia 3 Belgium 1 UK 5 Switzerland 4 Sweden 1 USA 15 Total 51 Human Health and Performance 16 Exploring Space |16 Page Enhancing Life
  17. 17. Pilot ResultsTechnical Need No. of total No. of hits Active leads replies/leads (initial interest)Bone Density Measurement 51 793 5Monitoring of Water and 61 2003 8BiocidesRadioprotectants 28 475 6Exoterrestrial Life 31 1596 1DifferentiationFood Packaging/Protection 29 173 5Portable Imaging 34 581 5 Human Health and Performance 17 Exploring Space | Enhancing Life
  18. 18. TopCoder Experience• Opportunity presented to NASA by Harvard Business School • Research project to compare outcomes of collaborative and competitive teams • NASA provided the problem statement • Optimize algorithm that supports medical kit design• Competition began on 11/04/2009 and lasted approximately 10 days • 2800 solutions were submitted by 480 individuals • Useful algorithm developed and incorporated into NASA model• Team felt this process was more efficient than internal development• Next steps – NASA Tournament Lab with HBS and TopCoder developed to seek many novel optimization algorithms for ISS Human Health and Performance 18 Exploring Space | Enhancing Life
  19. 19. NASA@workHuman Health and Performance 19 Exploring Space | Enhancing Life
  20. 20. NASA@work Center Participation Human Health and Performance 20 Exploring Space | Enhancing Life
  21. 21. NASA@Work• Early Findings • Connected 10 NASA centers horizontally (peer to peer) • Connected areas of expertise previously untapped • Enthusiasm for the pilot and willingness to use again • Positive comments about NASA trying a new business model • Solid solutions for some technical problems Human Health and Performance 21 Exploring Space | Enhancing Life
  22. 22. What is NASA Tournament Lab?Operational Virtual Facility developed between NASA, Harvard, and TopCoder Two Objectives – 1 What is…….. Create novel, high quality working software for algorithmic / computational Challenges 2 Contribute towards the development of empirically validated science of innovation tournaments Utilize the principles of distributed innovation to allow participants worldwide to What is…….. contribute to solving mission challenges by developing innovative computational algorithms. Human Health and Performance 22 Exploring Space | Enhancing Life
  23. 23. What is…….. Human Health and Performance 23 Exploring Space | Enhancing Life
  24. 24. Other Collaboration Methods• Rice Business Plan Competition – 42 MBA/technical student teams – Offered life science prize for earth/space benefits • 5 teams awarded since 2008 • 2 teams have secured funding – Series A funding – USDA grant• NASA Human Health and Performance Center• Center of Excellence for Collaborative Innovation Human Health and Performance 24 Exploring Space | Enhancing Life
  25. 25. Beyond the pilot stage and forward work• Organizational home for collaboration• Virtual Centers – NASA Human Health and Performance Center • Products and projects – Center of Excellence for Collaborative Innovation • NASA Prizes (example using all platforms) • Other federal agency prizes • NASA@Work - expanded participation – Solution Mechanism Guidance Tool – Human Capital considerations Human Health and Performance 25 Exploring Space | Enhancing Life
  26. 26. HH&P Innovation Initiatives Human Health and Performance 26 Exploring Space | Enhancing Life
  27. 27. NASA Human Health and Performance Center• Established October 2010• Membership – 117 members: – Three workshops • January 2011 – Collaborative Innovation: Strategies and Best Practices • October 2011 - Connecting Through Collaboration • June 2012 - mHealth - Smart Media and Health: Applications Benefiting Life in Space and on Earth • Planned new workshop for public-private partnerships and accelerated innovation – June 12, 2013 – Innovation Lecture Series – Member to Member Connects – Collaborative project opportunities posted by members – Projects organized and tracked by NASA new initiatives Human Health and Performance 27 Exploring Space | Enhancing Life
  28. 28. HH&P Collaborative InnovationInside the “Innovation Box”The CoECI• A multi-organizational entity stood up at the behest of the Office of Science and Technology Policy to further advance the use of open innovation methods across the federal government, in particular, the use of prizes and challenges. – CoECI is HQ owned; HH&P supports operations – External Engagements: Reimbursable Interagency Agreements (IAA’s) executed at HQ – Internal Focus: Organizations fund challenges for InnoCentive and Human Health and Performance 28 Exploring Space | Enhancing Life
  29. 29. CoECI – NASAHH&P: Challenges Close to Home • NASA@work Challenges in Development: – David Fitts: Utilizing NASA@work in conjunction with Human Systems Integration effort (challenge topic: metric development) – Kerry Lee: Seeking solutions that will protect astronauts from Galactic Cosmic Rays on long duration missions (challenge topic: radiation protection) – All OCT funded Non-invasive Measurement of Intracranial Pressure • Challenge Topic: sought to identify an efficient non-invasive technology to measure ICP • Results: three submissions were awarded (one recommended use of EEG and the other two provided new leads of researchers in this field (Dr. Heldt & Dr. Alloca) Human Health and Performance 29 Exploring Space | Enhancing Life
  30. 30. CoECI – NASAHH&P: Challenges Close to Home• Tech Scout, – Challenge Owner: Jennifer Villareal, Susi Zanello – Non-invasive Intracranial Pressure (ICP) Monitoring System: The aim is to find a novel, non-invasive technological approach to intra- cranial pressure (ICP) measurement. NASA prefers new technologies, but variations of existing technologies that represent major improvements relevant to the extreme environments of space and planetary exploration will be considered. Conventional hospital- setting equipment, instrumentation intended to be miniaturized, and for medical-care applications by trained but non- medical personnel for use in remote environments will also be considered. – Schedule: Live on – OCT Funded: Human Health and Performance 30 Exploring Space | Enhancing Life
  31. 31. CoECI - NASAHH&P: Challenges Close to Home• NASA Innovation Pavilion, InnoCentive – Challenge Owner: Jennifer Villareal, Susi Zanello – Challenge Summary: Theoretical, NASA would like to monitor ICP non-invasively with an accuracy that is close to the terrestrial gold standard of lumbar puncture. – HH&P Funded: Partnership between research and operations – Schedule: Little further behind. Human Health and Performance 31 Exploring Space | Enhancing Life
  32. 32. CoECI - NASAHH&P: Challenges Close to Home• NASA Tournament Lab (NTL) – Challenge Owner: Todd Schlegel – Challenge: Portable Electrocardiogram App • Create a mobile, Android-based 12- lead ECG data viewer • Advance cheap, mobile medical applications • Implications for both space medicine and 3rd-world countries • Used a range of competition types for full application build – Schedule: August, 2011; still in work, Bluetooth technology changed, caused hiccups – Prize: $22K – Funded by NTL, HEOMD Human Health and Performance 32 Exploring Space | Enhancing Life
  33. 33. CoECI – other federal agenciesOther Agency Agreements• NASA Tournament Lab (NTL) – USPTO: image processing contest designed to help determine how labels on a drawing relate to patent text intended to increase productivity and reduce extra scanning efforts. – CMS: Produce a shared services solution that States can use to verify Medicaid provider eligibility. – CMS2: in work – EPA: in work Human Health and Performance 33 Exploring Space | Enhancing Life
  34. 34. NASA@Work • NASA@work is an agency-wide, virtual platform that seeks to increase innovation by fostering The NASA@work Process: • Suggested challenge submitted directly collaboration within our community through the into contribution of interactive discussions and the • The NASA@work Program Champion and submission of solutions to posted challenges the support team develop and refine challenge (identify • Challenge Types for NASA@work include Challenge Owner) (2-3 weeks) • Challenge is reviewed by an generating new ideas, developing new assigned Technical Reviewer concepts, adding structure and/or • Content of challenge is submitted through Export Control if required definition to challenge or problem • Once challenge is open, Challenge Owner actively participates in discussion and • To date, have run over 35 challenges with responds to questions and comments that over 65 winners across all NASA Centers solvers may have throughout the active challenge cycle (4-6 weeks) • Once challenge is closed, Challenge Owner Quick Facts about NASA@work: completes evaluation of submitted• As of August, 2012, have over 8150 solvers in the community solutions, selects winner(s), and completes• Since re-launch in November 2011, have experienced a assessments that evaluate utility of the • 33% growth in the solver community platform (2 weeks) • over 160% increase in active participation from solvers on the platform (over 460 active solvers) Human Health and Performance 34 34 Exploring Space | Enhancing Life
  35. 35. NASA@Work *Steady Increase in Number of Solversand Active Solvers in October NASA@work Community of Solvers 318 8520 8505 316 316 8500 314 8474 8480 313 312 8460 310 310 8440 8428 308 8420 306 8405 305 8400 304 8380 302 300 8360 298 8340 10/5/2012 10/12/2012 10/19/2012 10/26/2012 10/5/2012 10/12/12 10/19/12 10/26/12 Solvers 8405 8428 8474 8505 Active Solvers 305 Human Health and Performance 310 313 316 Exploring Space | Enhancing Life
  36. 36. Solution Mechanism Guidance Tool• Under development within HH&P – Determine how to use established and novel problem solving tools for problem solving and project management – Working group of multiple disciplines – Will identify opportunities and barriers, and training needed to implement – Planned test of tool February 2013 Human Health and Performance 36 Exploring Space | Enhancing Life
  37. 37. Human Capital• Areas for discussion – Culture • “not invented here” – Rewards • Extrinsic • Intrinsic – Time • Multi-disciplinary participation (e.g. NASA@Work) beyond ideation challenges (true projects) – Training • Project management training that includes novel tools • For example, newly established Human System Academy offering four certificate programs (one is in Innovation) Human Health and Performance 37 Exploring Space | Enhancing Life
  38. 38. Summary• NASA’s HH&P organizational approach to collaboration and open innovation – Strategy required to drive change – New problem solving techniques need to be identified – collaboration and open innovation – Start with pilots and communicate results – Develop a tool to guide project managers in selecting problem-solving tools from existing and new approaches – Strategic communication Human Health and Performance 38 Exploring Space | Enhancing Life