TEEB in the ASEAN context - ASEAN Center for Biodiversity
VALUING THE NATURAL CAPITALPolicy Dialogue on TheEconomics of Ecosystemsand Biodiversity:Transforming Policies intoAction
Impetus for the PartnershipThe Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB)study has drawn international attention.Since the TEEB study, a number of international fora havebeen initiated by international conservation organizations topromote the results of the study.The TEEB Study presents a compelling rationale forpromoting its application in the daily decisions ofgovernance and management .
Impetus for the PartnershipFailing to account for the value of biodiversity andecosystems loss would lead to wrong choices anddecisions in addressing sustainable developmentchallenges.A better understanding of the value of biodiversity cansignificantly boost political support to effect changes inthe way people do things and further mobilize financialresources to address the threats and drivers ofbiodiversity loss and ecosystems degradation.
The Initiative for ASEANBringing High level officials from different ministries (e.g. environment, finance, economics/planning) of ASEAN Member States to: Introduce the TEEB initiative; Communicate the full benefits of ecosystems and biodiversity for economic development; Raise awareness on the importance of integrating the values of ecosystems and biodiversity into national planning processes; and Promote synergy among different sectoral programs and policies in the context of TEEB and climate change.
The Initiative for ASEANPolicy Dialogues: Manila 25-26 January 2012, 25- Bangkok 6-9 February 2012 back to back with TEEB 6- Technical Training with UNEP covering other regions, South Asia, North Asia, China, ASEAN TEEB Technical Workshop - Hanoi, 26-30 March 2012 26- back to back with Biodiversity Indicators Workshop (UNEP- (UNEP- WCMC)
AWARENESS AND PERCEPTIONISSUESGeneral appreciation on the importance of TEEB in policymaking but need to convey and impart to all levels ofstakeholders, not only to policy makers at national level butalso to communities, provincial and regional authoritiesAwareness-Awareness-raising and information dissemination, especiallyat the community level, is neededDevelopment (economic) is perceived to be more importantthan environment/ecosystem conservation; need to highlightof the need for balanced development.Investment in natural capital can be encouraged, ifinvestors/buyers are clearly identified, specific strategies areput in place, spatial planning is linked, and institutionalsupport is provided
METHODOLOGICAL ANDCAPACITY ISSUESDifficulty in incorporating cost of biodiversity and ecosystemsand costs implications to exports servicesIntegrating TEEB considerations into national plans andProgrammesData limitation – need for stronger cooperation on dataprovisions for further TEEB study; harmonized data andtrans-trans-boundary coverage often lackingLong, tedious and high costs of stakeholders engagement(high cost)Sharing of methodologies – impacts assessment and riskmitigationLinking with Biodiversity Target (Aichi Target 2011-2020) 2011-
Incorporation of natural accounting into local GDP accountFunding and capacity limitation to carry out methodologiesand toolsEncourage more synergy among related governments andnon-non-government partiesEngagement with private sector and financial institutionsimportant for immediate actionBuilding capacities for academic institutions such asuniversities to undertake valuation processes.
CONNECTING AND ESTABLISHING SYNERGYWITH OTHER EFFORTS On climate change and biodiversity linkages, to solve one problem is to solve the other, but with exception in biofuels use (issues of land conversion, crops); adaptation measures options that utilize ecosystems, but some can have very negative effects in ecosystems and ecosystem services Engage commercial bankers as well as people who are responsible on gross savings rates should be next invited Need for success stories, case studies – how far did you go in getting policy uptake. Use of ecosystem-based ecosystem- adaptation, REDD+ discussions and implementation.
Need for a more sophisticated model of science-policy science-link; start thinking of examples like the UK NEA(independent study and government response);governments need to be aware; experts need to realizethat they are not the only stakeholder in the room; multi- multi-stakeholder models; treating these as public policyprocessesUse of Medium-Term Planning and Budgeting Medium-FrameworkRecognize the methodological issues, capacity issuesand practical issues for valuation taking into account thelocal perspectives and adapt their perspective bydeveloping appropriate approaches
The importance of making the entire exercise ascredible, transparent, and understandable: refinement ofindicators for building credibilityHolding dialogues with private sector (e.g. bankingsector) to emphasize their valuable role in themainstreaming process. Bringing business andgovernments together and discuss the implications ofshort term and long term scenario building processes.Consider the developments in ABS discussionsgiven its huge potential for the valuation process.
The Next Steps:A Way Forward for the TEEB Initiatives
Results for presentation ASEAN TEEB Economic study and analysis of during COP11 in Workshops representative AHPS Hyderabad, India in(Manila, Bangkok and October 2012 Hanoi) SCOPING Process STUDY Proper CONSOLIDATION WRITING of and SYNTHESIS ASEAN TEEB Formation of Scoping Committee Workshop/Discussio Stories and Case (Meeting/Teleconference) ns involving Review and assessment of institutions Studies compiled and researched (including oversight Scoping of representative evidence and studies agencies e.g. Min. of AHPs that typifies Finance, Planning, ecosystems in the region Scoping the science Budget etc) , NGOs, civil society and REPORT FOR private sector ASEAN TEEB Call for evidence and Policy analysis on the cost of posted at website studies in the region inaction (COPI) and cost of established alternatives CONNECTING with related studies World Bank WAVES, and UNEP Green Growth WWF and ADB studies (Heart of Borneo and GMS)LEVERAGING Resources to support FRAMEWORK FOR THE CONDUCT OF THE TEEB ASEANthe activities (UK-FCO, GIZ (BCCP)and UFZ, UNEP Technical Supportand EU. First Quarter Second Third Fourth Quarter Quarter Quarter