Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.



Published on

BA 436

Published in: Business, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this


  1. 1. Chapter Fourteen Communicating the Research Results and Managing Marketing Research Chapter Fourteen
  2. 2. Chapter Fourteen Objectives Chapter Fourteen To become aware of the primary purposes of a research report. To learn how to organize and prepare a research report. To learn how to make a personal presentation. To understand the effective use and communication of marketing research information. To understand what clients want from a marketing research supplier or department. To learn some of the key managerial functions in running a marketing research supplier organization. To see what marketing research departments are doing to gain a more strategic role in the corporation. To examine how corporations are measuring the contribution of marketing research to the organization.
  3. 3. <ul><ul><li>Explain why the research was done - </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What were the motivations for doing the research? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Was there a “problem” that had to be addressed? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State the specific research objectives – </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What do you hope to learn? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What are your research goals? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Explain how the research was done – </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What type of sampling did you use and why? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Did you do surveys, focus groups, interviews, etc? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Present the research findings – </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In what form – written, slide presentations, oral? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How can you make the findings practical and actionable? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide conclusions and recommendations – </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Conclusions for “descriptive” research </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Recommendations for “analytic” research </li></ul></ul></ul>The Research Report Chapter Fourteen
  4. 4. <ul><li>Title Page: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Include the submitter’s information </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Letter of Transmittal: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Letter giving ownership of the research. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Table of Contents </li></ul><ul><li>Executive Summary: </li></ul><ul><ul><li> A page or two highlighting the key findings. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Background: </li></ul><ul><ul><li> Relevant historical information that set the stage for the research </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Methodology: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Detail how you conducted the research </li></ul></ul>The Key Components: The Research Report Chapter Fourteen
  5. 5. <ul><li>Findings: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dovetail the findings with the research objectives and tie in the secondary data into the primary findings. Combination of a descriptive and analytic approach is generally best </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Limitations: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Discuss problems faced and how they were handled. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Conclusions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Summarize the key headlines of the research findings. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Recommendations: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Give management action items based on the research. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Appendices: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Relevant supporting documents, tables, data, etc . </li></ul></ul>The Research Report The Key Components: Chapter Fourteen
  6. 6. <ul><li>Some Formatting Tips: </li></ul><ul><li>Use bulleted charts when appropriate; </li></ul><ul><li>Use text to discuss / elaborate on bullets; </li></ul><ul><li>Follow proper writing standards; </li></ul><ul><li>Use a minimum of text to convey message; </li></ul><ul><li>Don't use too many different graphic types; </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple graphics on a page can tell a story; </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t use over-hyped text; </li></ul><ul><li>Appearance - be professional and consistent. </li></ul>Sample Bar Chart Interpreting and Presenting the Results Chapter Fourteen <ul><li>Monthly Score by City </li></ul><ul><li>87 </li></ul><ul><li>45 </li></ul><ul><li>44 </li></ul><ul><li>65 </li></ul><ul><li>43 </li></ul><ul><li>34 </li></ul><ul><li>23 </li></ul><ul><li>34 </li></ul><ul><li>34 </li></ul><ul><li>56 </li></ul><ul><li>65 </li></ul><ul><li>54 </li></ul><ul><li>44 </li></ul><ul><li>33 </li></ul><ul><li>54 </li></ul><ul><li>65 </li></ul><ul><li>76 </li></ul><ul><li>34 </li></ul><ul><li>54 </li></ul><ul><li>63 </li></ul><ul><li>56 </li></ul><ul><li>76 </li></ul><ul><li>87 </li></ul><ul><li>65 </li></ul><ul><li>32 </li></ul><ul><li>34 </li></ul><ul><li>54 </li></ul><ul><li>56 </li></ul><ul><li>57 </li></ul><ul><li>76 </li></ul><ul><li>87 </li></ul><ul><li>54 </li></ul><ul><li>34 </li></ul><ul><li>56 </li></ul><ul><li>55 </li></ul><ul><li>43 </li></ul><ul><li>34 </li></ul><ul><li>54 </li></ul><ul><li>67 </li></ul><ul><li>87 </li></ul><ul><li>54 </li></ul><ul><li>53 </li></ul><ul><li>46 </li></ul><ul><li>55 </li></ul><ul><li>34 </li></ul><ul><li>76 </li></ul><ul><li>25 </li></ul><ul><li>65 </li></ul><ul><li>65 </li></ul><ul><li>44 </li></ul><ul><li>35 </li></ul><ul><li>76 </li></ul><ul><li>84 </li></ul><ul><li>54 </li></ul><ul><li>34 </li></ul><ul><li>57 </li></ul><ul><li>65 </li></ul><ul><li>45 </li></ul><ul><li>63 </li></ul><ul><li>75 </li></ul><ul><li>0 </li></ul><ul><li>50 </li></ul><ul><li>100 </li></ul><ul><li>150 </li></ul><ul><li>200 </li></ul><ul><li>250 </li></ul><ul><li>300 </li></ul><ul><li>350 </li></ul><ul><li>400 </li></ul><ul><li>January </li></ul><ul><li>February </li></ul><ul><li>March </li></ul><ul><li>April </li></ul><ul><li>May </li></ul><ul><li>June </li></ul><ul><li>July </li></ul><ul><li>August </li></ul><ul><li>September </li></ul><ul><li>October </li></ul><ul><li>November </li></ul><ul><li>December </li></ul><ul><li>Boise, ID </li></ul><ul><li>Washington, DC </li></ul><ul><li>Austin, TX </li></ul><ul><li>Chapel Hill, NC </li></ul><ul><li>Santa Fe, NM </li></ul>
  7. 7. Area Graphs: Comparative Bar Charts: Interpreting and Presenting the Results Chapter Fourteen
  8. 8. Comparative Pie Charts: Stacked Bar Charts: Interpreting and Presenting the Results Chapter Fourteen
  9. 9. Pie / Bar Comparison: 3-D Bar Charts: Line Graph: Interpreting and Presenting the Results Chapter Fourteen
  10. 10. <ul><li>When Presenting, One Might Use: </li></ul><ul><li>A presentation outline; </li></ul><ul><li>Visuals - charts on easels, PowerPoint, etc.; </li></ul><ul><li>Copies of the final report; </li></ul><ul><li>Web options; </li></ul><ul><li>An executive summary; </li></ul><ul><li>Researcher contact information. </li></ul><ul><li>One Might Want to Convey: </li></ul><ul><li>What the data are telling you; </li></ul><ul><li>The impact of the data on managerial decision making; </li></ul><ul><li>What course(s) of action is recommended; </li></ul><ul><li>What future studies might be needed; </li></ul><ul><li>What was missing from this study; </li></ul><ul><li>Potential future research benefits. </li></ul>The Presentation Chapter Fourteen
  11. 11. <ul><li>Tailored to the Audience - Understand Their: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Frame of reference; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Attitudes, beliefs, perceptions, and prejudices; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Educational background / level of research knowledge; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Time constraints – for the presentation and for action; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Position within the organization; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Interest in hearing the results. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Understanding the Barriers to Effective Communication: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Assess the listeners “way of listening”; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Be responsive to questions in a positive way; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t be defensive to criticism; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Take some time to “size up” the listener's personality type. </li></ul></ul></ul>The Presentation Chapter Fourteen
  12. 12. <ul><li>Persuasion - Using the Research Findings to Reinforce Conclusions : </li></ul><ul><li>Questions the researcher should keep in mind: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What do the data really mean? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What impact do they have? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How can the data be conveyed simply? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How can one make the data valuable and applicable? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What have we learned from the data? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What do we need to do given the information we now have? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How can future studies of this nature be enhanced? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What can make information such as this more useful? </li></ul></ul></ul>The Presentation Chapter Fourteen
  13. 13. <ul><li>Key Factors in the Use of Marketing Research: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The perceived creditability and usefulness of the report to the users; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The degree of client and researcher interaction; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The organizational climate for research; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The personality and organizational level of key users. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Role of Trust: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Key components of trust between the researcher and the decision makers: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A function of interpersonal relationship and skill; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Perceived and actual integrity of the researcher; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Delivering what is promised; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Being accessible to management / receivers of the research; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Perceived willingness of the researcher to reduce user uncertainty; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Confidentiality, expertise, professionalism, and follow-up. </li></ul></ul>The Presentation Showing the Value of the Research Chapter Fourteen
  14. 14. <ul><li>Increase sales and improve customer satisfaction; </li></ul><ul><li>Better position the company competitively; </li></ul><ul><li>Make investors happy; </li></ul><ul><li>Improve company effectiveness and efficiency; </li></ul><ul><li>Help the company control costs; </li></ul><ul><li>Help the company identify opportunities; </li></ul><ul><li>Lead to tangible quality and performance measures; </li></ul><ul><li>Enable the company to stay ahead of customers’ needs and wants. </li></ul>Motivating Managers to Use the Research Demonstrating Research Value: Chapter Fourteen
  15. 15. Presenting the Research Results Research Report Ways of Looking at the Data Index Index