Caravaggio

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Caravaggio

  1. 1. High Renaissance (1490-1527) Chiaroscuro: beginning with base tone toward lighter shades to show contrastPortinari Alterpiece (c. 1475), Hugo van der Goes (Flemish), Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence, Italy
  2. 2. High Renaissance (1490-1527) Chiaroscuro: beginning with base tone toward lighter shades to show contrast Diogenes (c. 1524-1529; woodcut), Ugo da Carpi (Italian)
  3. 3. High Renaissance (1490-1527) Chiaroscuro: beginning with base tone toward lighter shades to show contrast Hercules at the Crossroads (1640-1642), Giovanni Baglione (Italian), National Gallery of Slovenia, Ljubljana
  4. 4. Michelangelo Caravaggio (1571-1610; Italian) Born into the earlier years of the Counter-Reformation, which led the Church to seek religious work to counter Protestantism Began his popular career with Martyrdom of St. Matthew (1600), having focused on male youths with sexual subtleties beforehand Died of a fever with a death warrant issued by the Church still in place after his murdering a young man in Rome Averaged 3-5 major paintings each year from 1592-1610 Only rediscovered in the early 20th Century with many works contributed to his followers, the Caravaggisiti Credited as one of the influences bringing about techniques that ushered in the Baroque era of painting
  5. 5. Tenebrism tenebrism: dramatic chiaroscuro in which darkness dominates Naturally occurring chiaroscuro and tenebrism with Werner X, created by the rims of Purbach, La Caille, and Blanchinus craters
  6. 6. Martyrdom of St. Matthew (1599-1600)Contarelli Chapel, San Luigi dei Fracesi, Rome, Italy
  7. 7. The Calling of St. Matthew(1599-1600; La Vocazione di San Matteo) Contarelli Chapel, San Luigi dei Fracesi, Rome, Italy
  8. 8. The Crucifixion of Saint Peter (1601; Martirio de San Pietro) Cerasi Chapel, Santa Maria del Popolo, Rome, Italy
  9. 9. Judith Beheading Holofernes (1598-1599) Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Antica, Rome, Italy
  10. 10. Saint Gerome(1605-1606; San Gerolamo) Galleria Borghese, Rome, Italy
  11. 11. The Taking of Christ (1602)National Gallery of Ireland, Dublin, Ireland
  12. 12. The Conversion of St. Paul (1607)Cerasi Chapel, Santa Maria del Popolo, Rome, Italy
  13. 13. The Crowning with Thorns (1607) Kunsthistorische Museum, Vienna
  14. 14. Death of the Virgin(circa 1601-1606; La Morte della Vergina) Borghese, Rome, Italy
  15. 15. Reclining John the Baptist (circa 1610) Private Collection
  16. 16. CaravaggistiJudith and Her Maidservant with the Head of Holoferenes (c. 1625); Artemisia Gentileschi (Italian)
  17. 17. Discussion Questions Is tenebrism truly different from chiaroscuro, or is it simply a more advanced use of the technique? How did the anatomy aspect of mannerism change with the onset of the Baroque style? Do you think this is related to the evolution of chiaroscuro and tenebrism? Does Caravaggio’s use of color interact with the impact of his use of lighting? Why or why not? How did the Caravaggisiti develop his technique further, or did they simply copy him?

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