Diabetes awareness


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Diabetes Slideshow with basic information.

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Diabetes awareness

  1. 1. Diabetes YOUR GUIDE TO DIABETES: TYPE 1 AND TYPE 2 A Presentation By: Choya Adkins
  2. 2. Description of Diabetes When you eat, your body breaks food down into glucose. Glucose is a type of sugar that is your body’s main source of energy.
  3. 3. Description of Diabetes As blood glucose rises, the body sends a signal to the pancreas, which releases insulin.
  4. 4. Description of Diabetes Acting as a key, insulin binds to a place on the cell wall (an insulin receptor), unlocking the cell so glucose can pass into it. There, most of the glucose is used for energy right away.
  5. 5. Description of Diabetes As blood glucose rises, the body sends a signal to the pancreas, which releases insulin.
  6. 6. There are 2 Main Types of Diabetes Type 1 Diabetes ▪ Is an immune disorder in which the body attacks and destroys insulin- producing beta cells in the pancreas. ▪ People with type 1 must take insulin in order to survive ▪ Most common ages effected are 5 to 25 years old. Although rarely it can effect at any age. ▪ Commonly referred to as Juvenile- onset Diabetes. Type 2 Diabetes ▪ Is a disorder in which either the body does not produce enough insulin, or the cells ignore the insulin. ▪ Can usually be treated with medication and/or diet changes. ▪ Appears to be related to aging, sedentary life-style, genetic influence, but mostly obesity. ▪ Commonly referred to as adult-onset diabetes.
  7. 7. The Most Common Diabetes Symptoms Include: ▪ Extreme thirst ▪ Frequent urination ▪ Lethargy / drowsiness ▪ Breath odor (fruity, sweet or wine-like) ▪ Sugar in urine ▪ Sudden vision changes, blurred vision ▪ Increased appetite, constant hunger ▪ Sudden weight loss ▪ Heavy, labored breathing ▪ Vomiting, often mistaken for a case of gastroenteritis ▪ Stupor / unconsciousness (diabetic ketoacidosis – DKA)
  8. 8. Chronic Complications of Diabetes ▪ If you have Diabetes, your blood glucose, or blood sugar, levels are too high. ▪ Over time, this can cause problems with other body functions, such as : ▪ your Kidneys ▪ Nerves ▪ Feet ▪ Eyes ▪ Other long-term complications of diabetes include: ▪ Skin problems, ▪ Digestive problems, ▪ Sexual dysfunction ▪ Problems with your teeth and gums ▪ Having diabetes can also put you at a higher risk for heart disease and bone and joint disorders. Blindness Stroke Heart Attack Kidney Disease Nerve Damage or Amputation Loss of circulation in arms and legs
  9. 9. ▪ Monitor Blood Sugar Levels ▪ Self testing at home. ▪ Regular visits with your doctor. ▪ Medications and/or Insulin Injections ▪ Depending on the type of Diabetes your treatment may vary. ▪ Type 1 always includes insulin injections ▪ Daily Exercise ▪ Reducing your weight significantly helps you manage the sugar levels in your body. ▪ Rigorous activity helps your body burn sugar and promotes blood flow. ▪ Watch Your Diet ▪ a diet low in fat and with plenty of fruit and vegetables. ▪ Avoiding foods high in sugar. Common Treatments of Diabetes Although there is no cure for diabetes, there are ways to prevent more severe complications.
  10. 10. Sources  Websites  http://health.nytimes.com/health/guides/disea se/type-2-diabetes  http://www.diabeticcareservices.com/diabetes- education/types-of-diabetes  http://www.health24.com/Medical/Diabetes/A bout-diabetes/Diabetes-type-2-20120721  Clip art  http://office.microsoft.com  Literature  Kelly, Pat (2003) Coping with Diabetes  Unger, Jeff M.D. (2007) Diabetes Management in Primary Care  Diabetes literature from Appalachian Regional Healthcare (ARH)  Sounds  http://soundbible.com